the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6555 - פָּרַץ
1) to break through or down or over, burst, breach
1a1) to break or burst out (from womb or enclosure)
1a2) to break through or down, make a breach in
1a3) to break into
1a4) to break open
1a5) to break up, break in pieces
1a6) to break out (violently) upon
1a7) to break over (limits), increase
1a8) to use violence
1a9) to burst open
1a10) to spread, distribute
1b) (Niphal) to be broken through
1c) (Pual) to be broken down
1d) (Hithpael) to break away
2642) yrp (פרתס PRTs) AC: Spread CO: Breach AB: ?: The breaching of a river bank causing the water to flow and spread out. [from: rp- breaking]
V) yrp (פרתס PRTs) - Spread out: To be spread out wide or widespread. KJV (49): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Pual) break, increase, abroad, breach, made, pressed, breaker, compel, open - Strongs: H6555 (פָּרַץ)
Nm) yrp (פרתס PRTs) - Breach: KJV (19): breach, gap, breaking - Strongs: H6556 (פֶּרֶץ)
bm) yirp (פריתס PRYTs) - Wild: A thief or robber as a vicious beast in the sense of escaping out and spreading out wildly. KJV (6): robber, destroyer, revenous - Strongs: H6530 (פָּרִיץ)
hm) yrpm (מפרתס MPRTs) - Breach: KJV (1): breach - Strongs: H4664 (מִפְרָץ)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular מָּרַץ 2 Samuel 5:20 +; 2 masculine singular suffix מְּרַצְתָּנוּ Psalm 60:3, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִפְרֹץ Exodus 1:12; Exodus 19:22, יִרְְָץֿ v 24, זַיִּפְרֹץ Genesis 30:30 +, etc.; Infinitive absolute מָּרֹץ Isaiah 5:5; construct מְּרֹץ 2 Chronicles 31:5, מְּרוֺץ Ecclesiastes 3:3; Participle active מֹּרֵץ Micah 2:13; Ecclesiastes 10:8; passive feminine singular מָּרוּצָה 2 Chronicles 32:5; Proverbs 25:28; masculine plural מְּרֻצִים Nehemiah 4:1 + הֵםמָּרוּצִים Nehemiah 2:13 Qr (> Kt המפרוצים ); — break through:
1 break or burst out, from womb Genesis 38:29 (J; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb); from enclosure Micah 2:13.
2 break through, down (from without), with accusative גָּדֵר Isaiah 5:5; Psalm 80:13; Psalm 89:41; Ecclesiastes 10:8; חוֺמָה Nehemiah 3:35; 2 Chronicles 26:6, compare passive participle Nehemiah 2:13; 2 Chronicles 32:5; with בְּחוֺמָה = make a breach in 2 Kings 14:13 2 Chronicles 25:23; עִיר מְּרוּצָה Proverbs 25:28; absolute, opposed to בָּנָה Ecclesiastes 3:3; הַמֹּרֵץ Micah 2:13; הַמְּרוּצִים Nehemiah 4:1 the part broken down.
3 break into, with accusative ׳בֵּית י 2 Chronicles 24:7.
4 break open, a mining shaft Job 28:4.
5 break up, break in pieces, with accusative מַעֲשֶׂיךָ 2 Chronicles 20:37 ("" וַּיִּשָּֽׁבְרוּ אֳנִיּוֺת).
6 break put (violently) upon, of ׳י in sudden judgment, with accusative of person 2 Samuel 5:20 = 1 Chronicles 14:11; Psalm 60:3; c, ב person Exodus 19:22,24 (J), I Chron Exodus 15:13, so of plague Psalm 106:29; of ׳י, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מֶּרֶין + ב person 2 Samuel 6:8 = 1 Chronicles 13:11; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb + suffix Job 16:14.
7 use violence absolute Hosea 4:2.
8 break over [limits], increase, וַיִפְרֹץ לָרֹב Genesis 30:30 (J), 1 Chronicles 4:38; + ה locative Genesis 28:14 (J); absolute Genesis 30:43 (J), Exodus 1:12 (J; + רָבָה), Hosea 4:10; Isaiah 54:3, מָּרַץ בָּאָרֶץ Job 1:10.
