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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1929 - ἐπιδίδωμι

from (G1909) and (G1325)
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  1. to hand, give by hand
  2. to give over
    1. give up to the power or will of one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (12)
Matthew 2
Luke 7
John 1
Acts 2
NAS (10)
Matthew 2
Luke 5
Acts 3
HCS (9)
Matthew 2
Luke 5
Acts 2
BSB (9)
Matthew 2
Luke 5
Acts 2
ESV (8)
Matthew 2
Luke 4
John 1
Acts 1
WEB (13)
Matthew 2
Luke 8
John 1
Acts 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


1. give besides, τινί τι Il. 23.559, Hdt. 2.121. δ',al., E. Med. 186 (anap.), Ba. 1128, etc.: abs., Hes. Op. 396, etc.. of a physician, administer, ὅσων τῷ κάμνοντι δεῖ Ph. 1.253; give afterwards, τροφὴν προδόντες ἐπιδιδόασι τὸν ἐλλέβορον Dsc. 4.148.

2.. give in dowry, ὅσσ' οὔ πώ τις ἑῇ ἐπέδωκε θυγατρί Il. 9.148, cf. Lys. 16.10, Pl. Lg. 944a (Pass.), X. Cyr. 8.5.19.. esp. contribute as a `benevolence ', for the purpose of supplying state necessities, opp. εἰσφέρειν (which was compulsory), Isa 5.37; ἐκ τῶν ἰδίων ἐ. Din. 1.80; τριήρη ἐπέδωκεν D. 21.160; ἐπέδωκα τὰ χρήματα Id. 18.113; τὸ κοινὸν ἐπέδωκε τῷ θεῷ SIG 489.9 (Delph., iii B.C.); but also,. offer money as a bribe or consideration, X. Ath. 3.3.

3.. give freely, bestow, Th. 4.11, Ar. Pax 333; ὑμῖν τῶν ἑαυτοῦ τι Lys. 30.26; ἐ. τοῦ ἑαυτοῦ μέρους X. Cyr. 1.5.1; τὸν ἑαυτοῦ [ζῆλον] εἰς τὴν φιλοδοξίαν Inscr.Prien. 114.12 (i B.C.).

4.. ἐπιδιδόναι ἑαυτόν give oneself up, devote oneself, τινί to one, Ar. Th. 213, cf. Luc. Peregr. 13; εἴς τι SIG 495.124 (Olbia, iii B.C.), cf. Hdn. 3.4.1; εἰς πᾶν τό σοι χρήσιμον ἐμαυτὸν ἐ. UPZ 62.9 (ii B.C.); also (sc. ἑαυτὸν) ἐπιδιδόναι εἰς τρυφήν Ath. 12.525e; εἰς ὑπερηφανίαν Nymphis 15; ἐ. ἑαυτὸν τῇ πνεούσῃ Luc. Herm. 28: abs., ἐπιδόντες ἐφερόμεθα ran before the wind, Acts 27:15.

5.. give into another's hands, deliver, ἐπιστολήν τινι D.S. 14.47 (dub.l.), Acts 15:30; χρηματισμόν LXX 2 Maccabees 11:17; γραμματεῖον Luc. Peregr. 16: abs., of petitions, freq. in Pap., BGU 45, etc.; of reports or returns, POxy. 255.16 (i A.D.), etc.: Pass., OGI 515.37 (Mylasa, iii A.D.), Just. Nov. 53.3.1.

6.. ἐ. ψῆφον τοῖς πολίταις give them power to vote, Plu. Numbers 7:1-89.

7.. dictate, opp. γράφειν, D.Chr. 18.18.

II. Med., take as one's witness, θεοὺς ἐπιδώμεθα ` give each other our gods', Il. 22.254: in Il. 10.463, Aristarch. read σὲ γὰρ πρώτην.. ἐπιδωσόμεθ', perh. in the same sense, though Apollon. and Scholl. explain it by δώροις τιμήσομεν: cf. περιδίδωμι.

III. in Prose, freq. intr.,

1. increase, advance, ἐς ὕψος Hdt. 2.13; καθ' ἡμέραν ἐς τὸ ἀγριώτερον Th. 6.60; ἐς τὸ μισεῖσθαι Id. 8.83; ἐπὶ τὸ μεῖζον ib. 24; ἐπὶ τὸ βέλτιον Hp. Aph. 1.3, Pl. Prt. 318a; εἰς ὄγκον πρὸς ἀρετήν increase in virtue Id. Lg. 913b; πρὸς εὐδαιμονίαν Isoc. 3.32: and abs., grow, Pl. Euthd. 271b; advance, improve, Th. 6.72, 7.8; βελτίων ἔσται καὶ ἐ. Pl. Prt. 318c, cf. Cra. 41c e, Tht. 146b, 150d, Isoc. 9.68, etc.; ἐ. πάμπολυ [ἡ μάχη ] waxes great, Pl. Tht. 179d.

