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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #8074 - שָׁמֵם

Transliteration
shâmêm
Phonetics
shaw-mame'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2409
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to be desolate, be appalled, stun, stupefy

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be desolated, be deflowered, be deserted, be appalled

1a2) to be appalled, be awestruck

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be desolated, be made desolate

1b2) to be appalled

1c) (Polel)

1c1) to be stunned

1c2) appalling, causing horror (participle)

1c2a) horror-causer, appaller (substantive)

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to devastate, ravage, make desolated

1d2) to appal, show horror

1e) (Hophal) to lay desolate, be desolated

1f) (Hithpolel)

1f1) to cause to be desolate

1f2) to be appalled, be astounded

1f3) to cause oneself desolation, cause oneself ruin

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 818 ‑ ἀτιμάζω (at‑im‑ad'‑zo);  853 ‑ ἀφανίζω (af‑an‑id'‑zo);  1311 ‑ διαφθείρω (dee‑af‑thi'‑ro);  2295 ‑ θαῦμα (thou'‑mah);  2704 ‑ καταφθείρω (kat‑af‑thi'‑ro);  1590 ‑ ἐκλύω (ek‑loo'‑o);  1605 ‑ ἐκπλήσσω (ek‑place'‑so);  2657 ‑ κατανοέω (kat‑an‑o‑eh'‑o);  5015 ‑ ταράσσω (tar‑as'‑so);  390 ‑ ἀναστρέφω (an‑as‑tref'‑o);  622 ‑ ἀπόλλυμι (ap‑ol'‑loo‑mee);  1863 ‑ ἐπάγω (ep‑ag'‑o);  2049 ‑ ἐρημόω (er‑ay‑mo'‑o);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  2296 ‑ θαυμάζω (thou‑mad'‑zo);  1839 ‑ ἐξίστημι (ex‑is'‑tay‑mee);  2050 ‑ ἐρήμωσις (er‑ay'‑mo‑sis);  4768 ‑ στυγνάζω (stoog‑nad'‑zo);  2048 ‑ ἔρημος (er'‑ay‑mos);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (93)
Leviticus
9
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
4
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
6
Ezekiel
25
Daniel
8
Hosea
1
Joel
1
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
1
NAS (116)
Leviticus
11
Numbers
2
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
5
Psalms
5
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
15
Lamentations
8
Ezekiel
34
Daniel
11
Hosea
1
Joel
1
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
1
HCS (91)
Genesis
1
Leviticus
7
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
4
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
6
Ezekiel
24
Daniel
8
Hosea
1
Joel
1
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
1
BSB (86)
Leviticus
7
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
4
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
24
Daniel
7
Hosea
1
Joel
1
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
1
ESV (89)
Leviticus
7
Numbers
2
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
4
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
9
Jeremiah
10
Lamentations
6
Ezekiel
24
Daniel
8
Hosea
1
Joel
1
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
1
WEB (93)
Leviticus
9
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
4
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
6
Ezekiel
25
Daniel
8
Hosea
1
Joel
1
Amos
2
Micah
1
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1473) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: Breathe CO: Breath AB: Desolate: The wind, or breath, of someone or something is its character.

A) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: ? CO: Breath AB: Desolate: Hebrew names are words given to describe character.

Nm) ms (סהמ ShM) - I. Breath:The breath of a man is character, what makes one what he is. The name of an individual is more than an identifier but descriptive of his character or breath. II. There:Used to identify another place. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Sky:The place of the winds. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Only used in the masculine plural form, mimsor nimsin Aramaic] IV. Aroma: A sweet aroma that is carried on the wind or breath. [df: Mo] KJV (1365): name, renown, fame, famous, heaven, air, sweet, there - Strongs: H5561 (סַם), H8033 (שָׁם), H8034 (שֵׁם), H8036 (שֻׁם), H8064 (שָׁמֶה), H8065 (שְׁמַיִן), H8536 (תַּמָּה)

Nf1 ) ems (סהמה ShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (39): astonishment, desolation, desolate, waste, wonderful - Strongs: H8047 (שַׁמָּה)

kf1) emsm (מסהמה MShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (7): desolate, astonishment - Strongs: H4923 (מְשַׁמָּה)

nmm) nmsa (אסהמנ AShMN) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (1): desolate - Strongs: H820 (אַשְׁמָן)

B) mms (סהממ ShMM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. One in horror or in astonishment is one dried up in the inside.

