15 million Ukrainian are displaced by Russia's war.
Millions miss a meal or two each day.
Help us change that! Click to donate today!

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1670 - ἑλκύω

hel-koo'-o, hel'-ko
probably akin to (G138)
Parts of Speech
  1. to draw, drag off
  2. metaph., to draw by inward power, lead, impel
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1540 ‑ גָּלָה (gaw‑law');  1641 ‑ גָּרַר (gaw‑rar');  4871 ‑ מָשָׁה (maw‑shaw');  4900 ‑ מָשַׁךְ (maw‑shak');  5047 ‑ נְגַד (neg‑ad');  5130 ‑ נוּף (noof);  7602 ‑ שָׁאַף (shaw‑af');  7702 ‑ שָׂדַד (saw‑dad');  8025 ‑ שָׁלַף (shaw‑laf');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (8)
NAS (8)
HCS (8)
BSB (8)
ESV (7)
WEB (8)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(ἑλκύω late, Tz. H. 6.621), Il. 24.52, etc., impf. εἷλκον A. Fr. 39, etc., ἕλκον Il. 4.213,al. (never εἵλκυον): fut. ἕλξω A. Supp. 909, etc., rarely ἑλκύσω [ ] Hp. Fract. 2, Philem. 174: aor. εἵλκῠσα Batr. 232, Pi. N. 7.103, Trag. and Att., E. Ph. 987, Ar. Nu. 540, SIG 2587.23, al., etc.; ἥλκυσα IG 11(2).287 B 61 (Delos, ii B.C.), CIG 4993,5006 (Egypt, iii A.D.); later εἷλξα, poet. ἕλξα AP 9.370 (Tib. Ill.), Orph. A. 258, Gal. Nat.Fac. 1.12: pf. εἵλκῠκα D. 22.59; pf. part. ἑολκώς Epich. 177: Med., fut. -ύσομαι (ἐφ-) Antyll. ap. Orib. 6.10.9: aor. εἱλκυσάμην (ἀφ-) v.l. in Hp. Art. 11, subj. ἀφελκύσωμαι Ar. Ach. 1120; rarely εἱλξάμην Gal. 4.534: Pass., fut. ἑλκυσθήσομαι A. Th. 614 (ξυγκαθ-), Lyc. 358, ἑλχθήσομαι Gal. UP 7.7: aor. εἱλκύσθην Hp. Epid. 4.14, (ἐξ-) Ar. Ec. 688, ἑλκ- Hdt. 1.140, ἡλκ- IG 12(7).115.11 (Amorgos); later εἵλχθην Ph. 2.11, Philostr. VA 8.15, D.L. 6.91: pf. εἵλκυσμαι Hp. Superf. 16, E. Rh. 576, Ph. 1.316, (καθ-) Th. 6.50, ἕλκυσμαι (ἀν-) Hdt. 9.98, ἥλκυσμαι BGU 1256.11 (ii B.C.): plpf. εἵλκυστο Hp. Epid. 4.36. In Att., ἕλκω, ἕλξω were alone used in pres. and fut., while the other tenses were formed from ἑλκυ-; cf. ἑλκέω (q.v.), ἑλκυστάζω. In Hom., Aristarch. rejected the augm. (Cf. Lat. sulcus, Lith. velkù 'drag'):


1. draw, drag, with collat.notion of force or exertion, ὣς εἰπὼν ποδὸς ἕλκε began to drag [the dead body] by the foot, Il. 13.383; ἤν περ.. ποδῶν ἕλκωσι θύραζε Od. 16.276; τινὰ τῆς ῥινός Luc. Herm. 73; Ἕκτορα.. περὶ σῆμ' ἑτάροιο ἕλκει Il. 24.52; drag away a prisoner, 22.65 (Pass.); draw ships down to the sea, 2.152, etc.; draw along a felled tree, 17.743; of mules, draw a chariot, 24.324; ἑλκέμεναι νειοῖο.. πηκτὸν ἄροτρον draw the plough through the field, 10.353, cf. 23.518; ἕ. τινὰ ἐπὶ κνάφου Hdt. 1.92; περιβαλόντας σχοινία ἕ. haul at them, Id. 5.85.

2. draw after one, ἐν δ' ἔπεσ' Ὠκεανῷ.. φάος ἠελίοιο, ἕλκον νύκτα μέλαιναν Il. 8.486; πέδας ἕ. trail fetters after one, Hdt. 3.129; ἕ. χλανίδα let one's cloak trail behind, Ephipp. 19 (anap.); θοἰμάτιον Archipp. 45.

3. tear in pieces (used by Hom. only in the form ἑλκέω), ὀνύχεσσι παρειάν E. Tr. 280; worry, τὰς κύνας ὥλαφος ἕλκοι Theoc. 1.135; ἑλκυσθῆναι ὑπὸ κυνός Hdt. 1.140. metaph., carp at, Pi. N. 7.103.

