Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2078 - ἔσχατος

Transliteration
éschatos
Phonetics
es'-khat-os
Origin
a superlative probably from (G2192) (in the sense of contiguity)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
2:697,264
Definition
Thayer's
  1. extreme
    1. last in time or in place
    2. last in a series of places
    3. last in a temporal succession
  2. the last
    1. last, referring to time
    2. of space, the uttermost part, the end, of the earth
    3. of rank, grade of worth, last i.e. lowest
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 309 ‑ אָחַר (aw‑khar');  314 ‑ אַחֲרֹן (akh‑ar‑one', akh‑ar‑one');  319 ‑ אַחֲרִית (akh‑ar‑eeth');  622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');  657 ‑ אֶפֶס (eh'‑fes);  732 ‑ אָרַח (aw‑rakh');  1419 ‑ גָּדֹל (gaw‑dole', gaw‑dole');  3411 ‑ יְרֵכָה (yer‑ay‑kaw');  4801 ‑ מֶרְחָק (mer‑khawk');  5486 ‑ סוּף (soof);  7093 ‑ קֵץ (kates);  7637 ‑ שְׁבִעִי (sheb‑ee‑ee', sheb‑ee‑ee');  8503 ‑ תַּכְלִית (tak‑leeth');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (54)
Matthew
10
Mark
5
Luke
6
John
8
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
5
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
2
Jude
1
Revelation
7
NAS (56)
Matthew
12
Mark
5
Luke
6
John
7
Acts
4
1 Corinthians
6
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
2
Jude
1
Revelation
6
HCS (52)
Matthew
10
Mark
5
Luke
6
John
7
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
5
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
2
Jude
1
Revelation
6
BSB (53)
Matthew
10
Mark
5
Luke
6
John
8
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
5
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
2
Jude
1
Revelation
6
ESV (47)
Matthew
10
Mark
3
Luke
6
John
7
Acts
2
1 Corinthians
4
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
2
Revelation
6
WEB (54)
Matthew
11
Mark
5
Luke
6
John
8
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
5
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
2
Jude
1
Revelation
6
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔσχᾰτος, η, ον,

also ος, ον Arat. 625 (prob. fr. ἐκ, ἐξ, perh. eĝhz κατος (cf. ἐχθός) like ἔγ-κατα):

I

1. of Space, as always in Hom., farthest, uttermost, extreme, θάλαμος ἔ. the hindmost chamber, Od. 21.9; ἔσχατοι ἄλλων at the end of the lines, Il. 10.434, cf. 8.225; ἔσχατοι ἀνδρῶν, of the Aethiopians, Od. 1.23; οἰκέομεν..ἔσχατοι 6.205; ἐσχάτη τῶν οἰκεομένων ἡ Ἰνδική Hdt. 3.106, cf. Th. 2.96, etc.; τὸ ἔ. τῆς ἀγορᾶς X. HG 3.3.5; ὑπ'..ἐσχάτην στήλην S. El. 720; τάξις ἐ. the farthest part of the army, Id. Aj. 4: pl., ἔσχατα γαίης Hes. Th. 731; τὰ ἔ. τῶν στρατοπέδων Th. 4.96; ἐπ' ἔσχατα χθονός S. Fr. 956; αἱ ἐπ' ἔσχατα τοῦ ἄστεως οἰκίαι Th. 8.95; ἐξ ἐσχάτων ἐς ἔσχατα ἀπικέσθαι from end to end, Hdt. 7.100, cf. X. Vect. 1.6; παρ' ἔσχατα λίμνης Pl. Phd. 113b, cf. Th. 3.106: in various senses, uppermost, ἐ. πυρά S. El. 900; lowest, deepest, ἀΐδας Theoc. 16.52; ἅλς AP 13.27 (Phal.); innermost, σάρκες S. Tr. 1053; last, hindmost, ἤλαυνε δ' ἔ. Id. El. 734; ἐπ' ἐσχάτῳ at the close of a document, PTeb. 68.54 (ii B.C.), etc.

