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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6331 - פּוּר

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. (Hiphil) to break, crush

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (4)
Psalms 3
Ezekiel 1
BSB (3)
Psalms 2
Ezekiel 1
CSB (2)
Psalms 1
Ezekiel 1
ESV (3)
Psalms 2
Ezekiel 1
KJV (4)
Psalms 3
Ezekiel 1
LEB (3)
Psalms 2
Ezekiel 1
LSB (0)
The Legacy Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
N95 (0)
The New American Standard Bible (1995)
did not use
this Strong's Number
NAS (0)
The New American Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (4)
Psalms 3
Ezekiel 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1388) rp (פר PR) AC: Tread CO: Bull AB: Fruitful: The pictograph p is a picture of an open mouth, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "open the head". The heads of grains are scattered on the threshing floor, a smooth, hard and level surface. An ox is lead around the floor crushing the heads, opening them to reveal the seed inside. Also the fruit of trees that harvested. (eng: bull - with the exchange of the b and p and the l and r; fruit, also other fruits with a "pr" such as pear and apricot)

A) rp (פר PR) AC: ? CO: Bull AB: ?

Nm ) rp (פר PR) - Bull: KJV (133): bullock, bull, oxen, calf, young - Strongs: H6499 (פָּר)

Nf1) erp (פרה PRH) - Heifer: KJV (26): heifer, kine - Strongs: H6510 (פָּרָה)

B) rrp (פרר PRR) AC: Break CO: ? AB: ?

V) rrp (פרר PRR) - Break: To throw something on the ground and break it by trampling. KJV (50): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pilpel) break, void, defeat, disannul, disappoint, frustrate, nought, cease, clean, dissolved, divide - Strongs: H6565 (פָּרַר)

dm) rfrp (פרור PRWR) - Skillet: A flat surface for preparing foods. KJV (3): pot, pan - Strongs: H6517 (פָּרוּר)

C) rpa (אפר APR) AC: ? CO: Ash AB: ?: At the conclusion of the treading, an abundance of fruit is acquired. Anything in abundance.

Nm) rpa (אפר APR) - Ash: KJV (24): ash - Strongs: H665 (אֵפֶר), H666 (אֲפֵר)

D) rap (פאר PAR) AC: ? CO: Decoration AB: ?: The fruits that grow on the branches of a tree as decorations.

V) rap (פאר PAR) - Decorate: KJV (14): (vf: Hitpael, Piel) glorify, beatify, boast, bough, glory - Strongs: H6286 (פָּאַר)

Nm) rap (פאר PAR) - Turban: A piece of cloth that is wound around the head as a decoration. KJV (7): goodly, beauty, goodly, ornament, tire - Strongs: H6287 (פְּאֵר)

gf1) erafp (פוארה PWARH) - Branch: KJV (7): branch, bough, sprig - Strongs: H6288 (פֻּארָה)

if1) erapt (תפארה TPARH) - Decoration: [df: trapt] KJV (51): glory, beauty, beautiful, honour, fair, glorious, bravery, comely, excellent - Strongs: H8597 (תִּפְאֶרֶת)

lm ) rarap (פאראר PARAR) - Blackness: [Unknown connection to root;] [df: rwrap] KJV (2): blackness - Strongs: H6289 (פָּארוּר)

E) arp (פרא PRA) AC: ? CO: Fruit AB: ?

V) arp (פרא PRA) - Fruitful: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) fruitful - Strongs: H6500 (פָּרָא)

Nm) arp (פרא PRA) - Wild-ass: A wild animal as prolific. [df: hrp] KJV (10): wild ass - Strongs: H6501 (פֶּרֶה)

H) erp (פרה PRH) AC: ? CO: Fruit AB: ?

V) erp (פרה PRH) - Fruitful: KJV (29): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) fruitful, increase, bear, forth, bring - Strongs: H6509 (פָּרָה)

fm) irp (פרי PRY) - Fruit: KJV (119): fruit, fruitful, bough, reward - Strongs: H6529 (פְּרִי)

J) rfp (פור PWR) AC: Crush CO: Winepress AB: ?: Grapes are placed in winepress and trampled on to crush the fruit bringing out the juice of the grape.

V) rfp (פור PWR) - Crush: KJV (3): (vf: Hiphil) bring, broken, take - Strongs: H6331 (פּוּר)

Nf1) erfp (פורה PWRH) - Winepress: KJV (2): winepress, press - Strongs: H6333 (פּוּרָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [מָּרַר] verb Hiph`il break, frustrate (Late Hebrew Pi`el crumble; Jewish-Aramaic מְּרַר; Assyrian parâru, destroy; II. shatter; Lihyanian והפרו destroy, DHM Epigr. Denkm., No. 21,7); — Perfect 3 masculine singular הֵפֵר Isaiah 33:8 +, הֵפַ֑ר Genesis 17:14; Numbers 15:31; also metaplastic from הֵפִיר Ezekiel 17:19; Psalm 33:10 (Ges§ 67v); 2 masculine singular וְהֵפַרְדָמתּ֫ה 2 Samuel 15:34, etc., Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָפֵר Numbers 30:13 +, וַיָּפֶר Nehemiah 4:9, etc.; also 1 singular אָפִיר Psalm 89:34 (Ges i.c.); Imperative masculine singular הָפֵר 2 Chronicles 16:3; Psalm 85:5, הָפֵרָה 1 Kings 15:19; Infinitive absolute הָפֵר Proverbs 15:22 +; construct לְהָפֵר 2 Samuel 17:14 +, לְהָפֵיר Zechariah 11:10, suffix לְהַפְרְכֶם Leviticus 26:15 (Ges§ 67dd); Participle מֵפֵר Isaiah 44:25; Job 5:12; —

