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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #7919 - שָׂכַל

Transliteration
śâkal
Phonetics
saw-kal'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2263,2264
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to be prudent, be circumspect, wisely understand, prosper

1a) (Qal) to be prudent, be circumspect

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to look at or upon, have insight

1b2) to give attention to, consider, ponder, be prudent

1b3) to have insight, have comprehension

1b3a) insight, comprehension (substantive)

1b4) to cause to consider, give insight, teach

1b4a) the teachers, the wise

1b5) to act circumspectly, act prudently, act wisely

1b6) to prosper, have success

1b7) to cause to prosper

2) (Piel) to lay crosswise, cross (hands)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 877 ‑ ἀφροσύνη (af‑ros‑oo'‑nay);  878 ‑ ἄφρων (af'‑rone);  3474 ‑ μωρός (mo‑ros');  4907 ‑ σύνεσις (soon'‑es‑is);  3539 ‑ νοέω (noy‑eh'‑o);  718 ‑ ἁρμόζω (har‑mod'‑zo);  1343 ‑ δικαιοσύνη (dik‑ah‑yos‑oo'‑nay);  1921 ‑ ἐπιγινώσκω (ep‑ig‑in‑oce'‑ko);  1987 ‑ ἐπίσταμαι (ep‑is'‑tam‑ahee);  1990 ‑ ἐπιστήμων (ep‑ee‑stay'‑mone);  2137 ‑ εὐοδόω (yoo‑od‑o'‑o);  2186 ‑ ἐφίστημι (ef‑is'‑tay‑mee);  2657 ‑ κατανοέω (kat‑an‑o‑eh'‑o);  3474 ‑ μωρός (mo‑ros');  4908 ‑ συνετός (soon‑et'‑os);  5263 ‑ ὑποδείκνυμι (hoop‑od‑ike'‑noo‑mee);  5426 ‑ φρονέω (fron‑eh'‑o);  4920 ‑ συνίημι (soon‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  50 ‑ ἀγνοέω (ag‑no‑eh'‑o);  3471 ‑ μωραίνω (mo‑rah'ee‑no);  3154 ‑ ματαιόω (mat‑ah‑yo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (65)
Genesis
3
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
2
1 Samuel
5
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
12
Proverbs
13
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
6
Daniel
9
Amos
1
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (61)
Genesis
2
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
2
1 Samuel
4
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
11
Proverbs
13
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
5
Daniel
9
Amos
1
BSB (64)
Genesis
3
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
2
1 Samuel
4
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
12
Proverbs
13
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
6
Daniel
9
Amos
1
ESV (60)
Genesis
2
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
2
1 Samuel
4
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
11
Proverbs
13
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
5
Daniel
9
Amos
1
WEB (65)
Genesis
3
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
2
1 Samuel
5
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
12
Proverbs
13
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
6
Daniel
9
Amos
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2477) lkx (סכל SKL) AC: Understand CO: ? AB: ?: The ability to consider a situation with comprehension in order to be successful or prosperous.

V) lkx (סכל SKL) - Understand: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: lkV] KJV (64): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) understand, wise, prosper, wisely, understanding, consider, instruct, prudent, skill, teach, consider - Strongs: H7919 (שָׂכַל), H7920 (שְׂכַל)

Nm ) lkx (סכל SKL) - Understanding: [df: lkV] KJV (16): understanding, wisdom, wise, prudence, knowledge, sense, discretion, policy - Strongs: H7922 (שֵׂכֶל)

Nf2 ) tlkx (סכלת SKLT) - Understanding: [Aramaic only] [df: wntlkV] KJV (3): understanding - Strongs: H7924 (שָׂכְלְתָנוּ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׂכַל

(1) prop. to look at, to behold, i.q. Chald. סְכַל Peal and Ithpael; compare Arab. شَكْلُ figure, likeness; see Hiphil No. 1. More often figuratively

(2) to be prudent, to act prudently, 1 Samuel 18:30 compare Germ. klug; formerly glau; from the verb lugen; Engl. to look; pr. provident, circumspect.

Piel, causat. of Kal No. 2. Genesis 48:14, שִׂכֵּל אֶת־יָדָיו “he (so) placed his hands prudently,” i.e. of set purpose. But all the ancient versions render, he put his hands across. LXX. ἐναλλὰξ τὰς χεῖρας. Vulg. commutans manus, which is defensible; comp. Arab. شَكَلَ to bind; Conj. II., to plait the hair; شَكلَ and شَكُلَ to be intertwined.

Hiphil

(1) to look at. Genesis 3:6, וְנֶחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל “and the tree was desirable to look at.” Vulg. aspectu delectabile.

(2) to attend, to turn the mind to; followed by an acc., Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalms 64:10 followed by עַל Proverbs 16:20 אֶל Nehemiah 8:13; Psalms 41:2, מַשְׂכִּיל אֶל דַּל “who attends to (cares for) the poor;” followed by בְּ Daniel 9:13.

(3) to be or become understanding, prudent, Psalms 2:10, 94:8 followed by בְּ Daniel 1:4 comp. verse 17 to act prudently, Jeremiah 20:11, 23:5. Part. מַשְׂכִּיל prudent, intelligent, Job 22:2 Prop. 10:5 also upright, pious, Psalms 14:2; Daniel 11:33, 35 Daniel 11:35, 12:3, 10 Daniel 12:10(comp. חָכָם, חָכְמָה). Inf. הַשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 3:15 and הַשְׂכֵּל Proverbs 1:3, 21:16 subst. inntelligence, prudence.

