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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1305 - בָּרַר

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to purify, select, polish, choose, purge, cleanse or make bright, test or prove

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to purge, purge out, purify

1a2) to choose, select

1a3) to cleanse, make shining, polish

1a4) to test, prove

1b) (Niphal) to purify oneself

1c) (Piel) to purify

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to purify

1d2) to polish arrows

1e) (Hithpael)

1e1) to purify oneself

1e2) to show oneself pure, just, kind

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1252 ‑ διακρίνω (dee‑ak‑ree'‑no);  37 ‑ ἁγιάζω (hag‑ee‑ad'‑zo);  39 ‑ ἅγιον (hag'‑ee‑on);  3903 ‑ παρασκευάζω (par‑ask‑yoo‑ad'‑zo);  873 ‑ ἀφορίζω (af‑or‑id'‑zo);  1586 ‑ ἐκλέγω (ek‑leg'‑om‑ahee);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (18) NAS (18) HCS (18)
2 Samuel 1
1 Chronicles 3
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 2
Zephaniah 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Chronicles 3
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 2
Zephaniah 1
2 Samuel 2
1 Chronicles 3
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 2
Zephaniah 1
v-pc 1
v-qsfp 1
v-qsfs 1
v-qsmp 3
v-qsms 2
v-ti2ms 1
v-ti3mp 1
v-pc 1
v-qsfs 1
v-qsmp 3
v-qsms 2
v-ti2ms 1
v-ti3mp 1
v-pc 1
v-qsfs 1
v-qsmp 3
v-qsms 2
v-ti2ms 1
v-ti3mp 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1043) rb (בר BR) AC: Feed CO: Grain AB: ?: The pictograph b is a picture of a tent but also represents the family which resides inside the tent. The r is a picture of a head. Combined these have the meaning of "family of heads". The plant families of grains such as wheat and barley have a cluster of seeds at the top of the stalk called "heads". These grains were used for food for both man and livestock. (eng: barley - a grain; beer - made from grain; boar - as fat; barn - grain storage; pure - as clean with soap with an exchange for the p and b)

A) rb (בר BR) AC: ? CO: Grain AB: ?: Grains grown in fields were used for meal to make flour as well as feed for livestock. The stalks of the grains were burned to make potash for making soap. What is cleaned with soap becomes white or bright.

Nm) rb (בר BR) - I. Grain:Grain, and field, as a place for growing grain. II. Soap:Made from the ashes of the grain stalks. III. Clean:Cleanliness from soap. Also pure as a moral cleanliness. KJV (33): corn, wheat, son, about, clean, pur, choice, clear, purely, son - Strongs: H1248 (בַּר), H1249 (בַּר), H1250 (בָּר), H1251 (בַּר)

ldm) rfbrb (ברבור BRBWR) - Fowl: Birds fattened on the grains in the field. KJV (1): fowl - Strongs: H1257 (בַּרְבֻּר)

B) rrb (ברר BRR) AC: ? CO: Soap AB: ?: The stalks of the grains were burned to make potash for making soap.

V) rrb (ברר BRR) - I. Clean:The cleaning or polishing of something to make it bright or pure. II. Choice:Something that is clean or pure. KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) pure, choice, chosen, clean, clearly, manifest, bright, purge out, polished, purge, purified - Strongs: H1305 (בָּרַר)

C) rba (אבר ABR) AC: Fly CO: Wing AB: ?: The fowl, fed on grain, becomes strong for the long flight.

V) rba (אבר ABR) - Fly: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) fly - Strongs: H82 (אָבַר)

Nm) rba (אבר ABR) - Wing: KJV (3): wing, winged - Strongs: H83 (אֵבֶר)

Nf1) erba (אברה ABRH) - Wing: KJV (4): features, wing - Strongs: H84 (אֶבְרָה)

bm) riba (אביר ABYR) - Strong: The mighty power of a bird in flight. Anything or anyone of great strength, physical or mental. KJV (23): might, bulls, strong, mighty, stouthearted, valiant, angels, chiefest - Strongs: H46 (אָבִיר), H47 (אַבִּיר)

E) arb (ברא BRA) AC: Fill CO: Fat AB: ?: Grain is fed to the livestock making them fat or full.

V) arb (ברא BRA) - Fill: The fattening or filling up of something. The filling of the earth in ge1with sun, moon, plants, animals, etc. And the filling of man with life and the image of God. KJV (54): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) create, creator, choose, make, cut down, dispatch, done, fat - Strongs: H1254 (בָּרָא)

bm) airb (בריא BRYA) - Fat: KJV (13): fat, rank, firm, fatter, fed, plenteous - Strongs: H1277 (בָּרִיא)

bf1) eairb (בריאה BRYAH) - Fill: KJV (1): new thing - Strongs: H1278 (בְּרִיאָה)

F) rbe (הבר HBR) AC: Divide CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

V) rbe (הבר HBR) - Divide: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) astrologer - Strongs: H1895 (הָבַר)

G) reb (בהר BHR) AC: ? CO: Soap AB: ?: What is cleaned with soap becomes white or bright.

