corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.12.07
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5083 - τηρέω

Transliteration
tēréō
Phonetics
tay-reh'-o  
Word Origin
from teros (a watch, perhaps akin to (2334))
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
8:140,1174
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to attend to carefully, take care of
    1. to guard
    2. metaph. to keep, one in the state in which he is
    3. to observe
    4. to reserve: to undergo something
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5341 ‑ נָצַר (naw‑tsar');  6845 ‑ צָפַן (tsaw‑fan');  6965 ‑ קוּם (koom);  7912 ‑ שְׁכַח (shek‑akh');  8085 ‑ שָׁמַע (shaw‑mah');  8104 ‑ שָׁמַר (shaw‑mar');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (75) NAS (71) HCS (70)
Matthew 6
Mark 1
John 16
Acts 9
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
James 2
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 4
1 John 8
Jude 4
Revelation 10
Matthew 6
Mark 1
John 16
Acts 7
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
James 2
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 4
1 John 7
Jude 4
Revelation 10
Matthew 6
John 18
Acts 8
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
James 2
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 4
1 John 7
Jude 5
Revelation 11
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAM-2P 2
V-AAM-2S 3
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-APM 1
V-AAS-2P 2
V-AAS-2S 1
V-AAS-3S 2
V-APN 1
V-APO-3S 1
V-FAI-1S 2
V-FAI-3P 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-IAI-1S 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IPI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAM-2S 3
V-PAN 10
V-PAP-GPM 2
V-PAP-NPM 4
V-PAP-NSM 6
V-PAS-1P 3
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPN 3
V-PPP-APM 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-RAI-1S 2
V-RAI-2S 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 2
V-RPI-3S 2
V-RPP-ASF 1
V-RPP-DPM 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAM-2P 1
V-AAM-2S 2
V-AAP-APM 1
V-AAS-2P 2
V-AAS-2S 1
V-AAS-3S 4
V-APN 1
V-APO-3S 1
V-FAI-1S 2
V-FAI-2P 1
V-FAI-3P 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-IAI-1S 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IPI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAM-2S 2
V-PAN 7
V-PAP-GPM 2
V-PAP-NPM 4
V-PAP-NSM 6
V-PAS-1P 2
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPN 3
V-PPP-APM 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-RAI-1S 2
V-RAI-2S 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 1
V-RPI-3S 2
V-RPP-ASF 1
V-RPP-DPM 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAM-2P 2
V-AAM-2S 2
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-APM 1
V-AAS-2P 2
V-AAS-2S 1
V-AAS-3S 2
V-APN 1
V-APO-3S 1
V-FAI-1S 2
V-FAI-3P 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-IAI-1S 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IPI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAM-2S 2
V-PAN 10
V-PAP-GPM 2
V-PAP-NPM 4
V-PAP-NSM 6
V-PAS-1P 3
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPN 3
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-RAI-1S 2
V-RAI-2S 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 2
V-RPI-3S 2
V-RPP-APM 1
V-RPP-ASF 1
V-RPP-DPM 1
NA WH
V-APO-3S 1
V-FAI-1S 1
V-FAI-2P 1
V-FAI-3P 1
V-PAD-2S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAS-1P 1
V-PPPAPM 1
V-XAI-1S 1
V-XAI-3P 1
V-XAI-3S 1
V-XPI-3S 2
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-2S 2
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAM-2P 1
V-AAM-2S 2
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-APM 1
V-AAS-2P 2
V-AAS-2S 1
V-AAS-3S 4
V-APN 1
V-APO-3S 2
V-FAI-1S 3
V-FAI-2P 1
V-FAI-3P 2
V-FAI-3S 1
V-IAI-1S 1
V-IAI-3P 2
V-IPI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAM-2S 3
V-PAN 7
V-PAP-GPM 2
V-PAP-NPM 4
V-PAP-NSM 6
V-PAS-1P 2
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPN 3
V-PPP-APM 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-RAI-1S 2
V-RAI-2S 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 1
V-RPI-3S 2
V-RPP-ASF 2
V-RPP-DPM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τηρ-έω

