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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2865 - חָתַת

Transliteration
châthath
Phonetics
khaw-thath'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
784
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be shattered, be dismayed, be broken, be abolished, be afraid

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be shattered, be broken

1a2) to be dismayed

1b) (Niphal) to be broken, be dismayed

1c) (Piel) to be shattered, be dismayed, be scared

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to cause to be dismayed

1d2) to dismay, terrify

1d3) to shatter

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2644 ‑ καταλλάσσω (kat‑al‑las'‑so);  3860 ‑ παραδίδωμι (par‑ad‑id'‑o‑mee);  3886 ‑ παραλύω (par‑al‑oo'‑o);  4422 ‑ πτοέω (pto‑eh'‑o);  772 ‑ ἀσθενής (as‑then‑ace');  1168 ‑ δειλιάω (di‑lee‑ah'‑o);  1839 ‑ ἐξίστημι (ex‑is'‑tay‑mee);  4724 ‑ στέλλω (stel'‑lo);  5399 ‑ φοβέω (fob‑eh'‑o);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  2274 ‑ ἡττάομαι (hayt‑tah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (54) NAS (53) HCS (53)
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 3
1 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 3
Job 5
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 15
Ezekiel 2
Obadiah 1
Habakkuk 1
Malachi 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 3
1 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 3
Job 4
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 15
Ezekiel 2
Obadiah 1
Habakkuk 1
Malachi 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 3
1 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 3
Job 4
Isaiah 12
Jeremiah 19
Ezekiel 2
Obadiah 1
Habakkuk 1
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
P-d 4
P-n 3
P-o 1
P-p 9
n-cmsc 2
p-i2ms 4
p-i3ms 1
v-hp1cs 1
v-qp3fs 1
P-d 4
P-n 3
P-o 1
P-p 10
n-cmsc 2
p-i2ms 4
p-i3ms 1
v-hp1cs 1
v-qp3fs 1
P-d 4
P-n 3
P-o 1
P-p 10
n-cmsc 2
p-i2ms 4
p-i3ms 1
v-hp1cs 1
v-qp3fs 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1183) th (ההת HhT) AC: Break CO: ? AB: F |kjv: dread, broken, fear, dismayed - Strongs: H2844 (חַת)

Nf1 ) eth (ההתה HhTH) - F |kjv: terror - Strongs: H2847 (חִתָּה)

af1 ) ethm (מההתה MHhTH) - Firepan: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (22): censer, firepan, snuffdish - Strongs: H4289 (מַחְתָּה)

lm) thth (ההתההת HhTHhT) - F |kjv: fear - Strongs: H2849 (חַתְחַת)

B) tth (ההתת HhTT) AC: Break CO: ? AB: Fear

V) tth (ההתת HhTT) - Break: To broken in fear or terror. KJV (54): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) dismayed, afraid, break in pieces, broken, break down, abolish, amazed, confound, discouraged, beat down, scarest, terrify - Strongs: H2865 (חָתַת)

Nm) tth (ההתת HhTT) - Breaking: KJV (1): cast down - Strongs: H2866 (חֲתַת)

bf) tith (ההתית HhTYT) - F |kjv: terror - Strongs: H2851 (חִתִּית)

H) eth (ההתה HhTH) AC: Seize CO: ? AB: ?: To break down causing a great fear.

V) eth (ההתה HhTH) - Seize: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) take, heap - Strongs: H2846 (חָתָה)

M) tih (ההית HhYT) AC: ? CO: Ruin AB: ?: Something that is broken into pieces.

kf1) etihm (מההיתה MHhYTH) - Ruin: KJV (11): destruction, terror, ruin, dismay - Strongs: H4288 (מְחִתָּה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [חָתַת] verb be shattered, dismayed (Assyrian —attu, terror, Dl HWB 296; Talmud חִתִּית id.; Ethiopic is scrutari, examinare, see Di Lex, 105) —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular חַת Jeremiah 50:2; 3 feminine singular חַ֫תָּה Jeremiah 14:4 2t., וָחָ֑תָּה Jeremiah 48:1; 3 plural חַ֫תּוּ Isaiah 37:27 4t., וְחַתּ֫וּ consecutive Isaiah 20:5 2t., וָחָ֑תּוּ consecutive Jeremiah 50:36; Imperfect (Kö i. 366) יֵחַת Isaiah 7:8; Isaiah 30:31, יֵחַ֑ת Job 39:22, יֵחָ֑ת Isaiah 31:4, אֵחַ֫תָּה Jeremiah 17:18, יֵחַ֫תּוּ 1 Samuel 2:10 3t. — On יֵּחַ֑תּוּ Job 21:13 see נָחַת; — תֵּחָ֑תּוּ Joshua 10:25 2t., etc.; Imperative וָחֹ֫תּוּ Isaiah 8:9 (3t. in verse); —

