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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6605 - פָּתַח
1) to open
1a) (Qal) to open
1b) (Niphal) to be opened, be let loose, be thrown open
1c1) to free
1c2) to loosen
1c3) to open, open oneself
1d) (Hithpael) to loose oneself
2) to carve, engrave
2a) (Piel) to engrave
2b) (Pual) to be engraved
V) htp (פתהה PTHh) - Open: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (146): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) open, loose, grave, engrave, put off, out, appear, drawn, break - Strongs: H6605 (פָּתַח), H6606 (פְּתַח)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) to open (Syr., Arab. فتح, Eth. ፊተሐ፡ id., compare the kindred roots פָּתָה and פָּקַח), as the eyes, 1 Kings 8:29 (compare פָּקַח); a door, Judges 3:25 a book, Nehemiah 8:5, etc. Specially the following phrases are to be noticed
(a) פָּתַח אֶת־פִּיו to open the mouth, whether it be to eat, Ezekiel 3:2, or to sing, Psalms 78:2 or to speak, especially after silence, Job 3:1, 33:2 hence to speak, to utter words, Proverbs 31:8; Psalms 109:2, and, on the other hand, not to open the mouth, i.e. to be silent, Psalms 39:10; Isaiah 53:7. Different from this is
(b) to open any one’s mouth (said of God), i.e. to cause one to speak who had been dumb, Numbers 22:28, or not fluent, Ezekiel 3:27, 33:22.
(c) to open any one’s ear, i.e. to reveal to him, used of God, Isaiah 50:5, compare 48:8.
(d) to open one’s hand to any one (followed by לְ), i.e. to be liberal towards him, Deuteronomy 15:8, 11 Deuteronomy 15:11.
(e) Cities which surrender are said to open (sc. their gates) to the besiegers, Deuteronomy 20:11; 2 Kings 15:16.
(f) to open corn, a bold figure for to open the granaries, to sell the grain, Amos 8:5.
(2) to let loose, as a sword, i.e. to draw it, Psalms 37:14 Eze. 21:33 a captive (to free from prison), Isaiah 14:17.
(3) to begin, to lead in (eröffnen), e.g. a song, Psalms 49:5.
(1) to be opened, Genesis 7:11; Isaiah 35:5; Ezekiel 1:1.
(2) to be loosed, used of a girdle, Isaiah 5:27 to be set free, used of a captive, Job 12:14.
(1) to open, i.q. Kal, Job 41:6, and intrans. to open oneself, Song of Solomon 7:13 (of a flower); to be opened (used of the ear), Isaiah 48:8.
(2) to loose, as bonds, Job 30:11, 38:31 39:5 Psalms 116:16 a girdle, Psalms 30:12; Isaiah 20:2, etc. Part. מְפַתֵּחַ one who looses, sc. a girdle, used of a warrior taking off his armour after a battle. Also, followed by an acc. of pers. whose bonds are loosed, Jeremiah 40:4 or whose girdle is loosed, Isaiah 45:1.
(3) to open the ground with a plough, to plough, Isaiah 28:24 and (what is similar to this)
(4) to engrave, to carve, wood, 1 Kings 7:36 precious stones, Exodus 28:36 also used as to ornamental stones for building, Zechariah 3:9.
Pual, pass. of Piel No. 4, Exodus 39:6.
Hithpael, to loose oneself (from bonds), Isaiah 52:2.
Derived nouns, פֶּתַח-פְּתַחְיָה, פִּתּוּחַ, פְּתִיחָה, מַפְתֵּחַ, מִפְתָּח, and pr. names יִפְתָּח, נֶפְתּוֹחַ, נַפְתֻּחִים.
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11