(τη- also in Dor., Alcm. 23.77, Pi. P. 2.88, cf. διατηρέω), pf. τετήρηκα Epicur. Sent. 24, etc.: watch over, take care of, guard, δώματα h.Cer. 142; πόλιν Pi. l.c., cf. Ar. V. 210; τὰς κύνας X. Cyn. 6.1; τὴν ἀσφάλειαν τῆς ἐπιβουλῆς Antipho 2.2.8; rarely of persons, δαιμόνων.., αἵτινες τηροῦμεν ὑμᾶς Ar. Nu. 579 (troch.); τ. τὴν ἀρχήν maintain it, Plb. 21.32.2; τὸ τῆς πόλεως ἀξίωμα D.S. 17.15: Pass., τὸ ἔξωθεν [τεῖχος] ἐτηρεῖτο was constantly guarded, Th. 2.13: fut. Med. τηρήσομαι in pass. sense, Id. 4.30.

2. τ. ὅπως.. ἔσται take care that.., Arist. Pol. 1309b16; ὅπως μηθὲν παρανομῶσι ib. 1307b31; τ. μὴ.. cavere ne.., Ar. Th. 580, Pl. Tht. 169c; τ. ἐμέ, ὅπως μὴ ἐξαπατήσω D. 18.276: also in Med., τηρώμεσθ', ὅπως μὴ.. αἰσθήσεται Ar. V. 372; τηροῦ μὴ λάβῃς ὑπώπια ib. 1386.

3. τηρεῖν ἀπὸ τοῦ πυρός protect them from the fire, i.e. cook them slowly, Bilabel Ὀψαρτ.P. 10.

II give heed to, watch narrowly, observe, τηρῶ αὐτοὺς οὐδὲ δοκῶν ὁρᾶν κλέπτοντας Ar. Eq. 1145, cf. V. 364; τὰς ἁμαρτίας Th. 4.60; ἐκεῖνο τ. μὴ.. Ar. Pax 146, cf. Pl. R. 442a; τ. ὅ τι καὶ δράσει Ar. Ec. 946.

2. watch for a person or thing, with a part., παραστείχοντα τηρήσας S. OT 808; ἔνδον ὄντα τηρήσαντες αὐτόν having watched for his being within, Th. 1.134; τ. τὸν πορθμὸν κατιόντος τοῦ ἀνέμου watching for a crossing with the wind blowing down, Id. 6.2; τ. τινὰ ἀνιόντα watch for one's coming up, D. 53.17: c. acc. only, ἄνεμον τηρῆσαι Th. 1.65; τ. νύκτα χειμέριον Id. 3.22, cf. 4.27; νύκτα καὶ ὕδωρ, D. 59.103; τ. τοὺς ἀστέρας Arist. Cael. 292a8; τὴν θήραν τ. Id. HA 623a13; τ. καιρόν Id. Rh. 1382b10: Pass., ὁ καιρὸς ἐτηρήθη was watched for, Lys. 12.71.

3. abs., watch, keep watch, Th. 7.80, Arist. EN 1167b13: c. inf., watch or look out, so as to.., ἐτήρουν ἀνέμῳ καταφέρεσθαι Th. 4.26.

4. observe, notice, [ μετακόσμησιν σωμάτων ] Sor. 1.41; τὸν χαρακτῆρα τῆς φράσεως Id. Vit. Hippocr. 13; τὸ πολὺ μὲν οὕτως ἀποβαίνειν τετήρηται Gal. 18(2).13.

5. test by observation or trial, τετηρημένον βοήθημα an approved method of treatment, Antyll. ap. Orib. 6.22.3; τετήρηνται χρησιμεύοντές τισι Id.ib. 21.9; as Empiric term, τετηρημένης ἐπ' αὐτοῖς τῆς θεραπείας, οὐκ ἐνδεικτικῶς εὑρισκομένης Gal. 6.361; Μηνόδοτος ὁ ἐμπειρικός, ἐπὶ μόνῃ τῇ πληθωρικῇ καλουμένῃ συνδρομῇ φάσκων τετηρῆσθαι φλεβοτομίαν Id. 15.766.