Nf2) treb (בהרת BHRT) - Blister: A white spot on the skin and a possible sign of leprosy. KJV (13): bright spot - Strongs: H934 (בַּהֶרֶת)

bm) rieb (בהיר BHYR) - Bright: KJV (1): bright - Strongs: H925 (בָּהִיר)

H) erb (ברה BRH) AC: Eat CO: Meat AB: Covenant: The grain is used as food for man or livestock. Livestock fed grains become fat and are the choicest for slaughter.

V) erb (ברה BRH) - Eat: KJV (7): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) eat, choose, give - Strongs: H1262 (בָּרָה)

Nf3) tfrb (ברות BRWT) - Meat: The choicest meats are those from fatted livestock. KJV (1): meat - Strongs: H1267 (בָּרוּת)

Nf4) tirb (ברית BRYT) - Covenant: A covenant is instituted through a sacrifice of a choice, fatted, animal which is cut into two and the parties of the covenant pass through the pieces. If one party fails to meet the agreements of the covenant then the other may do the same to them. (see Genesis 15:10,17and Jeremiah 34:18-20) KJV (284): covenant, league, confederacy, confederate - Strongs: H1285 (בְּרִית)

fm) irb (ברי BRY) - Fat: Livestock that are fed grains become fat. KJV (1): fat - Strongs: H1274 (בְּרִי)

eff1) eirib (ביריה BYRYH) - Meat: KJV (3): meat - Strongs: H1279 (בִּרְיָה)

J) rfb (בור BWR) AC: ? CO: Soap AB: ?

Nm ) rfb (בור BWR) - Clean: KJV (8): cleanness, pureness, never - Strongs: H1252 (בֹּר), H1253 (בֹּר)

Nf4) tirfb (בורית BWRYT) - Soap: KJV (2): soap - Strongs: H1287 (בֹּרִית)

M) rib (ביר BYR) AC: ? CO: Palace AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

Nf1) erib (בירה BYRH) - Palace: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (17): palace - Strongs: H1001 (בִּירָה), H1002 (בִּירָה)

mf4) tinrib (בירנית BYRNYT) - Castle: KJV (2): castle - Strongs: H1003 (בִּירָנִיָּה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [בָּרַר] verb purify, select (compare Assyrian barâru, be shining, in derivatives Zim BP 46. 73 Belser BAS ii. 154; Arabic pious, kind, true; he was pious, good, virtuous, honest) —

Qal Perfect בָּרוֺתִי Ezekiel 20:38; Infinitive suffix לְבָרָם Ecclesiastes 3:18, Ges§ 67 R, 3; compare לָבוּר Ecclesiastes 9:1 (si vera lectio) as metaplastic form, but on text see בּוּר above; Participle passive masculine בָּרוּר Job 33:3 4t.; feminine בְּרוּרָה Nehemiah 5:18; Zephaniah 3:9; —

1 purge out, purify: וּבָרוֺתִימִכֶּם הַמֹּרְדִים and I will purge out from among you the rebels Ezekiel 20:38; שָׂפָה בְּרוּרָה a purified lip Zephaniah 3:9; בָּרוּר מִלֵּל֑וּ utter in a pure, sincere manner Job 33:3.

2 choose, select, only Participle and in Chronicler: chosen, valiant men 1 Chronicles 7:40; porters 1 Chronicles 9:22; musicians 1 Chronicles 16:41; sheep Nehemiah 5:18.

3 cleanse, make shining, polish, passive participle חֵץ בָּרוּר polished arrow Isaiah 49:2 (compare De & Jeremiah 51:11 below)

4 test, prove Ecclesiastes 3:18 לְבָרָםהָאֱלֹהִים that God may prove them (RV); — on Ecclesiastes 9:1 see בּוּר.

Niph`alהִבָּרוּ Isaiah 52:11; Participle נָבָר 2 Samuel 22:27 (= Psalm 18:27); — purify oneself:

a. ceremonially, the bearers of the sacred vessels Isaiah 52:11.

b. morally 2 Samuel 22:27 = Psalm 18:27.

Pi`el Infinitive לְבָרֵר Daniel 11:35 purify ("" לִצְרוֺף, לַלְבֵּן).

Hiph`il 1. Infinitive לְהָבַר Jeremiah 4:11 purify, cleanse.

2 Imperative הָבֵרוּהַחִצִּים Jeremiah 51:11 polish arrows (see 3 above).

Hithpa`el 1. Imperfect יִתְבָּרֲרוּ Daniel 12:10 purify oneself.