1 break, violate, especially with accusative בְּרִית:

a. of ׳י Judges 2:1; Jeremiah 14:21; Leviticus 26:44; Zechariah 11:10.

b. of men violating covenant with׳י Jeremiah 11:10; Jeremiah 31:32; Deuteronomy 31:16,20; Leviticus 26:15; Ezekiel 44:7; Genesis 17:14; Isaiah 24:5 compare Jeremiah 33:20.

c. of men breaking compact, league (with men), Isaiah 33:8; 1 Kings 15:19 2 Chronicles 16:3; Ezekiel 17:15,16,18,19.

d. of destroying the אַחֲוָה between Judah and Israel Zechariah 11:14.

e. of breaking׳י s מִצְוָה Numbers 15:31; Ezra 9:14, תּוֺרָה Psalm 119:126.

2 frustrate, make ineffectual::

a. counsel (עֵצָה) 2 Samuel 15:34; 2 Samuel 17:14; Ezra 4:5; ׳י subject Nehemiah 4:9; Psalm 33:10; of man frustrating ׳י s counsel Isaiah 14:27, Song of Solomon , with accusative מִשְׁמָּט Job 40:8; with accusative מַחֲשָׁבוֺת in General, of men Proverbs 15:22, ׳י subject Job 15:12 Song of Solomon , with accusative אֹתוֺת Isaiah 44:25.

b. make vow (נֶדֶר) ineffectual, annul it Numbers 30:9; Numbers 30:14 (opposed to חֵקִים), Numbers 30:13, also (Imperfect + Infinitive absolute) Numbers 30:13,16.

c. of annulling (godly) fear Job 15:4 חַסְדִּי לֹא אָפִיר מֵעִמּוֺ, Psalm 89:34 read probably אָסִיר Ol Che Bae and others; הָפֵר כַּעַסְךָ Psalm 85:4 (read הָסֵרᵐ5 Bi Che).

d. וְתָפֵר הָאֲבֵיּוֺנָה Ecclesiastes 12:5 is dubious: De Wild and others fails (to excite [? וְתֻפַר

Hoph`al is made ineffectual]); Ew bursts (Siegf וְתֻפַר); but caper-berry not dehiscent (Post Flora of Syr. 106 ff.); M'Lean-Dyer Ency. Bid. 696.): Post Letter, July 28,1901 breaks up (by shrivelling), figurative of failing sexual power; Aq from פרה bear fruit (compare GFM JBL x (1891), 60); Perles Anal. 30 וְתִפְרַח.

Hoph`al Imperfect

1 be frustratred, 3 feminine singular וְתֻפָ֑ר Isaiah 8:10 (of עֵצָה).

2 be broken, of covenant, 3 feminine singular תֻּפַר Jeremiah 33:21; וִתֻּפַר Zechariah 11:11; so Isaiah 28:18 (read וְתֻפַר for וְכֻמַּר, see ׳כ).

Pilpel Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix וַיְפַרְמְּרֵנִי Job 16:12 he hath shattered me.

II. [מָּרַר] verb split, divide (so Psalm 74:13 seems to require [but √ פור SS is possible], compare Arabic split, tear, rend; perhaps = I.; > Buhl Lex. shake, quike, citing Arabic shake Aramaic אִתְמַּרְמַּר, , compare Late Hebrew מִּרְמֵּר); —

Qal Infinitive absolute +

Hithpo`el. Perfect 3 feminine singular מּוֺר הִתְמּוֺרְרָה אֶרֶץ Isaiah 24:19 split or cracked through is the earth (Che Heb.Hpt. פרוק התפרקה).

Po`êl Perfect 2 masculine singular מּוֺרַרְתָּ Psalm 74:13 thou [׳י] didst divide the sea.

III. פרר (√ of following; compare Late Hebrew מַּרמָּרָה = Biblical Hebrew; Arabic young of ewe, cow, or goat; Syriac ewe (compare Nö ZMG xl (1886), 734), and so Assyrian parru, according to Jen and Zim ZA iii. 202).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

פּוּר i.q. פָּרַר to break. Hence

Hiphil הֵפִיר twice (Psalms 33:10; Ezekiel 17:19) i.q. הֵפֵר, and the derived noun פּוּרָה a wine-press.


פּוּר i.q. Arab. فَارَ to be hot, to bubble up in boiling (comp. פָּאַר), whence פָּרוּר (for פָּארוּר) a pot. [This root is not given in Thes.]

פּוּר m. a lot, a Persic word, which in Esther 3:7 is explained גּוֹרָלּ. (It answers to the Persic باره pâreh, i.e. a part, a portion, whence باره كردن to divide, and بهره behreh, part, lot. It is of the same stock as the Lat. pars; comp. also the Hebr. פּוּר and פָּרַר.) Pl. פּוּרִים lots, Esther 9:24, יְמֵי הַפּוּרִים verse 31, and nakedly פּוּרִים ibid. 29, 32, “the feast of Purim,” or of lots, which the Jews celebrate on the 14th and 15th of the month Adar, in commemoration of the events narrated in the book of Esther.

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List of Word Forms
אָפִ֣יר אפיר הֵפִ֑יר הֵפִ֥יר הפיר ’ā·p̄îr ’āp̄îr aFir hê·p̄îr heFir hêp̄îr
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