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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #816 - אָשֵׁם

Transliteration
ʼâsham
Phonetics
aw-sham', aw-shame'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
180
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אֵשֶׁל
 
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אָשָׁם
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to offend, be guilty, trespass

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to do wrong, offend, trespass, commit an offense, do injury

1a2) to be or become guilty

1a3) to be held guilty

1a4) to be incriminated

1b) (Niphal) to suffer punishment

1c) (Hiphil) to declare guilty

2) (TWOT) to be desolate, acknowledge offense

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1842 ‑ ἐξολεθρεύω (ex‑ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  50 ‑ ἀγνοέω (ag‑no‑eh'‑o);  264 ‑ ἁμαρτάνω (ham‑ar‑tan'‑o);  447 ‑ ἀνίημι (an‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  3338 ‑ μεταμέλομαι (met‑am‑el'‑lom‑ahee);  3895 ‑ παραπίπτω (par‑ap‑ip'‑to);  853 ‑ ἀφανίζω (af‑an‑id'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (35)
Leviticus 11
Numbers 2
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
NAS (52)
Leviticus 16
Numbers 2
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 6
Hosea 10
Joel 1
Habakkuk 2
Zechariah 1
CSB (34)
Leviticus 10
Numbers 2
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
BSB (35)
Leviticus 11
Numbers 2
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
ESV (34)
Leviticus 10
Numbers 2
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
WEB (35)
Leviticus 11
Numbers 2
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1473) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: Breathe CO: Breath AB: Desolate: The wind, or breath, of someone or something is its character.

A) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: ? CO: Breath AB: Desolate: Hebrew names are words given to describe character.

Nm) ms (סהמ ShM) - I. Breath:The breath of a man is character, what makes one what he is. The name of an individual is more than an identifier but descriptive of his character or breath. II. There:Used to identify another place. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Sky:The place of the winds. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Only used in the masculine plural form, mimsor nimsin Aramaic] IV. Aroma: A sweet aroma that is carried on the wind or breath. [df: Mo] KJV (1365): name, renown, fame, famous, heaven, air, sweet, there - Strongs: H5561 (סַם), H8033 (שָׁם), H8034 (שֵׁם), H8036 (שֻׁם), H8064 (שָׁמֶה), H8065 (שְׁמַיִן), H8536 (תַּמָּה)

Nf1 ) ems (סהמה ShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (39): astonishment, desolation, desolate, waste, wonderful - Strongs: H8047 (שַׁמָּה)

kf1) emsm (מסהמה MShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (7): desolate, astonishment - Strongs: H4923 (מְשַׁמָּה)

nmm) nmsa (אסהמנ AShMN) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (1): desolate - Strongs: H820 (אַשְׁמָן)

B) mms (סהממ ShMM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. One in horror or in astonishment is one dried up in the inside.

V) mms (סהממ ShMM) - Desolate: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (93): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) desolate, astonish, waste, destroy, wonder, amaze - Strongs: H8074 (שָׁמֵם), H8075 (שְׁמַם)

Nf1) emms (סהממה ShMMH) - Desolate: KJV (58): desolate, waste - Strongs: H8077 (שִׁמָמָה)

ejm) nfmmis (סהיממונ ShYMMWN) - Desolation: KJV (2): astonishment - Strongs: H8078 (שִׁמָּמוֹן)

C) msa (אסהמ AShM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Guilt: One with a character of wrongdoing.

V) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (35): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) guilty, desolate, offend, trespass, destroy, faulty, offence - Strongs: H816 (אָשֵׁם)

Nm) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (49): trespass, sin, guiltiness - Strongs: H817 (אָשָׁם), H818 (אָשֵׁם)

Nf1) emsa (אסהמה AShMH) - Guilt: KJV (19): trespass, sin, offend - Strongs: H819 (אַשְׁמָה)

G) mes (סההמ ShHM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning;]

Nm) mes (סההמ ShHM) - Shoham: An unknown stone. KJV (11): onyx - Strongs: H7718 (שֹׁהַם)

J) mfs (סהומ ShWM) AC: Smell CO: Garlic AB: ?: A sense of smell from breathing.

Nm) mfs (סהומ ShWM) - Garlic: From its strong odor. KJV (1): garlick - Strongs: H7762 (שׁוּמִים)

L) msi (יסהמ YShM) AC: ? CO: Desert AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert.

