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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2617 - καταισχύνω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2596) and (G153)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to dishonour, disgrace
  2. to put to shame, make ashamed
    1. to be ashamed, blush with shame
    2. one is said to be put to shame who suffers a repulse, or whom some hope has deceived
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 911 ‑ בְּדַד (bed‑ad');  954 ‑ בּוֹשׁ (boosh);  2659 ‑ חָפַר (khaw‑fare');  3637 ‑ כָּלַם (kaw‑lawm');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (18)
Luke 1
Romans 6
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 3
1 Peter 3
N95 (0)
CSB (13)
Luke 1
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 2
1 Peter 2
BSB (13)
Luke 1
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 2
1 Peter 2
ESV (13)
Luke 1
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 2
1 Peter 2
WEB (18)
Luke 1
Romans 6
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 3
1 Peter 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -αισχῠνῶ Id. Th. 546:


1. dishonour, put to shame, μή τι καταισχύνειν πατέρων γένος Od. 24.508; καταισχύνητέ τε δαῖτα 16.293; τὰ πρόσθε ἐργασμένα Hdt. 7.53, cf. A. Supp. 996, D. 18.101, etc.; τὴν σὴν οὐ κ. φύσιν I put not thy nature to shame, i.e. show myself not unworthy of thee, S. El. 609; κ. τὸ Τρωϊκὸν κλέος E. Hel. 845; τὸ γένος οὐ καταισχυνῶ Ar. Av. 1451; κ. τὴν πατρίδα Id. Nu. 1220; τοὺς προγόνους Pl. La. 187a; ὑποσχέσεις Id. Smp. 183e; τὰς εὐγενείας ταῖς αὑτῶν.. κακίαις Isoc. 7.76, etc.

2. dishonour a woman, ἀλλοτρίας γυναῖκας Lys. 1.49; also of a male, D. 45.79.

3. ὁ μέλλων Χρόνος ἐμὸν καταίσχυνε.. Χρέος covered me with dishonour in that my debt remained unpaid, Pi. O. 10(11).8.

4. = καταχέζειν, Χαίτην Babr. 82.8.

II Med., feel shame before, θεούς S. Ph. 1382, cf. OT 1424: aor. Pass., καταισχυνθέντες τὴν ἀρετὴν αὐτῶν Isoc. 4.97: c. inf., to be ashamed to.., ἰητρεύειν Hp. Art. 42; καταισχυνθῆναι.. ὅπως μὴ δόξει.. to be ashamed of being thought.., Th. 6.13.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταισχύνω; passive, imperfect κατησχυνομην; 1 aorist κατῃσχύνθην; future καταισχυνθήσομαι; the Sept. chiefly for הֵבִישׁ and הֹבִישׁ; as in Greek writings from Homer down;

1. to dishonor, disgrace: τήν κεφαλήν, 1 Corinthians 11:4f (σποδῷ τήν κεφαλήν, Josephus, Antiquities 20, 4, 2).

2. to put to shame, make ashamed: τινα 1 Corinthians 1:27; 1 Corinthians 11:22; passive to be ashamed, blush with shame: Luke 13:17; 2 Corinthians 7:14; 2 Corinthians 9:4: 1 Peter 3:16; by a Hebrew usage one is said to be put to shame who suffers a repulse, or whom some hope has deceived; hence, ἐλπίς οὐ καταισχύνει, does not disappoint: Romans 5:5 (cf. Psalm 21:6 (); Psalm 24:2f (f); Psalm 118:116 ()); passive, Romans 9:33; Romans 10:11; 1 Peter 2:6 (Isaiah 28:16; Sir. 2:10).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατ -αισχύνω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H954;]

to disgrace, dishonour, put to shame: c. acc rei, 1 Corinthians 11:4-5; c. acc pers., 1 Corinthians 1:27; 1 Corinthians 11:22; pass., to be ashamed: Luke 13:17, 2 Corinthians 7:14; 2 Corinthians 9:4, 1 Peter 3:16; as in LXX (Psalms 22:6; Psalms 25:2-3, al.), of unfulfilled hopes: Romans 5:5; pass., Romans 9:33; Romans 10:11, 1 Peter 2:6 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the usage of this verb in 1 Corinthians 11:4 f. we may perhaps cite Babrius lxxxii. 8 χαίτην (";hair";) δ᾽ ἔμελλε τὴν ἐμὴν καταισχύνειν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταισχυνει καταισχύνει καταισχυνετε καταισχύνετε καταισχυνη καταισχύνη καταισχύνῃ καταισχύνης καταισχύνητε καταισχυνθείην καταισχυνθείησαν καταισχυνθη καταισχυνθή καταισχυνθῇ καταισχυνθής καταισχυνθησεται καταισχυνθήσεται καταισχυνθήση καταισχυνθήσονται καταισχυνθήτωσαν καταισχυνθωμεν καταισχυνθώμεν καταισχυνθῶμεν καταισχυνθωσιν καταισχυνθώσιν καταισχυνθῶσιν καταισχυνόμενοι κατησχυμμένος κατήσχυνας κατησχύνατε κατήσχυνεν κατησχύνθη κατησχύνθημεν κατησχυνθην κατησχύνθην κατῃσχύνθην κατησχύνθης κατησχύνθησαν κατησχυνοντο κατησχύνοντο κατῃσχύνοντο kataischune kataischunē kataischunei kataischunete kataischunthe kataischunthē kataischunthesetai kataischunthēsetai kataischunthomen kataischunthōmen kataischunthosin kataischunthōsin kataischyne kataischynē kataischynei kataischýnei kataischýnēi kataischynete kataischýnete kataischynthe kataischynthē kataischynthêi kataischynthē̂i kataischynthesetai kataischynthēsetai kataischynthḗsetai kataischynthomen kataischynthômen kataischynthōmen kataischynthō̂men kataischynthosin kataischynthôsin kataischynthōsin kataischynthō̂sin kateischýnonto katēischýnonto kateischýnthen katēischýnthēn kateschunonto katēschunonto kateschunthen katēschunthēn kateschynonto katēschynonto kateschynthen katēschynthēn
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