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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1238 - בָּקַק

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to empty

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to empty, lay waste

1a2) to make void (figuratively)

1b) (Niphal) to be emptied

1c) (Polel) to empty out, devastate

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1621 ‑ ἐκτινάσσω (ek‑tin‑as'‑so);  2704 ‑ καταφθείρω (kat‑af‑thi'‑ro);  5015 ‑ ταράσσω (tar‑as'‑so);  5351 ‑ φθείρω (fthi'‑ro);  5356 ‑ φθορά (fthor‑ah');  3075 ‑ λυμαίνω (loo‑mah'ee‑nom‑ahee);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (9) NAS (7) HCS (9)
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 2
Hosea 1
Nahum 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 2
Hosea 1
Nahum 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Hosea 1
Nahum 2
v-ki3mp 1
v-qPmp 2
v-qPms 2
v-ki3mp 1
v-qPmp 2
v-qPms 2
v-ki3mp 1
v-qPmp 2
v-qPms 2

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1042) qb (בק BQ) AC: ? CO: Empty AB: ?: A thing or place empty of contents or inhabitants. (eng: vacuum - an exchange for the b and v; vacate)

A) qb (בק BQ) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?

ldm ) qfbqb (בקבוק BQBWQ) - Bottle: KJV (3): bottle, cruse - Strongs: H1228 (בַּקְבֻּק)

B) qqb (בקק BQQ) AC: ? CO: Empty AB: ?

V) qqb (בקק BQQ) - Empty: KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal) empty, make void, emptier, fail - Strongs: H1238 (בָּקַק)

C) qba (אבק ABQ) AC: Wrestle CO: Dust AB: ?: The arid landscape of an empty land.

V) qba (אבק ABQ) - Wrestle: A rolling around in the dust. KJV (2): (vf: Niphal) wrestled - Strongs: H79 (אָבַק)

Nm) qba (אבק ABQ) - Dust: KJV (6): dust, powder - Strongs: H80 (אָבָק)

Nf1) eqba (אבקה ABQH) - Powder: An aromatic dust. KJV (1): powders - Strongs: H81 (אֲבָקָה)

G) qeb (בהק BHQ) AC: ? CO: Rash AB: ?: A harmless skin rash or spot empty of fluid.

Nm) qeb (בהק BHQ) - Rash: KJV (1): freckled spot - Strongs: H933 (בֹּהַק)

J) qfb (בוק BWQ) AC: ? CO: Empty AB: ?

Nf1 ) eqfb (בוקה BWQH) - Empty: KJV (1): empty - Strongs: H950 (בּוּקָה)

kf1) eqfbm (מבוקה MBWQH) - Empty: KJV (1): void - Strongs: H4003 (מְבוּקָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [בָּקַק] verb be luxuriant (Arabic be profuse, abundant (see especially Conjugations I. IV, Lane)) —

Qal Participle בֹּקֵק luxuriant Hosea 10:1 (figurative of Israel as vine).

II. [בָּקַק] verb empty (compare probably Arabic make a gurgling noise, of a mug dipped in water, or emptied of water) —

Qal Perfect וּבַקֹּתִ֫י Jeremiah 19:7, בָּֽקֲקוּ Nahum 2:3; Participle בּוֺקֵק Isaiah 24:1, בִּקֲקִים Nahum 2:3; empty, lay waste land, accusative, Isaiah 24:1; Nahum 2:3, also absolute Nahum 2:3; figurative make void (object עֵצָה) Jeremiah 19:7.

Niph`al Perfect וְנָָֽבְקָה (compare Ges§ 67, R. 11) Isaiah 19:3; Imperfect 3 feminine singular תִּבּוֺק Isaiah 24:3; Infinitive absolute הִבּוֺק Isaiah 24:3; — be emptied (laid waste) Isaiah 24:3 הִבּוֺק תִבּוֺק, of land ("" הִבּוֺזתִּבּוֺז); figurative of spirit, courage Isaiah 19:3.

Po. Imperfect יְבֹקֲקוּ Jeremiah 51:2 empty out (devastate) land.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1)  to pour out, to empty, prop. a vessel; see בַּקְבּוּק. (Arab. بَقْبَقَ onomatopoetic from the sound of a bottle when emptied, like the Pers. غلغل gulgul, Engl. to bubble. In the Maltese bakbak is, to bubble, boil up, as water, like the Arab. بعع, بغبغ, bokka, a bubble of water, bakbŷka, bekbŷka, a bottle; compare also בּוּעַ, בַּעְבַּע; בּוּק.) Figuratively

(a) to empty a land, depopulate it, Isaiah 24:1 to despoil, to pillage the inhabitants, Nahum 2:3.

(b) Jeremiah 19:7, בַּקֹּתִי אֶת־עֲצַת יְהוּדָה “I will empty, or pour out the counsel of Judah,” i.e. I will make them void of counsel. Compare Niphal, Isaiah 19:3.

(2) intrans. to be poured out, to be spread wide, used of a spreading tree; Hosea 10:1, גֶּפֶן בֹּקֵק “a wide spreading vine;” LXX. ἄμπελος εὐκληματοῦσα: Vulg. frondosa.

Niphal נָבַק; inf. הִבּוֹק; fut. יִבּוֹק.

(1) pass, of Kal No. 1, a, Isaiah 24:3.

(2) pass. of No. 1, b, Isaiah 19:3, נָֽבְקָה רוּחַ מִצְרַיִם מִקִּרְבּוֹ “the spirit of Egypt shall be poured out from her midst,” i.e. she shall be altogether bereft of understanding and prudence; נָֽבְקָה is for נָבַקָּה; Lehrg. 372.

Poel בּוֹקֵק i.q. Kal 1, a, to depopulate, Jeremiah 51:2.

Derived nouns are בַּקְבּוּק and pr.n. בַּקְבֻּקְיָה, בֻּקִּי, בֻּקִיָּהוּ, יַבֹּק.

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List of Word Forms
בְקָקוּם֙ בֹּֽקְקִ֔ים בּוֹקֵ֥ק בּוֹקֵק֙ בוקק בקקום בקקים הִבּ֧וֹק ׀ הבוק וְנָבְקָ֤ה וִיבֹקְק֖וּ וּ֠בַקֹּתִי ובקתי ויבקקו ונבקה תִּבּ֛וֹק תבוק ḇə·qā·qūm ḇəqāqūm bō·qə·qîm bō·w·qêq boKek bokeKim bōqəqîm bōwqêq hib·bō·wq hibBok hibbōwq tib·bō·wq tibBok tibbōwq ū·ḇaq·qō·ṯî ūḇaqqōṯî Uvakkoti vekaKum venaveKah vivokeKu wə·nā·ḇə·qāh wənāḇəqāh wî·ḇō·qə·qū wîḇōqəqū
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