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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2837 - κοιμάω

Transliteration
koimáō
Phonetics
koy-mah'-o  
Word Origin
from (2749)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to cause to sleep, put to sleep
  2. metaph.
    1. to still, calm, quiet
    2. to fall asleep, to sleep
    3. to die
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 956 ‑ בּוּת (booth);  1961 ‑ הָיָה (haw‑yaw');  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  3286 ‑ יָעֵף (yaw‑af');  3427 ‑ יָשַׁב (yaw‑shab');  3462 ‑ יָשֵׁן (yaw‑shane');  3885 ‑ לוּן (loon, leen);  5181 ‑ נָחַת (naw‑khath');  5440 ‑ סָבַךְ (saw‑bak');  7257 ‑ רָבַץ (raw‑bats');  7290 ‑ רָדַם (raw‑dam');  7901 ‑ שָׁכַב (shaw‑kab');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (18) NAS (18) HCS (18)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 6
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Peter 1
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 6
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Peter 1
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 6
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Peter 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-API-3P 2
V-API-3S 2
V-APP-APM 2
V-APP-NPM 1
V-APS-3S 1
V-FPI-1P 1
V-PPI-3P 1
V-PPP-APM 1
V-PPP-GPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 1
V-RPI-3S 2
V-RPP-GPM 3
V-API-3P 2
V-API-3S 2
V-APP-APM 2
V-APP-NPM 1
V-APS-3S 1
V-FPI-1P 1
V-PPI-3P 1
V-PPP-APM 1
V-PPP-GPM 2
V-PPP-NSM 1
V-RPI-3S 2
V-RPP-GPM 2
V-API-3P 2
V-API-3S 2
V-APP-APM 2
V-APP-NPM 1
V-APS-3S 1
V-FPI-1P 1
V-PPI-3P 1
V-PPP-APM 1
V-PPP-GPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 1
V-RPI-3S 2
V-RPP-GPM 3
NA WH
V-API-3P 1
V-API-3S 1
V-APPAPM 1
V-PMPGPM 1
V-XMPGPM 1
V-API-3P 2
V-API-3S 2
V-APP-APM 2
V-APP-NPM 1
V-APS-3S 1
V-FPI-1P 1
V-PPI-3P 1
V-PPP-APM 1
V-PPP-GPM 3
V-PPP-NSM 1
V-RPI-3S 2
V-RPP-GPM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κοιμ-άω,

fut. - ήσω, Dor. - άσω [ ]: aor. ἐκοίμησα, κοίμησα Od. 12.372: Med., fut. - ήσομαι OGI 383.43 (Commagene, i B.C.), D.H. 4.64, Luc. DDeor. 4.4, etc.: aor. κοιμήσατο, -αντο, Il. 11.241, 1.476: Pass., fut. - ηθήσομαι S. Fr. 574.6, Luc. Asin. 40, Alciphr. 1.37.3, etc.: aor. ἐκοιμήθην Od. 14.411, al., E. Andr. 390, Pl. R. 571e, etc.: pf. κεκοίμημαι Aeschrio 8.2, Luc. Gall. 6:

I

1. lull, put to sleep, κοίμησον.. Ζηνὸς ὑπ' ὀφρύσιν ὄσσε φαεινώ Il. 14.236; ἦ με.. κοιμήσατε νηλέϊ ὕπνῳ Od. 12.372; βλέφαρα μὴ κοιμῶν ὕπνῳ A. Th. 3; put to bed, τὸν δ' αὐτοῦ κοίμησε Od. 3.397; of a hind, ἐν ξυλόχῳ.. νεβροὺς κοιμήσασα 4.336.

2. metaph., still, calm, ἀνέμους, κύματα, Il. 12.281, Od. 12.169; φλόγα A. Ag. 597; κύματος μένος Id. Eu. 832; εὔφημον.. κοίμησον στόμα Id. Ag. 1247; also, soothe, assuage, κοίμησον δ' ὀδύνας Il. 16.524; (sc. φύλλῳ) κοιμῶ τόδ' ἕλκος S. Ph. 650.

II

1. Med. and Pass., fall asleep, go to bed, Il. 1.476, al., Hdt. 1.9, etc.; of animals, lie down, κατὰ ἤθεα κοιμηθῆναι Od. 14.411: c. acc. cogn., ποῖόν τινα ὕπνον ἐκοιμῶ; X. Hier. 6.7; βαθὺν κοιμηθῆναι (sc. ὕπνον) Luc. DMar. 2.3.

2. metaph., ὅπως ἂν κοιμηθῇ [τὸ ἐπιθυμητικόν ] Pl. l.c.

