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Thursday, May 23rd, 2024
the Week of Proper 2 / Ordinary 7
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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #994 - βοάω

Root Word (Etymology)
apparently a prol. form of a primary word
Parts of Speech
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  1. to raise a cry, of joy pain etc.
  2. to cry, speak with a high, strong voice
  3. to cry to one for help, to implore his aid
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  1898 ‑ הָגָה (haw‑gaw');  1993 ‑ הָמָה (haw‑maw');  2199 ‑ זָעַק (zaw‑ak');  2201 ‑ זַעַק (zah'‑ak, zeh‑aw‑kaw');  3655 ‑ כָּנָה (kaw‑naw');  5098 ‑ נָהַם (naw‑ham');  5101 ‑ נָהַק (naw‑hak');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  6476 ‑ פָּצַח (paw‑tsakh');  6670 ‑ צָהַל (tsaw‑hal');  6681 ‑ צָוַח (tsaw‑vakh');  6817 ‑ צָעַק (tsaw‑ak');  6873 ‑ צָרַח (tsaw‑rakh');  7121 ‑ קָרָא (kaw‑raw');  7321 ‑ רוּעַ (roo‑ah');  7481 ‑ רָעַם (raw‑am');  7580 ‑ שָׁאַג (shaw‑ag');  7650 ‑ שָׁבַע (shaw‑bah');  8159 ‑ שָׁעָה (shaw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 1
Acts 3
Galatians 1
NAS (13)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 4
John 1
Acts 4
Galatians 1
HCS (12)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 4
John 1
Acts 3
Galatians 1
BSB (12)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 4
John 1
Acts 3
Galatians 1
ESV (10)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 1
Acts 3
Galatians 1
WEB (11)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 1
Acts 3
Galatians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ephesians 3:1-21 sg. βοάᾳ, 3 pl. βοόωσιν, part. βοόων, Il. 14.394, 17.265, 15.687: Ion. impf. βοάασκε A.R. 2.588: fut. βοήσομαι Th. 7.48, etc.; Dor. βοάσομαι Ar. Nu. 1154 (lyr.); later βοήσω A.R. 3.792, AP 7.32 (Jul.), etc. (βοάσω E. Ion 1447 (lyr.) is aor. subj.): aor. ἐβόησα Il. 11.15, S. Tr. 772, etc.; βόησα Il. 23.847; Dor. βόασα B. 16.14; Ion. ἔβωσα Il. 12.337, Hdt. 1.146, Hippon. 1, Herod. 3.23; sts.in Com., Cratin. 396, Ar. Pax 1155: pf. βεβόηκα Philostr. VS 2.1.11: Med., βοώμενος Ar. V. 1228 (perh. Pass.): aor. βοήσατο Q.S. 10.465, Ion. ἐβώσατο Theoc. 17.60; part. βοησάμενος Ant.Lib. 25.3: Pass., Ion. aor. ἐβώσθην Hdt. 6.131: pf. βεβόημαι AP 7.138 (Aceratus), Ion. part. βεβωμένος Hdt. 3.39: plpf. ἐβεβόητο Paus. 6.11.3:


1. cry aloud, shout, ὀξὺ βοήσας Il. 17.89; ὅσσον τε γέγωνε βοήσας Od. 6.294; πᾶσα γὰρ πόλις βοᾷ A. Ag. 1106 (lyr.); ὡς δράκων β. Id. Th. 381; β. γραμμάτων ἐν ξυλλαβαῖς ib. 468; οἱ βοησόμενοι men ready to shout (in the ἐκκλησία), D. 13.20; ὁ δῆμος ἐβόησευ.., of acclamations, POxy. 41.19 (iii/iv A. D.), cf. Charito 1.1, al., IG 12(9).906 (Chalcis, iii A. D.).

2. of things, roar, howl, as the wind and waves, οὔτε.. κῦμα τόσον βοάᾳ ποτὶ χέρσον Il. 14.394; resound, echo, ἀμφὶ δέ τ' ἄκραι ἠϊόνες βοόωσιν 17.265; βοᾷ δὲ πόντιος κλύδων A. Pr. 431 (lyr.), etc.; βοᾷ δ' ἐν ὠσὶ κέλαδος rings, Id. Pers. 605; τὸ πρᾶγμα φανερόν ἐστιν, αὐτὸ γὰρ βοᾷ it proclaims itself, Ar. V. 921; φαίνεται αὐτὰ τὰ στοιχεῖα βοᾶν ὡς ἑλκόμενα Arist. Metaph. 1091a10.

II c. acc. pers.,

1. call to one, call on, Pi. P. 6.36, E. Med. 205 (lyr.), Hdt. 8.92, X. Cyr. 7.2.5, Herod. 4.41: Med. βοησάμενοι δαίμονας Ant.Lib.l.c.

2. c. acc., call for, shout out for, S. Tr. 772; β. τὴν βοήθειαν Hell.Oxy. 10.2.

3. c. acc. cogn., β. βοάν Ar. Nu. 1153 (lyr.); β. μέλος, ἰωάν, S. Aj. 976, Ph. 216 (lyr.); β. λοιγόν A. Ch. 402 (lyr.); ἄλγος E. Tr. 1310 (lyr.): c. dupl. acc., βοάσαθ' ὑμέναιον ἀοιδαῖς ἰαχαῖς τε νύμφαν sound aloud the bridal hymn in honour of the bride, ib. 335 (lyr.); ἔλεγον ἰήϊον ἐβόα κίθαρις E. Hyps. Fr. 3(1).iii 10.