1 be shattered, broken, figurative of nations under divine judgment Isaiah 7:8; Isaiah 30:31; so probably also Isaiah 8:9 (3t. in verse) (but strike out in v a), and perhaps (of ׳י's foes in General) 1 Samuel 2:10 (song; — others render dismayed in all except Isaiah 7:8); figurative of ׳י s righteousness Isaiah 51:6 (= be abolished, annihilated); literally of bows Jeremiah 51:56, according to Gie's reading חַתָּה, see Pi`el 2. be dismayed, usually

a. absolute: "" יָרֵא Deuteronomy 1:21; Deuteronomy 31:8; Joshua 8:1; Joshua 10:25 (all D), 1 Samuel 17:11; Jeremiah 23:4; Jeremiah 30:10; Jeremiah 46:27; Ezekiel 2:6; Ezekiel 3:9; 1 Chronicles 22:13; 1 Chronicles 28:20; 2 Chronicles 20:15,17; 32:7; "" בּוֺשׁ Isaiah 20:5; Isaiah 37:27 = 2 Kings 19:26; Jeremiah 8:9; Jeremiah 17:18 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 48:1,20,39; Jeremiah 50:2 (twice in verse) (others assign. Jeremiah 48:20,39; Jeremiah 50:2 (twice in verse) to

1); figurative of the ground הָאֲדָמָה, dismayed for lack of rain Jeremiah 14:4 read probably with Duhm (after ᵐ5) Co Dr חַתּוּ׳וְעֹבְדֵ; ("" בּוֺשׁ of the husband-men); no "" Jeremiah 50:36; Obadiah 9; Job 39:22.

b. be dismayed at, by reason of, followed by מִן Isaiah 31:4,9; Isaiah 51:7 ("" יָרֵא) Jeremiah 1:17; Jeremiah 10:2 (twice in verse).

Niph`al Perfect only 3 masculine singular וּמִמְּנֵישְׁמִי נִחַת Malachi 2:5 and at my name he is put in awe ("" יָרֵא).

Pi`el Perfect dismay, scare, 2 masculine singular suffix וְחִתַּתַּ֫נִי בַחֲלֹמוֺת (Kö i. 372) consecutive Job 7:14 and thou scarest me with dreams ("" בִּעֵת); 3 feminine singular חִתְּתָה Jeremiah 51:56 (of bows) is intransitive [inchoate Ew§ 120,2 d], Gf and others, be shattered, but text probably erroneous. Gie חַתָּה (see Qal 1).

Hiph`il Perfect 2 masculine singular הַחִתֹּתָ Isaiah 9:3; 1 singular וְהַחְתַּתִּ֫י Jeremiah 49:37 (Kö i. 372); Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix יְחִתֵּנִי Job 31:34, suffix 3 feminine plural יְחִיתַ֑ן Habakkuk 2:17 (Kö i. 374; but ᵐ5ᵑ7 ᵑ6 Ew Ol Sta We יְחִתֶּ֑ךָ); 1 singular suffix אֲחִתְּךָ Jeremiah 1:17 (followed by לפניהם) —

1 shutter with accusative Isaiah 9:3.

2. a. cause to be dismayed Jeremiah 49:37 followed by לִפְנֵי.

b. dismay, terrify, followed by suffix Job 31:34; Habakkuk 2:17.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָתַת

(1) prop. to break (kindred to other onomatopoetic roots, כָּתַת, פָּתַת; כָּתַשׁ, פָּתַשׁ هَدَّ), see Niphal, Piel, Hiphil. In Kal only

(2) intrans. to be broken, specially to be broken down with fear, to be confounded. (Many verbs which signify breaking are applied to fear, as שָׁבַר Job 41:16 Arab. فرق, ىَسَرَ, هَدَّ Schult. Opp Min. p. 93. As those who are seized with great terror or fear strike their knees together as if they were broken, fie brechen zufammen.) Job 32:15; Isaiah 20:5, 37:27 Jeremiah 8:9, 14:4 48:1, 20 Jeremiah 48:20, 39 Jeremiah 48:39, 50:2, 36 Jeremiah 50:36. Often connected with the verb בּוֹשׁ.

Niphal נִחַת (which is identical in form with Piel and Niphal of the verb נָחַת), fut. יֵחַת, pl. יֵחַתּוּ

(1) pass. of Kal No. 1, to be broken, of a dominion, Isaiah 7:8 of justice, or the salvation of God, Isaiah 51:6.