3. of the sleep of death, κοιμήσατο χάλκεον ὕπνον Il. 11.241; ἱερὸν ὕπνον κ. Call. 11.2: abs., fall asleep, die, S. El. 509 (lyr.), Aeschrio l.c.; ἐκοιμήθη μετὰ τῶν πατέρων LXX 3 Ki. 2.10, al., cf. PFay. 22.28 (i A.D.), Matthew 27:52, John 11:11, etc.; in epitaphs, IG 14.1683, etc.; κ. τὸν αἰώνιον ὕπνον ib.929.

4. κοιμῶντο.. παρὰ μνηστῇς ἀλόχοισι Il. 6.246, cf. 250: hence, of sexual intercourse, lie with another, Od. 8.295, Pi. I. 8(7).23; οὔ τινι κοιμηθεῖσα Hes. Th. 213; παρά τινι Hdt. 3.68; σὺν δεσπόταισι E. l.c.; μετά τινος Timocl. 22.2; ἀπὸ γυναικὸς ἀνὴρ τὰν νύκτα κοιμαθές Berl.Sitzb. 1927.157 (Cyrene).

5. keep watch at night, A. Ha 2, X. Cyr. 1.2.4, 9, POxy. 933.25 (ii A.D.), etc.

6. of things, remain during the night, οὐ μὴ κοιμηθήσεται ὁ μισθὸς παρά σοι ἕως πρωί LXX Leviticus 19:13; ἡ κιβωτὸς ἐκοιμήθη ἐκεῖ ib. John 6:10.

7. c. acc., dream of, μέταλλα χρύσεια Luc. Gall. 6.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κοιμάω, κοίμω: passive, present κοιμάομαι. κοιμωμαι; perfect κεκοίμημαι (cf. Winer's Grammar, 274 (257)); 1 aorist ἐκοιμήθην; 1 future κοιμηθήσομαι; (akin to κεῖμαι; Curtius, § 45); to cause to sleep, put to sleep (Homer, et al.); metaphorically, to still, calm, quiet, (Homer, Aeschylus, Plato); passive to sleep, fall asleep: properly, Matthew 28:13; Luke 22:45; John 11:12; Acts 12:6; the Sept. for שָׁכַב. metaphorically, and euphemistically equivalent to to die (cf. English to fall asleep): John 11:11; Acts 7:60; Acts 13:36; 1 Corinthians 7:39; 1 Corinthians 11:30; 1 Corinthians 15:6, 51 (cf. Winers Grammar, 555 (517); Buttmann, 121 (106) note); 2 Peter 3:4; οἱ κοιμώμενοι, κεκοιμημένοι, κοιμηθέντες, equivalent to the dead: Matthew 27:52; 1 Corinthians 15:20; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-15; with ἐν Χριστῷ added (see ἐν, I. 6 b., p. 211b), 1 Corinthians 15:18; in the same sense Isaiah 14:8; Isaiah 43:17; 1 Kings 11:43; 2 Macc. 12:45; Homer, Iliad 11, 241; Sophocles Electr. 509.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κοιμάω , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7901;]

to lull to sleep, put to sleep. Mid and pass., to fall asleep (M, Pr., 162; M, Th., 1, 4, 13): Matthew 28:13, Luke 22:45, John 11:12, Acts 12:6. Metaph, of death: Matthew 27:52, John 11:11 Acts 7:60; Acts 13:36, 1 Corinthians 7:39; 1 Corinthians 11:30; 1 Corinthians 15:6; 1 Corinthians 15:18; 1 Corinthians 15:20; 1 Corinthians 15:51, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-15, 2 Peter 3:4 (cf. Isaiah 14:8; Isaiah 43:17, 2 Maccabees 12:45).†

SYN.: καθεύδω G2518.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Κοιμάομαι, ";sleep,"; is common, e.g. P Ryl II. 127.8 (A.D. 29) κοιμωμένου μου ἐπὶ τῆς θύρας, ";as I was sleeping at the door,"; P Oxy VI. 933.25 (late ii/A.D.) ἐποίησα δὲ καὶ τὸν νυκτοστράτηγον φ [ ]λακα κοιμᾶσθαι πρὸς τῇ οἰκίᾳ, ";I made the night-strategus sleep on guard at the house"; (Edd.). In P Giss I. 19.12 (ii/A.D.) a wife writes to an absent husband that she had gone to bed without food— [γ ]ευστος ἐκοιμώμην — so great was her anxiety regarding him. We may also cite the curious ostrakon-letter, Ostr 1157 (Thebes—ii/iii A.D.), in which certain taxgatherers give permission to an hetaeraτῇ ὑπογεγραμέν () ἡμέρᾳ μεθ᾽ οὗ ἐὰν θέλῃς ἐνθάδε κοιμᾶσθαι (cf. Archiv vi. p. 220 n..1). A purely middle use of κοιμηθῆναι is found in P Goodsp Cairo 3.10 (iii/B.C.) ἡνίκα ἤμελλον κοιμηθῆναι ἔγραψα ἐπιστόλια β ̄ : on the other hand P Fay 110.13 (A.D. 94) [ν ]α τὰ πρόβατα ἐκεῖ κοιμηθῆι (";may be folded";) is a clear instance of the passive, as possibly in 1 Thessalonians 4:14, 1 Corinthians 15:18. In Mél. Nicole p. 181 Goodspeed gives a wooden tablet ";probably for school use,"; in which this distich is repeated several times—

ᾧ μὴ δέδωκεν ἡ τύχη κοιμωμένῳ

μάτην δραμεῖται κἂν ὑπὲρ Λάδαν δράμῃ.

