Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #7919 - שָׂכַל
1) to be prudent, be circumspect, wisely understand, prosper
1a) (Qal) to be prudent, be circumspect
1b1) to look at or upon, have insight
1b2) to give attention to, consider, ponder, be prudent
1b3) to have insight, have comprehension
1b3a) insight, comprehension (substantive)
1b4) to cause to consider, give insight, teach
1b4a) the teachers, the wise
1b5) to act circumspectly, act prudently, act wisely
1b6) to prosper, have success
1b7) to cause to prosper
2) (Piel) to lay crosswise, cross (hands)
V) lkx (סכל SKL) - Understand: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: lkV] KJV (64): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) understand, wise, prosper, wisely, understanding, consider, instruct, prudent, skill, teach, consider - Strongs: H7919 (שָׂכַל), H7920 (שְׂכַל)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) prop. to look at, to behold, i.q. Chald. סְכַל Peal and Ithpael; compare Arab. شَكْلُ figure, likeness; see Hiphil No. 1. More often figuratively
(2) to be prudent, to act prudently, 1 Samuel 18:30 compare Germ. klug; formerly glau; from the verb lugen; Engl. to look; pr. provident, circumspect.
Piel, causat. of Kal No. 2. Genesis 48:14, שִׂכֵּל אֶת־יָדָיו “he (so) placed his hands prudently,” i.e. of set purpose. But all the ancient versions render, he put his hands across. LXX. ἐναλλὰξ τὰς χεῖρας. Vulg. commutans manus, which is defensible; comp. Arab. شَكَلَ to bind; Conj. II., to plait the hair; شَكلَ and شَكُلَ to be intertwined.
(1) to look at. Genesis 3:6, וְנֶחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל “and the tree was desirable to look at.” Vulg. aspectu delectabile.
(2) to attend, to turn the mind to; followed by an acc., Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalms 64:10 followed by עַל Proverbs 16:20 אֶל Nehemiah 8:13; Psalms 41:2, מַשְׂכִּיל אֶל דַּל “who attends to (cares for) the poor;” followed by בְּ Daniel 9:13.
(3) to be or become understanding, prudent, Psalms 2:10, 94:8 followed by בְּ Daniel 1:4 comp. verse 17 to act prudently, Jeremiah 20:11, 23:5. Part. מַשְׂכִּיל prudent, intelligent, Job 22:2 Prop. 10:5 also upright, pious, Psalms 14:2; Daniel 11:33, 35 Daniel 11:35, 12:3, 10 Daniel 12:10(comp. חָכָם, חָכְמָה). Inf. הַשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 3:15 and הַשְׂכֵּל Proverbs 1:3, 21:16 subst. inntelligence, prudence.
(4) i.q. הִצְלִיחַ to be successful (in carrying anything on), to act prosperously, Joshua 1:7, Joshua 1:8; 2 Kings 18:7; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Proverbs 17:8. Also causat.
(5) to make prudent, to teach, Psalms 32:8 followed by two acc., Daniel 9:22 followed by לְ of pers. Proverbs 21:11.
(6) to give success, 1 Kings 2:3.
Part. מַשְׂכִּיל subst., a song, poem, Psalms 47:8 and in the titles of Psa 32:1-11, 42, 44, 45, 52, 53, 54, 55, 74, 78, 88, 98, 142. The origin of this signification is doubtful. The easiest explanation appears to be that of those who render מַשְׂכִּיל prop. a didactic poem, but so that this special word became applied to other kinds of poems; since the authors of Psalms which are not didactic, sometimes also take the place of teachers (see Psalms 45:11); and Arabic شِعْرَ doctrine, is used of poetry of every kind. Others take it to be, oratio ligata; from شكل; See Piel.
Derivatives, שֵׂכֶל, שֶׂכֶל.
the Third Week after Easter