Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5782 - עוּר

Transliteration
‛ûr
Phonetics
oor
Origin
a primitive root [rather identical with (05783) through the idea of opening the eyes]
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1587
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to rouse oneself, awake, awaken, incite

1a) (Qal) to rouse oneself, awake

1b) (Niphal) to be roused

1c) (Polel) to stir up, rouse, incite

1d) (Hithpolel) to be excited, be triumphant

1e) (Hiphil)

1e1) to rouse, stir up

1e2) to act in an aroused manner, awake

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1881 ‑ ἐπανίστημι (ep‑an‑is'‑tam‑ahee);  69 ‑ ἀγρυπνέω (ag‑roop‑neh'‑o);  1881 ‑ ἐπανίστημι (ep‑an‑is'‑tam‑ahee);  3403 ‑ μιμνῄσκομαι (mim‑nace'‑ko);  1325 ‑ δίδωμι (did'‑o‑mee);  1330 ‑ διέρχομαι (dee‑er'‑khom‑ahee);  1572 ‑ ἐκκαίω (ek‑kah'‑yo);  1584 ‑ ἐκλάμπω (ek‑lam'‑po);  1808 ‑ ἐξαίρω (ex‑ah'ee‑ro);  1914 ‑ ἐπιβλέπω (ep‑ee‑blep'‑o);  2014 ‑ ἐπιφαίνω (ep‑ee‑fah'ee‑no);  1892 ‑ ἐπεγείρω (ep‑eg‑i'‑ro);  1825 ‑ ἐξεγείρω (ex‑eg‑i'‑ro);  1607 ‑ ἐκπορεύομαι (ek‑por‑yoo'‑om‑ahee);  1852 ‑ ἐξυπνίζω (ex‑oop‑nid'‑zo);  4685 ‑ σπάω (spah'‑o);  4891 ‑ συνεγείρω (soon‑eg‑i'‑ro);  2090 ‑ ἑτοιμάζω (het‑oy‑mad'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (80)
Deuteronomy
1
Judges
4
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
6
Psalms
12
Proverbs
1
Song of Solomon
9
Isaiah
18
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
2
Hosea
1
Joel
3
Habakkuk
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
5
Malachi
1
NAS (82)
Deuteronomy
1
Judges
4
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
6
Psalms
12
Proverbs
1
Song of Solomon
9
Isaiah
20
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
2
Hosea
1
Joel
3
Habakkuk
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
5
Malachi
1
HCS (76)
Deuteronomy
1
Judges
4
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Job
6
Psalms
12
Proverbs
1
Song of Solomon
9
Isaiah
18
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
2
Hosea
1
Joel
3
Habakkuk
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
5
Malachi
1
BSB (80)
Deuteronomy
1
Judges
4
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
6
Psalms
12
Proverbs
1
Song of Solomon
9
Isaiah
18
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
2
Hosea
1
Joel
3
Habakkuk
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
5
Malachi
1
ESV (65)
Judges
4
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
4
Psalms
12
Proverbs
1
Isaiah
16
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
2
Hosea
1
Joel
3
Habakkuk
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
5
Malachi
1
WEB (79)
Deuteronomy
1
Judges
4
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
2
Job
6
Psalms
13
Proverbs
1
Song of Solomon
9
Isaiah
17
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
2
Hosea
1
Joel
3
Habakkuk
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
5
Malachi
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1526) rg (גהר GhR) AC: Dark CO: City AB: ?: The pictograph g is a picture of a rope with the extended meaning of darkness. The r is a picture of a man. Combined these mean "dark man" or an enemy. (eng: jungle - with the exchange of the j and y and the l and r)

A) rg (גהר GhR) AC: ? CO: City AB: ?

Nm ) rg (גהר GhR) - I. City: II. Enemy:[Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (7): city, enemy - Strongs: H6145 (עָר), H6146 (עָר)

J) rfg (גהור GhWR) AC: Dark CO: ? AB: ?

V) rfg (גהור GhWR) - I. Waken:To wake as to open the eyes from darkness. II. Blind:To become dark of site through blindness or the putting out of the eyes. KJV (86): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) stir, awake, wake, raise, arise, master, put out, blind - Strongs: H5782 (עוּר), H5786 (עָוַר)

Nm) rfg (גהור GhWR) - Blind: A darkness of the eye. KJV (26): blind - Strongs: H5787 (עִוֵּר)

jm) nfrfg (גהורונ GhWRWN) - Blindness: KJV (3): blindness, blind - Strongs: H5788 (עַוֶּרֶת)

L) rgi (יגהר YGhR) AC: ? CO: Forest AB: ?: A dark place.

Nm) rgi (יגהר YGhR) - Forest: KJV (59): forest, wood, honeycomb - Strongs: H3264 (יַעוֹר), H3293 (יַעַר)

Nf1) ergi (יגהרה YGhRH) - Forest: KJV (2): forest - Strongs: H3295 (יַעֲרָה)

M) rig (גהיר GhYR) AC: ? CO: City AB: ?: A dark and wicked place.

