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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #06887 - צָרַר

Transliteration
tsârar
Phonetics
tsaw-rar'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1973,1974
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to bind, be narrow, be in distress, make narrow, cause distress, besiege, be straitened, be bound

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to bind, tie up, shut up

1a2) to be scant, be cramped, be in straits

1b) (Pual) to be bound, be tied up

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to make narrow for, cause distress to, press hard upon

1c2) to suffer distress

2) to show hostility toward, vex

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to show hostility toward, treat with enmity, vex, harass

1a2) vexer, harasser (participle)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 436 ‑ ἀνθίστημι (anth‑is'‑tay‑mee);  480 ‑ ἀντίκειμαι (an‑tik'‑i‑mahee);  639 ‑ ἀπορέω (ap‑or‑eh'‑o);  1195 ‑ δεσμεύω (des‑myoo'‑o);  1228 ‑ διάβολος (dee‑ab'‑ol‑os);  2190 ‑ ἐχθρός (ekh‑thros');  2662 ‑ καταπατέω (kat‑ap‑at‑eh'‑o);  3404 ‑ μισέω (mis‑eh'‑o);  4170 ‑ πολεμέω (pol‑em‑eh'‑o);  4729 ‑ στενοχωρέω (sten‑okh‑o‑reh'‑o);  4912 ‑ συνέχω (soon‑ekh'‑o);  4962 ‑ συστρέφω (soos‑tref'‑o);  4963 ‑ συστροφή (soos‑trof‑ay');  3960 ‑ πατάσσω (pat‑as'‑so);  5605 ‑ ὠδίνω (o‑dee'‑no);  2346 ‑ θλίβω (thlee'‑bo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (58) NAS (67) HCS (72)
Exodus 2
Leviticus 1
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
Judges 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 3
Nehemiah 1
Esther 4
Job 1
Psalms 16
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 2
Leviticus 1
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
Judges 3
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 4
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 4
Nehemiah 1
Esther 4
Job 3
Psalms 16
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 2
Leviticus 1
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
Judges 3
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 4
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 4
Nehemiah 1
Esther 4
Job 3
Psalms 18
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Zephaniah 1
BYZ TIS TR
a-ms 7
v-PPmp 1
v-qPmp 1
v-qPmpX1cs 1
v-qPmpc 1
v-qPmpcX1cs 5
v-qPms 5
v-qa 1
v-qc 1
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qsfp 2
v-qsfs 1
v-qsms 1
a-ms 7
v-PPmp 1
v-qPmp 1
v-qPmpX1cs 1
v-qPmpc 1
v-qPmpcX1cs 6
v-qPms 6
v-qa 1
v-qc 1
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qsfp 2
v-qsfs 1
v-qsms 1
a-ms 7
v-PPmp 1
v-qPmp 1
v-qPmpX1cs 1
v-qPmpc 1
v-qPmpcX1cs 6
v-qPms 6
v-qa 1
v-qc 1
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qsfp 2
v-qsfs 1
v-qsms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1411) ry (תסר TsR) AC: Press CO: Enemy AB: Trouble: A pressing in or on someone or something. (eng: sore; store)

A) ry (תסר TsR) AC: Press CO: Enemy AB: Trouble

Nm ) ry (תסר TsR) - I. Enemy:One who closes in with pressure. II. Strait:A narrow tight place or situation. KJV (105): enemy, adversary, trouble, distress, affliction, foe, narrow, strait, flint, sorrow - Strongs: H6862 (צָר)

Nf1) ery (תסרה TsRH) - Trouble: KJV (73): trouble, distress, affliction, adversity, anguish, tribulation, adversary - Strongs: H6869 (צָרָה)

fm) iry (תסרי TsRY) - Balm: A salve rubbed and pressed into the skin. KJV (6): balm - Strongs: H6875 (צֳרִי)

km) rym (מתסר MTsR) - Strait: A narrow tight place or situation. KJV (3): pains, distress, strait - Strongs: H4712 (מֵצַר)

B) rry (תסרר TsRR) AC: Press CO: Bundle AB: ?: A pressing in or on someone or something.

V) rry (תסרר TsRR) - Press: KJV (58): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pual, Participle) enemy, distress, bind, vex, afflict, besiege, adversary, strait, trouble, bound, pangs - Strongs: H6887 (צָרַר)

cm) rfry (תסרור TsRWR) - I. Bundle:Something that is bound up tight. II. Pebble:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (11): bundle, bag, bind, grain, stone - Strongs: H6872 (צְרֹר)

C) rya (אתסר ATsR) AC: Press CO: Belt AB: ?: Something that is stored by being wrapped up tightly. A belt or waistcloth that is wrapped around the middle tightly.

