Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3598 - ὁδός
- a way
- a travelled way, road
- a travellers way, journey, travelling
- a way
- a course of conduct
- a way (i.e. manner) of thinking, feeling, deciding
ὀδός, v. οὐδός.
(A), Dor. ὠδός Berl.Sitzb. 1927.170 (Cyrene), Hsch.; Trag. and Att. ὀδός S. OC 57, 1590, IG 22.1668.33, 7.412.7 (Orop.), Lycurg. 40, Hyp. Dem.Fr. 6, Men. 671, BCH 35.286 (Delos); also at Samos, Michel 832.30, and Epidaurus, IG 42(1).102.232 and 249, also (later) at Branchidae, CIG 2885d9: gen. pl. ὀδέων IG 42(1).109 ii 105, 150 (Epid., iii B. C.): ὁ: —
1. threshold, esp. threshold of a house, in Hom. χάλκεος οὐδός (as in Hes. Th. 811), Od. 7.83, 89; also λάϊνος Il. 9.404, Od. 8.80, Parm. 1.12; μέλινος Od. 17.339; δρύϊνος 21.43; μέγας Hes. Th. 749.
2. generally, threshold, entrance to any place, ἐπὶ προθύροις Ὀδυσῆος, οὐδοῦ ἐπ' αὐλείου Od. 1.104; to the nether world, Il. 8.15; χαλκόπους ὀδός S. OC 57, cf. 1590: in pl., perh. lintel, Theoc. 23.50 (dub. l., ὀόδων cod.).
3. metaph., ἐπὶ γήραος οὐδῷ on the threshold which is old age, i.e. perh., on the threshold that leads from life to death (so οὐδὸς βιότου the end of life, Q.S. 10.426), Il. 22.60, Od. 15.348, Hes. Op. 331, Hdt. 3.14, cf. Pl. R. 328e; ἐπὶ γήρως ὀδῷ Lycurg., Hyp., and Men. ll. cc.; μέχρι γήραος οὐδοῦ Ps.-Phoc. 230; γήραος οὐδὸν ἱκέσθαι Od. 23.212, cf. 15.246. — Poet. word, used by Arist. Metaph. 1042b19, Plu. TG 17, and Luc. Dom. 18, al., in the form οὐδός, which is Ion., cf. Hp. Art. 78, GDI 5601a(Ephesus), IG 11(2).158 A 69 (Delos, iii B. C.), and is used later as gloss on βηλός, AB 224 (so ὀδός in 225 and Hsch. s.v. ὀρρόβηλος). (The forms οὐδός ὠδός ὀδός point to Οδϝός.)
(B), ἡ, = ὁδός, way, only in Od. 17.196.
ὁδός , -οῦ , ἡ ,
[in LXX chiefly (very freq.) for H1870;]
1. a way, path, road: Matthew 2:12, Mark 10:46, Luke 3:5, al.; κατὰ τὴν ὁ ., Luke 10:4, al.; κατὰ τὴν ὁ ., Matthew 13:4, al.; c. gen. pers. (subj.), τὴν ὁ . ἑτοιμάζειν (fig.), Matthew 3:3, Mark 1:3, al.; c. gen. term. (obj.), ἐθνῶν , Matthew 10:5; τ . ἁγίων (fig.), Hebrews 9:8; acc, ὁδόν , with force of prep. (like Heb. H1980; Bl., § 34, 8; 35, 5), ὁ . θαλάσσης , Matthew 4:15 (LXX).
2. A traveller's way, journey: ἐν τ . ὁ ., Matthew 5:25, Mark 8:27, al.; ἐξ ὁ ., Luke 11:6; εἰς ὁ ., Matthew 10:10; τ . ὁδὸν πορεύεσθαι , Acts 8:39; ὁ . ἡμέρας , Luke 2:44; ὁδὸν ποιεῖν ( = cl., ὁ . ποιεῖσθαι ; v. Field, Notes, 25), to make one's way, i.e. proceed on one's journey, Mark 2:23.
3. Metaph. (cl.; but esp. freq. in Heb.; v. Cremer, 442 ff.), of a course of conduct, a way of thinking or acting: Acts 14:16, 1 Corinthians 4:17; 1 Corinthians 12:31, James 1:8; James 5:20; τοῧ Κάϊν , Judges 1:11; τ . Βαλαάμ , 2 Peter 2:15; εἰρήνης , Romans 3:17; ζωῆς , Acts 2:28; ἡ ὁ . ἡ ἀπάγουσα εἰς τ . ζωήν (Dalman, Words, 160), Matthew 7:14; τ . δικαιοσύνης , Matthew 21:32; σωτηρίας , Acts 16:17; αἱ ὁ . τ . θεοῦ (κυρίου ), Acts 13:10, Romans 11:33, Revelation 15:3 (cf. Hosea 14:9, Psalms 95:10, Sirach 39:24, al.); ἡ ὁ . τ . θεοῦ (the way approved by God), Matthew 22:16, Mark 12:14, Luke 20:21; id., of the Christian religion, Acts 18:26; so, absol., ἡ ὁ ., Acts 9:2; Acts 19:9; Acts 19:23; Acts 24:22; of Christ as the means of approach to God, John 14:6,
4. Ellipsis of ὁ .: ποίας (sc. ὁδοῦ ), Luke 5:19; ἐκείνης , Luke 19:4 (v. Bl., § 36, 13; 44, 1).
** ὁδο -ποιέω , -ῶ ,
to make a road or path: Mark 2:23 (WH, mg.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ὁπότε (in classical Greek ";whenever"; ) is freely used for ";when"; in the papyri, as in the later uncials in Luke 6:3, cf. e.g. PSI IV. 432.4 (iii/B.C.) ὁπότε οὖν δοκιμάζεις, συντόμως χορηγείσθω, ἵνα μὴ ὑστερῶμεν τοῖς καιροῖς, P Oxy II. 243.10 (A.D. 79) ὁπότε περιῆν, ";when she was alive,"; and P Ryl II. 245.3 (iii/A.D.) περὶ τῶν ἀξόνων h̔̓μέλησας ὁπ ̣ο ̣τ᾽ ἐδ ̣ε ̣ή [σα ]μεν αὐτῶν, ";you neglected the matter of the axles when we were in need of them"; (Edd. ).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week of Lent