4. noise abroad, celebrate, ἡ ῥάφανος ἣν ε[]βοᾶτε Alex. 15.7; πρήγματα βεβωμένα ἀνὰ Ἰωνίην Hdt. 3.39; ἐβώσθησαν ἀνὰ τὴν Ἑλλάδα Id. 6.131; οἱ βοηθέντες ἐπὶ χρήμασι Lib. Or. 59.155; βεβοῆσθαι ἀπὸ τοῦ Μαραθῶνος, ἐκ τῶν ἀδικημάτων, Id. Decl. 11.18, 5.53.

5. c. inf., cry aloud or command in aloud noice to do a thing, S. OT 1287, E. Andr. 297 (lyr.); βοᾶν τινι ἄγειν X. An. 1.8.12; ἐβόων ἀλλήλοις μὴ θεῖν ib. 19; also, cry aloud that.., Epicrat. 11.31 (anap.); β. ὅτι.. X. An. 1.8.1, Antiph. 125.5.

6. Pass., to be filled with sound, πᾶσαν δὲ χρὴ γαῖαν βοᾶσθαι ὑμνῳδίαις E. Hel. 1434; to be deafened, Ar. V. 1228. (Cf. βοή.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βοάω, βόω; (imperfect ἐβόων, Acts 21:34 Rec.); 1 aorist ἐβόησα; (βοή); from Homer down; in the Sept. mostly for קָרָא, זָעַק, צָעַק, to cry aloud, shout (Latinboo);

1. to raise a cry: of joy, Galatians 4:27 (from Isaiah 54:1); of pain, Matthew 27:46 L marginal reading Tr WH; Acts 8:7.

2. to cry i. e. speak with a high, strong voice: Matthew 3:3, Mark 1:3, Luke 3:4, John 1:23 (all from Isaiah 40:3); Mark 15:34; Luke 9:38 (R G ἀναβοάω); (Luke 18:38); Acts 17:6; Acts 21:34 Rec.; (R G ἐπιβοάω).

3. πρός τινα to cry to one for help, implore his aid: Luke 18:7 (T Tr WH αὐτῷ; cf. Winer's Grammar, 212 (199)) (1 Samuel 7:8; 1 Chronicles 5:20; Hosea 7:14, etc. for אֶל זָעַק). (Compare: ἀναβοάω, ἐπιβοάω.) [SYNONYMS: βοάω, καλέω, κράζω, κραυγάζω: It is not uninstructive to notice that ill classic usage καλεῖν denotes 'to cry out' for a purpose, to call; βοᾶν to cry out as a manifestation of feeling; κράζειν to cry out harshly, often of an inarticulate and brutish sound; thus καλεῖν suggests intelligence; βοᾶν sensibilities; κράζειν instincts; hence, βοᾶν especially a cry for help. κραυγάζειν, intensive of κράζω, denotes to cry coarsely, in contempt, etc. Cf. Schmidt, chapter 3.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βοάω , -

(< βοή ),

[in LXX chiefly for H2199, H6817, H7121;]

1. absol., to cry, call out: Matthew 3:3; Matthew 27:46, Mark 1:3; Mark 15:34, Luke 3:4; Luke 9:38; Luke 18:38, John 1:23, Acts 8:7; Acts 17:6; Acts 25:24, Galatians 4:27.

2. C. dat., to call on for help (Heb. H5921 H2199, Hosea 7:14, al,), Luke 18:7.†

SYN.: καλέω G2564, to call, invite, summon; κράζω G2896, to cry, harshly or inarticulately, as animals; κραυγάζω G2905, intensive of κράζω G2896. βοάω expresses emotion, whether joy, fear, etc.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The manifestation of strong feeling, which is the distinguishing note of this verb, comes out well in a fragmentary petition written under much excitement, P Oxy IV. 717.9 (late (i/B.C.) ἐγὼ οὖν ἐβόων καὶ ἔκραζον , cf. .12, .13, .14. See also P Oxy I. 41.19 (iii/iv A.D.) ὁ δῆμος ἐβόησεν —the account of a popular demonstration. For similar acclamations in the inscriptions we may cite Syll 607.15 (iii/iv A.D.) ἐβ (όησαν ) οἱ σύνεδροι . ";Παμφίλῳ καλὴ ἡ (εἰσ )ήγησις . οὕτω γεινέσθω ,"; and the compound ἐξ (εβόησαν ) in ib. 737.13, .24 (ii/iii A.D.).



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ἀνεβόησεν βοά βοάν βοάς βόας βοάτε βοήσαι βοήσαντες βοήσας βοήσατε βοήσει βοήσεσθε βοήσεται βοήση βοήσομαι βοησόμεθα βοησον βοήσον βόησον βόησόν βοήσονται βοήσουσι βοήσω βοωντα βοώντα βοῶντα βοωντες βοώντες βοῶντες βοωντος βοώντος βοῶντος βοωντων βοώντων βοώσα εβόα εβόησα εβοήσαμεν εβοήσαν εβόησαν εβόησε εβοησεν εβόησεν ἐβόησεν εβόων aneboesen aneboēsen anebóesen anebóēsen boeson boēson bóeson bóēson boonta boônta boōnta boō̂nta boontes boôntes boōntes boō̂ntes boonton boōntōn boṓnton boṓntōn boontos boôntos boōntos boō̂ntos eboesen eboēsen ebóesen ebóēsen
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