4. draw a bow, ἕλκε.. γλυφίδας τε λαβὼν καὶ νεῦρα βόεια Il. 4.122, cf. Od. 21.419, Hdt. 3.21, X. An. 4.2.28, etc.

5. draw a sword, S. Ant. 1233, E. Rh. 576 (Pass.): Med., ἕλκετο δ' ἐκ κολεοῖο.. ξίφος Il. 1.194.

6. ἕ. ἱστία hoist sails, Od. 2.426: also in Med., h.Bacch. 32.

7. lift up scales, so as to poise them, ἕλκε δὲ μέσσα λαβών Il. 8.72, 22.212.

II after Hom.,

1 pull a barge-pole, Hdt. 1.194.

2. tow a ship, Th. 2.90, etc.

3. drag into court, ἕλκω σε κλητεύσοντα Ar. Nu. 1218, cf. 1004 (Pass.); εἰς ἀγοράν Acts 16:19; drag about, esp. with lewd violence, ἕλκει καὶ βιάζεται D. 21.150; μηδένα ἕλξειν μηδ' ὑβριεῖν ib. 221; ἕλκειν γυναῖκα Lys. 1.12: metaph., ἄνω κάτω τοὺς λόγους ἕ. Pl. Tht. 195c, cf. Arist. SE 167a35; ἡμέας ὁ καιρὸς ἕλκει Herod. 2.10; also ἥλκυσμαι λαμπαδάρχης I have been compelled to serve as λ., BGU l.c.

4. draw or suck up, [ ἥλιος] ἕλκει τὸ ὕδωρ ἐπ' ἑωυτόν Hdt. 2.25; ἕ. τὸν ἀέρα draw it in, breathe it, Hp. Aër. 19, Ti.Locr. 101d (Pass.), cf. Philyll. 20: ζωὴν φύσιν Archel. ap. Antig. Mir. 89; esp. of persons drinking, drink in long draughts, quaff, μέθυ E. Ion 1200; ἄμυστιν Id. Cyc. 417; τὴν.. τοῦ Πραμνίου [σπονδήν ] Ar. Eq. 107; οἶνον ἐκ.. λεπαστῆς Telecl Id. 24 (lyr.); ἀπνευστί Antiph. 74.14, etc.: with acc. of the cup, δέπας μεστὸν.. ἕλκουσι γνάθοις ἀπαύστοις Id. 237, cf. Eub. 56.7, al.; so ἕ. μαστόν suck it, E. Ph. 987; inhale, ὀσμήν Antig. Mir. 89; of roots, draw up nourishment, Thphr. HP 1.6.10: metaph., χανδὸν καὶ ἀμυστὶ τῶν μαθηυάτων ἕ. Eun. VS p.474D.

5. draw from a receptacle, ἐξ ἑκάστου κιβωτίου πινάκιον ἕν Arist. Ath. 64.1.

6. ἕ. βίοτον, ζόαν, drag out a weary life, E. Or. 207 (lyr.), Ph. 1535 (lyr.); προφάσιας ἕ. keep making excuses, Hdt. 6.86; πάσας τε προφάσεις.. ἕλκουσι Ar. Lys. 727; ἕ. χρόνους make long, in prosody, Longin. Proll. Heph. p.83C.: hence intr., ἐπὶ τοσοῦτο λέγεται ἑλκύσαι τὴν σύστασιν.. that the conflict dragged on, lasted, Hdt. 7.167, cf. PHib. 1.83.9 (iii B.C.): Pass., τῶν ἐγκλημάτων εἱκλυσμένων πλείονα χρόνον Supp.Epigr. 2.281 (Delph., ii B.C.); also of a person, ἑλκόμενος καὶ μόγις Pl. R. 350d.

7. ἕ. κόρδακα dance in long, measured steps, Ar. Nu. 540; ἓν τουτὶ (σχῆμα) Id. Pax 328.

8. draw to oneself, attract, of the magnet, E. Fr. 567; by spells, τινὰ ποτὶ δῶμα Theoc. 2.17, cf. X. Mem. 3.11.18, Plot. 4.4.40, etc.; πείθειν καὶ ἑ. Pl. R. 458d; ἐχθροὺς ἐφ' ἑαυτόν D. 22.59; draw on, ἐπὶ ἡδονάς Pl. Phdr. 238a; εἰς τυραννίδας ἕ. τὰς πολιτείας Id. R. 568c: Pass., to be drawn on as by a spell, ἴυγγι δ' ἕλκομαι ἦτορ Pi. N. 4.35; πρὸς φιλοσοφίαν Pl. R. 494e.

9. of things weighed, ἕ. σταθμὸν τάλαντα δέκα draw down the balance, i.e. weigh ten talents, Hdt. 1.50, cf. Eup. 116: abs., τὸ δ' ἂν ἑλκύσῃ whatever it weigh, Hdt. 2.65; πλεῖον ἕ. Pl. Min. 316a. ἕ. τὰς ψήφους cast up the account, PPetr. 2p.37 (iii B.C.), PHib. 1.17.25 (iii B.C.).

