Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #0665 - אֵפֶר

Transliteration
'êpher
Phonetics
ay'-fer
Origin
from an unused root meaning to bestrew
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
150a
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) ashes

2) (CLBL) worthlessness (figuratively)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2874 ‑ κοπρία (kop‑ree'‑ah);  4700 ‑ σποδός (spod‑os');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (22)
Genesis
1
Numbers
2
2 Samuel
1
Esther
2
Job
4
Psalms
2
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
1
Jonah
1
Malachi
1
NAS (22)
Genesis
1
Numbers
2
2 Samuel
1
Esther
2
Job
4
Psalms
2
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
1
Jonah
1
Malachi
1
HCS (22)
Genesis
1
Numbers
2
2 Samuel
1
Esther
2
Job
4
Psalms
2
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
1
Jonah
1
Malachi
1
BSB (23)
Genesis
2
Numbers
2
2 Samuel
1
Esther
2
Job
4
Psalms
2
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
1
Jonah
1
Malachi
1
ESV (22)
Genesis
1
Numbers
2
2 Samuel
1
Esther
2
Job
4
Psalms
2
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
1
Jonah
1
Malachi
1
WEB (22)
Genesis
1
Numbers
2
2 Samuel
1
Esther
2
Job
4
Psalms
2
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
2
Daniel
1
Jonah
1
Malachi
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1388) rp (פר PR) AC: Tread CO: Bull AB: Fruitful: The pictograph p is a picture of an open mouth, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "open the head". The heads of grains are scattered on the threshing floor, a smooth, hard and level surface. An ox is lead around the floor crushing the heads, opening them to reveal the seed inside. Also the fruit of trees that harvested. (eng: bull - with the exchange of the b and p and the l and r; fruit, also other fruits with a "pr" such as pear and apricot)

A) rp (פר PR) AC: ? CO: Bull AB: ?

Nm ) rp (פר PR) - Bull: KJV (133): bullock, bull, oxen, calf, young - Strongs: H6499 (פָּר)

Nf1) erp (פרה PRH) - Heifer: KJV (26): heifer, kine - Strongs: H6510 (פָּרָה)

B) rrp (פרר PRR) AC: Break CO: ? AB: ?

V) rrp (פרר PRR) - Break: To throw something on the ground and break it by trampling. KJV (50): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pilpel) break, void, defeat, disannul, disappoint, frustrate, nought, cease, clean, dissolved, divide - Strongs: H6565 (פָּרַר)

dm) rfrp (פרור PRWR) - Skillet: A flat surface for preparing foods. KJV (3): pot, pan - Strongs: H6517 (פָּרוּר)

C) rpa (אפר APR) AC: ? CO: Ash AB: ?: At the conclusion of the treading, an abundance of fruit is acquired. Anything in abundance.

Nm) rpa (אפר APR) - Ash: KJV (24): ash - Strongs: H665 (אֵפֶר), H666 (אֲפֵר)

D) rap (פאר PAR) AC: ? CO: Decoration AB: ?: The fruits that grow on the branches of a tree as decorations.

V) rap (פאר PAR) - Decorate: KJV (14): (vf: Hitpael, Piel) glorify, beatify, boast, bough, glory - Strongs: H6286 (פָּאַר)

Nm) rap (פאר PAR) - Turban: A piece of cloth that is wound around the head as a decoration. KJV (7): goodly, beauty, goodly, ornament, tire - Strongs: H6287 (פְּאֵר)

gf1) erafp (פוארה PWARH) - Branch: KJV (7): branch, bough, sprig - Strongs: H6288 (פֻּארָה)

if1) erapt (תפארה TPARH) - Decoration: [df: trapt] KJV (51): glory, beauty, beautiful, honour, fair, glorious, bravery, comely, excellent - Strongs: H8597 (תִּפְאֶרֶת)

lm ) rarap (פאראר PARAR) - Blackness: [Unknown connection to root;] [df: rwrap] KJV (2): blackness - Strongs: H6289 (פָּארוּר)

E) arp (פרא PRA) AC: ? CO: Fruit AB: ?

V) arp (פרא PRA) - Fruitful: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) fruitful - Strongs: H6500 (פָּרָא)

Nm) arp (פרא PRA) - Wild-ass: A wild animal as prolific. [df: hrp] KJV (10): wild ass - Strongs: H6501 (פֶּרֶה)

H) erp (פרה PRH) AC: ? CO: Fruit AB: ?

V) erp (פרה PRH) - Fruitful: KJV (29): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) fruitful, increase, bear, forth, bring - Strongs: H6509 (פָּרָה)

fm) irp (פרי PRY) - Fruit: KJV (119): fruit, fruitful, bough, reward - Strongs: H6529 (פְּרִי)

J) rfp (פור PWR) AC: Crush CO: Winepress AB: ?: Grapes are placed in winepress and trampled on to crush the fruit bringing out the juice of the grape.

V) rfp (פור PWR) - Crush: KJV (3): (vf: Hiphil) bring, broken, take - Strongs: H6331 (פּוּר)

Nf1) erfp (פורה PWRH) - Winepress: KJV (2): winepress, press - Strongs: H6333 (פּוּרָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אֵפֶר m. ashes. (Perhaps this is a primitive, kindred to the word עָפָר, and pr. denotes dust and earth, compare cinis, from the Gr. κόνις, and the etymology of the pr.n. אֶפְרַיִם, אֶפְרָת. Similar is the Gr. τέφρα. [or from אָפַר II.]). Numbers 19:9, 10 Numbers 19:10; 2 Samuel 13:19. It is used principally in speaking of mourning, Jeremiah 6:26; Lamentations 3:16 to which belong the phrases, Psal. 102:10, “I have eaten ashes like bread.” Esther 4:1, וַיִלְבַּשׁ שַׂק וָאֵפֶר “and he put on sackcloth and ashes,” compare Esther 4:3; Isaiah 58:5. Paronomastically put together, עָפָר וָאֵפֶר “dust and ashes,” Job 30:19, 42:6. Metaph. used of anything light and fallacious. Job 13:12, מִשְׁלֵי אֵפֶר “maxims of ashes,” i.e. vain and fallacious. Isaiah 44:20, רוֹעֶה אֵפֶר “he follows after ashes,” sc. as driven by the wind; i.q. elsewhere, “to follow after the wind,” compare רָעָה. As to its difference from דֶּשֶׁן, see below at that word.

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List of Word Forms
אֵ֑פֶר אֵ֔פֶר אֵ֗פֶר אֵ֙פֶר֙ אֵ֣פֶר אֵ֤פֶר אֵ֭פֶר אפר בָּאֵ֖פֶר בָּאֵֽפֶר׃ בָאֵ֔פֶר באפר באפר׃ הָאֵֽפֶר׃ האפר׃ וָאֵ֑פֶר וָאֵ֔פֶר וָאֵ֙פֶר֙ וָאֵֽפֶר׃ ואפר ואפר׃ כָּאֵ֥פֶר כאפר לְאֵ֙פֶר֙ לאפר ’ê·p̄er ’êp̄er bā’êp̄er ḇā’êp̄er bā·’ê·p̄er ḇā·’ê·p̄er baEfer Efer hā’êp̄er hā·’ê·p̄er haEfer kā’êp̄er kā·’ê·p̄er kaEfer lə’êp̄er lə·’ê·p̄er leEfer vaEfer wā’êp̄er wā·’ê·p̄er
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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