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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2040 - הָרַס

Transliteration
hâras
Phonetics
haw-ras'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
516
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to tear down, break down, overthrow, beat down, break, break through, destroy, pluck down, pull down, throw down, ruined, destroyer, utterly

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to throw down, tear down

1a2) to break through

1a3) to break down, break away

1b) (Niphal) to be torn down, be thrown down

1c) (Piel)

1c1) to overthrow, tear down

1c2) destroyer (participle)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 971 ‑ βιάζω (bee‑ad'‑zo);  1448 ‑ ἐγγίζω (eng‑id'‑zo);  1808 ‑ ἐξαίρω (ex‑ah'ee‑ro);  2598 ‑ καταβάλλω (kat‑ab‑al'‑lo);  2690 ‑ καταστρέφω (kat‑as‑tref'‑o);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  4486 ‑ ῥήσσω (hrayg'‑noo‑mee, hrace'‑so);  2506 ‑ καθαίρεσις (kath‑ah'ee‑res‑is);  2679 ‑ κατασκάπτω (kat‑as‑kap'‑to);  2507 ‑ καθαιρέω (kath‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (43) NAS (42) HCS (43)
Exodus 4
Judges 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 7
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 8
Joel 1
Micah 1
Malachi 1
Exodus 4
Judges 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 7
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 8
Joel 1
Micah 1
Malachi 1
Exodus 5
Judges 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 7
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 8
Joel 1
Micah 1
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-np3cp 1
v-np3cp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1452) xr (רס RS) AC: Demolish CO: Pieces AB: Ruin: The breaking or bringing down of something by throwing or pulling it down.

B) xxr (רסס RSS) AC: ? CO: Pieces AB: ?: Something broken or divided into pieces.

V) xxr (רסס RSS) - Moisten: To make wet by adding a liquid. In the sense of drops as pieces of water. KJV (1): (vf: Paal) temper - Strongs: H7450 (רָסַס)

bm) xixr (רסיס RSYS) - Pieces: Something broken into pieces. Also, the drops of dew as pieces of water. KJV (2): drip, breach - Strongs: H7447 (רָסִיס)

F) xre (הרס HRS) AC: Demolish CO: Pieces AB: ?: Something broken into pieces.

V) xre (הרס HRS) - Demolish: To break something into pieces by throwing or pulling it down. KJV (43): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel, Participle) throw, break, overthrow, destroy, pull, ruin, beat, pluck, destroyer - Strongs: H2040 (הָרַס)

Nm) xre (הרס HRS) - Ruin: A city that has been broken down into pieces. [df: Vrh] KJV (1): destruction - Strongs: H2041 (הֶרֶס)

bf1 ) exire (הריסה HRYSH) - Ruin: A city that has been broken down into pieces. KJV (1): ruin - Strongs: H2034 (הֲרִיסָה)

bf3) tfxire (הריסות HRYSWT) - Ruin: A city that has been broken down into pieces. KJV (1): destruction - Strongs: H2035 (הֲרִיסוּת)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 הָרַס verb throw down, break or tear down (MI הרם; ? Arabic , bruise, bray, pound, crush (grain)) —

Qal Perfect ׳הָ Lamentations 2:2,17; הָרָ֑ס Isaiah 14:17; וְהָרַסְתָּ֫ Judges 6:25 וְהָרַסְתִּ֫י Ezekiel 13:14; Micah 5:10; וְהָֽרְסוּ Ezekiel 16:39; Ezekiel 26:4,12 הָרָ֑סוּ 1 Kings 19:10,14; Imperfect יַהֲרוֺס Job 12:14; suffix יֶהֶרְסֶ֑ךָ Isaiah 22:19; וַיֶּהֶרְסֶ֑הָ 1 Chronicles 20:1; יֶהֶרְסֶנָּה Proverbs 29:4 יֶהֶרְסֵם Psalm 28:5; 3 feminine singular suffix 3 masculine singular תֶּהֶרְסֶנּוּ Proverbs 14:1; 2 masculine singular תַּהֲרֹס Exodus 15:7; אֶהֱרֹס Jeremiah 24:6; Jeremiah 42:10 אֶהֱרוֺס Malachi 1:4; 3 masculine plural יֶהֶרְסוּ Exodus 19:21,24; יַהֲרֹ֑סוּ 2 Kings 3:25; Imperative הֲרָסֿ Psalm 58:7; suffix הָרְסָהּ 2 Samuel 11:25; Infinitive הֲרֹס Jeremiah 31:28 הֲרוֺס Jeremiah 1:10; Participle active הֹרֵס Jeremiah 45:4; passive הָרוּס 1 Kings 18:30; —