V) rya (אתסר ATsR) - I. Belt:To wrap around tightly. [df: rza]II. Store:To store up something in a safe place as if bound up. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) gird, bind, compass, store, treasure - Strongs: H247 (אָזַר), H686 (אָצַר)

cm) rfya (אתסור ATsWR) - Waistband: As bound around the middle. [df: rwza] KJV (14): girdle - Strongs: H232 (אֵזוֹר)

gm ) ryfa (אותסר AWTsR) - Storehouse: A place where store are bound up. KJV (79): treasure, treasury, storehouse, cellar, armoury - Strongs: H214 (אוֹצָר)

D) ray (תסאר TsAR) AC: ? CO: Neck AB: ?

gm ) rafy (תסואר TsWAR) - Neck: From the soreness of the neck from carrying a load or from stress. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (45): neck - Strongs: H6676 (צַוַּאר), H6677 (צַוָּארָה)

G) rey (תסהר TsHR) AC: Shine CO: Oil AB: ?: The olives are pressed to extract the glimmering oil.

V) rey (תסהר TsHR) - Oil: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) oil - Strongs: H6671 (צָהַר)

gf) refy (תסוהר TsWHR) - Shining: Something that shines bright. Also noon as the brightest part of the day. From the glistening of olive oil. [df: rhz] KJV (26): brightness, noon, noonday, day, midday, window - Strongs: H2096 (זֹהַר), H6672 (צָהֳרַיִם)

tm ) reyi (יתסהר YTsHR) - Oil: KJV (23): oil, anointed - Strongs: H3323 (יִצְהָר)

H) ery (תסרה TsRH) AC: Crush CO: ? AB: ?

om ) erfy (תסורה TsWRH) - Crushed: [df: hrwz] KJV (1): crushed - Strongs: H2116 (זוּרֶה)

J) rfy (תסור TsWR) AC: Press CO: Flint AB: ?

V) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Press: [df: rwz] KJV (41): (vf: Paal) besiege, siege, distress, bind, adversary, assault, bag, beset, cast, fashion, fortify, inclose, bind, crush, closed, thrust - Strongs: H2115 (זוּר), H6696 (צוּר)

Nm ) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Flint: A very hard rock that when fractured forms a razor sharp edge. Used for knives, spears or arrowheads. KJV (80): rock, strength, sharp, god, beauty, edge, stone, mighty, strong, stone, flint - Strongs: H6697 (צֻר), H6864 (צֹר)

Nf1) erfy (תסורה TsWRH) - Form: In the sense of being pressed. KJV (4): form - Strongs: H6699 (צוּרָה)

am) rfym (מתסור MTsWR) - I. Wound:What is bound up with dressings. [df: rwzm rzm]II. Besiege:A pressing into a city for conquering it. KJV (28): wound, bound - Strongs: H4205 (מָזֹר), H4692 (מָצוּר)

kf1) erfym (מתסורה MTsWRH) - Rampart: A defensible stronghold to repel an army that presses in. KJV (8): fenced, stronghold, fort, munition - Strongs: H4694 (מְצֻרָה)

L) ryi (יתסר YTsR) AC: Press CO: ? AB: ?: Being pressed in a narrow tight place. The pressing of clay to form something.

V) ryi (יתסר YTsR) - Press: To pressed or squeeze out of shape or into a shape as when pressing clay into a shape. KJV (71): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hophal, Pual) distressed, straitened, straits, vex, narrow, form, potter, fashion, maker, frame, make, former, earthen, purpose - Strongs: H3334 (יָצַר), H3335 (יָצַר)

Nm) ryi (יתסר YTsR) - Thought: The forming of thought in the mind. KJV (9): imagination, frame, mind, work - Strongs: H3336 (יֵצֶר)

dm) rfyi (יתסור YTsWR) - Form: Something that is formed. KJV (1): members - Strongs: H3338 (יְצֻרִים)

M) riy (תסיר TsYR) AC: Press CO: ? AB: Pain

V) riy (תסיר TsYR) - Press: KJV (1): (vf: Hitpael) ambassador - Strongs: H6737 (צִיר)

Nm) riy (תסיר TsYR) - I. Pain:A pressing pain. II. Idol:As pressed out of clay. III. Hinge:As pressed. The weight of the door rested on the hinge. IV. Messenger:KJV (14): ambassador, messenger, pain, pang, sorrow, idol, hinge - Strongs: H6735 (צִיר), H6736 (צִיר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [צָרַר] verb denominative Hiph`il suffer distress (specifically of travail, compare Jeremiah 4:31; Jeremiah 49:24); — Participle לֵב אִשָּׁהמְצֵרָה (in simile) Jeremiah 48:41; Jeremiah 49:22.