III observe or keep an engagement, ὅρκους Democr. 239; παρακαταθήκας Isoc. 1.22; ἀπόρρητα Lys. 31.31; εἰρήνην D. 18.89; τὸ πρέπον Phld. Po. 5.35; τὴν πίστιν 2 Timothy 4:7.

2. preserve, retain, τὰς αἰσθήσεις dub. in Epicur. Ephesians 1:5 U., cf. Demetr.Lac. Herc. 1055.9,10; ἰδιότητας Phld. Rh. 1.154 S.; τὴν ποιότητα Sor. 1.51; τὴν τροφὸν ἐπ' ὀλιγοποσίας.. τ. ib. 118, cf. 46, al.: in Ph. 1.125 there is a double use.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τηρέω, τηρῶ; imperfect ἐτήρουν; future τηρήσω; 1 aorist ἐτήρησα; perfect τετήρηκα, 3 person plural τετηρήκασιν (John 17:6 R G) and τετήρηκαν (ibid. L T Tr WH (see γίνομαι, at the beginning)); passive, present τηροῦμαι; imperfect ἐτηρουμην; perfect τετήρημαι; 1 aorist ἐτηρήθην; (τηρός, found only once, Aeschylus suppl. 248, where it is doubtful whether it means 'guarding' or 'watching'), from Pindar, Sophocles, Thucydides down; the Sept. several times for שָׁמַר, נָצַר, etc.; to attend to carefully, take care of; i. e.

a. properly, to guard: τινα, a prisoner, Matthew 27:36, 54; Acts 16:23; passive, Acts 12:5; (); (b); τί, ; οἱ τηροῦντες ((R. V.) the watchers) the guards, Matthew 28:4 (Song of Solomon 3:3).

b. metaphorically, to keep: τινα, one in that state in which he is, τήν ἑαυτοῦ παρθένον, his own virgin daughter, namely, as a virgin i. e. unmarried, 1 Corinthians 7:37; ἑαυτόν, himself such as he is, i. e. begotten of God, 1 John 5:18 (but here T Tr WH αὐτόν); with a predicate accusative added: ἁγνόν, 1 Timothy 5:22; ἄσπιλον ἀπό τοῦ κόσμου, James 1:27; ἀβαρῆ τίνι, 2 Corinthians 11:9 (ἁπλουν, Antoninus 6, 30; τινα ἄμεμπτον τῷ Θεῷ, Wis. 10:5); τί with a predicate accusative 1 Timothy 6:14 (but see in c. below); passive, τηροῦμαι, with an adverb, ἀμέμπτως, 1 Thessalonians 5:23; with a dative of the person, Χριστῷ, devoted to Christ (Winer's Grammar, 421 (392)), Jude 1:1; τηρεῖν τινα ἐν τίνι: to keep in i. e. cause one to persevere or stand firm in a thing: ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι Θεοῦ (see p. 447b bottom), John 17:11f; ἐν ἀγάπη Θεοῦ, Jude 1:21; τινα ἐκ τίνος, by guarding to cause one to escape in safety out of etc.: ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ, out of the power and assaults of Satan, John 17:15 (cf. Buttmann, 327 (281); Winer's Grammar, 410 (383)); ἐκ τῆς ὥρας τοῦ πειρασμοῦ, Revelation 3:10. to keep: i. e. not to leave, τήν ἀρχήν, Jude 1:6; not to throw away, τά ἱμάτια, Revelation 16:15. to hold firmly: τήν ἑνότητα τοῦ πνεύματος, Ephesians 4:3; anything as a mental deposit, τήν πίστιν, 2 Timothy 4:7; Revelation 14:12 (cf. Winers Grammar, 536 (499); Buttmann, 78 (68)). to show oneself to be actually holding a thing fast, i. e.

