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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #1641 - גָּרַר

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to drag, drag away

1a) (Qal) to drag away

1b) (Niphal) to chew the cud

1c) (Poal) sawn (participle)

1d) (Hithpoel) roaring (participle)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 321 ‑ ἀνάγω (an‑ag'‑o);  1670 ‑ ἑλκύω (hel‑koo'‑o, hel'‑ko);  4762 ‑ στρέφω (stref'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Leviticus 1
1 Kings 1
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Habakkuk 1
NAS (7)
Leviticus 1
1 Kings 1
Proverbs 2
Jeremiah 1
Habakkuk 2
HCS (6)
Leviticus 1
1 Kings 1
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Hosea 1
Habakkuk 1
BSB (5)
Leviticus 1
1 Kings 1
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Habakkuk 1
ESV (5)
Leviticus 1
1 Kings 1
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Habakkuk 1
WEB (5)
Leviticus 1
1 Kings 1
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Habakkuk 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1066) rc (גר GR) AC: Sojourn CO: Traveler AB: F KJV (92): stranger, alien, sojourner, chalkstone - Strongs: H1616 (גֵּיר)

Nf1 ) erc (גרה GRH) - I. Cud:The chewing of the cud by clean animals. II. Gerah:A standard of measure. KJV (16): cud, gerah - Strongs: H1625 (גֵּרָה), H1626 (גֵּרָה)

Nf3) tfrc (גרות GRWT) - Lodge: A temporary residence. KJV (1): habitation - Strongs: H1628 (גֵּרוּת)

if1) erct (תגרה TGRH) - Blow: A striking of another out of anger. KJV (1): blow - Strongs: H8409 (תִּגְרָה)

jm) nfrc (גרונ GRWN) - Throat: The throat is the place where fear is felt. KJV (8): throat, neck, mouth - Strongs: H1627 (גּרָֹן)

kf1) ercm (מגרה MGRH) - Saw: Used in stone cutting (in the sense of chewing) . KJV (4): saw, axe - Strongs: H4050 (מְגֵרָה)

lm) rcrc (גרגר GRGR) - Berry: A food harvested and consumed by travelers along the road. KJV (1): berry - Strongs: H1620 (גַּרְגַּר)

lf2) trcrc (גרגרת GRGRT) - Neck: KJV (4): neck - Strongs: H1621 (גַּרְגְּרוֹת)

B) rrc (גרר GRR) AC: Chew CO: Throat AB: ?: The throat is the place where fear is felt.

V) rrc (גרר GRR) - Chew: KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Participle) catch, destroy, chew, saw, continuing - Strongs: H1641 (גָּרַר)

C) rca (אגר AGR) AC: Gather CO: ? AB: ?: A gathering together of small items for traveling such as grain, berries or coins.

V) rca (אגר AGR) - Gather: KJV (3): (vf: Paal) gather - Strongs: H103 (אָגַר)

cf1) erfca (אגורה AGWRH) - Coin: Carried by travelers for the purchase of supplies. KJV (1): coin - Strongs: H95 (אֲגוֹרָה)

G) rec (גהר GHR) AC: Prostrate CO: ? AB: ?: When a stranger meets another he lays prostrate in homage to the other.

V) rec (גהר GHR) - Prostrate: KJV (3): (vf: Paal) stretch, cast down - Strongs: H1457 (גָּהַר)

H) erc (גרה GRH) AC: Fight CO: Throat AB: ?: The place of chewing and growling out of anger. Also scratching of the throat from fear or affliction.

V) erc (גרה GRH) - Fight: A struggle or strife with another. KJV (14): (vf: Hitpael, Piel) stir up, meddle, contend, strive - Strongs: H1624 (גָּרָה)

J) rfc (גור GWR) AC: Sojourn CO: Dwelling AB: F (vf: Paal) |kjv: sojourn, dwell, afraid, stranger, assemble - Strongs: H1481 (גּוּר)

Nm ) rfc (גור GWR) - Whelp: Usually a young lion. [May be derived from the sound of the lion] KJV (7): whelp, young one - Strongs: H1482 (גֻּר), H1484 (גֹּרָה)

Nf1) erfc (גורה GWRH) - Whelp: Usually a young female lion. [May be derived from the sound of the lion] KJV (2): whelp - Strongs: H1484 (גֹּרָה)

am) rfcm (מגור MGWR) - F KJV (8): fear, terror - Strongs: H4032 (מָגוּר)

dm ) rfcm (מגור MGWR) - I. Stranger:One who travels in a strange land. II. Sojourn:To travel a strange land. KJV (11): pilgrimage, stranger, dwelling, sojourn - Strongs: H4033 (מָגֻר)

kcf1) erfcm (מגורה MGWRH) - F |kjv: fear - Strongs: H4034 (מְגוֹרָה)

kdf1 ) erfcm (מגורה MGWRH) - I. F KJV (3): fear, barn - Strongs: H4035 (מְגוּרָה)

L) rci (יגר YGR) AC: ? CO: ? AB: F (vf: Paal) |kjv: afraid, fear - Strongs: H3025 (יָגֹר)

cm ) rfci (יגור YGWR) - Afraid: KJV (2): fear, afraid - Strongs: H3016 (יָגוֹר)

M) ric (גיר GYR) AC: ? CO: Limestone AB: ?: Used to make a plaster for making a flat level floor.

