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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2625 - κατακλίνω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2596) and (G2827)
Parts of Speech
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  1. in the NT in reference to eating, to make to recline
  2. to recline (at a table)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3766 ‑ כָּרַע (kaw‑rah');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5437 ‑ סָבַב (saw‑bab');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Luke 5
NAS (7)
Luke 7
HCS (5)
Luke 5
BSB (5)
Luke 5
ESV (3)
Luke 3
WEB (5)
Luke 5
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κατα-κλίνω [],

I. lay down, [ δόρυ ] κατακλίνας ἐπὶ γαίῃ Od. 10.165; κ. τοὺς Πέρσας ἐς λειμῶνα having made them recline (for dinner) in a meadow, Hdt. 1.126, cf. Pl. R. 363c, 420e, Luke 9:14, Milet. 1(9).368; κ. παιδίον put it to bed, Ar. Lys. 19, cf. Plu. Lyc. 3; κ. τινὰ ἐν ἁρμαμάξῃ X. Cyr. 6.4.11; also, cause one to take to his bed, i.e. strike with disease, PMag.Par. 1.2075; of animals, X. Cyn. 9.3; κ. τινὰ εἰς Ἀσκληπιοῦ lay a sick person in the temple of Asclepios, Ar. Pl. 411, V. 123; ταύταν ὀβολῶ κ. (sens. obsc.) Cerc. 5.31:

Pass. (with aor. 2 Att. -εκλίνην, aor. 1 -εκλίθην Att. and in other dialects), lie at table, κατακλιθέντας πίνειν Hdt. 2.121. δ; κατακλῐνήσομαι Ar. Eq. 98, cf. V. 1208; generally, lie down, κατακλινεὶς δευρί Id. Nu. 694; κατακλίνεσθαι παρά τινα lie at table next him, Pl. Smp. 175a; but, παρά τινι lie with him sexually, ib. 203c; κατακλίνηθι μετ' ἐμοῦ Ar. Lys. 904; κ. ἐπὶ ταῖς κοίταις, ἐπὶ στιβάδος, Ar. V. 1040, X. Cyr. 5.2.15; of a sick man, take to one's bed, Hp. Epid. 1.2; simply, lie in bed, Id. Prog. 3, Diocl.Fr. 141; κατακλιθέντα ἐς τὸ ἱερόν Hyp. Eux. 18; κατεκλίθη ὕπτιος Pl. Phd. 117e codd.; κατακεκλιμένος, of a corpse, Plb. 6.53.1.

II cause to incline, bend downwards, ἕως ἂν κατακλίνῃ [ ὁ ἐλέφας τοὺς φοίνικας ] Arist. HA 610a23: metaph., lay prostrate, overthrow, τύραννον Thgn. 1181.


1. Pass., of ground, slope, ἤπειρόνδε A.R. 2.734.

2. of the sun, set, Poll. 4.157.

3. of crabs' eyes, turn sideways, Arist. HA 529b28.

4. kneel, ὅταν κατακλιθῇ εἰς γόνατα [ κάμηλος ] ib. 499a17.

5. c. dat., to be set under, made subject to, ὅταν κατακλιθῇ τὸ θητικὸν τῷ προπολεμοῦντι Herm. in Phdr. p.157 A.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κατακλίνω: 1 aorist κατεκλινα; 1 aorist passive κατεκλιθην; from Homer down; in the N. T. in reference to eating, to make to recline: τινα, Luke 9:14 (also 15 T Tr WH) (ἐπί τό δεῖπνον, Xenophon, Cyril 2, 8, 21); middle, with 1 aorist passive, to recline (at table): Luke 7:36 L T Tr WH; ; εἰς τήν πρωτοκλισίαν, Luke 14:8 (εἰς τό ἐσθίειν, Judith 12:15; εἰς τό δεῖπνον, Josephus, Antiquities 6, 8, 1 (variant)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατα -κλίνω ,

[in LXX: Exodus 21:18 (H5307), Numbers 24:9, Judges 5:27, 1 Samuel 16:11 (H3766), Judith 12:15, 3 Maccabees 1:3 *;]

to lay down, make to lie down, esp. for meals: c. acc pers., Luke 9:14-15; mid., to recline at meals: Luke 7:36; Luke 24:30; seq. εἰς , Luke 14:8 (cf. Jth, Lc.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This medical term (Hobart, p. 69 f.), which in the NT is found only in the Lukan writings, occurs in a medical receipt of early i/A.D., P Oxy VIII. 1088.29 ὕπτιον κατακλίνας τὸν ἄνθρωπον θεράπευε, ";lay the man on his back and treat him"; (Ed.) : cf. the use of the adj. in P Ryl II. 124.26 (i/A.D.) ὥστε αὐτὴν κατακρινῆ (l. κατακλινῆ) εἶναι, ";so that she is laid up in bed"; (Edd.). The verb is found in Cagnat IV. 661.21 (a will – A.D. 85) ἵνα μόνοι οἱ παρόντες καὶ κατακλεινόμενοι βουλευταὶ λαμβάνωσι τὴν διανομὴν [τα ]ύτην : for the subst. cf. ib..5 γείν [εσ ]θαι δὲ τὴν κατάκλισιν μηνὸς Πανήμου ἡμέρᾳ εὐδαιμοσύνης.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κατακλιθείς κατακλιθή κατακλιθηναι κατακλιθήναι κατακλιθῆναι κατακλιθης κατακλιθής κατακλιθῇς κατακλιθώμεν Κατακλινατε Κατακλίνατε κατάκλιτα κατεκλιθη κατεκλίθη κατεκλιναν κατέκλιναν Kataklinate Kataklínate kataklithêis kataklithē̂is kataklithenai kataklithênai kataklithēnai kataklithē̂nai kataklithes kataklithēs kateklinan katéklinan kateklithe kateklithē kateklíthe kateklíthē
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