the First Week of Advent
Click to donate today!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3201 - יָכוֹל
1) to prevail, overcome, endure, have power, be able
1a1) to be able, be able to gain or accomplish, be able to endure, be able to reach
1a2) to prevail, prevail over or against, overcome, be victor
1a3) to have ability, have strength
1242) lk (כל KL) AC: Complete CO: Vessel AB: Whole: The pictograph k is a picture of the bent palm representing the bending or subduing of the will, the l is a picture of a shepherd staff or yoke. Combined these mean "tame for the yoke". An animal or land that is tamed has been worked and is complete and ready for use. Taming include; construction of holding pens, putting the soil to the plow, harvesting of crops, milk or meat. One eats once the harvest is complete. (eng: whole; cell; cellar)
Nf1) elk (כלה KLH) - Completion: Something that has been completed or made whole. This can be in a positive sense or negative such as in a failure. KJV (22): end, altogether, consume, consumption, consummation, determine, riddance - Strongs: H3617 (כָּלָה)
V) elk (כלה KLH) - Complete: To bring something to its completion. KJV (206): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel) consume, end, finish, fail, accomplish, done, spend, determine, away, fulfill, faint, destroy, left, waste - Strongs: H3615 (כָּלָה)
V) lfk (כול KWL) - Sustain: To provide what is needed to make someone or something whole or complete. KJV (37): (vf: Paal, Pilpel) contain, feed, sustain, abide, nourish, hold, receive, victual, bear, comprehend - Strongs: H3557 (כּוּל)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
verb be able, have power prevail, endure (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic יְכִיל; Assyrian akâlu, Hpt in KAT 2Gloss i,) —
Qal Perfect יָכֹל Genesis 32:26 8t.; יָכוֺל 1 Samuel 4:15 2t.; 3 feminine singular יָכְלָה Genesis 36:7; Exodus 2:3; 2 masculine singular וְיָכָלְתָּ֫ Exodus 18:23; 1 singular יָכֹלְתִּי Genesis 30:8 2t.; suffix יְכָלְתִּיו Psalm 13:5; 3 plural יָכְ֑לוּ Genesis 13:6 27t. + Joshua 15:63 Qr; יָכֹ֑לוּ Exodus 8:14 2t.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יוּכָל Genesis 13:16 34t.; יוּכָ֑ל Job 4:2 4t.; וַיֻּכָ֑ל Hosea 12:5; 3 feminine singular תּוּכַל Amos 7:10 2t.; 2 masculine singular תּוּכַל Genesis 15:5 16t.; 1 singular אוּכַל Genesis 19:19 30t., etc. (on these Imperfect forms as irregular Qal, see Ges§ 2, R. 3 Kö i. 407 W SG 237; others
Hoph`al); Infinitive construct יְכֹ֫לֶת Numbers 14:16; Deuteronomy 9:28; Infinitive absolute יָכוֺל Numbers 13:20; 2 Chronicles 32:13; יָכֹל Numbers 22:38; 1 Samuel 26:25; P 8t. (not Leviticus), Ezekiel 3t.; often J E D Jeremiah , Isa2, not seldom in Samuel Kings Chronicles; —
1 be able, to do a thing, whether ability be physical, moral, constitutional, or dependent on external authority; usually of man Genesis 13:16 (J) +, but also of gods 2 Chronicles 32:13,15, and of ׳י Numbers 14:16 (JE), Deuteronomy 9:28; Jeremiah 44:22; occasionally of inanimate things Amos 7:10; Genesis 36:7 (P), Song of Solomon 8:7; Ecclesiastes 1:15 (twice in verse), etc.:
a. usually followed by infinitive with לְ (122t.), Genesis 31:35 I am not able to rise up; Genesis 45:1 Joseph was not able to restrain himself, Genesis 45:3; Genesis 48:10; Exodus 7:21,24 were not able to drink, Exodus 12:39; Joshua 24:19 (all E); Genesis 13:16 if a man can number the dust, Genesis 19:19,22; Genesis 43:32; Genesis 44:22,26 (twice in verse); Exodus 10:5; Exodus 19:23 (all J), Genesis 15:5; Exodus 15:23; Numbers 11:14 (all J E) + 10t. J E; Deuteronomy 7:17 10t. D; Genesis 13:6 they could not dwell together, Genesis 34:14; Genesis 36:7; Exodus 9:11; Exodus 40:35; Numbers 9:6; Joshua 9:19 (all P); 1 Samuel 3:2; 1 Samuel 6:20; 1 Kings 9:21 (on "" 2 Chronicles 8:8 and text of Judges 1:19 see Bu RS 8), Amos 7:10; Hosea 5:13; Zephaniah 1:18; Jeremiah 6:10; Jeremiah 11:11; Jeremiah 13:23; Jeremiah 18:6; Jeremiah 19:11 +.
