Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1945 - ἐπίκειμαι

Transliteration
epíkeimai
Phonetics
ep-ik'-i-mahee
Origin
from (G1909) and (G2749)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:655,425
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to lie upon or over, rest upon, be laid or placed upon
    1. on the burning coals
  2. metaph.
    1. of things, of the pressure of a violent tempest
    2. of men, to press upon, to be urgent
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1970 ‑ הָכַר (haw‑kar');  2554 ‑ חָמַס (khaw‑mas');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (7)
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
1
NAS (9)
Luke
3
John
2
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Hebrews
1
HCS (7)
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
1
BSB (7)
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
1
ESV (7)
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
1
WEB (7)
Luke
2
John
2
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπίκειμαι,

I

1. serving as Pass. to ἐπιτίθημι, to be laid upon, and so, I. of doors, to be put to or closed (cf. ἐπιτίθημι 11), θύραι δ' ἐπέκειντο φαειναί Od. 6.19: metaph., γλώσσῃ θύραι οὐκ ἐπίκεινται Thgn. 421.

2.. generally, to be placed, lie in or on, c. dat., ἐπισκύνιον ἐπέκειτο προσώπῳ Theoc. 24.118; of troops, ὄχθαις Ἴστρου ἐ. Hdn. 2.9.1.

3.. of islands, νῆσοι ἐπὶ Λήμνῳ (-ου codd.) ἐπικείμεναι lying off Lemnos, Hdt. 7.6; so ἐ. τῇ Θρηΐκῃ ib. 185; ἐπὶ [τῇ Λακαίνῃ χώρῃ ] ib. 235, cf. Th. 4.53: abs., αἱ νῆσοι αἱ ἐπικείμεναι the islands off the coast, Id. 2.14, cf. 4.44; πάσῃ ἐ. τῇ θαλάσσῃ lies right across the sea, of Crete, Arist. Pol. 1271b34; ἡ ἐπικειμένη τινὸς γῆ PTeb. 50.6 (ii B.C.).

II.

1. to be laid upon, ἐμοὶ σφρηγὶς ἐπικείσθω τοῖσδ' ἔπεσι Thgn. 19 (so lit., σφραγὶς οὐκ ἐ. BGU 361 iii 29 (ii A.D.), etc.); ἐπίκειται ἀγνώμων σῇ κεφαλῇ στέφανος Thgn. 1259, cf. X. Oec. 19.13; ἐ. ἐπί τινος Hero Spir. 1.38, al., D.C. 67.16: metaph., κρατερὴ δ' ἐπικείσετ' ἀνάγκη Il. 6.458, cf. 1 Corinthians 9:16; of a duty, οἷς ἐπέκειτο φροντίζειν Plu. 2.786f.

2.. press upon, be urgent in entreaty, Hdt. 5.104; press upon a retreating enemy, attack, Βοιωτοῖσι ib. 81; to be urgent against, Id. 6.49; ἐπεκείμην αὐτοῖς ἐνοχλῶν PLips. 36.7 (iv A.D.): abs., κἀπικείσομαι βαρύς E. Rh. 101; κἀπικείμενος βόα Ar. Eq. 252; Κλέων μ' ὑπετάραττεν ἐπικείμενος Id. V. 1285; ἐ. λαμπρῶς Th. 7.71; πολὺς δ' ἐπέκειτο Theoc. 22.90; of a crowd, ἐ. τινί Luke 5:1.

3.. hang over, τηλικούτων ἐπικειμένων τῷ μοιχεύοντι κακῶν X. Mem. 2.1.5; of penalties, θάνατος ἡ ζημίη ἐπίκειται the penalty imposed is death, Hdt. 2.38, cf. 6.58, Arist. Pol. 1297a18; τῷ ἄρξαντι μεγάλα ἐπιτίμια ἐ. Antipho 4.4.7; ζημία.. ἐπέκειτο στατήρ Th. 3.70; ὁ ἐπικείμενος κίνδυνος Hdn. 1.13.4.

4.. of a name, to be imposed, Pl. Cra. 411c, Prt. 349c.

5.. metaph., σκώμματα ἐπικείμενα suitable to the purpose, pointed, Longin. 34.2.

6.. to be set in authority, ἐπὶ τοῦ πυρός Corp.Herm. 1.13; ἐπικείμενος Ἀλεξανδρείας PLips. 102i8, etc.