V) msi (יסהמ YShM) - Desolate: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) desolate - Strongs: H3456 (יָשַׁם)

bf1) emisi (יסהימה YShYMH) - Desolate: KJV (1): seize - Strongs: H3451 (יְשִׁימָה)

bjm) nfmisi (יסהימונ YShYMWN) - Desert: A desolate place. KJV (13): desert, wilderness, solitary - Strongs: H3452 (יְשִׁימוֹן)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אָשַׁם, אָשֵׁם verb offend, be guilty (Arabic , id., sin, offence, , , requital, fault, guilt, mulct, compare Ethiopic ) — אָשַׁם Leviticus 5:19; Numbers 5:7; אָשֵׁם Habakkuk 1:11 7t.; אָֽשְׁמָה Numbers 5:6; אָשָׁ֑מְתָּ Proverbs 30:10; אָשַׁמְתְּ Ezekiel 22:4; אָשֵׁ֑מוּ Leviticus 4:13; Imperfect יֶאְשַׁם Hosea 4:15 13t.; Infinitive absolute אָשֹׁם Leviticus 5:19; אָשׁוֺם Ezekiel 25:12; —

1 commit an offence, a trespass, do a wrong, or an injury, with אָשֹׁם אָשַׁם ליהוה ׃לְ he hath done a great wrong to Yahweh (in violating the commands) Leviticus 5:19 (P); וְנָתַן לַאֲשֶׁר אָשַׁם לוֺ and he shall give it (restitution) to him to whom he did wrong Numbers 5:7 (P), compare 2 Chronicles 19:10 (twice in verse); וַיֶאְשְׁמוּ אָשׁוֺם and they committed lasting wrong (irreparable wrong, the Edomites against Judah) Ezekiel 25:12.

2 be or become guilty Judges 21:22; Jeremiah 50:7; Hosea 4:15; Habakkuk 1:11; in offences requiring sin-offering Leviticus 4:13,22,27 (P), of trespass-offering Leviticus 5:2,3,17; Leviticus 5:23; Numbers 5:6 (P); with ל guilty of Leviticus 5:4,5 (P), with ב in or through Ezekiel 22:4; Hosea 13:1.

3 be held guilty, bear punishment Psalm 34:22; Psalm 34:23; Proverbs 30:10; Isaiah 24:6; Jeremiah 2:3; Hosea 5:15; Hosea 10:2; Hosea 14:1; Zechariah 11:5; Ezekiel 6:6 (but compare שָׁמֵם).

Niph`alנֶאְשָׁמוּ suffer punishment Joel 1:18 (si vera lectio; Me We and others נָשַׁמּוּ, √ שׁמם, compare Dr on the passage).

Hiph`il Imperfect suffix הַאֲשִׁימֵם declare them guilty Psalm 5:11.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָשֵׁם m. verbal adj.

(1)  in fault, one who has contracted guilt, Genesis 42:21; 2 Samuel 14:13.

(2) one who brings a sacrifice for trespass, Ezra 10:19.


These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אָשַׁ֖ם אָשַׁ֗מְתְּ אָשַׁ֥ם אָשֹׁ֥ם אָשׁ֖וֹם אשום אשם אשמת הַֽאֲשִׁימֵ֨ם ׀ האשימם וְאָֽשְׁמָ֖ה וְאָשֵֽׁם׃ וְאָשֵֽׁמוּ׃ וְאָשֵׁ֑ם וְאָשֵׁ֖ם וְאָשֵׁם֒ וְאָשָֽׁמְתָּ׃ וְיֶאְשְׁמ֜וּ וַֽיֶּאְשְׁמ֖וּ וַיֶּאְשְׁמ֥וּ וַיֶּאְשַׁ֥ם ואשם ואשם׃ ואשמה ואשמו׃ ואשמת׃ ויאשם ויאשמו יֶ֝אְשְׁמ֗וּ יֶאְשְׁמ֖וּ יֶאְשְׁמוּ֙ יֶאְשַׁ֖ם יֶאְשָֽׁמוּ׃ יֶאְשָׁ֑מוּ יֶאְשָׁ֔מוּ יאשם יאשמו יאשמו׃ נֶאְשָֽׁמוּ׃ נֶאְשָׁ֑ם נאשם נאשמו׃ תֶּאְשַׁם֙ תֶּאְשָֽׁמוּ׃ תֶאְשָֽׁמוּ׃ תאשם תאשמו׃ ’ā·šam ’ā·šamt ’ā·šō·wm ’ā·šōm ’āšam ’āšamt ’āšōm ’āšōwm aSham aShamt aShom ha’ăšîmêm ha·’ă·šî·mêm haashiMem ne’·šā·mū ne’·šām ne’šām ne’šāmū neSham neShamu te’·šā·mū ṯe’·šā·mū te’·šam te’šam te’šāmū ṯe’šāmū teSham teShamu vaiyeSham vaiyesheMu veaShameta veaShem veasheMah veaShemu veyesheMu way·ye’·šam way·ye’·šə·mū wayye’šam wayye’šəmū wə’āšāmətā wə’āšêm wə’āšəmāh wə’āšêmū wə·’ā·šā·mə·tā wə·’ā·šə·māh wə·’ā·šê·mū wə·’ā·šêm wə·ye’·šə·mū wəye’šəmū ye’·šā·mū ye’·šam ye’·šə·mū ye’šam ye’šāmū ye’šəmū yeSham yeShamu yesheMu
 
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