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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #552 - ἄπειρος

from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G3984)
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  1. inexperienced in, without experience of
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 196 ‑ אֱוִלִי (ev‑ee‑lee');  6160 ‑ עֲרָבָה (ar‑aw‑baw');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(A), ον, (πεῖρα)

1. without trial or experience of a thing, unused to, unacquainted with, ἄθλων Thgn. 1013; καλῶν Pi. I. 8(7).70; κακότητος Emp. 112.3; τυράννων Hdt. 5.92. ά; τῆς ναυτικῆς Id. 8.1; Περσέων Id. 9.58, cf. 46; πόνων, νόσων, A. Ch. 371, Fr. 350.2; γνώμης S. Ant. 1250; δικῶν Antipho 1.1; πολέμων Th. 1.141; τοῦ μεγέθους τῆς νήσου Id. 6.1; γραμμάτων Pl. Ap. 26d; ἀνδρῶν ἀγαθῶν Lys. 2.27; of a woman, ἄ. ἄλλων ἀνδρῶν not having known other men (beside her husband), Hdt. 2.111; ἄ. λέχους E. Med. 672: abs. in same sense, ib. 1091 (lyr.).

2. abs., inexperienced, ignorant, Pi. I. 8(7).48, etc.; γλυκὺ δ' ἀπείροισι πόλεμος Id. Fr. 110; δίδασκ' ἄπειρον A. Ch. 118. Adv. ἀπείρως, ἔχειν τῶν νόμων Hdt. 2.45; πρός τι X. Mem. 2.6.29; περί τινος Isoc. 5.19: Comp. ἀπειρότερον, παρεσκευασμένοι Th. 1.49; -οτέρως Isoc. 12.37, Arist. Resp. 470b9.


(B), ον, (πεῖραρ, πέρας)

1. boundless, infinite, σκότος Pi. Fr. 130.8; τὸν ὑψοῦ τόνδ' ἄ. αἰθέρα E. Fr. 941; ἤπειρον εἰς ἄ. ib. 998; of number, countless, πλῆθος Hdt. 1.204; ἀριθμὸς ἄ. πλήθει Pl. Prm. 144a; ἄ. τὸ πλῆθος Id. R. 525a, al.; εἰς ἄ. τὴν ἀδικίαν αὐξάνειν Id. Lg. 910b; χρόνος ἄ. OGI 383.113 (i B.C.): Comp. -ότερος Dam. Pr. 50, Phlp. in Mete. 17.15; τὸ ἄ. the Infinite, as a first principle, Arist. Ph. 203a3, etc.; esp. in the system of Anaximander, D.L. 2.1, etc.; but τὰ ἄπειρα individuals, opp. τὰ εἴδη, Arist. Top. 109b14, cf. Metaph. 999a27, al.; ἄπειρος, opp. πεπερασμένος, Ph. 202b31; εἰς ἄ. ἰέναι, προϊέναι, ἥκειν, etc., APo. 81b33, Ph. 209a25, EN 1113a2, etc.; [ γῆ] ἐπ' ἄπειρον ἐρριζωμένη Str. 1.1.20; also, indefinite, ὕλη Stoic. 2.86.

2. in Trag., freq.of garments, etc., in which one is entangled past escape, i.e. without outlet, ἀμφίβληστρον A. Ag. 1382; χιτών S. Fr. 526; ὕφασμα E. Or. 25.

3. endless, i.e. circular, ἀ. δακτύλιος a simple hoop-ring, = ἄλιθος (Poll. 7.179), Arist. Ph. 207a2; cf. ἀπείρων (B) 1.3. Adv. -ρως, θρυφθῆναι into an infinite number of fragments, Id. Pr. 899b16.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄπειρος, ἀπειρον (πεῖρα trial, experience), inexperienced in, without experience of, with the genitive of the thing (as in Greek writings): Hebrews 5:13. ((Pindar and Herodotus down.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄπειρος , -ον

(< - neg., πεῖρα , trial),

[in LXX: Numbers 14:23, Zechariah 11:15 (H196) Jeremiah 2:6 (H6160) *;]

without experience of: c. gen. rei, Hebrews 5:13 (MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

According to Meisterhans Gr. p. 150 the Attic inscriptions use ἀπείρων, not ἄπειρος, in the sense of ";endless."; It might be read, if worth while, in OGIS 383.43 (Commagene—i/B.C.) εἰς τὸν ἄπειρον (or ἀπείρον᾽ !) αἰῶνα κοιμήσεται, but χρόνος ἄπειρος in l. .113 (= Avestan zervan akarana—see J. H. Moulton, Hibbert Lectures, p. 107) is decisive. For . construed with the gen., as Hebrews 5:13, cf. P Giss I. 68.17 (ii/A.D.) ἐπὶ Φιβ ̣ᾶς ὁ αὐτοῦ ἄπειρός ἐστιν τῶν τόπων καὶ οὐ δ ̣ύναται ̣ μόνος προσε [λθε ] ̣ν, ";since Phibas, his slave, is unacquainted with the places, and cannot come alone."; Ἄπειρος in this sense is the opposite of ἔμπειρος (cf. πεῖρα) : meaning ";endless,"; as a substitute for the Epic ἀπείρων, it is connected with πέρας.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απειρος άπειρος ἄπειρος απείρου απείρω apeiros ápeiros