Nm) ig (גהיר GhYR) - I. City: II. Colt:As dark in color. KJV (1097): city, town, colt, foal, ass - Strongs: H5892 (עָיַר), H5895 (עַיִר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עוּר prop. to be hot, ardent (cogn. with עִיר, which see); hence to be alert, watchful (in opposition both to sleep and to idleness). Specially

(1)  to wake, to be awake, Song of Solomon 5:2; Malachi 2:12, עֵר וְעֹנֶה “one wakeful and one answering,” i.e. every one who is alive, a proverbial phrase (like עָצוּר וְעָזוּב), perhaps taken from the Levites keeping watch in the temple (Psa 134:1-3), one of whom watches and calls out, and the other answers. In the same sense the Arabs say, “no one crying out, and no one answering” (Vit. Tim. i. p. 108, ed. Manger). Jerome renders, magister et discipulus.

(2) to awake, to arouse from sleep. Only in imp. Psalms 44:24, עוּרָה לָמָּה תִּישַׁן אֲדֹנָי “awake! why sleepest thou, O Lord?” Psalms 7:7; Isaiah 51:9.

(3) causat. to cause to awake, i.q. Hiphil, Job 41:2, fut. קרי יָעוּר.

Niphal נֵעוֹר, fut. יֵעוֹר pass. of Piel and Hiphil.

(1) to be aroused, awaked (from sleep), Job 14:12; Zechariah 4:1.

(2) figuratively, to arise, as the wind, Jeremiah 25:32 a people, Jeremiah 6:22 Joel 4:12 God, Zec. 2:17. As to the passage, Habakkuk 3:9, see עוּר No. II.

Pilel עוֹרֵר (compare Gr. ὄρω=ὄρνυμι, pret. ὄρωρα).

(1) to awake, to arouse from sleep, Song of Solomon 2:7, 3:5 8:4 (5?); to arouse a serpent, and call forth from his hiding place, Job 3:8 figuratively, to excite a brawl, Proverbs 10:12 to rouse up one’s strength (feine Macht aufbieten), Psalms 80:3.

(2) to raise up (and brandish) a spear, 2 Samuel 23:18 a scourge, Isaiah 10:26.-But for Isaiah 23:13, see under the root עָרַר Pilel.

Hiphil הֵעִיר (ἐγείρω) i.q. Piel.

(1) to arouse, to awake, from sleep, Zechariah 4:1; Song of Solomon 2:7, 3:5 8:4 to incite any one to anything, Isaiah 45:13; Jeremiah 50:9, and in the same sense to incite any one’s spirit, 1 Chronicles 5:26; 2 Chronicles 21:16 to arouse any one’s ear, Isaiah 50:4 to provoke, e. g. a crocodile, Job 41:2 to stir up young birds to fly, Deuteronomy 32:11, כְּנֶשֶׁר יָעִיר קִנּוֹ עַל גּוֹזָלָיו יְרַחֵף “as the eagle stirs up her nest (i.e. her young ones, to fly, ad volandum, as rightly in the Vulg.) hovers over her young,” in the air, etc. The description is of a female eagle exciting her young ones, in teaching them to fly, and afterwards guarding with. the greatest care, lest the weak should receive harm.

(2) to watch (prop. Wache halten), Psalms 35:23 followed by עַל to watch over any one, Job 8:6.

Hithpalel

(1) to arouse oneself, to rise up, Isaiah 51:17, 64:6 followed by עַל against any one, Job 17:8.

(2) to rejoice, to be glad (Germ. aufgeweckt fehn, used of one who is cheerful, glad), Job 31:29.

Derived nouns, Chald. עִיר watcher, and the pr.n. יָעִיר, עֵר, עֵרִי, עֵרָן.

II. עוּר i.q. עָרַה and עָרַר to be naked, to be made naked; whence the Arab. عَارُ, عَوْرَةُ nudity, verenda. Hebr. מְעוּרִים.

Niphal, Habakkuk 3:9, עֶרְיָה תֵעוֹר קַשְׁתְּךָ “with nakedness was thy bow made naked.”

Pilel עוֹרֵר, see the root עָרַר.

III. עוּר an unused root, cogn. חוּר to dig, to bore; whence غَارُ, Hebr. מְעָרָה a cavern. [In Thes. Piel עִוִּרִ is referred to this root with the idea of blinding by boring out the eyes.]

עוּר Ch. chaff, Daniel 2:35. Syr. ܥܘܽܖ̈ܶܐ id.; Arab. عُوَارُ, عَايِرُ a bit of chaff, or the like, which hurts the eye. Said to be so called from blinding (root עָוַר); but may not rather עוּר be the same as עָפָר dust, a particle of dust; whence עִוֵּר i.q. עִפֵּר to throw dust into the eye; (Sand in die Augen ftreuen, ftäuben)? [This conjectural derivation is rejected in Thes.]