b. followed by infinitive without לְ (27t.; not P): Genesis 37:4; Exodus 2:3; Exodus 18:18,23 (all E), Genesis 24:50; Genesis 44:1 (J), Numbers 22:37,38 (JE), Deuteronomy 1:9; Deuteronomy 7:22; Deuteronomy 14:24; Deuteronomy 22:29; Judges 8:3; Jeremiah 49:10,23; Habakkuk 1:13; Isaiah 46:2; Isaiah 47:11,12; Isaiah 57:20; Lamentations 1:14; Psalm 18:39; Psalm 36:13; Psalm 78:20; Proverbs 30:21; Job 4:2; Job 33:5.
c. with infinitive implicit, always negative, Genesis 29:8 go and feed them; and they said, We are not able, cannot (J), Exodus 8:14 (P), Isaiah 29:11; Jeremiah 20:9; Psalm 21:12; Jonah 1:13.
d. with negative = may not (of moral inability): Genesis 43:32 (J) the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; Judges 21:18 we may not give them wives; especially D, Deuteronomy 7:22; Deuteronomy 12:17; Deuteronomy 14:24; Deuteronomy 16:5; Deuteronomy 17:15; Deuteronomy 22:3; Deuteronomy 28:27,35.
e. be able, followed by imperfect: אוּלַי אוּכַל נַכֶּה Numbers 22:6 (JE) perchance I am able (so that) we smite (see Di; read perhaps נוּכַל for אוּכַל Ges§ 120, 1 b); לֹא יוּכְלוּ יִגְּעוּ Lamentations 4:14 they are unable, they touch = are unable to touch (Dr§ 163, Obs.)
f. be able, followed by perfect consecutive, only very late, אוּכַל וְרָאִיתִי Esther 8:6 (twice in verse), literally how shall I be able and see? — Also in various combinations where English idiom would make it an auxiliary to another verb:
g. able to gain, accomplish: followed by acc לֹא יוּכְלוּ נִקָּיוֺן Hosea 8:5 how long will they be unable (to gain) innocence? יָדַעְתִּ֯כִּיכֹֿל תּוּכָ֑ל Job 42:2 I know that thou art able (to do) all things; אֵין הַמֶּלֶךְ יוּכַל אֶתְכֶם דָּבָר Jeremiah 38:5 the king is not (one who is) able (to do) anything with (אֶתְכם for אִתְּכֶם see Gf, i.e. against) you.
h. able to endure: לֹא אוּכַל אָוֶן וַעֲצָרָה Isaiah 1:13 I cannot endure iniquity and (with) a solemn assembly, Psalm 101:5.
i. able to reach, followed by לְ, Psalm 139:6 it is high, לֹא אוּכַל לָהּ I cannot (reach) to it.
a. absolute prevail, overcome, be victor Genesis 30:8 (E), Genesis 32:29 (J), Hosea 12:5; 1 Samuel 26:25; 1 Kings 22:22 2 Chronicles 18:21; Jeremiah 20:7,11; of waves Jeremiah 5:22; succeed Isaiah 16:12; Jeremiah 3:5 (VB hast had they way).
b. followed by לְ person, prevail against, over Genesis 32:26 (J), Numbers 13:30 (JE), Judges 16:5; 1 Samuel 17:9; Jeremiah 1:19; Jeremiah 15:20; Jeremiah 20:10; Jeremiah 38:22; Obadiah 7; Psalm 129:2; Esther 6:13.
c. once with suffix, יְכָלְתִּיו Psalm 13:5 I have prevailed over him, + Zechariah 9:15 (where read וְיָכְלוּם for וְאָֽכְלוּ with ᵐ5ᵑ7 Klo ThLZ 1879. 564 Sta ZAW 1881,18).
3 absolute have ability, strength, only negative מִשְּׂאֵתוֺ לֹאאוּכָ֑ל Job 31:23 because of his loftiness I have no ability, am inadequate (to anything).