1 throw down, tear down, with accusative: altar(s) Judges 6:25; 1 Kings 18:30; 1 Kings 19:10,14; height (גַּב, where idol-altar stood ? compare גֶּב below גבב) Ezekiel 16:39; city (cities) Isaiah 14:17; 2 Samuel 11:25; 2 Kings 3:25; 1 Chronicles 20:1 (compare MI27) Malachi 1:4 (object not expressed); wall(s) Ezekiel 13:14; Ezekiel 26:12; house Proverbs 14:1 (figurative of foolish woman's action); strongholds (מִבְצָרִים) Lamentations 2:2; Micah 5:10; tower(s) Ezekiel 26:4; figurative overthrow (i.e. ruin) land Proverbs 29:4 (opposed to יַעֲמִיד); object men Exodus 15:7 (poem in E) Isaiah 22:19 ( cast down Shebna from office); figurative, opposed to building up, of Yahweh's dealings with men Psalm 28:5, compare (without object) Jeremiah 24:6; Jeremiah 42:10; object indefinite אשׁר בָּנִיתִי אֲנִי הֹרֵס Jeremiah 45:4; absolute Jeremiah 1:10; Jeremiah 31:28; Lamentations 2:17; Job 12:14.

2 break down, break away שִׁנֵּימוֺ בְּפִימוֺ׳ה Psalm 58:7 break away their teeth in their mouth! figurative, addressed to God.

3 break through, intransitive, followed by ׳אֶליֿ Exodus 19:21; followed by ׳לַעֲלֹת אֶליֿ, Exodus 19:24 (both J).

Niph`al Perfect 3 feminine singular נֶהֱרָ֑סָה Proverbs 24:31; 3 plural נֶהֶרְסוּ Jeremiah 50:15; Joel 1:17; וְנֶהֶרְסוּ consecutive Ezekiel 30:4; Ezekiel 38:20; Imperfect יֵהָרֵס Jeremiah 31:40; 3 feminine singular תֵּהָרֵס Proverbs 11:11; יֵהָרֵס֑וּן Psalm 11:3; Participle הַנֶּהֱרָסוֺת Ezekiel 36:35,36; — be thrown or torn down; wall(s) of vineyard Proverbs 24:31, of city Jeremiah 50:15; cities Ezekiel 36:35 compare Ezekiel 36:36; figurative ruined Proverbs 11:11 (opposed to תָּרוּם); foundations, יְסוֺדֹת Ezekiel 30:4; שָׁתוֺת Psalm 11:3; mountains Ezekiel 38:20; storehouses מַמְּגֻרוֺת Joel 1:17 [see ׳מ]; valley east of Jerusalem לֹאיִֿנָּתֵשׁ וְלֹאיֵֿהָרֵס Jeremiah 31:40 it shall not be plucked up nor thrown down, apparently proverb. expression, implying destruction, removal.

Pi`el Imperfect 2 masculine singular suffix תְּהָֽרְסֵם Exodus 23:24; Infinitive absolute הָרֵס Exodus 23:24; Participle plural suffix מְהָֽרְסַיִךְ Isaiah 49:17; — overthrow, tear down הָרֵס תְּהָֽרְסֵם Exodus 23:24 thou shalt utterly tear them down (J E; object = idols compare Di); participle destroyers, of Zion Isaiah 49:17 ("" מַחֲרִיבַיִךְ).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

הָרַס fut. יֶהֱרֹס Job 12:14; Isaiah 22:19, and יַהֲרֹס Exodus 15:7; 2 Kings 3:25.

(1) to pull down, to destroy, einreißen, niederreißen. The primary signification lies in the syllable רס, which like רַץ and Gr. ῥήσσω, ῥήττω, Germ. reißen, has the meaning of tearing, pulling down, and is itself onomatopoetic. Compare רָצַץ, רָצַח, also פָּרַץ, פָּרַס, עָרַץ etc. (Arab. هرس, هرد is, to tear, to tear to pieces). This verb is properly and commonly to pull down houses, cities, walls, 1 Kings 18:30, 19:10 Isaiah 14:17; Jeremiah 1:10, 45:4 Lamentations 2:2; Ezekiel 13:14, 16:39 Micah 5:10 etc. Elsewhere it is to break out teeth, Psal. 58:7 to pull down any one from his station (herunterreißen), Isaiah 22:19, to destroy a people, Exodus 15:7 and hence a kingdom, Proverbs 29:4, “a king by justice establisheth the land, וְאִישׁ תְּרוּמוֹת יֶהֶרְםֶנָּה but he who loveth gifts (i.e. the king when he is unjust), destroys it,” pulls it down. The meaning of the passage was clearly overlooked by those who ascribe to the verb הרס h. l. the meaning of corrupting manners. A kingdom is compared to a building, which is established by a just king, but is subverted and destroyed by one who is unjust.

