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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #50 - ἀγνοέω

Transliteration
agnoéō
Phonetics
ag-no-eh'-o  
Word Origin
from (1) (as a negative particle) and (3539)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:115,18
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to be ignorant, not to know
  2. not to understand, unknown
  3. to err or sin through mistake, to be wrong
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 816 ‑ אָשֵׁם (aw‑sham', aw‑shame');  2973 ‑ יָאַל (yaw‑al');  7561 ‑ רָשַׁע (raw‑shah');  7683 ‑ שָׁגַג (shaw‑gag');  7686 ‑ שָׁגָה (shaw‑gaw');  7919 ‑ שָׂכַל (saw‑kal');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (22) NAS (22) HCS (22)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 2
Romans 6
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 2
Romans 6
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 2
Romans 6
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
2 Peter 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-2P 2
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAN 6
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 1
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-2P 2
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAN 6
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 1
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-2P 2
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 1
V-PAN 6
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 1
NA WH
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAN 1
V-PPI-3S 1
V-AAP-NPM 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-2P 2
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAN 12
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 2
V-PAP-NSM 2
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀγνο-έω,

ἀγνοι-, 3 sg. subj. ἀγνοιῇσι Od. 24.218: impf. ἠγνόουν Isoc. 7.21, etc.: fut. ἀγνοήσω B. Fr. 12, Isoc. 12.251, D. 32.10, 54.31: aor. ἠγνόησα A. Eu. 134, Th. 2.49, etc.; ἠγνοίησα Il. 2.807, Hes. Th. 551, contr. 3 sg. ἀγνώσασκε Od. 23.95: pf. ἠγνόηκα Pl. Sph. 221d, Alex. 20.4: Pass., fut. (of med. form) ἀγνοήσομαι D. 18.249; ἀγνοηθήσομαι v.l. in Luc. JTr. 5: aor. ἠγνοήθην, v. infr.: pf. ἠγνόημαι Isoc. 15.171, Pl. Lg. 797a.

(This Verb implies a form ἄγνοος, = cross ἀγνώς 11):

I not to perceive or recognize; Hom., almost always in aor., ἄνδρ' ἀγνοιήσασ' ὑλάει Od. 20.15, cf. Th. l.c., Pl. Phdr. 228a; mostly with neg., οὐκ ἠγνοίησεν he perceived or knew well, Il. 2.807, etc.; μηδὲν ἀγνόει E. Andr. 899. Mostly c. acc., to be ignorant of, Hdt. 4.156, S. Tr. 78; πάντα Pl. Smp. 216d; ἑαυτοὺς ἀ. forget their former selves, D. 10.74; τὴν πόλιν ἀ. not to discern the temper of the city, Id. 19.231; τὸν ξένον Philostr. VA 2.26; fail to understand, τὸ ῥῆμα Mark 9:32; περί τινος Pl. Phdr. 277d: c. gen. pers. and rel. clause, ἀγνοοῦντες ἀλλήλων ὅ τι λέγομεν Id. Grg. 517c: dependent clauses in part., τίς.. ἀ. τὸν ἐκεῖθεν πόλεμον δεῦρο ἥξοντα; D. 1.15: with Conj., οὐδεὶς ἀ. ὅτι.. Id. 21.156, etc.; ἀγνοῶν εἰ.. X. An. 6.5.12: Pass., not to be known, recognized, Pl. Euthphr. 4a, Hp.Ma. 294d, etc.; ἀγνοούμενα ὅπῃ.. ἀγαθά ἐστι Id. R. 506a; ἠγνοῆσθαι ξύμπασιν ὅτι.. Id. Lg. 797a; ὑπελάμβανον ἀγνοήσεσθαι D. 18.249; καιρὸν οὐ παρεθέντα οὐδ' ἀγνοηθέντα ib.303, cf. Isoc. 15.171; τὰ ἠγνοημένα unknown parts, Arr. An. 7.1.4.

II abs., go wrong, make a false step, first in Hp. Art. 46, Antipho 5.44 (dub.l.), lsoc.8.39; part. ἀγνοῶν ignorantly, by mistake, X. An. 7.3.38, Arist. EN 1110b27; ἀγνοήσαντες And. 4.5: in moral sense, to be ignorant of what is right, act amiss, Plb. 5.11.5, cf. Hebrews 5:2 : Med., fail to recognize, Gal. 14.630.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀγνοέω (ΓΝΟ (cf. γινώσκω)), (ῶ (imperative, ἀγνοείτω 1 Corinthians 14:38 R G Tr text WH marginal reading); imperfect ἠγνόουν; 1 aorist ἠγνόησα; (passive, present ἀγνοοῦμαι, participle ἀγνοούμενος; from Homer down);

