Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4151 - πνεῦμα

Transliteration
pneûma
Phonetics
pnyoo'-mah
Origin
from (G4154)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
6:332,876
Definition
Thayer's
  1. the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son
    1. sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the Holy Spirit)
    2. sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of Truth)
    3. never referred to as a depersonalised force
  2. the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated
    1. the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides
    2. the soul
  3. a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting
    1. a life giving spirit
    2. a human soul that has left the body
    3. a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel
      1. used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men
      2. the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ
  4. the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one
    1. the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.
  5. a movement of air (a gentle blast)
    1. of the wind, hence the wind itself
    2. breath of nostrils or mouth
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5397 ‑ נְשָׁמָה (nesh‑aw‑maw');  6921 ‑ קָדִם (kaw‑deem', kaw‑deem');  7307 ‑ רוּחַ (roo'‑akh);  7602 ‑ שָׁאַף (shaw‑af');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (385)
Matthew
19
Mark
23
Luke
38
John
24
Acts
70
Romans
35
1 Corinthians
41
2 Corinthians
17
Galatians
18
Ephesians
15
Philippians
4
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
12
James
2
1 Peter
9
2 Peter
1
1 John
13
Jude
2
Revelation
23
NAS (380)
Matthew
19
Mark
23
Luke
37
John
24
Acts
70
Romans
34
1 Corinthians
40
2 Corinthians
17
Galatians
18
Ephesians
14
Philippians
5
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
12
James
2
1 Peter
8
2 Peter
1
1 John
12
Jude
2
Revelation
24
HCS (379)
Matthew
19
Mark
23
Luke
36
John
24
Acts
70
Romans
34
1 Corinthians
40
2 Corinthians
17
Galatians
18
Ephesians
14
Philippians
5
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
12
James
2
1 Peter
8
2 Peter
1
1 John
12
Jude
2
Revelation
24
BSB (379)
Matthew
19
Mark
23
Luke
36
John
24
Acts
70
Romans
34
1 Corinthians
40
2 Corinthians
17
Galatians
18
Ephesians
14
Philippians
5
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
12
James
2
1 Peter
8
2 Peter
1
1 John
12
Jude
2
Revelation
24
ESV (361)
Matthew
18
Mark
22
Luke
33
John
24
Acts
66
Romans
33
1 Corinthians
39
2 Corinthians
17
Galatians
18
Ephesians
14
Philippians
4
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
12
James
2
1 Peter
7
2 Peter
1
1 John
12
Revelation
22
WEB (433)
Matthew
24
Mark
31
Luke
49
John
25
Acts
84
Romans
39
1 Corinthians
41
2 Corinthians
17
Galatians
18
Ephesians
15
Philippians
4
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
15
James
2
1 Peter
9
2 Peter
2
1 John
12
Jude
3
Revelation
24
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πνεῦμα, ατος, τό, ( πνέω )

blast, wind, first in Anaximen. 2, ὅλον τὸν κόσμον π. καὶ ἀὴρ περιέχει: freq. in Trag., etc., ἀνέμων πνεύματα πάντων A. Pr. 1086 (anap.), cf. 1047 (anap.); θαλάσσας . . πνεύματι λάβρῳ Id. Pers. 110 (lyr.); πνευμάτων ἐπομβρίᾳ Id. Fr. 300.3; τέως δὲ κούφοις πνεύμασιν βόσκου S. Aj. 558; πνεύμασιν θαλασσίοις ἐξωσθέντες E. Cyc. 278 (but πνοή is commoner in Poets; Hom. uses πνοιή ) ; πνεύματα ἀνέμων Hdt. 7.16 . ά; τὸ π. κατῄει Th. 2.84; κατὰ πρύμναν ἵσταται τὸ π. ib. 97; τὸ π. λεῖον καὶ καθεστηκὸς λαβεῖν Ar. Ra. 1003; τὸ π. ἔλαττον γίγνεται Id. Eq. 441; εἰ φορὸν π. εἴη X. HG 6.2.27; κατὰ πνεῦμα στῆναι τοῦ ἄρρενος to leeward of him, Arist. HA 560b14; but κατὰ π. προσιόντες down wind, ib. 535a19; πνεύματος ἀνείλησις, ἐκπύρωσις, Epicur. Ephesians 2 pp.44,45 U.; as an element, air, Corp.Herm. 1.9, 16; τὸ π. τὸ περὶ τὴν ψυχήν Plot. 2.2.2, cf. Porph. Sent. 29 .