II. צָרַר verb shew hostility toward, vex (Late Hebrew צַר foe; Arabic harm, damage, Sabean צֿר war, foe Mordtm Him. Inschr. 60. 71 SabDenkm24 CIS iv. 174,1. 6 Hom Chrest. 125; Ethiopic be hostile, in derived species and derivatives; Assyrian ƒarâru, be hostile, ƒarru, foe; Arabic , Assyrian ƒirritu, Syriac , all = rival-wife, so (? Hebrew influence) ᵑ7צָרָא 1 Samuel 1:6; see especially Lag Deceased Wife's Sister, GGN. 1882, No. 13; = Micah 125ff. Dr 1 Samuel 1:6); —

Qal Perfect 3 plural וְצָֽרֲרוּ Numbers 33:55 consecutive, suffix צְרָרוּנִי Psalm 129:1; Psalm 129:2; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָצֹר Isaiah 11:13; Infinitive absolute צָרוֺר Numbers 25:17; Participle active צֹרֵר Numbers 10:9, plural suffix צֹרֲרי Psalm 31:12 +, etc.; — shew hostility toward, treat with enmity, vex, harass, with accusative of person Isaiah 11:13; Numbers 10:9; Numbers 25:17; once with ל person Numbers 25:18; also participle as substantive (construct or with suffix) vexer, harasser, Amos 5:12; Isaiah 11:13; Exodus 23:22 (E), Psalm 6:8; Psalm 7:5; Psalm 7:7; Psalm 8:3; Psalm 10:5; Psalm 23:5; Psalm 31:12; Psalm 42:11; Psalm 69:20; Psalm 74:4; Psalm 74:23; Psalm 143:12; Esther 3:10; Esther 8:1; Esther 9:10,24. — Leviticus 18:18 see [ צָרַר] below II. צָרָה, below

[צָרַר] verb denominative make a rival-wife; —

Qal Infinitive construct לִצְרֹר Leviticus 18:18 to make [her] a rival-wife (Lag GGN, 1882,406 Dr-Wh Lv Baen l. v).

III. צרר (√ of following; compare Arabic be sharp (? denominative), , sharp-edged hard stone, Assyrian ƒurtu, apparently knife RJHarper BAS ii. 435; Syriac rock, stone, flint).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

צָרַר to press, to compress (kindred to the root צוּר), hence

(1)  to bind up, to bind together (Arab. صَرَّ), followed by בְּ to wrap up in a cloth or bundle, Exodus 12:34; Job 26:8; Isaiah 8:16; Proverbs 30:4. Metaph. 1 Samuel 25:29, “the life of my lord shall be bound up in the bundle of the living with God,” i.e. shall be under the protection of God. But in another sense, Hosea 13:12, “the iniquity of Ephraim is bound up,” i.e. reserved for him against the day of vengeance; comp. Job 14:17 whence צְרֹר.

(2) to lay hold of, Hosea 4:19.

(3) to shut up, 2 Samuel 20:3.

(4) to oppress, to persecute, to treat in a hostile manner (Arab. ضَرَّ), followed by an acc. Numbers 33:55 Isai. 11:13 followed by a dat. Numbers 25:18. Part. צֹרֵר i.q. צַר an adversary, Psalms 6:8, 7:5 23:5 Isaiah 11:13. Also, to rival, to be jealous of (Arab. ضَمَّ Conj. III). Levit. 18:18.

(5) intrans. to be pressed, straitened, distressed. In this sense is used the monosyllabic pret. צַר (otherwise צָרַר) f. צָרָה Isaiah 49:20. Impers. צַר לִי strait is to me, i.e.

(a) I am in distress, Psalms 31:10, 69:18 Judges 11:7.

(b) I am in anguish, in a strait, 1 Samuel 28:15; 2 Samuel 24:14.

(c) followed by עַל I mourn on account of something, 2 Samuel 1:26. In the same connection is used the fut. וַיֵּצֶר לִי, see יָצַר No. II.

Pual, part. מְצֹרָר bound together, Joshua 9:4.