2.. = ἐνδίδωμι v, give in, give way, ἐ. ἐπίδοσιν τοῖσι ἕλκουσι Hp. Art. 72, cf. Galatians 6:5, Sor. 1.103.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιδίδωμι: 3 person singular imperfect ἐπεδίδου; future ἐπιδώσω; 1 aorist ἐπέδωκα; 2 aorist participle plural ἐπιδόντες; 1 aorist passive ἐπεδοθην; (from Homer down); to give over;

1. to hand, give by handing: τινα τί, Matthew 7:9; Luke 11:11; Luke 24:30, 42; John 13:26 (R G L); Acts 15:30; passive Luke 4:17.

2. to give over, i. e. give up to the power or will of one (German preisgeben): Acts 27:15 (namely, ἑαυτούς or τό πλοῖον τῷ ἀνέμῳ).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -δίδωμι ,

[in LXX for H5414, etc.;]

1. to give over, to hand: c. acc rei et dat. pers., Matthew 7:9; Matthew 7:19, Luke 11:11-12; Luke 24:30; Luke 24:42, Acts 15:30; pass. c. dat. pers., Luke 4:17.

2. to give in, give way: absol., Acts 27:15.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπιδίδωμι is the ordinary formula for sending in a report to a magistrate or official body, e.g. P Oxy II. 255.16 (A.D. 48) (= Selections, p. 47) ὀμνύω. . . εἶ μὴν [ ]ξ [ ]γιοῦς καὶ ἐπ᾽ ἀγηθείας ἐπιδεδωκέναι τὴ [ν π ]ροκειμένην [γρα ]φὴν τῶν παρ᾽ ἐμοὶ [ο ]ἰκούν [των, ";I swear that assuredly the preceding document makes a sound and true return of those living with me";—a census-return; P Fay 28.11 (A.D. 150–1) (= Selections, p. 82) διὸ ἐπιδίδωμ [ι ] τὸ τῆς ἐπιγενήσεως ὑπόμνημα —a notice of birth; P Oxy I. 79.10 (A.D. 181–92) (= Selections, p. 89) διὸ ἐπιδίδωμι [τὸ ] βιβλείδιον ἀξιῶν ταγῆναι αὐτὸν ἐν τῇ τῶν τετελευτηκότων τάξει —a notice of death; BGU I. 287.16 (A.D. 250) (= Selections, p. 116) Αὐρήλ (ιος) [Δι ]ογένης ἐπιδ [ (δωκα —a certificate of pagan sacrifice. Cf. also P Oxy III. 487.5 (A.D. 156) Σερῆνος ἐπέ [δ ]ωκέ με εἰς ἐπιτροπὴν ἀφηλίκ [ω ]ν υ ̣[ ]ῶν, ";Serenus appointed me guardian of (two) minors."; For other exx. see s.v. βιβλίον, and the editor’s note on OGIS 515.38 (iii/A.D.).

With the use of the verb in Acts 27:15 we may compare P Par 49.9 (B.C. 164–158) εἰς πᾶν τό σοι χρήσιμον ἐμαυτὸν ἐπιδιδόναι. In P Lille I. 3.89 (after B.C. 241–0) συνχρημάτιζε ὅ [σα ]ς ἂν ἡμέρας ἐπιδω ̣ηι, the editors treat the verb as an opt.; but see Proleg. p. 55, where similar forms are treated as subjunctives. For the subst. see P Ryl II. 119.29 (A.D. 54–67) καθ᾽ οὗ καὶ πλείστας ἐντυχίας καὶ ἐπιδόσεις ἀναφορῶν ἐποιησάμεθα, ";against whom we made numerous petitions and presented reports"; (Edd.), and for the adj. ib. 233.11 (ii/A.D.) λόγον. . . ὑφ᾽ ἓν γεγραμμένον κεχωρισμένον δὲ εἰς δ ̄ ἐπιδοσίμους, ";an account written under one head, but divided into 4 sections.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επεδιδου επεδίδου ἐπεδίδου επεδοθη επεδόθη ἐπεδόθη επεδωκαν επέδωκαν ἐπέδωκαν επιδιδούς επίδοι επιδοντες επιδόντες ἐπιδόντες επίδοτε επιδωσει επιδώσει ἐπιδώσει επιδώσω epedidou epedídou epedokan epedōkan epédokan epédōkan epedothe epedothē epedóthe epedóthē epidontes epidóntes epidosei epidōsei epidṓsei
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