2. metaph., θαλερωτέρῳ π. with more genial breeze or influence, A. Th. 708 (lyr.); λύσσης π. μάργῳ Id. Pr. 884 (anap.); αἰδοίῳ π. χώρας with air or spirit of respect on the part of the country, Id. Supp. 29 (anap.); π. ταὐτὸν οὔποτ' . . ἐν ἀνδράσιν φίλοις βέβηκεν the wind is constantly changing even among friends, S. OC 612; π. συμφορᾶς E. IT 1317; ὅταν θεοῦ σοι π. μεταβαλὸν τύχῃ Id. HF 216 .

II breathed air, breath, σάλπιγξ βροτείου πνεύματος πληρουμένη A. Eu. 568; αὐλῶν, λωτοῦ π., E. Ba. 128 (lyr.), Ph. 787 (lyr., pl.); π. ἀπέρρηξεν βίου the breath of life, A. Pers. 507; π. ἀπώλεσεν Id. Th. 984 (lyr.); π. ἄθροισον collect breath, E. Ph. 851; π. ἀφεῖναι, ἀνεῖναι, μεθεῖναι, to give up the ghost, Id. Hec. 571, Or. 277, Tr. 785 (anap.); π. δειμαίνων λιπεῖν Id. Supp. 554; π. . . δυσῶδες ἠφίει Th. 2.49; πνεύματος διαρροαί the wind-pipe, E. Hec. 567; τὰς τοῦ π. διεξόδους ἀποφράττον Pl. Ti. 91c (v. πνεύμων ) ; πνεύματος ῥώμη Plu. 2.804b: prov., ἄνθρωπός ἐστι π. καὶ σκιὰ μόνον S. Fr. 13 .

2. breathing, respiration, freq. in Hp., π. πυκνόν, ἀραιόν, ἐκτεῖνον, κατεπεῖγον, Epid. 2.3.7; π. πυκνότερον Acut. 16; π. προσκόπτον checked, difficult breathing, Aph. 4.68; π. ἄσημον indistinct, feeble breathing, Epid. 6.7.8; π. βηχῶδες Coac. 622; π. μετέωρον shallow breathing, Epid. 2.3.1; τὸ π. ἔχειν ἄνω to be out of breath, Men. 23, cf. Sosicr. 1; τὸ π. ἀνήνεγκαν recovered their breath, Hp. Prorrh. 2.12 (so without τὸ π. Aph. 2.43 ); but ἀναφέρουσιν . . κλαίοντά τε καὶ ἐς τὰς ῥῖνας ἀνέλκοντα τὸ π. they sob . ., Id. Hebd. 51 . pl., of the air imagined as filling the veins, πνευμάτων ἀπολήψιες ἀνὰ φλέβας Id. Acut.(Sp.) 7,al.

3. flatulence, in pl., Eub. 107.9, Arist. Pr. 948b25, Dsc. 2.112, D.L. 6.94 .

4. breath of life, π. ζωῆς LXX Genesis 6:17, LXX Genesis 7:15, cf. Plu. Per. 13,etc.; π. ἔχειν retain life, Plb. 31.10.4; living being, ἐγὼ Νίνος πάλαι ποτ' ἐγενόμην π. Phoen. 1.16; οὐ π. πάντα βρότεια σοὶ (sc. Πλούτωνι ) νέμεται; IG 14.769 ( Naples ).

5. that which is breathed forth or exhaled, odour, ὦ θεῖον ὀδμῆς π. E. Hipp. 1391; π. βαρὺ ἀφιεῖσα, of a tree, Plu. 2.647b.

6. Gramm., breathing with which a vowel is pronounced, ib. 1009e (pl.), A.D. Adv. 147.18; π. δασύ, ψιλόν, Id. Pron. 78.6, Adv. 148.9 .

