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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4441 - πυνθάνομαι

Transliteration
pynthánomai
Phonetics
poon-than'-om-ahee  
Word Origin
middle voice prolonged from a primary putho (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to enquire, ask
  2. to ascertain, by enquiry
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1875 ‑ דָּרַשׁ (daw‑rash');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (11) HCS (12)
Matthew 1
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 7
Matthew 1
Luke 2
John 1
Acts 7
Matthew 1
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 7
BYZ TIS TR
V-2ADI-3S 1
V-2ADN 1
V-2ADP-NSM 1
V-INI-3P 2
V-INI-3S 5
V-PNI-1S 1
V-PNN 1
V-2ADP-NSM 1
V-INI-3P 2
V-INI-3S 5
V-PNI-1S 1
V-PNN 1
V-2ADI-3S 1
V-2ADN 1
V-2ADP-NSM 1
V-INI-3P 2
V-INI-3S 5
V-PNI-1S 1
V-PNN 1
NA WH
V-2ADI-3P 1
V-2ADI-3S 1
V-2ADN 1
V-2ADP-NSM 1
V-INI-3P 2
V-INI-3S 5
V-PNI-1S 1
V-PNN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πυνθάνομαι, Od. 2.315, etc.; poet. also πεύθομαι (q.v.): Ep. impf. πυνθανόμην 13.256: fut. πεύσομαι Il. 18.19, etc., Dor. πευσοῦμαι Theoc. 3.51 (so cod. Med. in A. Pr. 988 ): aor. ἐπῠθόμην Il. 5 . 702, etc., Ep. and Lyr. πυθόμην Od. 4.732, B. 15.26; imper. πυθοῦ, Ion. πυθεῦ Hdt. 3.68; Ep. opt. πεπύθοιτο Il. 6.50, al. ( subj. πεπύθωνται is f.l. for γε πύθωνται, 7.195 ); 3 pl. πυθοίατο S. OC 921: pf. πέπυσμαι Od. 11.505, etc.; 2 sg. πέπῠσαι Pl. Prt. 310b, Ep. πέπυσσαι Od. 11.494; inf. πεπύσθαι Th. 7.67, etc.; part. πεπυσμένος Pl. Smp. 179e: plpf. ἐπεπύσμην Ar. Pax 615, Av. 470; 3 sg. ἐπέπυστο Il. 13.674, Ep. πέπυστο ib. 521; 3 dual πεπύσθην 17.377: learn, whether by hearsay or by inquiry ( ἐξιστορήσαντες τὰ ἐβούλοντο πυθέσθαι Hdt. 7.195 ): constr. 1 π. τί τινος learn something from a person, Il. 17.408, Od. 10.537, A. Ag. 599, Ar. Ra. 1417, etc.; also π. τι ἀπό τινος A. Ch. 737; ἐξ ἄλλων S. OC 1266; ἐκ τοῦ παρατυχόντος Th. 1.22; freq. παρά τινος, Hdt. 2.91, etc.; παρ' ἄλλων (v.l. ἄλλων ) X. Cyr. 4.1.3 .

2. c. acc. rei only, hear or learn a thing, Od. 2.411, A. Ch. 765, Antipho 5.25, etc.: abs., αἰσχρὸν τόδε γ' ἐστὶ καὶ ἐσσομένοισι πυθέσθαι Il. 2.119, cf. Pi. P. 7.7, etc.; ὡς ἐγὼ πυνθάνομαι Hdt. 1.22, etc.

3. c. gen. objecti, hear or inquire concerning, πυθέσθαι πατρός, ἀγγελιάων, μάχης, Od. 1.281, 2.256, Il. 15.224, cf. S. El. 35, Pl. Lg. 635b .

4. π. τινά τινος inquire about one person of or from another, τὸν ἄνδρα τῶν ὁδοιπόρων Ar. Ach. 204; so π. περί τινος Hdt. 2.75; πᾶσαν πυθέσθαι τῶνδ' ἀλήθειαν πέρι S. Tr. 91: c. acc. pers. only, inquire about a person, Ar. Th. 619 .

