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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3988 - מָאַס

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to reject, despise, refuse

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to reject, refuse

1a2) to despise

1b) (Niphal) to be rejected

2) (Niphal) to flow, run

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1847 ‑ ἐξουδενέω (ex‑oo‑den‑o'‑o);  4255 ‑ προαιρέω (pro‑ahee‑reh'‑om‑ahee);  550 ‑ ἀπεῖπον (ap‑i‑pom'‑ane);  683 ‑ ἀπωθέω (ap‑o‑theh'‑om‑ahee, ap‑o'‑thom‑ahee);  142 ‑ αἴρω (ah'ee‑ro);  533 ‑ ἀπαρνέομαι (ap‑ar‑neh'‑om‑ahee);  544 ‑ ἀπειθέω (ap‑i‑theh'‑o);  641 ‑ ἀπορίπτω (ap‑or‑hrip'‑to);  851 ‑ ἀφαιρέω (af‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  868 ‑ ἀφίστημι (af‑is'‑tay‑mee);  1014 ‑ βούλομαι (boo'‑lom‑ahee);  1459 ‑ ἐγκαταλείπω (eng‑kat‑al‑i'‑po);  2233 ‑ ἡγέομαι (hayg‑eh'‑om‑ahee);  2373 ‑ θυμόω (thoo‑mo'‑o);  3643 ‑ ὀλιγωρέω (ol‑ig‑o‑reh'‑o);  4360 ‑ προσοχθίζω (pros‑okh‑thid'‑zo);  3404 ‑ μισέω (mis‑eh'‑o);  593 ‑ ἀποδοκιμάζω (ap‑od‑ok‑ee‑mad'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (76) NAS (74) HCS (76)
Leviticus 3
Numbers 2
Judges 1
1 Samuel 6
2 Kings 3
Job 12
Psalms 9
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 10
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 6
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Leviticus 3
Numbers 2
Judges 1
1 Samuel 6
2 Kings 3
Job 12
Psalms 9
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 10
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 6
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Leviticus 3
Numbers 2
Judges 1
1 Samuel 9
2 Kings 3
Job 12
Psalms 9
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 12
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 6
Hosea 3
Amos 2

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1291) xm (מס MS) AC: Melt CO: ? AB: Affliction: The dissolving or melting away of something.

A) xm (מס MS) AC: Dissolve CO: ? AB: Affliction: A wasting or fainting away due to an outside force.

Nm) xm (מס MS) - I. Afflicted: II. Task work:A group of workers under forced labor. KJV (24): afflict, tribute, tributary, levy, discomfit, taskmaster - Strongs: H4522 (מִס), H4523 (מַס)

Nf1) exm (מסה MSH) - Tribute: An offering. KJV (1): tribute - Strongs: H4530 (מִסָּה)

im) xmt (תמס TMS) - Melt: KJV (1): melt - Strongs: H8557 (תֶּמֶס)

B) xxm (מסס MSS) AC: Melt CO: ? AB: ?

V) xxm (מסס MSS) - Melt: A melting of something from heat. Also the melting of the heart through fear or discouragement. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Participle) melt, faint, discouraged, loose, molten, refuse - Strongs: H4549 (מָסַס)

D) xam (מאס MAS) AC: Dissolve CO: ? AB: ?

V) xam (מאס MAS) - Dissolve: To make something dissolve away. Also to dissolve something through refusal. KJV (76): (vf: Paal, Niphal) despise, refuse, reject, abhor, - Strongs: H3988 (מָאַס)

cm) xfam (מאוס MAWS) - Dissolve: Something that is dissolved through refusal. KJV (1): refuse - Strongs: H3973 (מָאוֹס)

F) xme (המס HMS) AC: Melt CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) xme (המס HMS) - Melt: KJV (1): melting - Strongs: H2003 (הֲמָסִים)

H) exm (מסה MSH) AC: Melt CO: ? AB: ?

V) exm (מסה MSH) - Melt: KJV (4): (vf: Hiphil) melt, consume, water - Strongs: H4529 (מָסָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [מָאַס] verb reject (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic מְאַס reject, despise; Ba Esther 15 compare (dubious) Arabic lightly esteem (Kam.); Assyrian ma°âsu is perhaps destroy Meissn Suppl. 55); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular מָאַס Isaiah 8:6 4 t; suffix מְאָסָם Psalm 53:6; 2 masculine singular מָאַסְתָּ Jeremiah 14:19 3t.; מָאַסְתָּה Judges 9:38; 1 Samuel 15:26 22t. Perfect; Imperfect יִמְאַס Job 8:20 3 t; יִמְאָ֑ס Psalm 36:5; Job 36:5; suffix וַיִּמְאָֽסְךָ 1 Samuel 15:23,26; for וְאֶמְאָֽסְאךָ Hosea 4:6 (so Baer, compare De Complut. Var. 18f.; not ׳וָא van d. H) read וְאֶמְ˜אסְךָ; 3 masculine plural יִמְאֲסוּ Jeremiah 6:19 2t.; יִמְאָס֑וּן Isaiah 31:7; 12t. Imperfect; Infinitive absolute מָאוֺס Isaiah 7:15,16 מָאֹס Jeremiah 14:19; Lamentations 5:22; cstr. מָֽאָסְכֶם Isaiah 30:12; מָאֳסָם Amos 2:4; Participle מוֺאֵס Proverbs 15:32; מֹאֵס Isaiah 33:15, feminine מֹאֶסֶת Ezekiel 21:15 (text dubious, Co מוֺאֲסֵי; Berthol וּמְאַסֵּף), Ezekiel 21:18 (also dubious, Co מִטֻּמְאָתָס; Berthol מְאַסֵּף); —