2תִּתְבָּרַר Psalm 18:27 = תִּתָּבָר 2 Samuel 22:27 shew oneself pure, just, kind.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

בָּרַר pret. בָּרוֹתִי Ezekiel 20:38, inf. with suff. בָּרָם Ecclesiastes 3:18 (of the form שָׁךְ from שָׁכַךְ), kindred to the roots בָּרָא, בָּרָה.

(1) to separate, to sever, Eze. loc. cit. הַמֹּרְדִים בָּרוֹתִי מִכֶּם “I will separate the rebels from you.” (Arab. بَرَّ Conj. VIII. to stand apart from one’s companions.)

(2) to select, to choose (comp. בָּרָה No. 3). Part. pass. selected, chosen. 1 Chronicles 9:22, כֻּלָּם הַבְּרוּרִים לְשֹׁעֲרִים “all chosen (that) they might be (porters).” 1 Chronicles 7:40, 16:41 Nehemiah 5:18. [“Also, select, chosen, choice, 1 Chronicles 7:40 animals, Nehemiah 5:18.”]

(3) to separate and remove impure things, to cleanse

(a) an arrow from rust, to polish, to point, to sharpen it, Isaiah 49:2. See Hiphil. (Arab. برا to pare down, to point a weapon.)

(b) It is applied to pure and upright words and deeds. Part. pass. Zephaniah 3:9, שָׂפָה בְרוּרָה “a pure lip.” Adv. Job 33:3, וְדַעַת שְׂפָתַי בָּרוּר מִלֵּלוּ “and what I know my lips have spoken purely,” i.e. truly, sincerely, (ohne Falfch). Psalms 19:9, “the commandment of Jehovah is pure,” i.e. true, just. Compare Niphal, Piel, Hithpael. (Arab. برّ Med. E, to be just, true; بَرُّ true, just. Syr. ܒܪܺܝܪܐܳ pure, neat, simple; ܒܪܺܝܪܘܽܬܐܳ purity. In the proper signification of purity, it answers to the Lat. purus, Germ. bar, Engl. bare; figuratively, to the Lat. verus, wahr.)

(4) to explore, to search out, to prove, which is done by separating, comp. בָּקַר No. 3, Ecclesiastes 3:18. It answers to inf. לָבוּר Ecclesiastes 9:1, see בּוּר. (Arabic إِسْتَبَرَّ to investigate the truth, بَار Med. Waw, to search out.)

(5) to be empty, see בַּר adj. No. 3, Ch. בָּר.

Niphal נָבַר reflex. to purge oneself, for entering on a sacred office, Isaiah 52:11. Part. נָבָר pure, i.e. upright, pious, Psalms 18:27; 2 Samuel 22:27 see Kal No. 3, b.

Piel, to purge, Daniel 11:35.

Hiphil, to purge an arrow, i.e. to sharpen, Jeremiah 51:11 (see Kal No. 3, a); corn in the threshing-floor, Jeremiah 4:11.


(1) to purge oneself, sc. from the defilement of idolatry and sin, to reform, Daniel 12:10 (compare 11:35 ). [This certainly ought to be taken in a passive sense, to be purged.]

(2) to act truly, graciously, used of God, see under Kal No. 3, b; Psalms 18:27, עִם נָבָר תִּתְבָּרָר “with the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure.” As to the form תִּתַּבַּר see Analyt. Ind.

Derived nouns are בַּר No. II. בֹּר, בֹּרִית, בַּרְבֻּרִים.

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List of Word Forms
בְּרֻר֤וֹת בְּרוּרִים֙ בְרוּרָ֑ה בָּר֔וּר בָּר֥וּר ברור ברורה ברורים בררות הִבָּ֕רוּ הַבְּרוּרִ֔ים הַבְּרוּרִים֙ הָבֵ֣רוּ הברו הברורים וּבָרוֹתִ֣י וּלְבָרֵ֥ר וברותי ולברר יִ֠תְבָּֽרֲרוּ יתבררו לְבָרָ֖ם לְהָבַֽר׃ לברם להבר׃ נָבָ֖ר נָבָ֥ר נבר תִּתְבָּרָ֑ר תִּתָּבָ֑ר תתבר תתברר bā·rūr baRur bārūr ḇə·rū·rāh bə·rū·rîm bə·ru·rō·wṯ ḇərūrāh beruRim bərūrîm beruRot bərurōwṯ hā·ḇê·rū hab·bə·rū·rîm habberuRim habbərūrîm hāḇêrū haVeru hib·bā·rū hibBaru hibbārū lə·ḇā·rām lə·hā·ḇar ləḇārām ləhāḇar lehaVar levaRam nā·ḇār nāḇār naVar tiṯ·bā·rār tit·tā·ḇār titbaRar tiṯbārār tittāḇār tittaVar ū·ḇā·rō·w·ṯî ū·lə·ḇā·rêr ūḇārōwṯî ūləḇārêr ulevaRer uvaroTi veruRah yiṯ·bā·ră·rū Yitbararu yiṯbārărū
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Thursday, June 4th, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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