5. c. part., πυθόμην ὁδὸν ὁρμαίνοντα that he was starting, Od. 4.732, cf. Hdt. 9.58, S. Aj. 692; π. τὸ Πλημμύριον ἑαλωκός Th. 7.31, cf. X. An. 1.7.16, etc.; οὔ πω . . πεπύσθην Πατρόκλοιο θανόντος they had not yet heard of his being dead, Il. 17.377, cf. 427, 19.322, A. Ch. 763; ὡς ἐπύθοντο τῆς Πύλου κατειλημμένης Th. 4.6: with acc. rei added, εἰ σφῶϊν τάδε πάντα πυθοίατο μαρναμένοιιν Il. 1.257 .

6. c. acc. et inf., hear or learn that . ., Hdt. 1.62, 5.15, S. Tr. 103 (lyr.), Th. 7.25, etc.

7. folld. by an interrog. clause, ὡς πυθώμεθα ὅπου ποτ' ἐσμέν S. OC 11; αὐτοῦ π. τί ποτε νοεῖ inquire or learn from him what . ., Pl. La. 196c, cf. X. An. 6.3.25, Plb. 3.107.6; π., ὅτεῳ . . συνοικέει Hdt. 3.68; π. εἰ . . inquire whether . ., S. OC 993, IG 42(1).121.18 (Epid., iv B.C. ); τοῦ ξένου ἡδέως ἂν π., τί ταῦθ' ἡγοῦντο Pl. Sph. 216d; π. τινῶν, ὅτι . . X. An. 4.6.17; π., ὅπως ἂν κάλλιστα πορευθείη ib. 3.1.7, cf. Cyr. 1.4.7 .

II Act., aor. 1 part. fem. πεύσασα having learned, PMasp. 5.7 (vi A.D.) .

2. v. πεύθω .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πυνθάνομαι; imperfect ἐπυνθανομην; 2 aorist ἐπυθόμην; (cf. Curtius, § 328); a deponent verb; as in classical Greek from Homer down.

1. to inquire, ask: followed by an indirect question — with the indicative Acts 10:18; with the optative, John 13:24 R G; Luke 15:26; Luke 18:36; Acts 21:33; followed by a direct question, Acts 4:7; Acts 10:29; Acts 23:19; παρά τίνος τί (Buttmann, 167 (146)), John 4:52; παρά τίνος followed by an indirect question with the indicative Matthew 2:4; τί περί τίνος, Acts 23:20.

2. to ascertain by inquiry: followed by ὅτι, Acts 23:34 (A. V. understood).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πυνθώ 'ομαι ,

[in LXX for H1875;]

1. to inquire: c. acc rei, John 4:42, Acts 23:20; seq. quæst. indir., Matthew 2:4, Luke 15:25; Luke 18:36, Acts 10:18; Acts 21:33; quæst. dir., Acts 4:7; Acts 10:20; Acts 23:10; seq. παρά , c. gen. pers., Matthew 2:4, John 4:52.

2. to learn by inquiry: seq. ὅτι , Acts 23:34.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

On the form, see WH Notes.2, p. 161. Σαμαρεύς is also found in Byz. Greek : cf. Psaltes Gr. p. 254.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επυθετο επύθετο ἐπύθετο επυνθανετο επυνθάνετο ἐπυνθάνετο επυνθανοντο επυνθάνοντο ἐπυνθάνοντο πυθέσθαι πυθομενος πυθόμενος πυνθανεσθαι πυνθάνεσθαι πυνθανομαι πυνθάνομαι πύξια πυξίον πυξίου πύξον epunthaneto epunthanonto eputheto epynthaneto epyntháneto epynthanonto epynthánonto epytheto epýtheto punthanesthai punthanomai puthomenos pynthanesthai pynthánesthai pynthanomai pynthánomai pythomenos pythómenos
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