Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #03782 - כָּשַׁל

Transliteration
kâshal
Phonetics
kaw-shal'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1050
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to stumble, stagger, totter

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to stumble

1a2) to totter

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to stumble

1b2) to be tottering, be feeble

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to cause to stumble, bring injury or ruin to, overthrow

1c2) to make feeble, make weak

1d) (Hophal) to be made to stumble

1e) (Piel) bereave

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 101 ‑ ἀδυνατέω (ad‑oo‑nat‑eh'‑o);  447 ‑ ἀνίημι (an‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  2654 ‑ καταναλίσκω (kat‑an‑al‑is'‑ko);  3886 ‑ παραλύω (par‑al‑oo'‑o);  4098 ‑ πίπτω (pip'‑to, pet'‑o);  1847 ‑ ἐξουδενέω (ex‑oo‑den‑o'‑o);  769 ‑ ἀσθένεια (as‑then'‑i‑ah);  622 ‑ ἀπόλλυμι (ap‑ol'‑loo‑mee);  2559 ‑ κακόω (kak‑o'‑o);  4105 ‑ πλανάω (plan‑ah'‑o);  4350 ‑ προσκόπτω (pros‑kop'‑to);  4624 ‑ σκανδαλίζω (skan‑dal‑id'‑zo);  2872 ‑ κοπιάω (kop‑ee‑ah'‑o);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  770 ‑ ἀσθενέω (as‑then‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (62)
Leviticus
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Chronicles
4
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
7
Proverbs
5
Isaiah
11
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
6
Hosea
6
Nahum
2
Zechariah
1
Malachi
1
NAS (66)
Leviticus
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Chronicles
6
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
7
Proverbs
5
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
13
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
7
Hosea
6
Nahum
2
Zechariah
1
Malachi
1
HCS (62)
Leviticus
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Chronicles
4
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
7
Proverbs
5
Isaiah
11
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
6
Hosea
6
Nahum
2
Zechariah
1
Malachi
1
BSB (63)
Leviticus
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Chronicles
4
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
7
Proverbs
5
Isaiah
11
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
3
Daniel
6
Hosea
6
Nahum
2
Zechariah
1
Malachi
1
ESV (54)
Leviticus
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Chronicles
4
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
7
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
6
Hosea
6
Nahum
1
Zechariah
1
Malachi
1
WEB (62)
Leviticus
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Chronicles
4
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
7
Proverbs
5
Isaiah
11
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
6
Hosea
6
Nahum
2
Zechariah
1
Malachi
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2292) lsk (כסהל KShL) AC: Topple CO: Ruin AB: ?: A toppling down into ruins.

V) lsk (כסהל KShL) - Topple: KJV (65): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Piel) fall, stumble, cast down, feeble, overthrown, ruin, decay, fail, weak - Strongs: H3782 (כָּשַׁל)

af1) elskm (מכסהלה MKShLH) - Ruin: The toppled down buildings of a city. KJV (2): ruin, stumblingblock - Strongs: H4384 (מַכְשֵׁלָה)

bm) lisk (כסהיל KShYL) - Axe: For toppling trees. KJV (1): axe - Strongs: H3781 (כַּשִּׁיל)

ejm) nflsik (כיסהלונ KYShLWN) - Toppling: KJV (1): fall - Strongs: H3783 (כִּשָּׁלוֹן)

hcm) lfskm (מכסהול MKShWL) - Stumblingblock: Used to cause someone to stumble or topple down. KJV (14): stumblingblock, offence, ruin, offend, fall - Strongs: H4383 (מִכְשֹׁל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כָּשַׁל (once fut. יִכְשׁוֹל Proverbs 4:16 כתיב, elsewhere fut. Niph. is used), to waver, to totter, to stagger. This verb differs from the synonyms כָּרַע and כָּנַע, in that this properly signifies to totter in the ancles (mit den Knöcheln umknicken), which the Romans sometimes, but very rarely, called by a peculiar word (see Festus h. v. and Doederlein, Lat. Synon. iii. 62), talipedare; (kindred to this is the word قزل to totter, pr. in the ancles, to waddle, from the quadriliteral קַרְסֹל an ancle, which see). The other synonyms properly signify tottering and shaking of the knees (just as מוֹט, נוּט, נוּעַ, signify the quivering or trembling of the whole body); they alike imply want of strength.-However, in the common use of language, this primary idea is often neglected; hence כָּשַׁלּ means

(1) to totter, to reel, to sink together, used of one about to fall. Psalms 27:2, הֵמָּה כָּֽשְׁלוּ וְנָפָֽלוּ “they tottered and fell.” Isaiah 31:3, 59:14 Hosea 14:2; Jeremiah 50:32 also used of inanimate things, Isaiah 3:8; Psalms 109:24, בִּרְכַּי כָּֽשְׁלוּ מִצּוֹם “my knees totter through fasting;” compare Isaiah 35:3; Nehemiah 4:4. Part. כּוֹשֵׁל tired out, wearied, Psalms 105:37; Isaiah 5:27.

(2) to stumble. Followed by בְּ of the thing against which one stumbles, Leviticus 26:37; Nahum 3:3.

Niphal נִכְשַׁל fut. יִכָּשֵׁל i.q. Kal to totter, to sink down, 1 Samuel 2:4; Proverbs 4:12; Jeremiah 31:9; Daniel 11:19, 33 Daniel 11:33. Metaph. to be made wretched, Ezekiel 33:12.