III divine inspiration, ἄγρια . . πνεύματα θευφορίης AP 6.220.4 ( Diosc. ); εἰ μή τι θεῖον . . ἐνῆν π. τῇ ψυχῇ Pl. Ax. 370c; τὸ ἱερὸν καὶ δαιμόνιον ἐν μούσαις π. Plu. 2.605a; καθαρὸν δίκαιον . . π. θεοῦ σωτῆρος BMus.Inscr. 1062 (Cyrene, ii A. D. ). the spirit of God, π. θεοῦ LXX Genesis 1:2, etc.: freq. in NT, τὸ π. τὸ ἅγιον Mark 3:29,al.

2. spirit of man, εἴτ' ἐστὶ τοῦτο π. θεῖον εἴτε νοῦς Men. 482.3: in NT, opp. ψυχή, 1 Thessalonians 5:23, cf. Ep.Romans 8:2; τῷ π., opp. τῷ σώματι, Cor. 5.3; also, opp. γράμμα, Romans 2:29 . spiritual or immaterial being, angel, Ep.Hebrews 1:14, Revelation 1:4; τὰ ἄχραντα π., τὰ κακὰ π., Iamb. Myst. 3.31; π. πονηρόν, ψευδές, LXX Jd. 9.23, 3 Ki. 22.21, cf. Acts 19:12; Revelation 19:15, Revelation 16:14, Porph. ap. Eus. PE 4.23, etc.; ἀλάλου καὶ κακοῦ π. οὖσα πλήρης (sc. ἡ Πυθία ) Plu. 2.438b. Rhet., sentence declaimed in one breath, Hermog. Inv. 3.10, 4.4,al.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τνεῦμα , -τος , τό

(<πνέω ),

[in LXX chiefly and very freq. for H7307;]

1. of air in motion;

(a) wind: John 3:8; pl., Hebrews 1:7 (LXX);

(b) breath: Papyri ζωῆς , Revelation 11:11; Papyri τοῦ στοματος , fig., 2 Thessalonians 2:8 (cf. Psalms 33:6).

2. Of the vital principle, the spirit (Arist., Polyb., al.) : Luke 8:55, John 19:30, Acts 7:59, al.; opp. to σάρξ , Matthew 26:41, Mark 14:3 S, 1 Corinthians 5:5, al.; to σώμα , Romans 8:10, 1 Corinthians 6:17; 1 Corinthians 7:34, 1 Peter 4:6; to ψυχή , Philippians 1:27, Hebrews 4:12; τὸ Papyri καὶ ἡ ψ . καὶ τ . σῶμα , 1 Thessalonians 5:23 (M, Th., in l); dat., τῷ Papyri, in spirit, Mark 2:8; Mark 8:12, John 11:33; John 13:21, Acts 18:25, Romans 12:11, 1 Corinthians 7:34, 1 Peter 3:18, al.; of the human spirit of Christ, Romans 1:4, 1 Timothy 3:16.

3. spirit, i.e. frame of mind, disposition, influence : Luke 1:17, Romans 8:15, 1 Corinthians 4:21, Galatians 6:1, Ephesians 2:2, 2 Timothy 1:7, 1 John 4:6, al.

4. An incorporeal being, a spirit: Luke 24:37; Luke 24:39, Acts 23:8; Papyri ὁ θεός , God is spirit, John 4:24; πατὴρ τῶν Papyri, Hebrews 12:9; of disembodied human beings, Hebrews 12:23, 1 Peter 3:19 (ICC, in l; DB, iii, 795); of angels, Hebrews 1:14; of demons or evil spirits, Matthew 8:16, Mark 9:20, Luke 9:39, al.; Papyri πύθωνα , Acts 16:16; πνεύματα δαιμονίων , Revelation 16:14; Papyri δαιμονίου ἀκαθάρτου , Luke 4:33; Papyri ἀσθενείας (B1„ § 35, 5), Luke 13:11; Papyri ἀκάθαρτον , Matthew 10:1, Mark 1:23, Luke 4:36, Acts 5:16; Papyri ἄλαλον (καὶ κωφόν ), Mark 9:17; Mark 9:25; πονηρόν , Luke 7:21, Acts 19:12, al.