(2) i.q. Kal No. 2, to be broken down with fear, to be confounded. Often with the synonym יָרֵא, as Deuteronomy 31:8, לֹא תֵחַת, לֹא תִירָא “fear not, neither be confounded;” Deuteronomy 31:8; Joshua 1:9, 8:1 10:25. Followed by מִפְּנֵי before the person, Jeremiah 1:17; Ezekiel 2:6, 3:9 מִן before the thing, for fear of which one flies (compare מִן No. 2, a), Isaiah 30:31, 31:4 Jeremiah 10:2. To the former, as to sense, belongs Malachi 2:5, מִפְּנֵי שְׁמִי נִחַת הוּא “and he feared my name,” stood in awe of it.

Piel

(1) intrans. (but with an intensitive power) to be broken (as a bow), Jeremiah 51:56.

(2) causat. of Kal No. 2, to frighten, Job 7:14.

Hiphil הֵחֵת, fut. יָחֵת, with suff. יְחִתֵּנִי, once יְחִיתַן Habakkuk 2:17, for יְחִתֵּן (see Lehrg. p. 369), rarely like regular verbs הַחְתַּתִּי Jeremiah 49:37.

(1) to break, to break to pieces, Isaiah 9:3.

(2) to frighten, to put to shame, Jeremiah 1:17, 49:37 Job 31:34. (Arab. أَخَتَّ to be terrified, put to shame.)

Derivatives, חַת, חִתָּה, חִתִּית, חַתְחַתִּים, מְחִתָּה pr.n. חֵת, and

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List of Word Forms
אֲחִתְּךָ֖ אֵחַ֖תָּה אחתה אחתך הַחִתֹּ֖תָ החתת וְהַחְתַּתִּ֣י וְחִתַּתַּ֥נִי וְחַתּ֖וּ וְחַתּ֥וּ וַיֵּחַ֥תּוּ וָחָֽתָּה׃ וָחָֽתּוּ׃ וָחֹ֔תּוּ וָחֹֽתּוּ׃ והחתתי וחתה׃ וחתו וחתו׃ וחתתני ויחתו חִתְּתָ֖ה חַ֔תָּה חַ֖תָּה חַ֖תּוּ חַ֙תָּה֙ חַ֣ת חַ֭תּוּ חת חתה חתו חתתה יְחִיתַ֑ן יְחִתֵּ֑נִי יֵחַ֛תּוּ יֵחַ֣ת יֵחַ֣תּוּ יֵחַ֥תּוּ יֵחָ֑ת יֵחָ֔ת יחיתן יחת יחתו יחתני נִחַ֥ת נחת תֵּחַ֔תּוּ תֵּחַ֗תּוּ תֵּחַ֙תּוּ֙ תֵּחַ֣ת תֵּחַת֙ תֵּחָ֑ת תֵּחָ֑תּוּ תֵּחָ֔ת תֵּחָֽתּוּ׃ תֵּחָֽת׃ תֵחַ֣ת תֵחָֽת׃ תחת תחת׃ תחתו תחתו׃ ’ă·ḥit·tə·ḵā ’ăḥittəḵā ’ê·ḥat·tāh ’êḥattāh achitteCha chat Chattah Chattu chitteTah eChattah ha·ḥit·tō·ṯā hachitTota haḥittōṯā ḥaṯ ḥat·tāh ḥat·tū ḥattāh ḥattū ḥit·tə·ṯāh ḥittəṯāh ni·ḥaṯ niChat niḥaṯ tê·ḥaṯ tê·ḥāṯ ṯê·ḥaṯ ṯê·ḥāṯ tê·ḥat·tū tê·ḥāt·tū teChat teChattu têḥaṯ têḥāṯ ṯêḥaṯ ṯêḥāṯ têḥattū têḥāttū vaChattah vaChattu vaChottu vaiyeChattu vechatTu vechittatTani vehachtatTi wā·ḥāt·tāh wā·ḥāt·tū wā·ḥōt·tū wāḥāttāh wāḥāttū wāḥōttū way·yê·ḥat·tū wayyêḥattū wə·haḥ·tat·tî wə·ḥat·tū wə·ḥit·tat·ta·nî wəhaḥtattî wəḥattū wəḥittattanî yê·ḥaṯ yê·ḥāṯ yê·ḥat·tū yə·ḥî·ṯan yə·ḥit·tê·nî yeChat yeChattu yechiTan yechitTeni yêḥaṯ yêḥāṯ yêḥattū yəḥîṯan yəḥittênî
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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