2. of Degree, uttermost, highest, τὸ ἔ. κορυφοῦται βασιλεῦσι Pi. O. 1.113; ἀνορέαι ἔ. Id. I. 4(3).11; σοφία Lib. Or. 59.88; of misfortunes, sufferings, etc., utmost, last, worst, πόνος, ἀδικία, κίνδυνοι, Pl. Phdr. 247b, R. 361a, Grg. 511d; ὀδύναι αἱ ἔ. Id. Prt. 354b; δῆμος ἔ. extreme democracy, Arist. Pol. 1296a2. Subst., τὸ ἔ., τὰ ἔ., the utmost, ἐς τὸ ἔ. κακοῦ ἀπιγμένοι Hdt. 8.52; τετρῦσθαι ἐς τὸ ἔ. κακοῦ Id. 1.22; without Art., ἐπ' ἔσχατα βαίνεις S. OC 217 (lyr.); προβᾶσ' ἐπ' ἔσχατον θράσους Id. Ant. 853 (lyr.); ἐπ' ἔ. ἐλθεῖν ἀηδίας Pl. Phdr. 240d, cf. R. 361d, etc.; ὃ πάντων κακῶν ἔσχατόν ἐστι, τοῦτο πάσχει Id. Phd. 83c; οἱ τὰ ἔ. πεποιηκότες X. Cyr. 8.8.2; ζημιοῦσθαι πᾶσι τοῖς ἐ., Lat. extremis suppliciis, Pl. Plt. 297e; ἔσχατ' ἐσχάτων κακά worst of possible evils, S. Ph. 65, cf. Philem. 178; εἰς τὰ ἔ. ἐληλυθώς UPZ 60.12 (ii B.C.): Comp. οὔτε γὰρ τοῦ ἐσχάτου -ώτερον εἴη ἄν τι Arist. Metaph. 1055a20: Sup. -ώτατος f.l. in X. HG 2.3.49, cf. Phryn. 51; τὰ -ώτατα Phld. Hom. p.320.

3. of Persons, lowest, meanest, D.S. 8.18, D.C. 42.5, Alciphr. 3.43: prov., οὐδείς, οὐδ' ὁ Μυσῶν ἔ., i.e. the meanest of mankind, Magnes 5, cf. Philem. 77; in Pl. Tht. 209b it seems to mean the remotest of mankind, cf. πρὸς ἐσχάτην Μυσῶν v.l. in App.Prov. 2.85 (παρὰ τοῖς ἐ. τῆς Μυσίας Apostol. 8.1); similarly οὐδὲ τὸν ἔσχατον Καρῶν Plu. 2.871b.

4. of Time, last, ἐς τὸ ἔ. to the end, Hdt. 7.107, Th. 3.46; ἔ. πλόος, ναυτιλίαι, the end of it, Pi. P. 10.28, N. 3.22; ἐσχάτας ὑπὲρ ῥίζας over the last scion of the race, S. Ant. 599 (lyr.); ἔ. Ἑλλήνων, Ῥωμαίων, Plu. Ph 1, Brut. 44: neut. ἔσχατον, as Adv., for the last time, S. OC 1550; finally, best of all, 1 Corinthians 15:8; at the latest, ἔ. ἐν τρισὶ μησίν SIG 1219.11 (Gambreion, iii B. C.), cf. Inscr.Prien. 4.45 (iv B. C.); εἰς τὴν ἐσχάτην at the last, LXX Ecclesiastes 1:11; ἐπ' ἐσχάτῳ ib. 2 Ki. 24.25, al.: Subst. ἐσχάτη, ἡ, end, οὐχ ἕξεις ἐ. καλήν Astramps. Orac. 21.4, cf. 40.3.

5. in the Logic of Arist., τὰ ἔ. are the last or lowest species, Metaph. 1059b26, or individuals, ib.998b16, cf. AP 0.96b12, al.; τὸ ἔ. ἄτομον Metaph. 1058b10. ὁ ἔ. ὅρος the minor term of a syllogism, EN 1147b14. last step in geom. analysis or ultimate condition of action, τὸ ἔ. ἀρχὴ τῆς πράξεως de An. 433a16.

II

1. Adv. -τως to the uttermost, exceedingly, πῦρ ἐ. καίει Hp. de Arte 8; ἐ. διαμάχεσθαι Arist. HA 613a11; ἐ. φιλοπόλεμος X. An. 2.6.1; φοβοῦμαί σ' ἐ. Men. 912, cf. Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.31U. -τως διακεῖσθαι to be at the last extremity, Plb. 1.24.2, D.S. 18.48; ἔχειν Mark 5:23; ἀπορεῖν Phld. Oec. p.72J.

