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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1554 - ἐκδίδωμι

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1537) and (G1325)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to give out of one's house, power, hand, stores
  2. to give out, give up, give over
  3. to let out for hire
  4. to farm out
  5. to let out for one's advantage
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1961 ‑ הָיָה (haw‑yaw');  3318 ‑ יָצָא (yaw‑tsaw');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


3 sg. ἐκδιδοῖ Hdt. 1.80,al.:


1. give up, esp.somethingseized and detained unlawfully, Ἑλένην καὶ κτήμαθ' ἅμ' αὐτῇ Il. 3.459, cf. Hdt. 1.3: generally, surrender, esp. of giving up refugees, ib. 74, 158 sq.; τινὰ τοῖς ἐχθροῖς S. Ph. 1386, cf. OT 1040, etc.; ἐ. τινὰ τοῖς κατηγόροις D. 21.30, cf. 29.38; ἐ. δοῦλον give up a slave to be examined by torture, Antipho 6.27, D. 29.14; αὐτὸν ἐξέδωκεν μαστιγῶσαι Εὐριπίδῃ Arist. Pol. 1311b32; αὑτὸν ἐς τιμωρίαν τοῖς δικασταῖς Polyaen. 6.7.1; surrender a city, Ἀμφίπολιν D. 19.253, cf. 257: Med., θυμὸν ἐκδόσθαι πρὸς ἥβαν give up one's heart to jollity, Pi. P. 4.295.

2. give out of one's house, ἐ. θυγατέρα give one's daughter in marriage, τινί Hdt. 1.196, E. IA 132 (anap.), cf. Thphr. Char. 22.4; θυγατέρας παρὰ σφῶν αὐτῶν ἐκδόντες having provided for their marriage at their own expense, D. 27.69; Ἄλκηστιν ἐ. πρὸς γάμον D.S. 4.53; freq. also without any acc., give in marriage, ἐ. εἰς οὒς ἂν ἐθέλωσι Pl. R. 613d, cf. 362b, Th. 8.21, etc.: metaph., of the elements, συνοικίζειν καὶ ἐ. Pl. Sph. 242d: less freq. in Med., ἐκδίδοσθαι θυγατέρα Hdt. 2.47, Thphr. Char. 30.19; ἐξέδου κόρην ὅτῳ σε θυμὸς ἦγεν E. Med. 309: Pass., Arc. ἐσδοθένσᾳ (= ἐκδοθείσῃ) given in marriage, SIG 306.7 (Tegea, iv B.C.). give one's son for adoption, τοὺς μὲν (sc. υἱοὺς) εἰς ἑτέρας οἰκίας Plb. 31.28.2, cf. POxy. 1206.6 (iv A. D.); also ἐ. τὸν παῖδα ἐπὶ τέχνην put him out as an apprentice, X. Eq. 2.2, cf. BGU 1021.6, etc.

3. farm out, let for hire, τὴν αὐλήν Hdt. 1.68, cf. SIG 1044.29 (Halic., iv/iii B. C.), etc.; ἐ. ἀνδράποδα to let out slaves for work, X. Vect. 4.15; πῶλον Id. Eq. 2.2 (also in Med., ἐξέδοτο [ ἀμπελῶνα ] γεωργοῖς Mark 12:1): c. inf., χαλινὸν χαλκεῖ ἐ. σκευάσαι Pl. Prm. 127a; . [ θύλακον ] τῷ σκυτοδέψῃ ἐπιρράψαι Thphr. Char. 16.6; ὅταν ἐκδῷ θοἰμάτιον ἐκπλῦναι ib. 22.8; ἐκδόντος μοι Δημοσθένους..στέφανον χρυσοῦν ὥστε κατασκευάσαι Test. ap. D. 21.22; ὥσπερ ἀνδριάντ' ἐκδεδωκὼς κατὰ συγγραφήν like one who has contracted for the execution of a statue, D. 18.122.

4. give in charge to another, πολλοὺς ἐξέδωκα Προδίκῳ (with play on signf. 2) Pl. Tht. 151b; ἐκδιδοὺς νεικέων so as to be out of the way of quarrels, E. Ba. 293 (s.v.l.): c. inf., Δὶ τοῦτ'..ἐκδώσομεν πράσσειν Pi. O. 13.106.

5. bring out, ἀλλ' ἐκδότω τις..δᾷδας Ar. Pl. 1194; ἐκδότω δέ τις..δίφρω δύο Id. Fr. 348.

6. lend out money on security, etc., Lexap. D. 35.51; ναυτικὰ ἐκδεδομένα Lys. 32.6. simply, pay out, Arist. Oec. 1349b31, PSI 3.204 (ii A. D.).

7. put out, publish, of books, etc., chiefly in Pass., λόγος ὁ πρότερον ἐκδοθείς Isoc. 5.11, cf. Plb. 2.37.6, Str. 1.2.2; τοῖς ἐκδεδομένοις λόγοις Arist. Po. 1454b18: in Act., Plu. Romans 8:1-39.

