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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #102 - ἀδύνατος

Transliteration
adýnatos
Phonetics
ad-oo'-nat-os  
Word Origin
from (1) (as a negative particle) and (1415)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
2:284,186
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. without strength, impotent, powerless, weakly, disabled
  2. unable to be done, impossible
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 34 ‑ אֶבְיוֹן (eb‑yone');  47 ‑ אַבִּיר (ab‑beer');  1800 ‑ דַּל (dal);  2522 ‑ חָלַשׁ (khaw‑lash');  6041 ‑ עָנִי (aw‑nee');  6381 ‑ פָּלָא (paw‑law');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (10) NAS (10) HCS (10)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Romans 2
Hebrews 4
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Romans 2
Hebrews 4
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Romans 2
Hebrews 4
BYZ TIS TR
A-GPM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 7
A-GPM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 5
A-GPM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 7
NA WH
A-ASN 1
A-GPM 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 4
A-GPM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 7


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀδῠνᾰτ-ος, ον,

I of persons,

1. unable to do a thing, c. inf., Hdt. 3.138, Epich. 272, E. HF 56, etc.; ἀ. εἰπεῖν Arist. Rh. 1379a2; ἀ. ὥστε.. Onos. 1.13: Comp., τὸν δυνατώτερον τοῦ -ωτέρου [πλέον ἔχειν ] Pl. Grg. 483d: Sup. -ώτατος, λέγειν Eup. 95.

2. abs., without strength, powerless, weakly, Hdt. 5.9, E. Ion 596, Andr. 746; οἱ ἀ. men disabled for service, whether as invalids or paupers, Lys. 24 tit., Arist. Ath. 49.4; ἐν τοῖς ἀ. μισθοφορεῖν Aeschin. 1.103; ἀ. σώματι Lys. 2.73; ἀ. χρήμασι poor, Th. 7.28; εἴς τι Pl. Hp.Mi. 366b; οἱ -ώτατοι persons of no importance, Phld. Herc. 1457.8; of ships, disabled, Hdt. 6.16; τὸ ἀ. want of strength, Pl. Hp.Ma. 296a; τὰ ἀ. disabilities, D. 18.108.

II of things, impossible, E. Or. 665, Hel. 1043; ἐλπίδες unrealizable, Democr. 58; τὸ ἀ. Arist. Cael. 280b12; ἡ εἰς τὸ ἀ. ἀπαγωγή reductio ad impossibile, APr. 29b5; ὁ διὰ τοῦ ἀ. συλλογισμός, ἡ διὰ τοῦ ἀ. δεῖξις, ib. 34b30, 45a35; ἀδύνατα βούλομαι Lync. 1.12: — ἀδύνατόν [ἐστι ] c. inf., Hdt. 1.32, al.; ἀδύνατά [ἐστι ] Pi. P. 2.81, Hdt. 1.91, 6.106, Th. 1.59; ἀ. ὑμῖν ὥστε.. Pl. Prt. 338c; ὑμέας καταλελάβηκε ἀ. τι βοηθέειν Hdt. 9.60; τὰ ἀ. καρτερεῖν E. IA 1370; τολμᾶν ἀδύνατα Id. Hel. 811; ἀδυνάτων ἐρᾶν Id. HF 318, cf. Luc. DDeor. 8, etc.; prov., ἀδύνατα θηρᾷς Macar. 1.26: Comp. -ώτερον, ἔτι.. εἰ οἷόν τε.. Pl. Tht. 192b, cf. Prm. 138d: Sup., ὃ δὴ πάντων -ώτατον Id. Phlb. 15b.

III Adv. -τως without power or skill, feebly, ἀμύνεσθαι Antipho 4.3.3, cf. 3.3.4 (Comp.), Lys. 12.3: — ἀ. ἔχειν to be unwell, Pl. Ax. 364b; to be unable, c. inf., Arist. Rh.Al. 1435a16; ἀ. ἔχει it is impossible, Epicur Ep 32.49U.; ἀ. λέγεται it is an impossible story, Phld. Rh. 2.122 S. Rare in poetry: Trag. only in E.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀδύνατος, (δύναμαι) (from Herodotus down);

1. without strength, impotent: τοῖς ποσί, Acts 14:8; figuratively, of Christians whose faith is not yet quite firm, Romans 15:1 (opposed to δυνατός).

2. impossible (in contrast with δυνατόν): παρά τίνι, for (with) anyone, Matthew 19:26; Mark 10:27; Luke 18:27; τό ἀδύνατος τοῦ νόμου 'what the law could not do' (this God effected by, etc.; (others take τό ἀδύνατος here as nominative absolutely, cf. Buttmann, 381 (326); Winer's Grammar, 574 (534); Meyer or Gifford at the passage)), Romans 8:3; followed by the accusative with an infinitive, Hebrews 6:4, 18; Hebrews 10:4; by an infinitive, Hebrews 11:6.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

-δύνατος , -ον ,

[in LXX for H34, H1800 etc.;]

1. of persons, unable, powerless: Acts 14:8; fig., Romans 15:1 (MM, VGT, s.v.).

2. Of things, impossible: Matthew 19:1-30; Matthew 26:1-75, Mark 10:27, Luke 18:27, Romans 8:3, Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 6:18; Hebrews 10:4; Hebrews 11:6.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Par 66.23 (late Ptol.) πρεσβύτεροι καὶ ἀδύνατοι are men ";not strong enough"; to work : cf. also P Lond 971.4 (iii/iv A.D.) ( = III. p. 128) ἀδύνατος γάρ ἐστιν ἡ γυνὴ διὰ ἀσθένιαν τῆς φύσε [ως ] and ib. 678.6 (B.C. 99–8) ( = III. p. 18) ]δύνατ [ος ὄμμ ]ασι. In Syll 802.35 (iii/B.C.) ἀδύνατος is associated with ἀπίθανος, applied to ἰάματα, ib. 512.24 (ii/B.C.) of witnesses unable to appear.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αδυνατα αδύνατα αδύνατά ἀδύνατα αδύνατοι αδυνατον αδύνατον αδύνατόν ἀδύνατον ἀδύνατόν αδυνατος αδύνατος ἀδύνατος αδυνάτους αδυνάτω αδυνατων αδυνάτων ἀδυνάτων adunata adunaton adunatōn adunatos adynata adýnata adynaton adynatōn adynáton adynátōn adýnaton adýnatón adynatos adýnatos
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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