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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2554 - חָמַס

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to wrong, do violence to, treat violently, do wrongly

1a) (Qal) to treat violently, do wrong

1a1) of physical wrong

1a2) of ethical wrong

1a3) of physical and ethical wrong

1b) (Niphal) to be treated violently

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 91 ‑ ἀδικέω (ad‑ee‑keh'‑o);  114 ‑ ἀθετέω (ath‑et‑eh'‑o);  764 ‑ ἀσεβέω (as‑eb‑eh'‑o);  1572 ‑ ἐκκαίω (ek‑kah'‑yo);  1945 ‑ ἐπίκειμαι (ep‑ik'‑i‑mahee);  5166 ‑ τρυγάω (troo‑gah'‑o);  3856 ‑ παραδειγματίζω (par‑ad‑igue‑mat‑id'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Job 2
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 1
Zephaniah 1
NAS (13)
Job 3
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 2
Zephaniah 2
HCS (8)
Job 2
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 1
Zephaniah 1
BSB (8)
Job 2
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 1
Zephaniah 1
ESV (8)
Job 2
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 1
Zephaniah 1
WEB (8)
Job 2
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 1
Zephaniah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2172) xmh (ההמס HhMS) AC: Shake CO: ? AB: Violence: [from: mh- shaking]

V) xmh (ההמס HhMS) - Shake: To shake someone or something violently. To do a wrong to another as a shaking. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Niphal) violence, violate, shake, wrong, violent, take, bare - Strongs: H2554 (חָמַס)

Nm) xmh (ההמס HhMS) - Violence: A violent shaking. KJV (60): violence, violent, cruelty, wrong, false, cruel, damage, injustice, unrighteous - Strongs: H2555 (חָמָס)

im) xmht (תההמס THhMS) - Tahhmas: An unknown bird. KJV (2): hawk - Strongs: H8464 (תַּחְמָס)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [חָמַס] verb treat violently, wrong (Late Hebrew id., act violently, treat violently; Aramaic חֲמַס (rare) violently seize; Arabic is be hard, strict, rigorous) —

Qal Perfect 3 plural חָֽמְסוּ Ezekiel 22:26; Zephaniah 3:4; Imperfect יַחְמֹס Job 15:33, וַיַּחְמֹס Lamentations 2:6; תַּחְמֹ֑סוּ Job 21:27; Jeremiah 22:3; Participle חֹמֵס Proverbs 8:36; — treat violently, wrong; —

1 of physical wrong: ׳תַּחְ Jeremiah 22:3 ("" תֹּנוּ) of wrong to widows and orphans; כַּגַּן שֻׂכּוֺ׳וַיַּח Lamentations 2:6 and hath done violence to his pavilion as to a garden ("" שִׁחֵת מֹעֲדוֺ); Song of Solomon , figurative, of vine, wrong, i.e. fail to nourish, kill כַּגֶּפֶן׳יַח בִּסְרוֺ Job 15:33.

2 of ethical wrong, object תּוֺרָה Zephaniah 3:4; Exodus 22:26 (both "" חִלֵּל קֹדֶשׁ); compare מְזִמּוֺת עָלֵיתַּחְמֹ֑סוּ Job 21:27 the devices (wherewith) ye do me violence.

3 both physical and ethical חֹטְאִיחֹמֵס נַפְשׁוֺ Proverbs 8:36.

Niph`al Perfect 3 plural נֶחְמְסוּ Jeremiah 13:22 thy heels suffer violence ("" נִגְלוּ שׁוּלַיִךְ).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָמַס fut. יַחֲמֹס

(1)  to treat violently, to oppress violently, to injure, properly to be eager, vehement, hence to be violent, i.q. חָמֵץ No. 3, a. (Arabic حَمِسَ in a good sense, to be bold, manly, stedfast, حَمَاسَةُ martial valour, comp. שָׁדַד. Nor does חָמַץ to be sharp, eager, differ much from this word; and this meaning may also be its primary signification, and hence, vehement, fervid, comp. חָמַץ No. 4.) Jeremiah 22:3; Proverbs 8:36, “he who sins against me, חֹמֵס נַפְשׁוֹ hurts (or does violence to) his own life.” Job 21:27, מְזִמּוֹת עָלַי תַּחְמֹסוּ “counsels with which you wish to oppress me;” die Pläne, wie ihr mich fchlagen wollt. חָמַס תּוֹרָה to violate the law, Ezekiel 22:26; Zephaniah 3:4.

(2) to tear away violently (a covering or shelter). Lamentations 2:6, to tear off from oneself. Job 15:33, יַחְמֹס כַּגֶּפֶן בִּסְרוֹ “as a vine, he shall shake off from himself,” i.e. throw down his unripe grapes.

Niphal, to be treated with violence, Jeremiah 13:22 in this passage (as is shewn by the other member of the sentence) “to be violently made naked.”

Hence תַּחְמָס and

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List of Word Forms
וַיַּחְמֹ֤ס ויחמס חָמְס֖וּ חָמְס֣וּ חֹמֵ֣ס חמס חמסו יַחְמֹ֣ס יחמס נֶחְמְס֥וּ נחמסו תַּחְמֹ֔סוּ תַּחְמֹֽסוּ׃ תחמסו תחמסו׃ chameSu choMes ḥā·mə·sū ḥāməsū ḥō·mês ḥōmês nechmeSu neḥ·mə·sū neḥməsū tachMosu taḥ·mō·sū taḥmōsū vaiyachMos way·yaḥ·mōs wayyaḥmōs yachMos yaḥ·mōs yaḥmōs
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