V) mms (סהממ ShMM) - Desolate: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (93): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) desolate, astonish, waste, destroy, wonder, amaze - Strongs: H8074 (שָׁמֵם), H8075 (שְׁמַם)

Nf1) emms (סהממה ShMMH) - Desolate: KJV (58): desolate, waste - Strongs: H8077 (שִׁמָמָה)

ejm) nfmmis (סהיממונ ShYMMWN) - Desolation: KJV (2): astonishment - Strongs: H8078 (שִׁמָּמוֹן)

C) msa (אסהמ AShM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Guilt: One with a character of wrongdoing.

V) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (35): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) guilty, desolate, offend, trespass, destroy, faulty, offence - Strongs: H816 (אָשֵׁם)

Nm) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (49): trespass, sin, guiltiness - Strongs: H817 (אָשָׁם), H818 (אָשֵׁם)

Nf1) emsa (אסהמה AShMH) - Guilt: KJV (19): trespass, sin, offend - Strongs: H819 (אַשְׁמָה)

G) mes (סההמ ShHM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning;]

Nm) mes (סההמ ShHM) - Shoham: An unknown stone. KJV (11): onyx - Strongs: H7718 (שֹׁהַם)

J) mfs (סהומ ShWM) AC: Smell CO: Garlic AB: ?: A sense of smell from breathing.

Nm) mfs (סהומ ShWM) - Garlic: From its strong odor. KJV (1): garlick - Strongs: H7762 (שׁוּמִים)

L) msi (יסהמ YShM) AC: ? CO: Desert AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert.

V) msi (יסהמ YShM) - Desolate: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) desolate - Strongs: H3456 (יָשַׁם)

bf1) emisi (יסהימה YShYMH) - Desolate: KJV (1): seize - Strongs: H3451 (יְשִׁימָה)

bjm) nfmisi (יסהימונ YShYMWN) - Desert: A desolate place. KJV (13): desert, wilderness, solitary - Strongs: H3452 (יְשִׁימוֹן)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁמֵם fut. יִשֹּׁם pl. יָשֹׁמּוּ (fut. A יֵשַׁם see under the root יָשַׁם.)

(1) to be astonished (the primary idea is that of silence, being put to silence, compare the kindred roots דָּמַם and דּוּם see p. 203, B ), 1 Kings 9:8; Jeremiah 18:16 followed by עַל (because of any thing) Isaiah 52:14; Jeremiah 2:12. As to the passage 2 Chronicles 7:21, see לְ A, No. 2.

(2) to be laid waste, desolated (as places laid waste and silent and quiet, whereas in those that are inhabited there is noise) Ezekiel 33:28, 35:12, 15 Ezekiel 35:15. Part. שׁוֹמֵם laid waste, Lamentations 1:4, 3:11 used of persons wasted, destroyed, ibid. 1:13, 16 solitary, 2 Samuel 13:20; Isaiah 54:1. Plur. f. שׁוֹמֵמוֹת places laid waste, ruins, Isaiah 61:4; Daniel 9:18, 26.

(3) trans. to lay waste, to make desolate; Ezekiel 36:3, יַעַן בְּיַעַן שַׁמּוֹת וְשָׁאֹף אֶתְכֶם “because that they made you desolate, and gape after you” (where שַׁמּוֹת is a noun verbal pl. for infinit.). Part. שׁוֹמֵם the desolator (i.e. Antiochus Epiphanes [?]), Daniel 9:27. הַפֶּשַׁע שׁוֹמֵם (for פֶּשַׁע הַשּׁ׳), ibid. 8:13, the sin of the desolator, and שִׁקּוּץ שֹׁמֵם abomination of the desolator, Daniel 12:11, i.q. βδέλυγμα ἐρημώσεως, 1Ma_1:54 6:7 (either the altar or the idol which Antiochus caused to be erected over the altar of the temple at Jerusalem.) [But see, Matthew 24:14, as to the “abomination of desolation,” as something even then unfulfilled].