III. c. acc. rei, esp. in part., κἀπικείμενον κάρα κυνέας head with helmet set thereon, E. Supp. 716 (dub. constr.); ἐ. κυνῆν τῆς κεφαλῆς Hld. 5.22; στέφανον ἐπικείμενος with a crown on one's head, Plu. Mar 22; ἄπικας ἐπικείμενοι ταῖς κεφαλαῖς D.H. 2.70; σεμνὸν ἐπικειμένη τὸ κάλλος J. AJ 11.6.9; ἀγγέλου ἢ θεράποντος ἐπικείμενος πρόσωπον Plu. Lys. 23; ἐπέκειτο ὠτειλάς he bore scars upon him, App. Mith. 6; ἱερὰν ἐσθῆτα ἐ. Id. BC 4.134; φθίμενος τήνδ' ἐπίκειμαι κόνιν Epigr.Gr. 622.6; κιθάραν.. κόλλοπας ἐπικειμένην fitted with pegs, Luc. Ind. 10: metaph., οἱ κίνδυνον ἐπικείμενοι exposed to.., App. BC 4.124.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -κείμαι ,

[in LXX: Exodus 39:31 (H5414), Job 19:3 (H1970 hi.) Job 21:27 (H2554), 1 Maccabees 6:57, 2 Maccabees 1:21, 3 Maccabees 1:22*;]

to be placed, lie on: John 21:9; seq. ἐπί , c. dat., John 11:38; fig., Hebrews 9:10; ἀνάγκη , 1 Corinthians 9:16; χειμῶν , to threaten, come on: Acts 27:20; of persons, to press upon: Luke 5:1; Luke 23:23.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the meaning ";lie upon,"; ";cover,"; see P Tebt I. 47.25 (B.C. 113) τοῦ ὕδατος ἐπικειμένου, of the water covering the land at the annual rising of the Nile, P Grenf II. 57.9 (A.D. 168) τὴν ἐπικει [μέν ]ην σποράν : cf. also P Ryl II. 121.11 (ii/A.D.) τ ̣[ὰς ] σφραγεῖδας ἃς ἐπέθηκ [ε ἐπ ]ικεῖνται, ";the seals which he affixed are still in their place"; (Edd.), P Oxy VIII. 1127.24 (A.D. 183) καὶ τὰς ἐπικειμένας θύρας δύο κλεῖν μίαν, ";and the two doors and one key attached"; (Ed.). The sepulchral inscr. Kaibel 622.8 has φθίμενος τήνδ᾽ ἐπίκειμαι κόνιν, ";in death I have this dust laid upon me."; The stronger sense of ";attack"; occurs in P Par 46.8 (B.C. 153) (= Witkowski.2, p. 86) ληστῶν ἐπικειμένων : cf. P Rein 48.8 (ii/A.D.) ὁρῶ σὲ ἐπικείμενόν μοι, ";très irrité contre moi"; (Ed.), P Oxy III. 488.21 (ii/iii A.D.) τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐπικειμένου μοι, ";since the man oppresses me"; (Edd.). The verb is used much as in Luke 5:1 in P Ryl II. 243.7 (ii/A.D.) καὶ νῦν ἐπιστάμεθά σου τὸ σπουδαῖον κ ̣α ̣ὶ ὡς ἐπίκεισαι τοῖς ἔργοις τοῦ κλήρου, ";we now know your zeal and attentiveness to the work of the holding"; (Edd.). See also the late P Lips I. 90.1 (Byz.) σὺν θ (εῷ) ἐπικείμ (ενος) τῆς χειρογραφείας, and P Iand 24.1 (vi/vii A.D.) ὁ ἐπικείμενος τῶν ἀγγαρευτῶν with the editor’s note.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επεκειντο επέκειντο ἐπέκειντο επεκειτο επέκειτο ἐπέκειτο επέκλυσε επεκοιμήθη επικειμενα επικείμενα ἐπικείμενα επικειμενον επικείμενον ἐπικείμενον επικειμενου επικειμένου ἐπικειμένου επικεισθαι επικείσθαι ἐπικεῖσθαι επίκεισθέ επικειται ἐπίκειται επίκλητοι επίκλητος επικλίναι επίκλινον επικλύζων επικοιμηθήσεται επικοσμηθήναι epekeinto epékeinto epekeito epékeito epikeimena epikeímena epikeimenon epikeímenon epikeimenou epikeiménou epikeisthai epikeîsthai epikeitai epíkeitai
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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