Nm) ric (גיר GYR) - Plaster: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (2): plaister - Strongs: H1528 (גִּיר), H1615 (גִּר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [גָּרַר] verb drag, drag away (Late Hebrew id., Arabic Aramaic גְּרַר, ; Assyrian garâru, run, Zim BP 102; etc.) —

Qal Imperfect suffix יְנֹרֵהוּ Habakkuk 1:15, יְגוֺרֵם Proverbs 21:7 drag away, fishes in net, figurative Habakkuk 1:15 (Chaldeans, their opponents); violence, the wicked Proverbs 21:7.

Niph`al (read

Qal ? Samaritan יָגוֺר compare Di) Imperfect יִגָּ֑ר Leviticus 11:7 with accusative of congnate meaning with verb גֵּרָה לֹאיִֿגָּ֑ר = (the) cud he cheweth not, compare also Deuteronomy 14:8 ⅏ᵐ5 (Di).

Po`al Participle (denominative; so Late Hebrew Qal & Niph`al) מִגֹרָרוֺתבַּמְּגֵרָה 1 Kings 7:9 sawn with the saw.

Hithpo`el סַעַר מִתְגּוֺרֵ֑ר Jeremiah 36:23 a (sweeping) roaring whirlwind ("" Jeremiah 23:19 has מִתְחוֺלֵל). On יִתְגּוֺרָרוּ Hosea 7:14, see I.גור, גדד.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

גָּרַר an onomatopoetic root, prop. expressing, to scrape, to sweep, to saw, and similar rough sounds, such as those which proceed from the throat; comp. Gr. σαίρω, σαρόω, σύρω, Lat. sario, sarrio, serro, verro, garrio; Germ. zerren, fcharren, fchüren, fcheuern, kehren, (see also אָנַר). Specially

(1) to drag or snatch away, pr. so as to sweep the ground. Germ. zerren. (Syriac and Arabic id.) Habakkuk 1:15; Proverbs 21:7 see Hithpoel.

(2) to saw, to cut with a saw. In Syriac and Arabic this signification is expressed by the cognate form. נגר. Hence מְנֵרָה a saw. See Poal.

(3) to gargle, to produce rough sounds in the throat. Compare Arabic غَرْغَرَ, جَرْجَرَ which denote various guttural sounds, whether made by a liquid or by the voice, fchrürfen, fchnarren, fchnarchen, gurgeln, γαργαρίζω, gargariser.

(4) to ruminate, i.e. to bring up the food again through the throat and to eat it again [“which is usually attended with a gurgling noise”]. So fut. יִגַּר Leviticus 11:7, Arab. جرّ IV. and VIII., Syriac ܐܬܶܓܘܰܪܪܰ. This may either be taken as Kal in a Chaldee form, or for Niphal, just as in Syriac and Arabic they express this by passive or reflective forms, prop. to ruminate with oneself.

(5) Sometimes this root loses part of its proper force, and also expresses the softer sound of rolling, elsewhere proper to the kindred root גָּלַל. So Eth. አንገርገር፡ to roll oneself, Syriac ܓܪܓܪܬܐ i.q. ܓܠܓܠܬܐ a chariot, and in the Old Test. גַּרְגַּר for גַּלְגַּל (as is found in the Talmud), a berry; compare כָּרַר, כִּרְכֵּר and the Lat. currere.


(1) to be scraped together, used of riches (compare the kindred root אָנַר, which is also used of gain collected and scraped together from every quarter). So no doubt we should understand part. pl. נִגָּרוֹת (of the Chald. form); Job 20:28, “wealth scraped together,” i.q. יְבוּל in the other hemistich. The entire verse should be rendered, the provision of his house vanishes, his wealth vanishes in the day of his anger.

(2) to ruminate, see under Kal No. 4.

Poal, to be cut with a saw, 2 Kings 7:9 compare Kal No. 2.

Hithpoel, i.q. Kal No. 1; used of a whirlwind sweeping away as it were everything, Jeremiah 30:23.

Derivatives גֵּרָה, גַּרְגְּרוֹת, גָּרוֹן, מְגֵרָה [and also גַּרְגַּר; pr.n. מִגְרוֹן].

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List of Word Forms
יְגֹרֵ֣הוּ יְגוֹרֵ֑ם יִגָּ֑ר יגורם יגר יגרהו מְגֹרָר֥וֹת מִתְגּוֹרֵ֑ר מגררות מתגורר mə·ḡō·rā·rō·wṯ megoraRot məḡōrārōwṯ miṯ·gō·w·rêr mitgoRer miṯgōwrêr yə·ḡō·rê·hū yə·ḡō·w·rêm yegoRehu yəḡōrêhū yegoRem yəḡōwrêm yig·gār yigGar yiggār
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