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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2480 - ἰσχύω

Transliteration
ischýō
Phonetics
is-khoo'-o  
Word Origin
from (2479)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:397,378
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to be strong
    1. to be strong in body, to be robust, to be in sound health
  2. to have power
    1. to have power as shown by extraordinary deeds
      1. to exert, wield power, to have strength to overcome
    2. to be a force, avail
    3. to be serviceable
    4. to be able, can
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 47 ‑ אַבִּיר (ab‑beer');  247 ‑ אָזַר (aw‑zar');  410 ‑ אֵל (ale);  553 ‑ אָמֵץ (aw‑mats');  1368 ‑ גִּבֹּר (ghib‑bore', ghib‑bore');  1396 ‑ גָּבַר (gaw‑bar');  2388 ‑ חָזַק (khaw‑zak');  2428 ‑ חַיִל (khah'‑yil);  3201 ‑ יָכוֹל (yaw‑kole', yaw‑kole');  3527 ‑ כָּבַר (kaw‑bar');  3581 ‑ כּוֹחַ (ko'‑akh, ko'‑akh);  3766 ‑ כָּרַע (kaw‑rah');  4937 ‑ מִשְׁעָן (mish‑ane', mish‑awn');  5060 ‑ נָגַע (naw‑gah');  5329 ‑ נָצַח (naw‑tsakh');  5381 ‑ נָשַׂג (naw‑sag');  5810 ‑ עָזַז (aw‑zaz');  6105 ‑ עָצַם (aw‑tsam');  6113 ‑ עָצַר (aw‑tsar');  6184 ‑ עָרִיץ (aw‑reets');  6555 ‑ פָּרַץ (paw‑rats');  7116 ‑ קָצֵר (kaw‑tsare');  7116 ‑ קָצֵר (kaw‑tsare');  7311 ‑ רָמַם (room);  8631 ‑ תְּקִף (tek‑afe');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (29) NAS (29) HCS (28)
Matthew 4
Mark 4
Luke 8
John 1
Acts 6
Galatians 2
Philippians 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 4
Mark 4
Luke 8
John 1
Acts 6
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 4
Mark 4
Luke 8
John 1
Acts 6
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-1P 2
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAI-3P 5
V-AAI-3S 6
V-FAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IAI-3S 2
V-PAI-1S 2
V-PAI-3S 5
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-GSM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2
V-AAI-1P 2
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAI-3P 4
V-AAI-3S 4
V-FAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3P 3
V-IAI-3S 2
V-PAI-1S 2
V-PAI-3S 4
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-GSM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2
V-AAI-1P 2
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAI-3P 5
V-AAI-3S 4
V-FAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IAI-3S 2
V-PAI-1S 2
V-PAI-3S 5
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-GSM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2
NA WH
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-AAI-1P 2
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAI-3P 3
V-AAI-3S 5
V-FAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3P 3
V-IAI-3S 2
V-PAI-1S 2
V-PAI-3S 4
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-GSM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἰσχ-ύω

(ἰσχύς), Batr. 279: impf. ἴσχυον Ar. V. 357, X. HG 6.4.18: fut. ἰσχύσω Ar. Av. 1607, etc.: aor. ἴσχῡσα S. Aj. 502, etc.: pf. ἴσχῡκα Aeschin. 1.165, Cerc. 17.34: Pass., aor. κατ-ισχύθην D.S. 15.87: (ἰσχύς):

1. to be strong in body, S. Tr. 234; ὅπως ὑγιαίνοιεν καὶ ἰσχύοιεν X. Cyr. 6.1.24; ὃς μέγιστον ἴσχυσε στρατοῦ S. Aj. 502; ἰ. τοῖς σώμασιν X. Mem. 2.7.7; τοῦ σώματος ἰσχύοντος Antipho 5.93; ἴσχυόν τ' αὐτὸς ἐμαυτοῦ, i.e. I had all my strength, Ar. V. 357; ἰ. ἐκ νόσου to be recovering, X. HG 6.4.18.