a. to be ignorant, not to know: absolutely, 1 Timothy 1:13; τινα, τί, Acts 13:27; Acts 17:23; Romans 10:3; ἐν τίνι (as in Test. Jos. § 14 Fabricii Pseudepigr. ii., p. 717 (but the reading ἠγνόουν ἐπί πᾶσι τούτοις is now given here; see Test. xii. Patr. ad fid. manuscript Cant. etc., Sinker edition, Cambr. 1869)), 2 Peter 2:12, unless one prefer to resolve the expression thus: ἐν τούτοις, ἀγνοοῦσι βλασφημοῦντες, Winers Grammar, 629 (584) (cf. Buttmann, 287 (246)); followed by ὅτι, Romans 2:4; Romans 6:3; Romans 7:1; 1 Corinthians 14:38 (where the antecedent clause ὅτι κτλ. is to be supplied again); οὐ θέλω ὑμᾶς ἀγνοεῖν, a phrase often used by Paul (an emphatic)scitote: followed by an accusative of the object, Romans 11:25; ὑπέρ τίνος, ὅτι, 2 Corinthians 1:8; περί τίνος, 1 Corinthians 12:1; 1 Thessalonians 4:13; followed by ὅτι, Romans 1:13; 1 Corinthians 10:1; in the passive ἀγνοεῖται 'he is not known' i. e. according to the context 'he is disregarded,' 1 Corinthians 14:38 L T Tr marginal reading WH text; ἀγνωύμενοι (opposed to ἐπιγινωσκόμενοι men unknown, obscure, 2 Corinthians 6:9; ἀγνοούμενος τινι unknown to one, Galatians 1:22; οὐκ ἀγνοεῖν to know very well, τί, 2 Corinthians 2:11 (Wis. 12:10).

b. not to understand: τί, Mark 9:32; Luke 9:45.

c. to err, sin through mistake, spoken mildly of those who are not high-handed or willful transgressors (Sir. 5:15; 2 Macc. 11:31): Hebrews 5:2, on which see Delitzsch.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀγνοέω , - ,

[in LXX for H7686, H7683, H816, etc.;]

1. to be ignorant, not to know: absol., 1 Timothy 1:13, Hebrews 5:2; c. acc, Acts 13:27 Acts 17:22, Romans 10:3, 2 Corinthians 2:11; ἐν οἷς , 2 Peter 2:12; seq. ὅτι , Romans 2:4 Romans 6:3 Romans 7:1, 1 Corinthians 14:38; οὐ θέλω ὑμᾶς ἀγνοεῖν , a Pauline phrase: c. acc, Romans 11:25; seq. ὑπέρ , 2 Corinthians 1:8; περί , 1 Corinthians 12:1, 1 Thessalonians 4:13; ὅτι , Romans 1:13, 1 Corinthians 10:1 (for similar usage in Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.). Pass.: 1 Corinthians 14:38, 2 Corinthians 6:9, Galatians 1:22.

2. not to understand: c. acc, Mark 9:32, Luke 9:45.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A good parallel to the Pauline phrase 1 Thessalonians 4:13 οὐ θέλομεν δὲ ὑμᾶς ἀγνοεῖν occurs in P Tebt II. 314.3 (ii/A.D.) πιστεύω σε μὴ ἀγνοεῖν, which also illustrates the use with the negative in 2 Corinthians 2:11. The construction in P Tebt I. 43.25 (B.C. 118) ὑφ᾽ ἡμῶν ἔν τισιν ἠγνοηκότων may help the difficult 2 Peter 2:12 ἐν οἷς ἀγνοοῦσιν βλασφημοῦντες. The suggestion of wilful ignorance (see ἄγνοια) appears in P Oxy IX. 1188.5 (A.D. 13) στοχα (σάμενος) τ ̣οῦ μηδ (ὲν) ἀγνοη (θῆναι) μηδὲ πρὸς χά (ριν) οἰκονομηθ (ῆναι), ";making it your aim that nothing be concealed or done by favour"; (Edd.). For ἀγνοεῖν of a person, cf. P Giss I. 69.4 (A.D. 118–9) Χαιρήμονα τὸν ἀναδιδόντα τὸ ἐπιστό [λι ]ον τοῦτο οὐκ ἀγνοεῖς, ἄδελφε.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγνοει αγνοεί ἀγνοεῖ αγνοειν αγνοείν ἀγνοεῖν αγνοειται ἀγνοεῖται αγνοειτε αγνοείτε ἀγνοεῖτε αγνοείτω αγνοησαντες αγνοήσαντες ἀγνοήσαντες αγνοήση αγνοουμεν αγνοούμεν ἀγνοοῦμεν αγνοουμενοι αγνοούμενοι ἀγνοούμενοι αγνοουμενος αγνοούμενος ἀγνοούμενος αγνοούν αγνοουντες αγνοούντες ἀγνοοῦντες αγνοουσι αγνοούσι ἀγνοοῦσι ἀγνοοῦσιν αγνοων αγνοών ἀγνοῶν ηγνόηκα ηγνόηκας ηγνοήσαμεν ηγνόησε ηγνόησεν ηγνοουν ηγνόουν ἠγνόουν agnoei agnoeî agnoein agnoeîn agnoeitai agnoeîtai agnoeite agnoeîte agnoesantes agnoēsantes agnoḗsantes agnoon agnoôn agnoōn agnoō̂n agnooumen agnooûmen agnooumenoi agnooúmenoi agnooumenos agnooúmenos agnoountes agnooûntes agnoousin agnooûsin egnooun egnóoun ēgnooun ēgnóoun
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