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List of Word Forms
אָעִ֥ירָה אעירה בָּעִ֤יר ׀ בעיר הִֽתְעוֹרְרִ֗י הִתְעוֹרְרִ֣י הֵעִ֣יר הֵעִ֤יר הֵעִיר֙ הַעִיר֤וֹתִי הַעִירֹתִ֣הֽוּ הָעִ֙ירוּ֙ הָעִ֣ירָה העיר העירה העירו העירותי העירתהו התעוררי וְ֝הִתְעֹרַ֗רְתִּי וְיָעֵר֩ וְע֥וּרָה וְעוֹרֵ֨ר וְעוֹרַרְתִּ֤י וַיְעִירֵ֕נִי וַיָּ֣עַר וַיָּ֨עַר וַיָּעַר֩ והתעררתי ויעירני ויער ועורה ועורר ועוררתי יְעֹעֵֽרוּ׃ יְעוּרֶ֑נּוּ יִתְעֹרָֽר׃ יֵ֝עֹ֗רוּ יֵע֖וֹר יֵע֙וֹרוּ֙ יֵע֥וֹר יֵעֹ֖רוּ יָ֝עִיר יָעִ֣יר יָעִ֣יר ׀ יָעִ֥יר יעור יעורו יעורנו יעיר יעערו׃ יערו יתערר׃ מְעִירָ֔ם מִתְעוֹרֵ֖ר מֵעִ֔יר מֵעִ֣יר מֵעִ֤יר מֵעִ֥יר מֵעִיר֩ מעיר מעירם מתעורר נֵע֖וֹר נעור ע֖וּרִי ע֖וּרָה ע֚וּרִי ע֤וּרִי ע֤וּרָה ע֤וּרָה ׀ ע֥וּרִי ע֭וּרָֽה עֵ֑ר עֵ֣ר עֹרֵ֥ר עֽוֹרַרְתִּ֔יךָ עוֹרְרָ֥ה עוֹרֵ֣ר עוֹרֵ֧ר עוֹרֵ֨ר עוּרִ֛י עוּרִ֤י עוּרִ֥י עוּרִ֨י עוּרִי֙ עורה עורי עורר עוררה עוררתיך ער ערר תְּעֹֽרְר֛וּ תְּעֽוֹרְר֛וּ תְּעוֹרֵ֣ר תָּעִ֧ירוּ ׀ תעורר תעוררו תעירו תעררו ‘êr ‘ō·rêr ‘ō·w·rar·tî·ḵā ‘ō·w·rêr ‘ō·wr·rāh ‘ōrêr ‘ōwrartîḵā ‘ōwrêr ‘ōwrrāh ‘ū·rāh ‘ū·rî ‘ūrāh ‘ūrî ’ā‘îrāh ’ā·‘î·rāh aIrah bā‘îr bā·‘îr baIr Er hā‘îrāh ha‘îrōṯihū ha‘îrōwṯî hā‘îrū hā·‘î·rāh ha·‘î·rō·ṯi·hū ha·‘î·rō·w·ṯî hā·‘î·rū haIrah haiRoti hairoTihu haIru hê‘îr hê·‘îr heIr hiṯ‘ōwrrî hiṯ·‘ō·wr·rî hitorRi mê‘îr mə‘îrām mə·‘î·rām mê·‘îr meIr meiRam miṯ‘ōwrêr miṯ·‘ō·w·rêr mitoRer nê‘ōwr nê·‘ō·wr neor orarTicha oRer orRah tā‘îrū tā·‘î·rū taIru tə‘ōrərū tə‘ōwrêr tə‘ōwrrū tə·‘ō·rə·rū tə·‘ō·w·rêr tə·‘ō·wr·rū teoRer teoreRu teorRu Urah uRi vaiyaAr vayiReni vehitoRarti veorarTi veoRer veUrah veyaEr way‘îrênî way·‘î·rê·nî way·yā·‘ar wayyā‘ar wə‘ōwrartî wə‘ōwrêr wə‘ūrāh wə·‘ō·w·rar·tî wə·‘ō·w·rêr wə·‘ū·rāh wə·hiṯ·‘ō·rar·tî wə·yā·‘êr wəhiṯ‘ōrartî wəyā‘êr yā‘îr yā·‘îr yaIr yə‘ō‘êrū yê‘ōrū yê‘ōwr yê‘ōwrū yə‘ūrennū yə·‘ō·‘ê·rū yê·‘ō·rū yê·‘ō·w·rū yê·‘ō·wr yə·‘ū·ren·nū yeoEru yeor yeOru yeuRennu yiṯ‘ōrār yiṯ·‘ō·rār yitoRar
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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