2. to be powerful, prevail, μηδὲν μεῖον ἰ. Διός A. Pr. 510, etc.; πλέον, μεῖζον ἰ., E. Hec. 1188, Ar. Av. 1607; later ἰ. πρός τινα prevail against, LXX Psalms 13:4(12).4; ἐπί τινας ib. 1 Maccabees 10:49; ἰ. τινί to be strong in a thing, σοφία ἀνὴρ ὑπὲρ ἀνδρὸς ἰσχύει Pi. Fr. 61; θράσει E. Or. 903; ἐν τῇ ποιητικῇ Phld. Po. 5.9; ἰ. τινὶ πρὸς τοὺς πολεμίους Th. 3.46; ἰ. ἐκ πονηρίας D. 2.9; ὅθεν ἰσχύομεν, ᾗπερ ἰσχύουσι, Th. 1.143, 2.13; ἰ. παρά τινι have power or influence with one, Id. 8.47, Aeschin. 2.2, D. 38.20, etc. of things, prevail, ὅρκος οὔτι Ζηνὸς ἰ. πλέον A. Eu. 621; τἀληθὲς γὰρ ἰσχῦον τρέφω S. OT 356; τὸ δίκαιον ἐν πᾶσιν ἰ. D. 37.59; have force, ἃ ὡρίσω σὺ δίκαια, ταὐτὰ.. καὶ κατὰ σοῦ προσήκει τοῖς ἄλλοις ἰσχύειν D. 19.241, cf. 25.71; ὁ λόγος δόξειεν ἂν ἰσχύειν Arist. Pol. 1280a28; νομὴ ἄδικος οὐδὲν ἰ. is of no force, PTeb. 286.7 (ii A.D.); ἰσχῦόν τι something permanent, prob. in Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.7U.: c. inf., ὁ καιρὸς ἰσχύει.. πράττειν D. 17.9, cf. LXX 2 Chronicles 2:6(5), al., Plu. Pomp. 58; οὐκ ἰ. ἀρτιστομεῖν Str. 14.2.28, cf. Mark 5:4, D.Chr. 33.22, etc.

3. to be worth or equivalent to, ἡ μνᾶ ἰσχύει λίτρας δύο καὶ ἥμισυ J. AJ 14.7.1, cf. PGnom. 106, Ptol. Tetr. 134; αἱ ψῆφοι τάλαντον ἰσχύουσιν (prob. for ἴσχουσιν) Plb. 5.26.13.

4. Act., condense, νεφέλας LXX Si. 43.15. ἄρτον πᾶσαν ἡδονὴν ἰσχύοντα making strong.., ib. Wi. 16.20 (in se habentem, Vulg.).

5. -ύοντες ἀστέρες those in dominating positions, Serapion in Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(4).226. [ in Batr. l.c., Trag. and Com., S. Aj. 1409, OT 356, Ar. V. 357, Av. 488, 1606; later, sts. in pres. and impf., AP 5.166 (Ascl), 211 (Mel.).]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἰσχύω; imperfect ἴσχυον; future ἰσχύσω; 1 aorist ἴσχυσα; (ἰσχύς); the Sept. for חָזַק, אָמֵץ, עָצַם, etc.; to be strong, i. e.:

1. to be strong in body, to be robust, to be in sound health: οἱ ἰσχύοντες, as a substantive, Matthew 9:12; Mark 2:17 (Sophocles Tr. 234; Xenophon, Cyril 6, 1, 24; joined with ὑγιαίνειν, id. mem. 2, 7, 7).

2. to have power (from Aeschylus down), i. e.

a. to have a power evinced in extraordinary deeds, i. e. to exert, wield, power: so of the gospel, Acts 19:20; Hebraistically, to have strength to overcome: οὐκ ἴσχυσαν (A. V. prevailed not i. e.) succumbed, were conquered (so יָכֹל לֹא, Genesis 32:26 (25)), Revelation 12:8; κατά τίνος, against one, i. e. to use one's strength against one, to treat him with violence, Acts 19:16.

b. equivalent to to be of force, avail (German gelten): Hebrews 9:17; τί, Galatians 5:6, and Rec. in Galatians 6:15.

c. to be serviceable: εἰς τί (A. V. good for), Matthew 5:13.

d. followed by an infinitive to be able, can: Matthew 8:28; Matthew 26:40; Mark 5:4; (Mark 9:18 (infinitive to be supplied)); Mark 14:37; Luke 6:48; Luke 8:43; (); ; John 21:6; Acts 6:10; Acts 15:10; Acts 25:7; Acts 27:16 (Plutarch, Pomp. 58). with the accusative, πάντα, Philippians 4:13; πολύ, James 5:16. (Compare: ἐνισχύω, ἐξισχύω, ἐπισχύω, κατισχύω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἰσχύω

(< ἰσχύς ),

[in LXX for H2388, H1368, H6105, etc.;]

1. to be strong in body: Matthew 9:12, Mark 2:17.

