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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4685 - σπάω

Transliteration
spáō
Phonetics
spah'-o  
Word Origin
a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to draw
  2. to draw (one's sword)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4803 ‑ מָרַט (maw‑rat');  5423 ‑ נָתַק (naw‑thak');  5782 ‑ עוּר (oor);  6605 ‑ פָּתַח (paw‑thakh');  8025 ‑ שָׁלַף (shaw‑laf');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Mark 1
Acts 1
Mark 1
Acts 1
Mark 1
Acts 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AMP-NSM 2
V-AMP-NSM 2
V-AMP-NSM 2
NA WH
V-AMP-NSM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σπάω, S. Ant. 1003, Ar. Pax 498, etc.: fut. σπάσω [ ] Lyc. 484, ( δια- ) Hdt. 7.236, ( ἐπι- ) S. Aj. 769: aor. ἔσπᾰσα Il. 13.178 (tm.), Ep. σπάσα 5.859 (tm.), etc.: pf. ἔσπᾰκα Arist. Pr. 930a21, ( ἀν- ) Hp. Superf. 22, Ar. Ach. 1069: Med., fut. σπάσομαι Hp. Vict. 2.38, etc.: aor. ἐσπᾰσάμην Il. 19.387, Hdt. 3.29, Philostr. VA 7.42, Ep. σπασάμην Od. 10.166, Ep. also σπάσσασθε, σπασσάμενος (v. infr.): Pass., fut. σπασθήσομαι Gal. 16.760, ( δια- ) X. An. 4.8.10: aor. ἐσπάσθην Il. 11.458, etc.: pf. ἔσπασμαι Hp. Morb. 1.20, ( δι- ) Th. 6.98, etc.; also in med. sense, X. An. 7.4.16, Cyr. 7.5.29 . Mostly poet. ( ἕλκω being preferred in Prose): draw, hence, I of a sword, draw, mostly in Med., φάσγανά τε σπάσσασθε Od. 22.74; σπασσάμενος . . ἄορ παχέος παρὰ μηροῦ Il. 16.473; ἐκ δ' ἄρα σύριγγος . . ἐσπάσατ' ἔγχος 19.387; σπασαμένων τὰς μαχαίρας PTeb. 48.19 (ii B.C.), cf. 138 (ii B.C.): in Act., ξίφος σπάσαντα E. Or. 1194; φάσγανον σπάσας χερί Id. IT 322: Pass., ἐσπασμένοι τὰ ξίφη having their swords drawn, X. An. 7.4.16; ἐσπασμένον ὃν εἶχεν ἀκινάκην Id. Cyr. 7.5.29; ἐσπασμένοις τοῖς ξίφεσι D.S. 4.52 .

2. of other things, ἐκ χειρὸς χεῖρα σπάσατο Od. 2.321; σπασάμην ῥῶπάς τε λύγους τε 10.166; ὡς ἕκαστος ἔσπασεν τύχης πάλον drew the lot (out of the helmet), A. Ag. 333: Pass., σπασθέντος (sc. ἔγχεος ἔξω χροός ) Il. 11.458 .

3. abs., σπᾶτ' ἀνδρείως pull, hoist away, like men, Ar. Pax 498 .

II of violent actions, pluck off or out, κόμην S. OT 1243; λάχνην Id. Tr. 690; cf. σπαστέος .

2. tear, rend, esp. of ravenous animals, S. Ant. 258, 1003; λαιμοτόμους κεφαλάς dub. l. in E. IA 776 (lyr.); ς. τοῖς ὄνυξιν [τοὺς νεοττούς ], of the eagle, Arist. HA 619b31: Pass., φλέβιον, σάρκα σπασθῆναι, Hp. Morb. 1.17 .

3. wrench, sprain, τὸ σκέλος ἔσπασε Plu. Arat. 33: Pass., τὸν μηρὸν σπασθῆναι Hdt. 6.134; τοὺς πόδας E. Cyc. 639 .

4. snatch, tear or drag away, πῶλον παρὰ συννόμων Pl. Lg. 666e; ὑπὸ πτερῶν E. Andr. 441: Pass., ἔλαφον ἀπ' ἐμῶν γονάτων σπασθεῖσαν Id. Hec. 92 (lyr.); ἐκ βραχίονος σπασθείς ib. 408 .

5. metaph., carry away, draw aside, ἀλλά σ' ἔσπασεν πειθώ S. El. 561; τὰ πάθη οἷον νεῦρα ς. ἡμᾶς Pl. Lg. 644e .