8. of a woman, bring to the birth, App. BC 1.83.

9. of land, etc., return, yield, produce, μέταλλα.. μονολίθους ἐκδιδόντα πλάκας Str. 5.2.5.

10. hand over, deliver a document, ἀποχήν BGU 260.6 (i A. D.), etc.: Med., PFlor. 384.113 (V A. D.).

11. betray, Hsch.

II intr.,

1. of rivers, empty themselves, disembogue, ἐς θάλασσαν, ἐς τὴν Σύρτιν, ἐς τὸν Μαίανδρον, etc., Hdt. 1.80, 2.150, 7.26, etc.

2. τῶν ἄλλων [ ζῴων ] τὰ μὲν εἰς ὀδόντας ἐκδίδωσι..τὰ δὲ εἰς κέρατα.. run to teeth, etc., Arist. Pr. 898a22; find an outlet, εἰς κεφαλήν ib. 29.

3. emerge, τὴν Ἀφροδίτην ἐκδοῦναι τῆς θαλάσσης Philostr. Im. 2.1 (leg. -δῦναι).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐκδίδωμι: middle, future ἐκδώσομαι; 2 aorist 3 person singular ἐξέδοτο, T WH ἐξέδετο (see ἀποδίδωμι); a common word in Greek authors from Homer, Iliad 3, 459 on; to give out of one's house, power, hand, stores; to give out, give up, give over; hence, also to let out for hire, to farm out, Herodotus 1, 68; γεωργιαι δέ ἐκδεδομεναι δούλοις, Plato, legg. 7, p. 806 d.; others. In the N. T, middle to let out for one's advantage: Matthew 21:33, 41 (Rec. ἐκδόσεται, cf. Tdf.s note; Buttmann, 47 (41)); Mark 12:1; Luke 20:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐκ -δίδωμι ,

[in LXX for H5414, etc.;]

1. to surrender, give up, give out.

2. to let out for hire (Hdt.); mid. (as freq. in Papyri; v. MM, Exp., xii); to let out to one's advantage, Matthew 21:33; Matthew 21:41, Mark 12:1, Luke 20:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With ἐκδίδομαι = ";let out for my advantage"; may be compared the sense of ";apprentice"; found in the papyri, e.g. P Oxy II. 275.6 (A.D. 66) (= Selections, p. 55) ὁ μὲν Τρύφων ἐγδεδόσθαι τῷ Πτολεμαίῳ τὸν ἑαυτοῦ υἱὸν Θοῶνιν, ";T. (agrees) that he has apprenticed to P. his son Th.,"; P Tebt II. 385.3 (A.D. 117) ἐξέδοτο Τεφερσάεις. . . τὸν ἑαυτῆς υἱον Κρονίωνα, ";T. has apprenticed her son C."; Similarly the fragment of a marriage-contract, dated A.D. 74–5, P Oxy II. 372, begins ἐξέδοτο Ταοννῶφρις (the mother of the bride) : so P Giss I. 2i. 8 (B.C. 173), BGU IV. 1100.5 (time of Augustus), P Oxy X. 1273.1 (A.D. 260), and often. Cf. P Oxy II. 237vii. 28 (A.D. 186) τῆς παιδὸς τῆς ἐκδεδομένης, ";a daughter given in marriage."; For the form ἐξέδετο, as in Mark 12:1 and parallels (cf. Exodus 2:21 A), see PSI IV. 288.8 (ii/A.D.) ἀποχὴν ἡμ [ε ]ῖν ἐξέδετο. The general sense ";issue,"; ";give out,"; appears in P Petr III. 43(2) versoii. 6 ἐξεδόθη, and P Tebt II. 397.1 (A.D. 198) ἐξεδό (θησαν), both of the giving out of certain contracts : so P Ryl II. 163.16 (A.D. 139) ἡ π ]ρᾶσις κυρία. . . ἣν καὶ ἐξεδό [μην σοι δισσήν (?), ";this deed of sale is valid, and I have issued it to you in duplicate"; (Edd.), PSI III. 204.16 (A.D. 140) διὰ τραπέζης ἐγδώσω ̣ of a receipt, P Fay 34.5 (A.D. 161) ἐκδῶναι σύμβολα, ";to issue receipts."; For the use of the subst. ἔκδοσις in marriage-contracts, see Chrest. II. i. p. 216, and on ἐκδόσιμα = official copies, see the editors’ note on P Oxy III. 494.25. An unexplained term ἀπέγδοσις is found in P Petr II. 13 (4).2 (B.C. 258–3). The corresponding εἰσδίδωμι, hitherto almost unknown, is now well attested : see LS.9, Mayser Gr. p. 489, and similarly ib. p. 438 for εἴσδοσις. See ἔκδοτος, infra.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκδεδομένη εκδέδοσαί εκδόσεται εκδωσεται ἐκδώσεται εξεδετο ἐξέδετο εξέδοσαν εξέδοτο ekdosetai ekdōsetai ekdṓsetai exedeto exédeto
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