2. to be powerful, have power, prevail: Acts 19:20, Revelation 12:8; seq. κατά , c. gen. pers., Acts 19:16; c. inf., to be able (MM, Exp., xv): Matthew 8:28; Matthew 26:40, Mark 5:4; Mark 9:18 (inf. understood) Mark 14:37, Luke 6:48; Luke 8:43; Luke 13:24; Luke 14:6; Luke 14:29-30; Luke 16:3; Luke 20:26, John 21:6, Acts 6:10; Acts 15:10; Acts 25:7; Acts 27:16; c. acc, Philippians 4:13, James 5:16; of things, to avail, be serviceable (MM, Exp., l.c.): Matthew 5:13, Galatians 5:6, Hebrews 9:17 (cf. ἐν -, ἐξ -, ἐπ -, κατ -ισχύω ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The special sense in Galatians 5:6, Hebrews 9:17, occurs in P Tebt II. 286.7 (A.D. 121–138) νομὴ ἄδικος [οὐ ]δὲν εἰσχύει, ";unjust possession is invalid"; : cf. the use of the verb with reference to money like the Lat. valeo, Cagnat IV. 915a.12 ἡ Ῥοδία δραχμὴ τούτου τοῦ δηναρίον ἰσχύει ἐν Κιβύρᾳ ἀσσάρια δέκα. For the meaning ";have power"; cf. P Petr II. 18(1).12 (B.C. 246) διὰ τὸ μ [ ]? ἰσχύειν αὐτόν με κωλύειν ";because I was not strong enough to hinder him,";and P Oxy I. 67.14 (A.D. 338) πάντα μέν, ὡς ἔπος ἐστὶν εἰπεῖν, ὅσα εἰσχύειν τι δύν [α ]τ [αι ] παρὰ τὴν τῶν νόμων [ἰσχὺ ]ν πρὸς ὀλίγον εἰσχύει, ";everything, it may be said, that is able to withstand the power of the law withstands but for a short time"; (Edd.). The ordinary sense ";to be able"; without the connotation of strength, may be seen early in P Eleph 17.23 (B.C. 223) διὰ τὸ μὴ εἰσχύειν αὐτοὺς καταβαλεῖν τὰς λοιπὰς ἀναφοράς, ";because they were not able to pay the remaining imposts"; : cf. P Oxy X. 1345 (ii/iii A.D.) ου ̣̓κ ἴσχυσα ἐλθεῖν σήμερον, P Leid W viii. 31 (ii/iii A.D.) βίβλον ἣν οὐδεὶς ἴσχυσε μεθερμηνεῦσας (l.σαι), P Ry1 II. 237.8 (mid. iii/A.D.) ἵνα κἀγὼ εἰς [ . . . . ἐκεῖνον ] εἰσχύσ ̣ω συνπερ ̣ινεχθῆναι (l. συμπεριενεχθῆναι) εὐχρόμως, ";that I may be able to keep up appearances in my relations with him"; (Edd.). The expressive compd. ὑπερισχύω, which is fairly frequent in the LXX, may be illustrated from P Ryl II. 119.30 (A.D. 54–67) ἐν οὐδενὶ ἡγήσατο καθὸ ὑπερισχύων ἡμᾶς ἐπὶ τῶν τόπων, ";he scorned (petitions and reports) in virtue of his superior local power"; (Edd.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ἐκτελέσαι ίσχυε ισχυει ισχύει ἰσχύει ισχυειν ισχύειν ἰσχύειν ισχυεν ίσχυεν ἴσχυεν ισχύετε ισχυκός ισχυκότες ισχυον ίσχυον ἴσχυον ισχύοντα ισχυοντες ισχύοντες ἰσχύοντες ισχύοντι ισχυοντος ισχύοντος ἰσχύοντος ισχύουσαν ίσχυσα ισχύσαι ισχυσαμεν ισχύσαμεν ἰσχύσαμεν ισχυσαν ίσχυσαν ἴσχυσαν ισχυσας ισχύσας ίσχυσας ἴσχυσας ισχυσατε ισχύσατε ἰσχύσατε ισχυσάτωσαν ίσχυσε ισχύσει ισχύσεις ισχυσεν ίσχυσεν ἴσχυσεν ισχύση ισχύσητε ισχυσουσιν ισχύσουσιν ἰσχύσουσιν ισχυω ισχύω ἰσχύω ισχύων ektelesai ischuei ischuein ischuen ischuo ischuō ischuon ischuontes ischuontos ischusamen ischusan ischusas ischusate ischusen ischusousin ischyei ischýei ischyein ischýein ischyen íschyen ischyo ischyō ischýo ischýō ischyon íschyon ischyontes ischýontes ischyontos ischýontos ischysamen ischýsamen ischysan íschysan ischysas íschysas ischysate ischýsate ischysen íschysen ischysousin ischýsousin
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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