c. to observe: namely, πῶς κτλ., Revelation 3:3; τί Matthew 23:3; Acts 21:25 (Rec.); τήν παράδοσιν, Mark 7:9 (WH (rejected) marginal reading στήσητε) (τά ἐκ παραδοσεως τῶν πατέρων, Josephus, Antiquities 13, 10, 6); τόν νόμον, Acts 15:5 and Rec. in Acts 15:24; James 2:10; τό σάββατον, the command respecting sabbath-keeping, John 9:16; τάς ἐντολάς (of either God or Christ), Matthew 19:17; John 14:15, 21; John 15:10; 1 John 2:3; 1 John 3:22, 24; 1 John 5:2 (where L T Tr WH ποιῶμεν); ; Revelation 12:17; Revelation 14:12 (see above,

b. at the end); τήν ἐντολήν, 1 Timothy 6:14 (see in b. above; πάντα ὅσα ἐνετειλάμην, Matthew 28:20); τόν λόγον, either of Christ or of God, John 8:51f, 55; John 14:23; John 15:20; John 17:6; 1 John 2:5; Revelation 3:8; τούς λόγους, of Christ, John 14:24; τόν λόγον τῆς ὑπομονῆς μου (i. e. Ἰησοῦ), Revelation 3:10; τά ἔργα μου, the works that I command, Revelation 2:26; τούς λόγους τῆς προφητείας, Revelation 22:7; τοῦ βιβλίου τούτου, Revelation 22:9; τά ἐν τῇ προφητεία γεγραμμένα, Revelation 1:3; cf. Lipsius, Paulin. Rechtfertigungsl., p. 194f,

d. to reserve: τινα εἰς τί, to undergo something, 2 Peter 2:4 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 342 (321); εἰς τήν τοῦ Σεβαστοῦ διάγνωσιν, Acts 25:21a); Jude 1:6; τινα εἰς ἡμέραν κρίσεως, 2 Peter 2:9; τούς οὐρανούς πυρί; (to be burned with fire) εἰς ἡμέραν κρίσεως, 2 Peter 3:7; τί εἰς τινα, a thing for one's advantage, 1 Peter 1:4; τί εἰς ἡμέραν τινα, to be used some day for some purpose, John 12:7; τί ἕως ἄρτι, John 2:10; τί with the dative of the person, for rewarding or punishing one, passive, 2 Peter 2:17; Jude 1:13. (Compare: διατηρέω, παρατηρέω, συντηρέω.) [SYNONYMS: τηρέω, φυλάσσω: τηρέω to watch or keep, φυλάσσω to guard; τηρέω expresses watchful care and is suggestive of present possession, φυλάσσω indicates safe custody and often implies assault from without; τηρέω may mark the result of which φυλάσσω is the means (e. g. John 17:12 where the words occur together, cf. Wisd. 10:5). See Westcott on John 8:51; Schmidt, chapter 208, especially § 4.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τηρέω , - ,

[in LXX for H8104, H5341, etc.;]

1. to watch over, guard, keep, preserve: Matthew 27:36, Acts 16:23, al.; ἑαυτόν , 2 Corinthians 11:9, 1 Timothy 5:22, James 1:27, Judges 1:21; seq. εἰς , John 12:7, Acts 25:21, 1 Peter 1:4, 2 Peter 2:4; 2 Peter 2:9; 2 Peter 3:7, Judges 1:6; ἐν , John 17:11-12, Judges 1:21; ἐκ , John 17:15, Revelation 3:10; τ . πίστιν , 2 Timothy 4:7, Revelation 14:12; τ . ἑνότητα τ . πνεύματος , Ephesians 4:3.

2. to watch, give heed to, observe: τ . σάββατον , John 9:16; τ . ἐντολήν (-άς ), Matthew 19:17, John 14:15; John 15:10, 1 Timothy 6:14, 1 John 2:3-4; 1 John 3:22; 1 John 3:24; 1 John 5:3, Revelation 12:17; Revelation 14:12; τ . λόγον (-ους ), John 8:51-52; John 8:55; John 14:23-24; John 15:20; John 17:6, 1 John 2:5, Revelation 3:8; Revelation 3:10; Revelation 22:7; Revelation 22:9; τ . νόμον , Acts 15:5, James 2:10; τ . παράδοσιν , Mark 7:9; τ . ἔργα , Revelation 2:26; τ . γεγραμμένα , Revelation 1:3 (cf. δια -, παρα -, συν -τηρέω ).

