Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2730 - κατοικέω
- to dwell, settle
- metaph. divine powers, influences, etc., are said to dwell in his soul, to pervade, prompt, govern it
- to dwell in, inhabit
- God is said to dwell in the temple, i.e. to be always present for worshippers
1. settle in, colonize, πόλιν Hdt. 7.164; γῆν E. Med. 10; τοῖς κατοικεῖν ἐθέλουσι τὰν πόλιν Decr.Byz. ap. D. 18.91: generally, inhabit, τόπους S. Ph. 40; τὴν Ἀσίαν SIG 557.17 (Magn. Mae., iii B.C.), etc.: — Pass., to be dwelt in or inhabited, opp. κατοικίζομαι (to be just founded), Arist. Pol. 1266b2.
2. abs., settle, dwell, ζητοῦσα.. ποῦ κατοικοίης S. OC 362; ἵνα χρὴ κατοικεῖν Ar. Av. 153; ἐν δόμοις, ἐν ἄστεσι, E. Hel. 1651, Pl. Lg. 666e, etc.; αὐτόθι Th. 3.34; ἐν μοναρχίᾳ Isoc. 1.36; ἐπὶ γῆς Revelation 3:10; esp. of non-citizens, Ἐφέσιοι καὶ οἱ -οῦντες SIG 352.4 (Ephesus, iv B.C.). cf. 633.67 (Milet., ii B.C.): — pf. and plpf. Pass., to have been planted or settled, κατὰ κώμας Hdt. 1.96, cf. 2.102; κ.νῆσον, τὴν μεσόγειαν, Id. 4.8, Th. 1.120.
II administer, govern, οἱ τὰς πόλεις -οῦντες Phld. Rh. 2.225 S.: — more freq. in Pass., κατῴκηνται καλῶς, of Athens, S. OC 1004; ὀρθῶς κ., of Sparta, Pl. Lg. 683a.
III intr. of cities, lie, be siluated, ἐν τοῖς πεδίοις ib. 677c, cf. 682c: also c. acc. loci, τὰς τὴν Ἀσίαν κατοικούσας which are situated in.., Isoc. 5.123.
κατ -οικέω , -ῶ ,
[in LXX very freq. and nearly always for H3427;]
1. trans., to inhabit, dwell in: c. acc, Luke 13:4, Acts 1:10; Acts 2:9; Acts 2:14; Acts 4:16; Acts 9:32; Acts 9:35; Acts 19:10; Acts 19:17. Revelation 17:2; of God, Matthew 23:21.
2. Intrans., to settle, dwell: Acts 22:12; seq. ἐν (cl.), Acts 1:20 (LXX) Acts 2:5; Acts 7:2; Acts 7:4; Acts 7:48; Acts 9:22; Acts 11:29; Acts 13:27; Acts 17:24, Hebrews 11:9, Revelation 13:12; seq. εἰς (B1., § 39, 3; M, Pr., 62 f., 234 f.), Matthew 2:23; Matthew 4:13, Acts 7:4; ἐπὶ τ . γῆς (Numbers 13:33, al.), Revelation 3:10; Revelation 6:10; Revelation 8:13; Revelation 11:10; Revelation 13:8; Revelation 13:14; Revelation 17:8; ἐπὶ παντὸς προσώπου τ . γ ., Acts 17:26; ὅπου , Revelation 2:13; ἐκεῖ (of demons), Matthew 12:45, Luke 11:26. Metaph., of divine indwelling: ὁ Χριστός , Ephesians 3:17; τ . πνεῦμα , James 4:5 (κατῴκισεν , T, WH, R, txt.); τ . πλήωρμα (τ . θεότητος ), Colossians 1:19; Colossians 2:9; δικαιοσύνη (cf. Wisdom of Solomon 1:4), 2 Peter 3:13 (cf. ἐν -κατοικέω ).†
[in LXX for H3427 hi., etc.;]
to cause to dwell: metaph., c. acc, τὸ πνεῦμα , James 4:5 (Rec., R, mg., κατῴκησεν ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
κατοικέω, in the general sense of ";dwell in,"; ";inhabit,"; is found in such passages as P Fay 98.14 (A.D. 123) τὰ ἐνοίκια. . ἧς κατοικῖ αὐτῶν κοινωνικῆς ο [ἰκίας ] ἐν κώμῃ Εὐημερείᾳ, ";the rent of the house at Euhemeria jointly owned by them at which she lives"; (Edd.), P Oxy VIII. 1102.12 (c. A.D. 146) ὁ τοῦ νομ ]οῦ στρατηγὸς ἀκρειβέστερον ἐξετάσει ᾗ κατοι ̣κ ̣ι ̣ͅ, ";the strategus of the nome shall hold a more exact inquiry in the place where he lives"; (Ed.). More technically used, the verb refers to the permanent ";residents"; of a town or village, as distinguished from those ";dwelling as strangers"; or ";sojourners"; (παροικοῦντες) : cf. Genesis 37:1. See further Hohlwein L’Égypte Romaine, p. 35.1 f., Jouguet Vie municifale, p. 57 f.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week of Lent