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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2554 - חָמַס

Transliteration
châmas
Phonetics
khaw-mas'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
678
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to wrong, do violence to, treat violently, do wrongly

1a) (Qal) to treat violently, do wrong

1a1) of physical wrong

1a2) of ethical wrong

1a3) of physical and ethical wrong

1b) (Niphal) to be treated violently

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 91 ‑ ἀδικέω (ad‑ee‑keh'‑o);  114 ‑ ἀθετέω (ath‑et‑eh'‑o);  764 ‑ ἀσεβέω (as‑eb‑eh'‑o);  1572 ‑ ἐκκαίω (ek‑kah'‑yo);  1945 ‑ ἐπίκειμαι (ep‑ik'‑i‑mahee);  5166 ‑ τρυγάω (troo‑gah'‑o);  3856 ‑ παραδειγματίζω (par‑ad‑igue‑mat‑id'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (8)
Job
2
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Zephaniah
1
NAS (13)
Job
3
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
3
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
2
Zephaniah
2
HCS (8)
Job
2
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Zephaniah
1
BSB (8)
Job
2
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Zephaniah
1
ESV (8)
Job
2
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Zephaniah
1
WEB (8)
Job
2
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Zephaniah
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2172) xmh (ההמס HhMS) AC: Shake CO: ? AB: Violence: [from: mh- shaking]

V) xmh (ההמס HhMS) - Shake: To shake someone or something violently. To do a wrong to another as a shaking. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Niphal) violence, violate, shake, wrong, violent, take, bare - Strongs: H2554 (חָמַס)

Nm) xmh (ההמס HhMS) - Violence: A violent shaking. KJV (60): violence, violent, cruelty, wrong, false, cruel, damage, injustice, unrighteous - Strongs: H2555 (חָמָס)

im) xmht (תההמס THhMS) - Tahhmas: An unknown bird. KJV (2): hawk - Strongs: H8464 (תַּחְמָס)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָמַס fut. יַחֲמֹס

(1)  to treat violently, to oppress violently, to injure, properly to be eager, vehement, hence to be violent, i.q. חָמֵץ No. 3, a. (Arabic حَمِسَ in a good sense, to be bold, manly, stedfast, حَمَاسَةُ martial valour, comp. שָׁדַד. Nor does חָמַץ to be sharp, eager, differ much from this word; and this meaning may also be its primary signification, and hence, vehement, fervid, comp. חָמַץ No. 4.) Jeremiah 22:3; Proverbs 8:36, “he who sins against me, חֹמֵס נַפְשׁוֹ hurts (or does violence to) his own life.” Job 21:27, מְזִמּוֹת עָלַי תַּחְמֹסוּ “counsels with which you wish to oppress me;” die Pläne, wie ihr mich fchlagen wollt. חָמַס תּוֹרָה to violate the law, Ezekiel 22:26; Zephaniah 3:4.

(2) to tear away violently (a covering or shelter). Lamentations 2:6, to tear off from oneself. Job 15:33, יַחְמֹס כַּגֶּפֶן בִּסְרוֹ “as a vine, he shall shake off from himself,” i.e. throw down his unripe grapes.

Niphal, to be treated with violence, Jeremiah 13:22 in this passage (as is shewn by the other member of the sentence) “to be violently made naked.”

Hence תַּחְמָס and

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
וַיַּחְמֹ֤ס ויחמס חָמְס֖וּ חָמְס֣וּ חֹמֵ֣ס חמס חמסו יַחְמֹ֣ס יחמס נֶחְמְס֥וּ נחמסו תַּחְמֹ֔סוּ תַּחְמֹֽסוּ׃ תחמסו תחמסו׃ chameSu choMes ḥā·mə·sū ḥāməsū ḥō·mês ḥōmês nechmeSu neḥ·mə·sū neḥməsū tachMosu taḥ·mō·sū taḥmōsū vaiyachMos way·yaḥ·mōs wayyaḥmōs yachMos yaḥ·mōs yaḥmōs
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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