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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2872 - κοπιάω

Transliteration
kopiáō
Phonetics
kop-ee-ah'-o  
Word Origin
from a derivative of (2873)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:827,453
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to grow weary, tired, exhausted (with toil or burdens or grief)
  2. to labour with wearisome effort, to toil
    1. of bodily labour
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 213 ‑ אוּץ (oots);  2308 ‑ חָדַל (khaw‑dal');  2342 ‑ חוּל (khool, kheel);  2470 ‑ חָלָה (khaw‑law');  2490 ‑ חָלַל (khaw‑lal');  2826 ‑ חָשַׁל (khaw‑shal');  2974 ‑ יָאַל (yaw‑al');  3021 ‑ יָגַע (yaw‑gah');  3287 ‑ יָעֵף (yaw‑afe');  3782 ‑ כָּשַׁל (kaw‑shal');  3811 ‑ לָאָה (law‑aw');  5774 ‑ עוּף (oof);  5888 ‑ עִיף (aw‑yafe');  5999 ‑ עָמָל (aw‑mawl');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (23) NAS (24) HCS (23)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 2
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 2
Luke 2
John 3
Acts 1
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 2
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAP-APF 1
V-PAP-APM 2
V-PAP-ASM 1
V-PAP-DSM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2
V-RAI-1S 1
V-RAI-2P 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAP-NSM 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAP-APF 1
V-PAP-APM 2
V-PAP-ASM 1
V-PAP-DSM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2
V-RAI-1S 1
V-RAI-2P 1
V-RAI-2S 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAP-NSM 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 2
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAP-APF 1
V-PAP-APM 2
V-PAP-ASM 1
V-PAP-DSM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2
V-RAI-1S 1
V-RAI-2P 1
V-RAI-2S 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAP-NSM 1
NA WH
V-AAI-1S 1
V-PAPDSM 1
V-XAI-2S 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-3S 3
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAP-APF 1
V-PAP-APM 3
V-PAP-ASM 2
V-PAP-DSM 1
V-PAP-NPM 3
V-RAI-1S 2
V-RAI-2P 2
V-RAI-2S 1
V-RAI-3P 2
V-RAP-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κοπ-ιάω,

fut. - άσω [ ]: aor. ἐκοπίᾱσα Men. Phasm. 36: pf. κεκοπίᾱκα Revelation 2:3 : (κόπος):

I to be tired, grow weary, Ar. Th. 795, Fr. 318.8, LXX Ev Deuteronomy 25:18, al.; κ. τὰ σκέλη Alex. 147, Men.l.c.; κ. ὑπὸ ἀγαθῶν to be weary of good things, Ar. Av. 735; ἐκ τῆς ὁδοιπορίας John 4:6; τῇ διανοίᾳ Erasistr. ap. Gal. Consuet. 1: c. part., κ. ὀρχούμενοι Ar. Fr. 602; ζῶν AP 12.46 (Ascl); μὴ κοπιάτω φιλοσοφῶν Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.59U., cf. Plu. 2.185e: aor. part. κοπιάσας, defunctus laboribus, IG 14.1811: Med. in act. sense, Arist. Pr. 881a14.

II work hard, toil, Matthew 6:28, etc.; μεθ' ἡδονῆς κ. Vett.Val. 266.6; εἴς τι 1 Timothy 4:10, cf. Romans 16:6; ἔν τινι 1 Timothy 5:17; ἐπί τι LXX Jo. 24.13: c. inf., strive, struggle, μὴ κοπία ζητεῖν Lyr.Alex.Adesp. 37.7.

III = cross κοπάζω, come to rest: arrive at a state of saturation, PLeid.X. 30 (iii/iv A. D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κοπιάω, κοπιῶ (3 person plural κοπιουσιν (for κοπιῶσιν), Matthew 6:28 Tr; cf. ἐρωτάω, at the beginning); 1 aorist ἐκοπίασα; perfect κεκοπίακα (2 person singular κεκοπίακες, Revelation 2:3 L T Tr WH, cf. (Winers Grammar, § 13, 2 c.); Buttmann, 43 (38) (and his translation of Apollonius Dyscolus, p. 54 n.; Tdf. Proleg., p. 123; WHs Appendix, p. 166; Sophocles' Lexicon, p. 39)); (κόπος, which see);

1. as in Aristophanes, Josephus, Plutarch, others, to grow weary, tired, exhausted, (with toil or burdens or grief): Matthew 11:28; Revelation 2:3; κεκοπιακώς ἐκ τῆς ὁδοιπορίας, John 4:6 (ὑπό τῆς ὁδοιπορίας,Josephus, Antiquities 2, 15, 3; δραμοῦνται καί οὐ κοπιασουσι, Isaiah 40:31).