Hiphil הֵצַר, inf. הָצֵר, fut. יָצַר 1 Kings 8:37, to press upon, Jeremiah 10:18 to besiege, Deuteronomy 28:52; 1 Kings 8:37 to bring into distress, to afflict, to vex, Nehem. 9:27. To the active signification are also rightly referred

(a) 2 Chronicles 28:22, בְּעֵת הַצֵר לוֹ “in the time when they distressed him.” 2 Chronicles 33:12, and

(b) אִשָּׁה מְצֵרָה a parturient woman (pr. pressing upon the fœtus), Jeremiah 48:41, 49:22.

Derivatives, צַר, צָרָה, צְרֹר, מֵצַר [also צֹר, and pr. name צֵר].

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List of Word Forms
הַצֹּרֵ֣ר הָצֵ֣ר הצר הצרר וְהֵצַ֤ר וְהֵצַ֨ר וְצַרְתָּ֤ וְצָרֲר֣וּ וַהֲצֵר֥וֹתִי וַהֲצֵרֹ֣תִי וַיָּצַר֩ וּכְהָצֵ֣ר וּמְצֹרָרִֽים׃ והצר והצרותי והצרתי ויצר וכהצר ומצררים׃ וצררו וצרת יָֽצַר־ יָצֹ֥ר יצר יצר־ כִּצְר֣וֹר כצרור לִצְרֹ֗ר לצרר מְצֵרָֽה׃ מצרה׃ צ֖וֹר צ֝וֹרְרָ֗יו צְרָר֣וּנִי צְרֻר֛וֹת צְרֻרֹ֥ת צְרוּרָ֣ה ׀ צַ֫ר־ צַר־ צָ֖רָה צָֽרַר־ צָר֖וֹר צָרַ֥ר צָרוּר֙ צֹ֭רְרֶיךָ צֹרְרִ֥ים צֹרְרֵ֤י צֹרְרֶ֑יךָ צֹרְרֶֽיךָ׃ צֹרְרַ֨י צֹרְרָ֑י צֹרֲרֵ֣י צֹרֵ֣ר צֹרֵ֥ר צֹרֵֽר־ צֹרֵר֙ צוֹרְרִ֣י צוֹרְרֶ֑יךָ צוֹרְרָ֑י צוֹרְרָֽי׃ צור צוררי צוררי׃ צורריו צורריך צר־ צרה צרור צרורה צרר צרר־ צררוני צררות צררי צרריך צרריך׃ צררים צררת hā·ṣêr haṣ·ṣō·rêr hāṣêr haṣṣōrêr haTzer hatztzoRer kiṣ·rō·wr kiṣrōwr kitzRor liṣ·rōr liṣrōr litzRor mə·ṣê·rāh məṣêrāh metzeRah ṣā·rāh ṣā·rar ṣā·rar- ṣā·rō·wr ṣā·rūr ṣar- ṣārāh ṣārar ṣārar- ṣārōwr ṣārūr ṣə·rā·rū·nî ṣə·rū·rāh ṣə·ru·rō·wṯ ṣə·ru·rōṯ ṣərārūnî ṣərūrāh ṣərurōṯ ṣərurōwṯ ṣō·ră·rê ṣō·rə·ray ṣō·rə·rāy ṣō·rə·rê ṣō·rə·re·ḵā ṣō·rə·rîm ṣō·rêr ṣō·rêr- ṣō·wr ṣō·wr·rāw ṣō·wr·rāy ṣō·wr·re·ḵā ṣō·wr·rî ṣōrărê ṣōrêr ṣōrêr- ṣōrəray ṣōrərāy ṣōrərê ṣōrəreḵā ṣōrərîm ṣōwr ṣōwrrāw ṣōwrrāy ṣōwrreḵā ṣōwrrî tzar Tzarah tzarar tzaRor tzaRur tzeraRuni tzeruRah tzeruRot Tzor tzoraRei tzoRer tzoreRai tzoreRei tzoreReicha tzoreRim tzorRai tzorRav tzorReicha tzorRi ū·ḵə·hā·ṣêr ū·mə·ṣō·rā·rîm uchehaTzer ūḵəhāṣêr ūməṣōrārîm umetzoraRim vahatzeRoti vaiyaTzar veheTzar vetzaraRu vetzarTa wa·hă·ṣê·rō·ṯî wa·hă·ṣê·rō·w·ṯî wahăṣêrōṯî wahăṣêrōwṯî way·yā·ṣar wayyāṣar wə·hê·ṣar wə·ṣā·ră·rū wə·ṣar·tā wəhêṣar wəṣārărū wəṣartā yā·ṣar- yā·ṣōr yāṣar- yāṣōr yatzar yaTzor
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