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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4231 - πραγματεύομαι

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4229)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be occupied in anything
  2. to carry on a business
  3. to carry on the business of a banker or a trader
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2836 ‑ חָשַׁק (khaw‑shak');  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Luke 1
NAS (2)
Luke 2
CSB (1)
Luke 1
BSB (1)
Luke 1
ESV (1)
Luke 1
WEB (1)
Luke 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. πρηγμ-, aor. ἐπραγματευσάμην, Ion. ἐπρηγμ-, Hp. Epid. 6.8.32, X. Oec. 10.9, etc.; also ἐπραγματεύθην, Ion. ἐπρηγμ-, Hdt. 2.87, Isoc. 12.249: pf. πεπραγμάτευμαι Id. 11.1, Pl. Phd. 99d, 100b, al.; also in pass. sense, v. infr.:

busy oneself, take trouble, ἀπέδωκαν τὸν νεκρὸν οὐδὲν ἔτι πρηγματευθέντες Hdt.l.c., cf. Pl. Cra. 437c; π. περὶ σωφροσύνης Id. R. 430d, cf. Cra. 425c; περὶ τὰ ὄντα Id. Tht. 187a, cf. X. Mem. 4.2.7, Arist. EN 1102a22, etc.; πολλὰ ἐπί τινι π. work at at thing, labour to bring it about, X. Mem. 1.3.15; πρός τι Pl. Erx. 398a; πραγματεύονται ὅπως ἄρξουσι exert themselves to . ., X. Lac. 14.5:abs., Thphr. HP 4.4.1; μηδὲν πραγματεύου do not worry, Id. Char. 18.9: c. inf., exert oneself to . ., Plu. Them. 19 .

2. to be engaged in business, spend one's time in business, ὅληντὴννύκτα all nightlong, X. Cyr. 2.4.26; π.καὶ κακοπαθεῖν τὸν βίον ἅπαντα Arist. EN 1176b29, cf. 1122a9; simply, conduct a business, PCair.Zen. 199.11 (iii B. C.); transact business, of clerks, ib. 647.11 (iii B. C.); π. ἀπὸ ἐμπορίας καὶ δανεισμῶν make money by trade and loans, Plu. Cat.Mi. 50, cf. Sull. 17, etc.; οἱ πραγματευόμενοι, = Lat. negotiatores, OGI 532.6 ( Galatia ), cf. SIG 797.10 (Assus, i A.D. ): c.acc., π. τὸ συνηγορικὸν καὶ (τὸ) ἐπιδέκατον, of a tax-farmer, Ostr. 1537 (ii B. C.), PLeid.F in Ostr. i p.302; τὴν ὑϊκὴν π. PSI 4.384.2 (iii B. C.); generally, of officials, to be employed in public affairs, PGnom. 174 (ii A. D.), etc.

II c. acc. rei, take in hand, treat laboriously, be engaged in, Pl. Prt. 361d, Hp.Ma. 304c, D. 18.26, etc.; undertake, τὸν δεύτερον πλοῦν Pl. Phd. 99d .

2. of authors, elaborate a work, Ar. Nu. 526; of a science, work out, ἃ θέλει Archyt. 4; treat of, περὶ φύσεως πάντα Arist. Metaph. 989b33, cf. Epicur. Nat. 15.34; περί τινος Arist. Ph. 193b31; περί τι Id. Metaph. 1025b17, Phld. Mus. p.96K., al.; τοιαύτην οὐκ ἐπραγματεύθησαν ἀκριβολογίαν περὶ τὰς φλέβας did not use such precision in treating of . ., Arist. HA 513a9 .

3. of historians, treat systematically, τὰς πράξεις Plb. 1.4.3: abs., οἱ πραγματευόμενοι systematic historians, Id. 5.33.5, etc.

4. simply, write, treat, ποιητὴς ὢν πεπραγμάτευται περὶ τὸ ἱερόν IG 11(4).544.5 (Delos, iii B. C. ); τὰ πεπραγματευμένα ὑπ' αὐτῶ his works, composilions, SIG 721.8 (Crete, ii/i B. C. ), cf. 702.5 (Delph., ii B. C. ).

III Pass., mostly pf. πεπραγμάτευμαι, to be laboured at, elaborated, Pl. Revelation 22:1-21 b, Prm. 129e; δόρυ ὡσαύτως -ευμένον X Eq. 8.10; αἱ εἰς τὸν παῖδα -ευμέναι μεταφοραί Aeschin. 1.167; also pres., Arist. EE 1215a30 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πραγματεύομαι: 1 aorist middle imperative 2 person plural πραγματεύσασθε; (πρᾶγμα); in Greek prose writings from Herodotus down; to be occupied in anything; to carry on a business; specifically, to carry on the business of a banker or trader (Plutarch, Sull. 17; Cat. min. 59): Luke 19:13 (here WH text reads the infinitive (see their Introductory § 404); R. V. trade. Compare: διαπραγματεύομαι.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< πρᾶγμα ),

[in LXX: 1 Kings 10:22 B, 1 Kings 9:19 A (H2836), Da LXX Daniel 8:27 (H4399־ H853 H6213) *;]

1. to busy oneself.

2. to be engaged in business, esp. to trade: Luke 19:13 (cf. δια -πραγματεύομαι ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
επραγματεύσατο πραγματευσασθαι πραγματεύσασθαι πραγματεύσασθε pragmateusasthe pragmateúsasthe
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