10. draw or derive from a source, ἐντεῦθεν εἵλκυσεν ἐπὶ τὴν.. τέχνην τὸ πρός φορον αὐτῇ Pl. Phdr. 270a, cf. Jul. Or. 7.207a; τὸ γένος ἀπό τινος Str. 11.9.3; assume, μείζω φαντασίαν Plb. 32.10.5; ὁ ἄρτος ἕλκει χρῶμα κάλλιστον Ath. 3.113c.

11. ἑλκύσαι πλίνθους make bricks, Hdt. 1.179, cf. PPetr. 3p.137; ἕ. λάγανον Chrysipp. Tyan. ap. Ath. 14.647e.

12. αἱ θυρίδες ἕλκουσι the win dows draw in air, Thphr. Vent. 29.

13. ἕ. ἑαυτόν, expressing some kind of athletic exercise, Pl. Prm. 135d.

1. Med., ἕ. χαίτας ἐκ κεφαλῆς tear one's hair, Il. 10.15; ἀσσοτέρω πυρὸς ἕλκετο δίφρον drew his chair nearer to the fire, Od. 19.506, cf. Semon. 7.26.

2. draw to oneself, scrape up, amass, τιμάς, ἄφενος ἕλκεσθαι, Thgn. 30.

3. ἕλκεσθαι στάθμας περισσᾶς in Pi. P. 2.90, means lit., to drag at too great a line, i.e. grasp more than one's due-- but whence the metaphor is taken remains unexplained.

1. Pass., to be drawn or wrenched, νῶτα.. ἑλκόμενα στερεῶς, of wrestlers, Il. 23.715; of the nails, to be curved, Hp. Morb. 2.48;

to close in when the core is removed, of the timber of certain trees, Thphr. HP 5.5.2.

2. to be drawn or to flow at a place, of streams, Lyc. 702; πρὸς ἀντολίην ἕ. αἶα D.P. 1086.

3. to be drawn or contracted, εἱλκύσθη ἐπὶ τὰ δεξιὰ τράχηλος Hp. Epid. 4.14.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἕλκω ,

(Hellenistic form ἑλκύω in John 11:1-57. c., Acts 16:19),

[in LXX for H4900, etc.;]

to draw: c. acc rei, John 18:10; John 21:6; c. acc pers., seq. ἔξω , Acts 21:30; εἰς , Acts 16:19, James 2:6. Metaph., to draw, lead, impel: John 6:44; John 12:32. (For discussion of . in Oxyrh. Log.,·v. Deiss., LAE, 437 ff.)†

ἐλκύω , see ἕλκω .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Petr III. 46 (1).22 οἱ ἐξειληφότες ἑλκύσαι π [λίνθου ] Μ βὥστε εἰς τὴν συντελουμένην ἐν Πτολεμαΐδι βασιλ [ικὴν ] κατάλυσιν, ";who have contracted to draw 20,000 bricks to the Royal quarters which are being completed at Ptolemais"; (Edd.), P Oxy I. 121.20 (iii/A.D.) τοὺς κλάδους ἔνικον (l. ἔνεγκον) εἰς τὴν ὁδὸν πάντα εἵνα δήσῃ τρία τρία κὲ ἑλκύσῃ, ";carry all the branches into the road and have them tied together by threes and dragged along"; (Edd.) : cf. BGU III. 822.5 (iii/A.D.) μὴ μελησάτω σοι περὶ τῶν σιτικῶν · εὗρον γεοργόν, τίς αὐτὰ ἑλκύσῃ, ἀλλὰ τὰ σπέρματα τίς διδοῖ; With James 2:6 cf. P Tor I. 1vi. 11 (B.C. 117) ἑλκυσθέντων ἁπάντων εἰς τὸ κριτήριον. A metaphorical usage is found in P Hib I. 83.9 (c. B.C. 258–7) καὶ τοῦτο μὴ ἑλκύσηι ̓, ";and do not let (his be delayed"; (Edd.) : see also PSI IV. 333.2 (B.C. 257–6) ἑλκ ̣[υσ ]θῆναί σε ἐν ἀρρωστίαι.


† In the print edition the letter β appears directly above the Μ.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
είλκεν ειλκον είλκον εἷλκον είλκυσα είλκυσά ειλκυσαν είλκυσαν είλκυσάν εἵλκυσαν είλκυσας είλκυσε είλκυσέ ειλκυσεν είλκυσεν εἵλκυσεν έλκει έλκοντος ελκουσιν έλκουσιν ἕλκουσιν ελκυσαι ελκύσαι ἑλκύσαι ελκύσει ελκυση ελκύση ἑλκύσῃ έλκυσον ελκυσω ἑλκύσω eilkon eilkusan eilkusen elkousin elkusai elkuse elkusē elkuso elkusō heilkon heîlkon heilkysan heílkysan heilkysen heílkysen helkousin hélkousin helkysai helkýsai helkyse helkysē helkýsei helkýsēi helkyso helkysō helkýso helkýsō
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
Next Entry