(2) intrans. to break through, to break in, Exodus 19:21, פֶּן יֶהֶרְסוּ אֶל־יְיָ “lest they break through to the Lord;” verse 24 Exodus 19:24.

Niphal, to be broken down, destroyed, Psalms 11:3; Joel 1:17; Ezekiel 30:4, etc.; used also of mountains, 38:20.

Piel i.q. Kal No. 1, Exodus 23:24; Isaiah 49:17.

Derivatives הֲרִיסָה, הֲרִיסוּת, and

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List of Word Forms
אֶהֱר֑וֹס אֶהֱרֹ֔ס אהרוס אהרס הֲרָס־ הֶהָרֽוּס׃ הַנֶּ֣הֱרָס֔וֹת הָרֵס֙ הָרַ֖ס הָרַ֧ס הָרָ֑ס הָרָ֔סוּ הֹרֵ֔ס ההרוס׃ הנהרסות הרס הרס־ הרסו וְהַנֶּהֱרָס֖וֹת וְהָ֨רַסְתִּ֜י וְהָֽרְסוּ֙ וְהָרְס֤וּ וְהָרְסָ֖הּ וְהָרַסְתִּ֖י וְהָרַסְתָּ֗ וְלַהֲר֑וֹס וְלַהֲרֹ֖ס וְנֶהֶרְס֖וּ וְנֶהֶרְס֣וּ וַיֶּֽהֶרְסֶֽהָ׃ והנהרסות והרסה והרסו והרסת והרסתי ויהרסה׃ ולהרוס ולהרס ונהרסו יֵֽהָרֵס֑וּן יֵהָרֵ֛ס יֶ֝הֶרְסֵ֗ם יֶֽהֶרְס֛וּ יֶֽהֶרְסֶֽנָּה׃ יֶהֶרְס֤וּ יֶהֶרְסֶֽךָ׃ יַ֭הֲרוֹס יַהֲרֹ֡סוּ יהרוס יהרס יהרסו יהרסון יהרסך׃ יהרסם יהרסנה׃ מְהָֽרְסַ֥יִךְ מהרסיך נֶהֱרָֽסָה׃ נֶהֶרְס֖וּ נהרסה׃ נהרסו תְּהָ֣רְסֵ֔ם תֵּהָרֵֽס׃ תֶהֶרְסֶֽנּוּ׃ תַּהֲרֹ֣ס תהרס תהרס׃ תהרסם תהרסנו׃ ’e·hĕ·rō·ws ’e·hĕ·rōs ’ehĕrōs ’ehĕrōws eheRos hā·rā·sū hā·ras hā·rās hă·rās- hā·rês han·ne·hĕ·rā·sō·wṯ hanNeheraSot hannehĕrāsōwṯ haRas hāras hārās hărās- haRasu hārāsū haRes hārês haros he·hā·rūs hehaRus hehārūs hō·rês hoRes hōrês mə·hā·rə·sa·yiḵ mehareSayich məhārəsayiḵ ne·hĕ·rā·sāh ne·her·sū neheRasah nehĕrāsāh neherSu nehersū ta·hă·rōs tahaRos tahărōs tə·hā·rə·sêm tê·hā·rês ṯe·her·sen·nū tehaRes têhārês teHareSem təhārəsêm teherSennu ṯehersennū vaiYeherSeha vehanneheraSot veharasTa veHarasTi vehareSah vehareSu velahaRos veneherSu way·ye·her·se·hā wayyehersehā wə·hā·ras·tā wə·hā·ras·tî wə·hā·rə·sāh wə·hā·rə·sū wə·han·ne·hĕ·rā·sō·wṯ wə·la·hă·rō·ws wə·la·hă·rōs wə·ne·her·sū wəhannehĕrāsōwṯ wəhārastā wəhārastî wəhārəsāh wəhārəsū wəlahărōs wəlahărōws wənehersū ya·hă·rō·sū ya·hă·rō·ws Yaharos yahaRosu yahărōsū yahărōws yê·hā·rê·sūn yê·hā·rês ye·her·se·ḵā ye·her·sêm ye·her·sen·nāh ye·her·sū yehaRes yêhārês yehareSun yêhārêsūn yeherSecha yeherseḵā yeherSem yehersêm YeherSennah yehersennāh yeherSu yehersū
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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