Piel, Ezekiel 36:14 כתיב and

Hiphil

(1) to cause to fail, Lamentations 1:14.

(2) to cause some one to stumble and fail, Proverbs 4:16; 2 Chronicles 25:8, 28:23. In a moral sense, to cause to stumble, to seduce, Malachi 2:8.

Hophal, to be made to stumble, Jeremiah 18:23.

Derived nouns, כַּשִּׁיל, מִכְשׁוֹל, מַכְשֵׁלָה and

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List of Word Forms
הִכְשִׁ֣יל הִכְשַׁלְתֶּ֥ם הַנִּכְשָׁ֥ל הכשיל הכשלתם הנכשל וְכָ֣שְׁלוּ וְכָ֥שְׁלוּ וְכָשְׁל֤וּ וְכָשְׁל֧וּ וְכָשַׁ֤ל וְכָשַׁ֧ל וְכָשַׁלְתָּ֣ וְכָשְׁל֖וּ וְנִכְשְׁל֞וּ וְנִכְשַׁ֥ל וְנִכְשָֽׁלוּ׃ וְנִכְשָׁלִ֖ים וַיַּכְשִׁיל֣וּהוּ וַיַּכְשִׁל֤וּם וּ֝בִכָּשְׁל֗וֹ וּבְהִכָּ֣שְׁלָ֔ם וּלְהַכְשִֽׁיל׃ ובהכשלם ובכשלו ויכשילוהו ויכשלום וכשל וכשלו וכשלת ולהכשיל׃ ונכשל ונכשלו ונכשלו׃ ונכשלים יִכָּ֣שֶׁל יִכָּ֥שְׁלוּ יִכָּֽשְׁל֗וּ יִכָּֽשְׁלוּ֙ יִכָּשְׁל֖וּ יִכָּשְׁל֥וּ יִכָּשֵֽׁלוּ׃ יִכָּשֵׁ֑לוּ יַכְשִֽׁילְךָ֤ יַכְשִֽׁילוּ׃ יכשילו׃ יכשילך יכשל יכשלו יכשלו׃ כָּ֝שְׁל֗וּ כָּשְׁל֖וּ כָּשְׁל֣וּ כָּשַׁ֣ל כָּשַׁ֤לְנוּ כָּשַׁ֥ל כָּשַׁל֙ כָּשָֽׁלוּ׃ כָּשָׁ֔לוּ כָּשׁ֥וֹל כָשְׁל֣וּ כָשְׁלָ֤ה כָשְׁלָה֙ כָשַׁ֖לְתָּ כֹּשְׁל֖וֹת כּ֭וֹשֵׁל כּוֹשֵֽׁל׃ כּוֹשֵׁ֑ל כּוֹשֵׁ֔ל כּוֹשֵׁל֙ כושל כושל׃ כשול כשל כשלה כשלו כשלו׃ כשלות כשלנו כשלת לְהַכְשִׁיל֖וֹ להכשילו מֻכְשָׁלִים֙ מכשלים תְשַׁכְּלִי־ תִכָּשֵֽׁל׃ תַכְשִׁ֣לִי תכשל׃ תכשלי תשכלי־ chaShalta chasheLah chasheLu han·niḵ·šāl hannichShal hanniḵšāl hichshalTem hichShil hiḵ·šal·tem hiḵ·šîl hiḵšaltem hiḵšîl kā·šā·lū kā·šal kā·šal·nū ḵā·šal·tā ḵā·šə·lāh kā·šə·lū ḵā·šə·lū kā·šō·wl kāšal kāšalnū ḵāšaltā kāšālū ḵāšəlāh kāšəlū ḵāšəlū kaShal kaShalnu kaShalu kasheLu kaShol kāšōwl kō·šə·lō·wṯ kō·wō·šêl Kooshel kōšəlōwṯ koShel kosheLot kōwōšêl lə·haḵ·šî·lōw lehachshiLo ləhaḵšîlōw muchshaLim muḵ·šā·lîm muḵšālîm tachShili ṯaḵ·ši·lî ṯaḵšilî ṯə·šak·kə·lî- ṯəšakkəlî- teshakkeli ṯik·kā·šêl ṯikkāšêl tikkaShel ū·ḇə·hik·kā·šə·lām ū·ḇik·kā·šə·lōw ū·lə·haḵ·šîl ūḇəhikkāšəlām ūḇikkāšəlōw ulehachShil ūləhaḵšîl uvhikKasheLam uvikkasheLo vaiyachshiLuhu vaiyachshiLum vechaShal vechashalTa vechasheLu venichShal venichshaLim venichShalu venichsheLu way·yaḵ·šî·lū·hū way·yaḵ·ši·lūm wayyaḵšîlūhū wayyaḵšilūm wə·ḵā·šal wə·ḵā·šal·tā wə·ḵā·šə·lū wə·niḵ·šā·lîm wə·niḵ·šā·lū wə·niḵ·šal wə·niḵ·šə·lū wəḵāšal wəḵāšaltā wəḵāšəlū wəniḵšal wəniḵšālîm wəniḵšālū wəniḵšəlū yachshileCha yachShilu yaḵ·šî·lə·ḵā yaḵ·šî·lū yaḵšîləḵā yaḵšîlū yik·kā·šê·lū yik·kā·šə·lū yik·kā·šel yikkāšel yikkāšêlū yikkāšəlū yikKashel yikkasheLu
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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