2. so ἐς τὸ ἔ., = ἐσχάτως, Hdt. 7.229; εἰς τὰ ἔ. X. HG 5.4.33; εἰς τὰ ἔ. μάλα Id. Lac. 1.2; τὸ ἔ. finally, in the end, Pl. Grg. 473c; but, τὸ ἔ. what is worst of all, ib. 508d.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἔσχατος , -η , -ον ,

[in LXX chiefly for H319 H314;]

last, utmost, extreme;

(a) of place: of the lowest or least honoured place, Luke 14:9-10; τ . ἔσχατον , c. gen. part., Acts 1:8; Acts 13:47;

(b) of time: Matthew 20:12; Matthew 20:14, Mark 12:6; Mark 12:22, opp. to πρῶτος , Matthew 20:8, 1 Corinthians 15:45, Revelation 2:19, al.; τὰ ἔ . καὶ T. πρῶτα , Matthew 12:45, Luke 11:26, 2 Peter 2:20; of the Eternal, ὁ πρῶτος καὶ ὁ ἔ ., Revelation 1:17; Revelation 2:8; Revelation 22:13; in phrases relating to the Messianic age and the consummation of the Kingdom of God: ἐπ᾿ ἐσχάτου (-ων ) τ . ἡμερῶν , Hebrews 1:2, 2 Peter 3:3; τ . χρόνων , 1 Peter 1:20; . ὥρα , 1 John 2:18; ἐπ᾿ ἐ . χόνου , Judges 1:18; ἐν ἐ . ἡμέραις , Acts 2:17, James 5:3, 2 Timothy 3:1; neut., ἔσχατον , as adv., Mark 12:22, 1 Corinthians 15:8;

(c) of rank: Mark 9:35, 1 Corinthians 4:9.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For . with reference to time cf. P Oxy II. 280.14 (A.D. 88–9) ἐν δὲ τῷ ἐσχάτῳ ἐνιαυτῷ, P Tebt II. 375.20 (A.D. 140) τῷ δὲ πέμπτο (l.τῷ) ἔτι (l. ἔτει) ὅ ἐστιν ἔσχατον ἔτος τῆς μισθώσεως. See also BGU IV. 1024iv. 13 (iv/v A.D.) τῆς ἐσχάτης ἐλπίδας (l.ος) ἀποστε [ρ ]ῆσαι, and from the inscrr. Michel 326.2 (ii/B.C.) τῆς ἐσχάτης τοῦ βίου τε [λ ]ευτῆς. With τὰ ἔσχατα in Matthew 12:45 al., cf. P Vat A.12 (B.C. 168) (= Witkowski.2, p. 65) τοῦ παιδίου σου εἰς τὰ ἔσχατα ἐληλυθότος. Michel 394.34 (mid. i/B.C.) τῆς πόλ [ε ]ως ἐν τοῖς ἐσχάτοις ὑπαρχούσης κινδύνοις supports Hort’s rendering of ἐν καιρῷ ἐσχάτῳ in 1 Peter 1:5 ";in a season of extremity,"; ";when things are at their worst,"; for which he adduces various classical exx. For the adverbial ἔσχατον, as in 1 Corinthians 15:8, see P Oxy VI. 886.21 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 112) τὸ δὲ ὑπολιπό [μ ]ενον ἔσχατον ἀνάγνωτι (l.θι), Syll 879.11 (end of iii/B.C.) ἐπιτελεῖν δὲ τὰ νόμιμα τοῖς ἀποιχομένοις ἔσχατον ἐν τρισὶ μησίν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσχατα έσχατα έσχατά ἔσχατα έσχαται εσχαταις εσχάταις ἐσχάταις εσχατας εσχάτας ἐσχάτας εσχατη εσχάτη ἐσχάτη ἐσχάτῃ εσχάτην εσχάτης εσχατοι έσχατοι ἔσχατοι εσχάτοις εσχατον έσχατον ἔσχατον εσχατος έσχατος ἔσχατος εσχατου εσχάτου ἐσχάτου εσχατους εσχάτους ἐσχάτους εσχατω εσχάτω ἐσχάτῳ εσχατων εσχατών εσχάτων ἐσχάτων eschata éschata eschatais eschátais eschatas eschátas eschate eschatē escháte eschátē eschátei eschátēi eschato eschatō eschatoi eschátoi eschátōi éschatoi eschaton eschatōn escháton eschátōn éschaton eschatos éschatos eschatou eschátou eschatous eschátous
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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