(4) i.q. הִצְלִיחַ to be successful (in carrying anything on), to act prosperously, Joshua 1:7, Joshua 1:8; 2 Kings 18:7; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Proverbs 17:8. Also causat.

(5) to make prudent, to teach, Psalms 32:8 followed by two acc., Daniel 9:22 followed by לְ of pers. Proverbs 21:11.

(6) to give success, 1 Kings 2:3.

Part. מַשְׂכִּיל subst., a song, poem, Psalms 47:8 and in the titles of Psa 32:1-11, 42, 44, 45, 52, 53, 54, 55, 74, 78, 88, 98, 142. The origin of this signification is doubtful. The easiest explanation appears to be that of those who render מַשְׂכִּיל prop. a didactic poem, but so that this special word became applied to other kinds of poems; since the authors of Psalms which are not didactic, sometimes also take the place of teachers (see Psalms 45:11); and Arabic شِعْرَ doctrine, is used of poetry of every kind. Others take it to be, oratio ligata; from شكل; See Piel.

Derivatives, שֵׂכֶל, שֶׂכֶל.

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List of Word Forms
אַשְׂכִּ֤ילָה ׀ אַשְׂכִּֽילְךָ֨ ׀ אשכילה אשכילך בְהַשְׂכֵּֽיל׃ בהשכיל׃ הִשְׂכִּ֑יל הִשְׂכִּ֔ילוּ הִשְׂכִּ֬ילוּ הִשְׂכִּֽילוּ׃ הִשְׂכַּ֑לְתִּי הַמַּשְׂכִּ֛יל הַמַּשְׂכִּילִ֣ים הַשְׂכִּ֑ילוּ הַשְׂכֵּ֑ל הַשְׂכֵּל֮ המשכיל המשכילים השכיל השכילו השכילו׃ השכל השכלתי וְהִשְׂכִּ֔יל וְהַ֨מַּשְׂכִּלִ֔ים וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִ֖ים וְהַשְׂכֵּ֖ל וְהַשְׂכֵּֽיל׃ וְיַשְׂכִּ֙ילוּ֙ וְתַשְׂכֵּ֜ל וּבְהַשְׂכִּ֥יל וּלְהַשְׂכִּ֖יל וּמַשְׂכִּ֣ילֵי וּמַשְׂכִּילִ֣ים ובהשכיל והמשכלים והשכיל והשכיל׃ והשכל וישכילו ולהשכיל ומשכילי ומשכילים ותשכל יַשְׂכִּ֑יל יַשְׂכִּ֔יל יַשְׂכִּ֖יל יַשְׂכִּ֣יל יַשְׂכִּ֣ילוּ יַשְׂכִּֽיל׃ ישכיל ישכיל׃ ישכילו לְהַשְׂכִּ֔יל לְהַשְׂכִּ֣יל לְהַשְׂכִּילְךָ֥ לְהַשְׂכִּילָ֑ם לְמַשְׂכִּ֑יל להשכיל להשכילך להשכילם למשכיל מֵהַשְׂכִּ֖יל מַשְׁכִּ֔יל מַשְׂכִּ֑יל מַשְׂכִּ֗יל מַשְׂכִּ֣יל מַשְׂכִּֽיל׃ מַשְׂכָּֽלֶת׃ מהשכיל משכיל משכיל׃ משכלת׃ שִׂכֵּל֙ שֵֽׂכֶל־ שָׂכַ֤ל שכל שכל־ תַּשְׂכִּ֔יל תַּשְׂכִּ֔ילוּ תַּשְׂכִּ֗יל תַּשְׂכִּֽיל׃ תַּשְׂכִּֽילוּ׃ תשכיל תשכיל׃ תשכילו תשכילו׃ ’aś·kî·lāh ’aś·kî·lə·ḵā ’aśkîlāh ’aśkîləḵā asKilah askileCha ḇə·haś·kêl ḇəhaśkêl ham·maś·kî·lîm ham·maś·kîl hammasKil hammaśkîl hammaskiLim hammaśkîlîm haś·kêl haś·kî·lū hasKel haśkêl hasKilu haśkîlū hiś·kal·tî hiś·kî·lū hiś·kîl hisKalti hiśkaltî hisKil hiśkîl hisKilu hiśkîlū lə·haś·kî·lām lə·haś·kî·lə·ḵā lə·haś·kîl lə·maś·kîl lehasKil ləhaśkîl lehaskiLam ləhaśkîlām lehaskileCha ləhaśkîləḵā lemasKil ləmaśkîl maś·kā·leṯ maś·kîl maš·kîl mashKil masKalet maśkāleṯ masKil maśkîl maškîl mê·haś·kîl mehasKil mêhaśkîl śā·ḵal saChal śāḵal śê·ḵel- sechel śêḵel- śik·kêl sikKel śikkêl taś·kî·lū taś·kîl tasKil taśkîl tasKilu taśkîlū ū·ḇə·haś·kîl ū·lə·haś·kîl ū·maś·kî·lê ū·maś·kî·lîm ūḇəhaśkîl ulehasKil ūləhaśkîl ūmaśkîlê umasKilei umaskiLim ūmaśkîlîm uvehasKil veHammaskiLim vehasKeil vehasKel vehisKil vetasKel veyasKilu wə·ham·maś·ki·lîm wə·haś·kêl wə·hiś·kîl wə·ṯaś·kêl wə·yaś·kî·lū wəhammaśkilîm wəhaśkêl wəhiśkîl wəṯaśkêl wəyaśkîlū yaś·kî·lū yaś·kîl yasKil yaśkîl yasKilu yaśkîlū
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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