Niphal נָשַׁם.

(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, to be astonished, Jeremiah 4:9 followed by עַל Job 18:20.

(2) i.q. Kal No. 2, to be laid waste, Jeremiah 12:11 to be destroyed (used of persons), Lamentations 4:5 to be desolate, solitary (as a way), Leviticus 26:22; Isaiah 33:8.

Poel.

(1) i.q. Kal No. 1. to be astonished, Ezra 9:3.

(2) part. מְשֹׁמֵם a desolator, Daniel 9:27, 11:31.

Hiphil הֵשֵׁם, fut. יַשִּׁים, inf. הַשְׁמֵם, part. מַשְׁמִים.-causat. of Kal No. 1, to astonish, Ezekiel 32:10, intrans. to be astonished, stunned, Ezekiel 3:15 followed by עַל Micah 6:13.

(2) i.q. Kal No. 3, to lay waste, as a land, Leviticus 26:31, 32 Leviticus 26:32; Ezekiel 30:12, 14 Ezekiel 30:14.

Hophal הָשַׁם (read hŏsham, for הָשַּׁם, which is found in some copies), plur. הָשַׁמּוּ.

(1) to be astonished, Job 21:5.

(2) to be laid waste, Leviticus 26:34, 35 Leviticus 26:35, 43 Leviticus 26:43.

Hithpoel הִשְׁתּוֹמֵם but the fut. once יִשֹּׁמֵם Ecclesiastes 7:16.

(1) to be astonished, Isaiah 59:16, 63:5 to be confounded, Daniel 8:27 to be disheartened, Psalms 143:4.

(3) to lay oneself waste, to destroy oneself, Ecc. l.l.

Derivatives, שָׁמֵם-שִׁמָּמוֹן, שַׁמָּה, מְשַׁמָּה, and the pr.n. שַׁמָּא, שַׁמַּי.

