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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. with the art. hats-Tsiddinm', הִצַּדַּים, the declivities; Sept. τῶν Τυρίων [apparently reading ד for ד ]; Vittig, Assedim), the first named of the fortified towns of the tribe of Naplitali (Joshua 19:35), Zer being mentioned next; but the two names are probably to be connected as one. (See ZER). The Sept. (as above) identifies the place with Tyre and the Syriac with Zidon, but both these are quite beyond the bounds of Naphtali. The Jerusalem Talmud (Megillah, ch. 1) is probably nearer, the mark in identifying hats-Tsiddim with Kefr Chittai, whicil Schwarz (Palest. p. 182) with much probability takes to be the present Hattin, at the northern foot of the well-known Kurn Hacttin, or "Horns of Hattin, a few miles west of Tiberias. This identification falls in with the fact that the next names in the list are all known to have been connected with the lake. "The village has several traces of antiquity in its tombs, and is, compared with many others, a clean and thriving place" (Tristram, Bible Places, p. 258).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Ziddim'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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