2. in Biblical Greek alone, to labor with wearisome effort, to toil (the Sept. for יָגַע ); of bodily labor: absolutely, Matthew 6:28; Luke 5:5; Luke 12:27 (not Tdf.); John 4:38; Acts 20:35; 1 Corinthians 4:12; Ephesians 4:28; 2 Timothy 2:6 (cf. Winers Grammar, 556 (517); Buttmann, 390 (334)); τί, upon a thing, John 4:38. of the toilsome efforts of teachers in proclaiming and promoting the kingdom of God and Christ: 1 Corinthians 15:10; 1 Corinthians 16:16 (cf. John 4:38); followed by ἐν with the dative of the thing in which one labors, ἐν λόγῳ καί διδασκαλία, 1 Timothy 5:17; ἐν ὑμῖν,among you, 1 Thessalonians 5:12; ἐν κυρίῳ (see ἐν, I. 6 b., p. 211b middle (L brackets the clause)), Romans 16:12; εἰς τινα, for one, for his benefit, Romans 16:6; Galatians 4:11 (cf. Buttmann, 242 (200); Winer's Grammar, 503 (469)); εἰς τοῦτο, looking to this (viz. that piety has the promise of life), 1 Timothy 4:10; εἰς , to which end, Colossians 1:29; εἰς κενόν, in vain, Philippians 2:16 (κενῶς ἐκοπίασα, of the frustrated labor of the prophets, Isaiah 49:4).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κοπιάω , -

(< κόπος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H3021;]

1. (as in cl.) to grow weary: Matthew 11:28, John 4:6, Revelation 2:3 (cf. Isaiah 40:31).

2. Hence, in LXX and NT, to work with effort, to toil: absol., Matthew 6:23, Luke 5:5; Luke 12:27, John 4:38, Acts 20:35, 1 Corinthians 4:12, Ephesians 4:28, 2 Timothy 2:5; c. acc rei, John 4:38; freq. in Paul. Epp., of ministerial labour: 1 Corinthians 15:10; 1 Corinthians 16:16; seq. ἐν , Romans 16:12, 1 Thessalonians 5:12 (v. M, Th., in l), 1 Timothy 5:17; εἰς , Romans 16:6, Galatians 4:11, Philippians 2:16, Colossians 1:29, 1 Timothy 4:10.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The special Biblical sense of this verb, ";work hard,"; ";toil,"; may perhaps be seen in Vett. Val. p. 266.6 ἱλαροὺς περὶ τὰς πράξεις καὶ μεθ᾽ ἡδονῆς κοπιῶντας. Lightfoot on Ignat. ad Polyc. vi. thinks that the notion of ";toilsome training"; for an athletic contest underlies the word, and cites Philippians 2:16, Colossians 1:29, 1 Timothy 4:10, in illustration; but it should be noted that the word can also be used without any such metaphorical reference, as in LXX 2 Kings 17:2 (MT 2 Samuel 17:2), Isaiah 49:4, Sirach 51:27 : see also Field Notes, p. 7. An uncommon usage is found in P Leid XV. 27 (iii/iv A.D.), where in a recipe for making silver the direction occurs—καὶ ἔμβαλε τὴν πίσσαν τὴν ξηράν, ἕως κοπιάσῃ, ";et inicito picem siccam, donec saturatum sit"; (Ed.). For the form κεκοπίακες in Revelation 2:3 see W Schm Gr. p. 113, n.16.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκοπίας εκοπιασα εκοπίασα ἐκοπίασα εκοπιάσαμεν εκοπίασαν εκοπίασας εκοπιάσατε εκοπίασε εκοπιασεν εκοπίασεν ἐκοπίασεν εκοπίων κεκοπιακα κεκοπίακα κεκοπίακας κεκοπιάκασι κεκοπιακασιν κεκοπιάκασιν κεκοπιακατε κεκοπιάκατε κεκοπιακες κεκοπίακες κεκοπιακως κεκοπιακώς κεκοπιακὼς κοπια κοπιά κοπιᾷ κοπιάσαι κοπιασαντες κοπιάσαντες κοπιάσει κοπιάσεις κοπιάσουσι κοπιάσουσιν κοπιατω κοπιάτω κοπιω κοπιώ κοπιῶ κοπιωμεν κοπιώμεν κοπιῶμεν κοπιών κοπιωντα κοπιώντα κοπιῶντα κοπιωντας κοπιώντας κοπιῶντας κοπιωντες κοπιώντες κοπιῶντες κοπιωντι κοπιώντι κοπιῶντι κοπιώντων κοπιωσας κοπιώσας κοπιωσιν κοπιῶσιν ekopiasa ekopíasa ekopiasen ekopíasen kekopiaka kekopíaka kekopiakasin kekopiákasin kekopiakate kekopiákate kekopiakes kekopíakes kekopiakos kekopiakōs kekopiakṑs kopia kopiā̂i kopiasantes kopiásantes kopiato kopiatō kopiáto kopiátō kopio kopiô kopiō kopiō̂ kopiomen kopiômen kopiōmen kopiō̂men kopionta kopiônta kopiōnta kopiō̂nta kopiontas kopiôntas kopiōntas kopiō̂ntas kopiontes kopiôntes kopiōntes kopiō̂ntes kopionti kopiônti kopiōnti kopiō̂nti kopiosas kopiōsas kopiṓsas kopiosin kopiôsin kopiōsin kopiō̂sin
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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