9 burst open, intransitive, of wine-vats Proverbs 3:10 (with accusative of material תִּירוֺשׁ).
10 spread, i.e. become known, of הַדָּבָר 2 Chronicles 31:5. — 1 Chronicles 13:2 is probably corrupt, see Kau, who (after SS) conjectures נֶחֱרָצָה; ׳פ in 2 Chronicles 11:23 is apparently distributive (with מִן partitive) but dubious. — 1 Samuel 28:23; 2 Samuel 13:25,27; 2 Kings 5:23 see פצר.
Niph`al Participle אֵין חָזוֺן נִפְרָ֑ץ 1 Samuel 3:1 no vision spread abroad (i.e. General, or frequent, compare Qal 10; "" הָיָה יָקָר׳דְּבַר י, but text dubious.
Pu`al Participle feminine מְפֹרָ֑צֶת Nehemiah 1:3 (of wall).
Hithpa`el Participle plural הַמִּתְמָּֽרְצִים 1 Samuel 25:10 slaves who break away, each from (מִמְּנֵי) his master.
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פָּרַץ fut. יִפַרֹץ to break. This primary power not only lies in the letters פר see פרר, but also in the syllable רץ, ῥήσσω, reiBen, see at הָרַס. Corresponding to this root, but with a prefixed sibilant are the Gothic, spreitan, German fpreiBen, to spread. By softening the middle semivocal radical, there is formed the root פּוּץ (compare דָּרַשׁ, דּוּשׁ, מוּת for מָרַת etc.), and all of these have nearly the same significations. Genesis 38:29. Specially
(1) to break down, to destroy (niederreiBen), as a wall, Isaiah 5:5; Psalms 80:13; Micah 2:13; Ecclesiastes 3:3, 10:8 Neh. 3:35 2 Kings 14:13, וַיִפְרֹץ בְּתוֹמַת יְרוּשָׁלַיִם אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹ אַמָּה … “and he brake down in the wall of Jerusalem four hundred cubits.” עִיר פְּרוּעָה a city with the walls broken down, Proverbs 25:28 (compare as to the primary sense of the word עִיר under that word).
(2) to break asunder, i.e. to scatter, disperse hostile forces, 2 Samuel 5:20; Psalms 60:3. Intrans. to disperse, to spread itself abroad, as a people, or a flock, Genesis 28:14; Exodus 1:12 hence to increase in number. Hosea 4:10, “they commit whoredom, וְלֹא יִפְרֹעוּ but do not increase (in number);” Genesis 30:30; Job 1:10. Also used of a man whose riches increase, Genesis 30:43 used of a rumour spreading itself abroad, 2 Chronicles 31:5. Metaph. to be redundant, to over flow, with an acc. of the thing (like other verbs of abundance). Proverbs 3:10, תִּירוֹשׁ יְקָבֶיךָ יִפְרֹצוּ “thy wine-press shall overflow with new wine;” others not so well, “thy wine-presses shall burst with new wine,” for neither can the vat of a wine-press, nor yet the wine-press itself burst with plenty of new wine, which a cask or wine skin alone can. Comp. פֶּרֶץ 2 Samuel 5:20 and syn. פּוּץ No. 3.
(3) to break forth upon, followed by בְּ einbrechen auf jem. Exodus 19:22, 24 Exodus 19:24; 2 Samuel 6:8; 1 Chronicles 15:13, seq.; followed by an acc., Job 16:14. Also to produce by breaking through. Job 28:4, פָּרַץ נַתַר “he breaks (a mine) through;” i.e. he sinks a shaft into the ground. Hence
(a) in a bad sense, to act violently (whence פָּרִיץ), Hosea 4:2.
(b) in a good sense, to be urgent in prayers, followed by בְּ 1 Samuel 28:23; 2 Samuel 13:25, 27 2 Samuel 13:27.
Niphal, pass. of No. 2; part. נִפְרָץ spread abroad, i.e. frequent, 1 Samuel 3:1.
Pual, pass. of No. 1, broken down, Nehemiah 1:3.
Hithpael, to break off, i.e. to separate oneself from any one, 1 Samuel 25:10.
Derivatives, פָּרִיץ, מִפְרָץ, and
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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