5. Of the Holy Spirit, Papyri ἅγιον , τὸ ἅ . Papyri, τὸ Papyri τὸ ἅ ., τὸ Papyri, Papyri (the article as a rule being used when the Spirit is regarded as a Person or a Divine Power, and omitted when the reference is to an operation, influence or gift of the Spirit; v. WM, 151.5; Bl., § 46, 7) : anarth., Matthew 1:18; Matthew 3:11; Matthew 3:16; Matthew 4:1 Mark 1:8 (Swete, in l), ib. Mark 1:10, Luke 1:15, John 7:39, Acts 19:2, Romans 5:5, 1 Corinthians 2:4, al.; c. art., Matthew 4:1; Matthew 12:31-32 Mark 1:10; Mark 3:29, Luke 2:26, John 7:39; John 14:26, Acts 4:31; Acts 5:3, Romans 8:16, al.; (τὸ ) Papyri (τοῦ ) θεοῦ , Matthew 3:16, Romans 8:9, Ephesians 3:16; Ephesians 3:1-21 :1Jn_4:2, al.; τὸ Papyri τ . πατρός , Matthew 10:20; Papyri θεοῦ , ζῶντος , 2 Corinthians 3:3; (τὸ ) Papyri τοῦ κυρίου , Luke 4:18, Acts 5:9; Acts 8:39; τὸ Papyri Ἰησοῦ , Acts 16:7; Χριστοῦ , Romans 8:9; Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ , Philippians 1:19; τὸ Papyri τ . ἀληθείας , John 15:26; John 16:13; John 16:1-33 :1Jn_4:6; λέγει (μαρτυρεῖ ) τὸ Papyri (τὸ ἅγιον ), Acts 21:11; Acts 28:25, 1 Timothy 4:1, Hebrews 3:7; Hebrews 10:15, Revelation 14:13; seq. τ . ἐκκλησίαις , Revelation 2:7; Revelation 2:14; Revelation 2:17; Revelation 2:29; Revelation 3:6; Revelation 3:13; Revelation 3:22; ἐν τ . Papyri, Luke 2:27; κατὰ πνεῦμα , Romans 8:4-5; ἐξ ὕδατος καὶ Papyri, John 3:5; διὰ πνεύματος αἰωνίου , Hebrews 9:14; ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος , 2 Thessalonians 2:13, 1 Peter 1:2; ἓν Papyri, 1 Corinthians 12:13, Ephesians 2:18; Ephesians 4:4; ὁ δὲ κύριος τὸ Papyri ἐστιν , 2 Corinthians 3:17; of that which is effected or governed by the Spirit, opp. to γράμμα , Romans 2:29; Romans 7:6, 2 Corinthians 3:6.

SYN.: νοῦς G3563, which in NT is contrasted with Papyri as "the action of the understanding in man with that of the spiritual or ecstatic impulse" (DB, iv, 612); ψυχή G5590-the usual term in cl. psychology-in NT, "expresses man as apart from God, a separate individual. Papyri expresses man as drawing his life from God" (DB, 1-vol., 872).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

On the connexion of Prisca or Priscilla and her husband Aquila with the Roman Church, see SH p. 418 ff., supplemented by Edmundson The Church in Rome, p. 242 f., and for Harnack’s suggestion that Priscilla may have been the author of the Ep. to the Hebrews, see ZNTW i. (1900), p. 16 ff.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πνευμα πνεύμα πνεύμά πνεῦμα πνεῦμά πνευμασι πνεύμασι πνευμασιν πνεύμασιν πνευματα πνεύματα πνευματι πνεύματι πνεύματί πνευματος πνεύματος πνεύματός πνευματων πνευμάτων pneuma pneûma pneûmá pneumasi pneúmasi pneumasin pneúmasin pneumata pneúmata pneumati pneúmati pneúmatí pneumaton pneumatōn pneumáton pneumátōn pneumatos pneúmatos pneúmatós
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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