6. Medic., cause convulsion or spasm, v.l. in Hp. Art. 67: Pass., to be convulsed, σπασθεὶς ἀποθνῄσκει Id. Aph. 5.5, Thphr. HP 4.4.13, etc.; ἐσπᾶτο γὰρ πέδονδε καὶ μετάρσιος, of Heracles in his agony, S. Tr. 786, cf. σπάσμα, σπασμός: metaph., to be harassed, anxious, Arr. Epict. 1.1.16 .

III draw in, suck in, θρόμβον αἵματος A. Ch. 533; ἔσπασεν ἄμυστιν ἑλκύσας E. Cyc. 417; συνεκθανεῖν σπῶντα χρὴ τῷ πώματι ib. 571; μεστὴν ἀκράτου Θηρίκλειον ἔσπασεν Alex. 5, cf. 285; opp. λάπτω, κάπτω, Plu. 2.699d, cf. σπάσις 11; ς. τὸν μαστόν suck it, Arist. HA 587a33; ς. ἀμυστί Ael. NA 6.51; and in Med., ταυρείου σπασάμενος αἵματος Apollod. 1.9.27: Pass., of the female, to be sucked, Arist. HA 576b11 ( τὸ ἄγαν σπᾶσθαι prob. l.); cf. ἕλκω A. 11.4 .

2. ς. τὸ πνεῦμα draw breath, Id. Resp. 473a2; τὸν ἀέρα τὸν κοινόν Men. 531.7; absorb, ἕκαστον τῶν τοῦ σώματος τὸ αὑτῷ οἰκεῖον ἐσπακέναι Arist. Pr. 930a21 .

3. metaph., derive, τροφήν, of winds, Hp. Vict. 2.38; πειθώ τε καὶ εἵμερον ἔσπασε ἐκ . . drew, derived . ., IG 14.889 ( Sinuessa ); ς. ἔρωτα enjoy it, Opp. H. 4.270; ὀλίγον ὕπνου ς . snatch a little sleep, Hld. 5.1: Med., Id. 2.16 .

draw tight, pull the reins, χαλινῷ τὸ στόμα τοῦ ἵππου X. Eq. 9.7.1, cf. 9.5; but τὸν χαλινὸν ἐκ τῶν ὀδόντων ἵππου Pl. Phdr. 254e .

2. of angling, ἡ μήρινθος οὐδὲν ἔσπασεν Ar. Th. 928: hence prov., οὐκ ἔσπασεν ταύτῃ γε 'he took nothing by his motion', Id. V. 175 . derive, ἐπωνυμίαν παρά τινων Philostr. VS 2.10.6, cf. Ael. NA 14.15 ( Med. ); ἀρχὴν λυρικῆς καὶ πέρας ς . AP 9.184 (s. v.l.); ῥίζαν ς. τινός derive one's origin from . ., Lyc. 623; ς. τὴν κλῆσιν ἀπό τινος S.E. M. 1.46; ἔννοιαν θεοῦ ἐκ τῶν κατὰ τοὺς ὕπνους φαντασιῶν Epicur. Fr. 353 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σπάω, σπω: 1 aorist middle ἐσπασαμην; (cognate with ἀσπάζομαι (to draw to oneself, embrace, etc.), English spasm, etc.); from Homer down; the Sept. chiefly for שָׁלַף; to draw: middle with μαχοιραν (cf. Buttmann, § 135, 4), to draw one's sword, Mark 14:47; Acts 16:27 (Numbers 22:31; τήν ῥομφαιον, 23; Judges 9:54, etc.). (Compare: ἀνασπάω, ἀποσπάω, διασπάω, ἐπισπάω, περισπάω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σπάω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H8025,;]

in cl. poët. for ἕλκω ; mostly used in mid. (cf. M, Pr., 157),

to draw: μάχαιραν , Mark 14:47, Acts 16:27,†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

According to Grimm-Thayer this verb = ";number along with"; is ";not found elsewhere"; than in Acts 1:26; but for the form we may cite BGU IV. 1208ii. 34 (B.C. 27–6) συ ̣νκαταριθμεῖσθαι.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσπάσαντο εσπάσατο έσπασε εσπασμένη εσπασμένην εσπασμένοι εσπασμένους εσπασμένων σπάσαι σπασαμενος σπασάμενος σπασμένων σπώμενοι σπωμένων spasamenos spasámenos
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 3rd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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