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List of Word Forms
אֲשִׁמֵּ֔ם אשמם בָּהְשַׁמָּה֙ בהשמה הֲ֝שִׁמּ֗וֹתָ הֳשַׁמָּ֔ה הֵשַֽׁמּוּ׃ הַֽנְשַׁמּ֗וֹת הַנְּשַׁמָּ֑ה הַנְּשַׁמָּ֔ה הַנְּשַׁמָּ֖ה הַשְׁמֵ֖ם הָשַּׁמָּ֖ה הָשַּׁמָּה֙ הנשמה הנשמות השמה השמו׃ השמות השמם וְאֶשְׁתּוֹמֵ֖ם וְהַֽנְשַׁמּ֥וֹת וְהָשַׁ֑מּוּ וְנָשַׁ֕מּוּ וְנָשַׁ֖מּוּ וְנָשַׁ֙מּוּ֙ וְשָֽׁמְמ֛וּ וְשָֽׁמְמ֤וּ וְשָׁמְמ֖וּ וְשֹׁ֣מְמֹתַ֔יִךְ וַהֲשִֽׂמֹתִ֙יהוּ֙ וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִ֗י וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִ֞י וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִ֥י וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִי֙ וַהֲשִׁמּוֹתִ֖י וַהֲשִׁמּוֹתִ֨י וַיְשִׁמֵּ֑ם וַיִּשְׁתּוֹמֵ֖ם וַנַּשִּׁ֣ים וָאֶשְׁתּוֹמֵ֥ם וּנְשַׁמָּ֗ה ואשתומם והנשמות והשמו והשמותי והשמתי והשמתיהו וישמם וישתומם ונשים ונשמה ונשמו ושממו ושממתיך יִשְׁתּוֹמֵ֥ם יִשֹּׁ֑ם יִשֹּׁ֖ם יִשֹּׁ֣ם יִשֹּׁ֥ם יַשִּׁ֛ים יָ֭שֹׁמּוּ יָשֹׁ֣מּוּ ישים ישם ישמו ישתומם לְשַׁמָּֽה׃ לשמה׃ מְשֹׁמֵ֔ם מְשׁוֹמֵ֔ם מְשׁוֹמֵֽם׃ מַשְׁמִ֥ים משומם משומם׃ משמים משמם נְשַׁמָּ֑ה נְשַׁמּ֑וֹת נְשַׁמּ֖וֹת נְשַׁמּ֗וֹת נְשַׁמּוֹת֙ נָשַׁ֔מָּה נָשַׁ֖מּוּ נָשַׁ֙מָּה֙ נָשַׁ֙מּוּ֙ נָשַׁ֣מּוּ נשמה נשמו נשמות שֶׁשָּׁמֵ֔ם שַׁמּוֹת֩ שָׁמְמ֖וּ שָׁמְמ֤וּ שָׁמֵ֖מָה שֹׁ֥מּוּ שֹׁמְמ֖וֹת שֹׁמְמ֥וֹת שֹׁמֵ֑ם שֹׁמֵ֔ם שֹׁמֵֽם׃ שֹׁמֵמֽוֹת׃ שֽׁוֹמֵמִ֔ים שֽׁוֹמֵמִ֔ין שָׁמֵ֑מוּ שׁוֹמֵמָ֛ה שוממה שוממים שוממין שמו שמות שמם שמם׃ שממה שממו שממות שממות׃ ששמם תִּשּׁוֹמֵֽם׃ תשומם׃ ’ă·šim·mêm ’ăšimmêm ashimMem bā·hə·šam·māh bāhəšammāh bahshamMah hă·šim·mō·w·ṯā han·nə·šam·māh han·šam·mō·wṯ hannəšammāh hanneshamMah hanšammōwṯ hanshamMot haš·mêm hāš·šam·māh hashimMota hashMem hashshamMah hăšimmōwṯā hašmêm hāššammāh hê·šam·mū hêšammū heShammu hoš·šam·māh hoshshamMah hoššammāh lə·šam·māh ləšammāh leshamMah maš·mîm mashMim mašmîm mə·šō·mêm mə·šō·w·mêm meshoMem məšōmêm məšōwmêm nā·šam·māh nā·šam·mū nāšammāh nāšammū naShammah naShammu nə·šam·māh nə·šam·mō·wṯ nəšammāh nəšammōwṯ neshamMah neshamMot šā·mê·māh šā·mê·mū šā·mə·mū šam·mō·wṯ šāmêmāh šāmêmū šāməmū šammōwṯ šeš·šā·mêm šeššāmêm shaMemah shameMu shammOt sheshshaMem shoMem shomeMah shomeMim shomeMin shomeMot Shommu šō·mê·mō·wṯ šō·mə·mō·wṯ šō·mêm šō·w·mê·māh šō·w·mê·mîm šō·w·mê·mîn šōm·mū šōmêm šōmêmōwṯ šōməmōwṯ šōmmū šōwmêmāh šōwmêmîm šōwmêmîn tiš·šō·w·mêm tishshoMem tiššōwmêm ū·nə·šam·māh ūnəšammāh uneshamMah vaeshtoMem vahashimmoTi vahasimoTihu vaiyishtoMem vannashShim vayshimMem veeshtoMem vehanshamMot vehaShammu venaShammu veshameMu veshamMu veShomemoTayich wā’eštōwmêm wā·’eš·tō·w·mêm wa·hă·śi·mō·ṯî·hū wa·hă·šim·mō·ṯî wa·hă·šim·mō·w·ṯî wahăšimmōṯî wahăšimmōwṯî wahăśimōṯîhū wan·naš·šîm wannaššîm way·šim·mêm way·yiš·tō·w·mêm wayšimmêm wayyištōwmêm wə’eštōwmêm wə·’eš·tō·w·mêm wə·hā·šam·mū wə·han·šam·mō·wṯ wə·nā·šam·mū wə·šā·mə·mū wə·šō·mə·mō·ṯa·yiḵ wəhanšammōwṯ wəhāšammū wənāšammū wəšāməmū wəšōməmōṯayiḵ yā·šōm·mū yaš·šîm yaShommu yashShim yāšōmmū yaššîm yiš·šōm yiš·tō·w·mêm yishShom yishtoMem yiššōm yištōwmêm
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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שְׁמַם