The thought is parallel with that of Psa. 127꞉2 [MT Psalms 128:2] when read as in RV marg., ";so he giveth unto his beloved in sleep."; See also OGIS 383.43 (mid. i/B.C.) ἱεροθεσίου τοῦδε. . . ἐν ὧι. . . σῶμα μορφῆς ἐμῆς. . . εἰς τὸν ἄπειρον αἰῶνα κοιμήσεται, and such Christian inscrr. as IGSI 549.1 σὺν θεῷ. . ἐκοιμ [ήθη ] ή δούλη τοῦ [θεοῦ ] Σαβεῖνα, ib. 68.1 ἐκοιμήθη ἡ θεοκοίμητος Αἰγεία, and the striking inscr. of v/vi A.D. found on the Mount of Olives (Revue archéologique iv. 3 (1904), p. 141—cited by Radermacher Gr. p. 88)—

ἐνθάδε κεῖται ἡ δούλη καὶ νύμφη τοῦ Χριστοῦ

Σοφία ἡ διάκονος ἡ δευτέρα Φοίβη, κοιμηθεῖσα

ἐν εἰρήνῃ τῇ κ ̄α ̄ τοῦ Μαρτίου μηνός κτλ.

In contrast to this, for the general hopelessness of the pagan world in the presence of death, see such an inscr. as IGS1 929.13 κοιμᾶται τὸν αἰώνιον ὕπν (ον), ib,1879.11 εὐψυχῶ. . ὅστις οὐκ ἤμην καὶ ἐγενόμην, οὐκ εἰμὶ καὶ οὐ λυποῦμαι, and the other citations in Thess, p. 56. The active is found in the illiterate BGU III. 775.8 (ii/A.D.) πρὸς δύο ἡμέρας ἐκύ (= οί)μησα ἐκεῖ : cf. Genesis 24:11, and for the form κοιμίζω, ";cause to rest,"; which is read here in א, and which survives in MGr, cf. a fragment of an Anthology, P Tebt I. 1.13 f. (c. B.C. 100)—

ἐρῶντος ψυχὴ καὶ λαμπάδιον ὑπ᾽ ἀνέμου

ποτὲ μὲν ἀνήφθη ποτὲ δὲ πάλι κοιμίζεται.

";A love’s spirit, as a torch fanned by the wind, is now ablaze, and now again dies away"; (Edd.)

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκοιμηθη εκοιμηθή εκοιμήθη ἐκοιμήθη εκοιμήθημεν εκοιμήθην εκοιμήθης εκοιμηθησαν εκοιμήθησαν ἐκοιμήθησαν εκοιμώντο κεκοιμημενων κεκοιμημένων κεκοίμησαι κεκοιμηται κεκοίμηται κεκοίμηταί κοιμά κοιμάσθαι κοιμάται κοιμηθείς κοιμηθέντα κοιμηθεντας κοιμηθέντας κοιμηθεντες κοιμηθέντες κοιμηθη κοιμηθή κοιμηθῇ κοιμηθήναι κοιμηθήσεσθε κοιμηθήσεται κοιμηθήση κοιμηθήσομαι κοιμηθησομεθα κοιμηθησόμεθα κοιμηθήσονται κοιμηθήτε κοιμήθητι κοιμηθήτω κοιμηθώ κοιμηθώμεν κοιμηθώσιν κοιμώμενον κοιμωμενος κοιμώμενος κοιμωμενους κοιμωμένους κοιμωμενων κοιμωμένων κοιμωνται κοιμώνται κοιμῶνται ekoimethe ekoimēthē ekoimḗthe ekoimḗthē ekoimethesan ekoimēthēsan ekoimḗthesan ekoimḗthēsan kekoimemenon kekoimeménon kekoimēmenōn kekoimēménōn kekoimetai kekoimētai kekoímetai kekoímētai koimethe koimēthē koimethêi koimēthē̂i koimethentas koimethéntas koimēthentas koimēthéntas koimethentes koimethéntes koimēthentes koimēthéntes koimethesometha koimethesómetha koimēthēsometha koimēthēsómetha koimomenon koimoménon koimōmenōn koimōménōn koimomenos koimōmenos koimṓmenos koimomenous koimoménous koimōmenous koimōménous koimontai koimôntai koimōntai koimō̂ntai
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