SYN.: φυλάσσω G5442, implying custody and protection: τ . expresses the idea of watchful care and "may mark the result of which φ . is the means" (Thayer s.v.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
ετηρειτο ετηρείτο ἐτηρεῖτο ετηρησα ετήρησα ετήρησά ἐτήρησα ετηρησαν ετήρησαν ἐτήρησαν ετηρησας ετήρησας ετήρησάς ἐτήρησας ἐτήρησάς ετήρησε ετηρουν ετήρουν ἐτήρουν στήσητε τετηρηκα τετήρηκα τετηρηκαν τετήρηκαν τετηρηκας τετήρηκας τετηρήκασι τετηρηκεν τετήρηκεν τετηρημενην τετηρημένην τετηρημενοις τετηρημένοις τετηρημένους τετηρηται τετήρηται τηρει τηρεί τηρεῖ τήρει τηρειν τηρείν τηρεῖν τηρεισθαι τηρείσθαι τηρεῖσθαι τηρειτε τηρείτε τηρεῖτε τηρείτω τηρείτωσαν τηρη τηρή τηρῇ τηρηθειη τηρηθείη τηρηθηναι τηρηθήναι τηρηθῆναι τηρησαι τηρήσαί τηρῆσαί τηρησαντας τηρήσαντας τηρησατε τηρήσατε τηρησει τηρήσει τηρήσεις τηρησετε τηρήσετε τηρηση τηρήση τηρήσῃ τηρησης τηρήσης τηρήσῃς τηρησητε τηρήσητε τήρησον τηρησουσιν τηρήσουσιν τηρησω τηρήσω τηρουμεν τηρούμεν τηροῦμεν τηρουμενοι τηρούμενοι τηρουμενους τηρουμένους τηρουντες τηρούντες τηροῦντες τηρουντων τηρούντων τηρούσι τηρούσιν τηρω τηρώ τηρῶ τηρωμεν τηρώμεν τηρῶμεν τηρων τηρών τηρῶν etereito etereîto etēreito etēreîto eteresa etērēsa etḗresa etḗrēsa eteresan etērēsan etḗresan etḗrēsan eteresas etērēsas etḗresas etḗresás etḗrēsas etḗrēsás eteroun etēroun etḗroun stesete stēsēte stḗsete stḗsēte tere tērē terei tereî terêi tērei tēreî tērē̂i tḗrei terein tereîn tērein tēreîn tereisthai tereîsthai tēreisthai tēreîsthai tereite tereîte tēreite tēreîte teresai terêsaí tērēsai tērē̂saí teresantas terḗsantas tērēsantas tērḗsantas teresate terḗsate tērēsate tērḗsate terese tērēsē teresei terḗsei tērēsei tērḗsei tērḗsēi terḗseis tērḗsēis tereses tērēsēs teresete terḗsete tērēsete tērēsēte tērḗsete tērḗsēte tereso terḗso tērēsō tērḗsō tereson tērēson tḗreson tḗrēson teresousin terḗsousin tērēsousin tērḗsousin teretheie teretheíe tērētheiē tērētheíē terethenai terethênai tērēthēnai tērēthē̂nai tero terô tērō tērō̂ teromen terômen tērōmen tērō̂men teron terôn tērōn tērō̂n teroumen teroûmen tēroumen tēroûmen teroumenoi teroúmenoi tēroumenoi tēroúmenoi teroumenous terouménous tēroumenous tērouménous terountes teroûntes tērountes tēroûntes terounton teroúnton tērountōn tēroúntōn tetereka tetērēka tetḗreka tetḗrēka teterekan tetērēkan tetḗrekan tetḗrēkan teterekas tetērēkas tetḗrekas tetḗrēkas tetereken tetērēken tetḗreken tetḗrēken teteremenen tetereménen tetērēmenēn tetērēménēn teteremenois tetereménois tetērēmenois tetērēménois teteretai tetērētai tetḗretai tetḗrētai
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 7th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology