Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5399 - φοβέω

Transliteration
phobéō
Phonetics
fob-eh'-o
Origin
from (G5401)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
9:189,1272
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to put to flight by terrifying (to scare away)
    1. to put to flight, to flee
    2. to fear, be afraid
      1. to be struck with fear, to be seized with alarm 1b
    3. of those startled by strange sights or occurrences 1b
    4. of those struck with amazement
      1. to fear, be afraid of one
      2. to fear (i.e. hesitate) to do something (for fear of harm)
    5. to reverence, venerate, to treat with deference or reverential obedience
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1481 ‑ גּוּר (goor);  1672 ‑ דָּאַג (daw‑ag');  1763 ‑ דְּחַל (deh‑khal');  2342 ‑ חוּל (khool, kheel);  2730 ‑ חָרֵד (khaw‑rade');  2865 ‑ חָתַת (khaw‑thath');  3025 ‑ יָגֹר (yaw‑gore');  3372 ‑ יָרֵא (yaw‑ray');  3372 ‑ יָרֵא (yaw‑ray');  5128 ‑ נוּעַ (noo'‑ah);  6206 ‑ עָרַץ (aw‑rats');  6342 ‑ פָּחַד (paw‑khad');  6399 ‑ פְּלַח (pel‑akh');  7264 ‑ רָגַז (raw‑gaz');  7493 ‑ רָעַשׁ (raw‑ash);  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (110)
Matthew
20
Mark
14
Luke
25
John
7
Acts
15
Romans
3
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
1
Hebrews
7
1 Peter
5
1 John
1
Revelation
7
NAS (97)
Matthew
18
Mark
12
Luke
23
John
5
Acts
13
Romans
4
2 Corinthians
4
Galatians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
1
Hebrews
4
1 Peter
3
1 John
1
Revelation
6
HCS (95)
Matthew
18
Mark
12
Luke
23
John
5
Acts
14
Romans
3
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
1
Hebrews
4
1 Peter
3
1 John
1
Revelation
6
BSB (95)
Matthew
18
Mark
12
Luke
23
John
5
Acts
14
Romans
3
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
1
Hebrews
4
1 Peter
3
1 John
1
Revelation
6
ESV (83)
Matthew
15
Mark
12
Luke
19
John
5
Acts
10
Romans
3
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
1
Hebrews
4
1 Peter
2
1 John
1
Revelation
6
WEB (111)
Matthew
20
Mark
14
Luke
27
John
7
Acts
15
Romans
3
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
1
Hebrews
7
1 Peter
4
1 John
1
Revelation
7
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φοβέω,

3 pl. imper. φοβεόντων Hdt. 7.235: Ion. impf. φοβέεσκον Hes. Sc. 162: fut. -ήσω E. Heracl. 357 (lyr.), (ἐκ-) Th. 4.126 (dub.): aor. ἐφόβησα Il. 15.15, etc.: Pass. and Med., Ion. 2 sing. φοβέαι Hdt. 1.39; Ion. imper. φοβεῦ or φοβέο, Id. 1.9, 7.52: Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. impf. φοβέοντο Il. 6.41: fut. φοβήσομαι 22.250, Pl. Lg. 649c, D. 15.23, etc.; φοβηθήσομαι X. Cyr. 3.3.30, Plu. Brut. 40, Luc. Zeux. 9, v.l. in Pl. R. 470a: aor. Pass. ἐφοβήθην Hdt. 8.27, etc., Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. ἐφόβηθεν or φόβηθεν, Il. 15.326, 5.498; aor. Med. ἐφοβησάμην only Anacreont. 31.11: pf. πεφόβημαι Il. 10.510, etc.: plpf. 3 pl. ἐπεφόβηντο X. HG 7.4.32, Th. 5.50, πεφοβήατο Il. 21.206. Act., in Hom. (never in Od.)

always in the sense put to flight, [ ἴρηξ] ἐφόβησε κολοιούς Il. 16.583; [ Ζεὺς] καὶ ἄλκιμον ἄνδρα φοβεῖ ib. 689; Τρώων οὓς ἐφόβησας 22.11; φοβῆσαίτε στίχας ἀνδρῶν 17.505; σὸς δόλος.. ἐφόβησε δὲ λαούς 15.15; σέ γέ φημι.. δουρὶ φοβῆσαι 20.187; once in Hes., φοβέεσκον ἐπὶ χθονὶ φῦλ' ἀνθρώπων l.c.

II terrify, alarm, Hdt. 7.235, etc.; μὴ φίλους φόβει A. Th. 262; ᾧ μή 'στι δρῶντι τάρβος οὐδ' ἔπος φοβεῖ S. OT 296, cf. 1013, E. Hipp. 572 (lyr.); ἡ δύναμις τῶν νέων φοβοῦσά τινας Antipho 4.3.2; αἱ κάμηλοι ἐφόβουν τους ἵππους X. Cyr. 7.1.48; ρὸν Ἀλκιβιάδην ἐφόβουν, μὴ.. ἐπαγάγωνται Th. 5.45; c. dat.modi, λόγοις A. Pers. 215 (troch.); μεγαληγορίαισι φρένας E. Heracl. 357 (lyr.); τῷ μὲν Τισσαφέρνει τοὺς Ἀθηναίους φ., ἐκείνοις δὲ τὸν Τισσαφέρνην to frighten the Athenians with T., and T. with the Athenians, Th. 8.82; c. part., λέγοντες φ. τινάς by saying, X. Eq.Mag. 1.8; λέγοντες ὡς ἥξει βασιλεύς D 14.25: abs., πόνος ὁ μὴ φοβῶν κράτιστος S. Ph. 864 (lyr.), φοβήσαντες κατεστήσαντο τὴν πολιτείαν by terror, Pl. R. 551b.

2. c.acc. rei, threaten with, φ. λιμόν D.H. 6.51. Pass. and Med., in Hom. always in the sense to be put to flight (cf. Sch.A Il. 5.223, al.), once in Od., κύνες.. διὰ σταθμοῖο φόβηθεν 16.163; freq. in Il., ὑπέμειναν ἀολλέες οὐδὲ φόβηθεν 5.498; τοὶ δ' ἐφόβηθεν.. θεσπεσίῳ ὁμάδῳ 16.294; κὰμ μέσσον πεδίον φοβέοντο βόες ὣς ἅς τε λέων ἐφόβησε 11.172; also part., μὴ καὶ πεφοβημένος ἔλθης 10.510, cf. 15.4, 21.606; φοβηθεὶς δύσεθ' ἁλὸς κατὰ κῦμα in flight, 6.135; βῆ δὲ φοβηθείς 22.137: ὑπό τινος φοβέεσθαι to flee before him, 8.149; ὑπό τινι 15.637; c. acc., οὔ σ' ἔτι.. φοβήσομαι ὡς τὸ πάρος περ 22.250.

II to be seized with fear, be affrighted, Hdt. 9.70, E. Tr. 1166, etc.

Constr.,

1 abs., πεφόβημαι πτηνῆς ὡς ὄμμα πελείας S. Aj. 139 (anap.); φοβηθέντες ᾤχοντο φεύγοντες flying in terror, Aeschin. 1.43; ἃ μὴ οἶδα.. οὐδέποτε φοβήσομαι οὐδὲ φεύξομαι, Pl. Ap. 29b, etc.: c. dat. instrum., μάστιγι φ. E. Rh. 37 (anap.): c. acc. cogn., φ. αἰσχροὺς φόβους Pl. Prt. 360b; ἐφοβήθησαν φόβον μέγαν Mark 4:41; τὸν φόβον αὐτῶν μὴ φοβηθῆτε 1 Peter 3:14.

2. folld. by Preps., φ. ἀπό τινος to be afraid of one (prob. a Hebraism), LXX Leviticus 26:2, Jeremiah 1:8, Matthew 10:28, Luke 12:4; ἔκ τινος from some cause, S. Tr. 671; εἴς τι to be alarmed at a thing, Id. OT 980; πρός τι Id. Tr. 1211, Luc. Prom. Ezekiel 4:1-17, Lib. Or. 50.18; ἐπί τινι fear for.. Luc. DMar. 14.4; but φ. ἀμφὶ γυναικί fear about.., Hdt. 6.62; περὶ ἡμῶν X. Cyr. 5.2.35, etc.; περί τινι Pl. Euthd. 275b (περὶ σφίσιν αὐτοῖς τὸ κατάδηλον Th. 4.123); περὶ χωρίῳ Id. 2.90; ὑπὲρ τῶν μελλόντων And. 4.36; περί τι Pl. Cra. 404e; πρὸς ἀνδρὸς ἢ τέκνων S. Tr. 150.

3. folld. by a relat. clause, φοβεῑσθαι μὴ.. fear lest a thing will be.., E. Or. 770 (troch.), Ar. Pax 606 (troch.), Th. 1.95, etc.; φ. ὅπως μὴ.. Id. 6.13, X. Mem. 2.9.3; φ. μὴ οὐ.. Id. Oec. 16.6; freq. c.acc. folld. by μή, ταῦτ' οὖν φοβοῦμαι, μὴ.. S. Tr. 550, cf. X. An. 7.1.2; φ. τοὺς οὐσίαν κεκτημένους, μὴ.. Pl. Phdr. 232c, cf. Th. 1.88, etc.; φ. ὑπέρ τινος, μὴ.. Pl. R. 387c; c. inf. folld. by μή, φοβοίμην ἂν τῷ ἡγεμόνι ἕπεσθαι, μὴ ἀγάγῃ κτλ. X. An. 1.3.17, cf. Pl. Tht. 143e, Grg. 457e: also φ. ὅτι.., = φ. μὴ.., in a more positive sense, X. Cyr. 3.1.1, D.C. 52.26; φ. τόδε, ὅτι.. Th. 7.67 (but φ. τὸ κάεσθαι, ὅτι ἀλγεινόν because.., Pl. Grg. 479a): διὰ τοῦτο φ. τινας, o(/ti.. lsoc. 6.60; less freq. φ. ὡς.. X. Cyr. 5.2.12; φ. πῶς χρὴ.. ib. 4.5.19; φ. εἰ δεήσει.. ib. 6.1.17.

4. c. inf. with Art., φ. τὸ ἀποθνῄσκειν Pl. Grg. 522e, etc.: more freq. c. inf. alone, fear to do, be afraid of doing, A. Ch. 46 (lyr.), S. Aj. 253 (lyr.), E. Ion 628, etc.: c. inf. fut., Th. 5.105.

5. c. acc. pers., stand in awe of, dread, δαίμονας τοὺς ἐνθάδε A. Supp. 893; στρατὸν Ἀχαιῶν S. Ph. 1250; τοὺς ἄνω θεούς Pl. Lg. 927b, cf. Isoc. 1.16, etc.; τὰς κύνας X. Cyn. 5.16, etc.

6. c. acc. rei, fear or fear about a thing, βρόμον A. Th. 476; τὸ προσέρπον S. Aj. 227 (lyr.); μέμψιν E. Alc. 1057; τὸ τοιοῦτον σῶμα Pl. Phdr. 239d; δουλείαν καὶ δεσμόν X. Cyr. 3.1.24.

7. c. gen., πεφοβημένος νυκτός, θαλάσσης, Arat. 290, 766.

8. c. part., προδιδοὺς φοβηθείς Lycurg. 17.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φοβέέω , (< φόβος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H4480 H3372;]

1. in Hem., to put to flight. Pass., to be put to flight, to flee affrighted.

2. to terrify, frighten (Wis 179; Hdt. and Att..). Pass. (so always in NT; cf. M, Pr., 162), to be seized with fear, be affrighted, fear: Matthew 10:31; Matthew 14:27, Mark 5:33; Mark 6:50, Luke 1:13; Luke 8:50, John 6:19; John 12:15, Acts 16:38, al.; opp. to ὑψηλοφρονεῖν , Romans 11:20; σφόδρα , Matthew 17:6; Matthew 27:54; c. cogn. acc, φόβον μέγαν , Mark 4:41, Luke 2:9 (1 Maccabees 10:8); φόβον αὐτῶν (obj, gen., but cf. ICC, in l), 1 Peter 3:14; πτόησιν , 1 Peter 3:6; c. acc pers., Matthew 10:26, Mark 11:18, Luke 19:21, John 9:22, Acts 9:26,

Romans 13:3, al.; seq. ἀπό (like Heb. H3372, Jeremiah 1:8, al.; cf. M, Pr., 102, 104n„), Matthew 10:28, Luke 12:4; seq. μή (cl.; Bl., § 65, 3; M, Pr., 184 f.), Acts 23:10; Acts 27:17; μήπως , Acts 27:29, 2 Corinthians 11:3; 2 Corinthians 12:20, Galatians 4:11; μήποτε , Hebrews 4:1; c. inf. (Bl., § 69, 4; M, Pr., 205), Matthew 1:20, Mark 9:32, al.; of reverential fear: Mark 6:20, Ephesians 5:33; τ . θεόν , Luke 1:50, Acts 10:2, 1 Peter 2:17, Revelation 14:7, al.; τ . κύριον , Colossians 3:22, Revelation 15:4; τ . ὄνομα τ . θεοῦ (see ὄνομα ), Revelation 11:18; οἱ φοβούμενοι τ . θεόν , of proselytes, Acts 13:16; Acts 13:26 (cf. ἐκ -φοβέω ).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";made by hands,"; in the LXX applied only to idols, bat in the NT used of material temples (Act. 7:48; Act. 17:24) : cf. Orac. Sib. xiv. 62 ναῶν ἱδρύματα χειροποιήτων. In the travel-letter, P Lond 854.4 (i/ii A.D.) (=111. p. 205, Selections, p. 70), the writer remarks that many go by ship ἵνα τὰς χε [ι ]ρ ̣ο ̣π ̣[οι ] [τους τέ ]χνας ἱστορήσωσι, ";in order that they may visit works of art made by hands,"; on the banks of the Nile.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εφοβείσθε εφοβειτο εφοβείτο ἐφοβεῖτο εφοβηθη εφοβηθή εφοβήθη ἐφοβήθη εφοβήθημεν εφοβήθην εφοβήθης εφοβηθησαν εφοβηθήσαν εφοβήθησαν ἐφοβήθησαν εφοβήθητε εφοβουμην εφοβούμην ἐφοβούμην εφοβουντο εφοβούντο ἐφοβοῦντο πεφόβησθε φοβεισθαι φοβείσθαι φοβείσθαί φοβεῖσθαι φοβείσθε φοβείσθέ φοβεῖσθε φοβείσθω φοβείται φοβη φοβή φοβῇ φοβηθεις φοβηθείς φοβηθεὶς φοβηθεισα φοβηθείσα φοβηθεῖσα φοβηθεντες φοβηθέντες φοβηθη φοβηθή φοβηθῇ φοβηθήναι φοβηθήναί φοβηθης φοβηθής φοβηθῇς φοβηθήσεσθε φοβηθήσεται φοβηθήση φοβήθηση φοβηθησομαι φοβηθήσομαι φοβηθησόμεθα φοβηθήσονται φοβηθήσονταί φοβηθητε φοβηθήτε φοβηθῆτε φοβήθητε φοβηθήτω φοβηθήτωσαν φοβηθώ φοβηθωμεν φοβηθώμεν φοβηθῶμεν φοβηθώσι φοβηθώσιν φοβήσαι φοβήσθε φοβηται φοβήται φοβῆται φοβου φοβού φοβοῦ φόβου φοβουμαι φοβούμαι φοβοῦμαι φοβουμεθα φοβούμεθα φοβουμεναι φοβούμεναι φοβουμενοι φοβούμενοι φοβούμενοί φοβουμενοις φοβουμένοις φοβουμενος φοβούμενος φοβουμένους φοβουμένων φοβούνται φοβώνται φοβώνταί ephobeito ephobeîto ephobethe ephobēthē ephobḗthe ephobḗthē ephobethesan ephobēthēsan ephobḗthesan ephobḗthēsan ephoboumen ephoboumēn ephoboúmen ephoboúmēn ephobounto ephoboûnto phobe phobē phobêi phobē̂i phobeisthai phobeîsthai phobeisthe phobeîsthe phobetai phobêtai phobētai phobē̂tai phobethe phobēthē phobethêi phobēthē̂i phobetheis phobetheìs phobethêis phobētheis phobētheìs phobēthē̂is phobetheisa phobetheîsa phobētheisa phobētheîsa phobethentes phobethéntes phobēthentes phobēthéntes phobethes phobēthēs phobethesomai phobethḗsomai phobēthēsomai phobēthḗsomai phobethete phobethête phobēthēte phobēthē̂te phobḗthete phobḗthēte phobethomen phobethômen phobēthōmen phobēthō̂men phobou phoboû phoboumai phoboûmai phoboumenai phoboúmenai phoboumenoi phoboúmenoi phoboúmenoí phoboumenois phobouménois phoboumenos phoboúmenos phoboumetha phoboúmetha
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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