1 reject, refuse,

a. with accusative: God rejects men Hosea 4:6; Hosea 9:17; 1 Samuel 15:23,26; 1 Samuel 16:1,7; 2 Kings 23:27; Jeremiah 7:29; Jeremiah 14:19 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 33:24,26; Leviticus 26:44 (H), Psalm 53:6; Job 8:20; Job 10:3; Lamentations 5:22 (twice in verse); זָנַחְתָּ וַתִּמְאָס Psalm 89:39; men reject God Numbers 11:20 (J), 1 Samuel 8:7; 1 Samuel 10:19; men 1 Samuel 8:7; Job 30:1; idols Isaiah 31:7, evil Psalm 36:5, knowledge Hosea 4:6, divine תורה Amos 2:4; Isaiah 5:24; דבר 1 Samuel 15:23,26, חקות Exodus 20:24, חקים 2 Kings 17:15; מוסר Job 5:17; Proverbs 3:11; variant reading things Isaiah 8:6; Ezekiel 21:15; Psalm 118:22; Job 31:13.

b. with בְ God rejects men 2 Kings 17:20; Jeremiah 6:30; Jeremiah 31:37; Psalm 78:59; Psalm 78:67, that in which man confides Jeremiah 2:37; men reject evil Isaiah 7:15,16, divine תורה Jeremiah 6:19, דבר Isaiah 30:12; Jeremiah 8:9 חקות Leviticus 26:15 (H); משׁפטים Leviticus 26:43 (H), Ezekiel 5:6; Ezekiel 20:13,16; variant reading things, Numbers 14:31 (J) Isaiah 33:15; Jeremiah 4:30; Psalm 106:24.

2 despise, with accusative, God subject שׂנאתי מאסתי חגיכם Amos 5:21 I hate, I despise your feasts; elsewhere men subject בי׳גם עוילים מ Job 19:18 even young children despise me; חיי׳אמ Job 9:21 I despise my life, compare מואס נפשׁוֺ Proverbs 15:32; בוֺ׳הלא זה העם אשׁר מ Judges 9:38 is not this the people that thou despisedst? עָרִים׳מ Isaiah 33:8; object omitted Job 7:16 (< join to preceding Me Siegf Du); Job 34:33; Job 36:5; Job 42:6 (ᵑ6 Siegf אֶשְׁתֹּק; ᵐ5ᵑ9 Symm Bö אֶמָּאֵס) Ezekiel 21:18 (but see above). —

Niph`al be rejected: Imperfect תִּמָּאֵם Isaiah 54:6 (wife); Participle נִמְאָס Jeremiah 6:30 (silver), Psalm 15:4 ( = reprobate; opposed to ׳יִרְאֵי י); + feminine נִמְאָסָה, נִמְאֶסֶת 1 Samuel 15:9 rejected, i.e. worthless (for HCT נָמֵם) according to We Klo Dr Kit Bu HPS ("" נמבזה, read נִבְזָה; compareמסס, בזה

Niph`al )

II. [מָאַס] verb Niph`al flow, run (Aramaic id., but rare and dubious; — secondary form of מסס q. v.); — Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּמָּאֵס Job 7:5 my skin hath hardened and run (i. e. again, afresh; > GHoffm Du read וַיִּמַּס, Bu וַיִּמָּאס, √ מסס); 3 masculine plural כְּמוֺ מַיִם יִמָּֽאֲסוּ Psalm 58:8 (figurative of annihilation of wicked).

[מַאֲפֶה] see אפה.

מַאֲפֵל, מַאְמֵּלְיָה, see אפל.


(compare Arabic a kind of white camel, whence Lag BN 29 proposes מָאֹץ for the difficult אָמֹץ (אֲמֻצִּים) Zechariah 6:3,7).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מָאַס [see note after No. 2]

(1)  to reject (opp. to בָּתַר to choose), Isaiah 7:15, 16 41:9 Job 34:33. Constr. with an acc. 1 Samuel 16:1; Psalms 118:22 and בְּ Isaiah 7:15 absol. Job 42:6. It is most often used

(a) of God, as rejecting a people or an individual. Jeremiah 6:30, 7:29 14:19 1 Samuel 15:23.

(b) of men as rejecting God and his precepts, 1 Samuel 15:23; 2 Kings 17:15; Amos 2:4.

(2) to despise, to contemn, followed by an acc. Proverbs 15:32; Job 9:21 followed by בְּ Job 19:18 followed by an acc. of pers. and the gerund of a verb, Job 30:1 absol. שֵׁבֶט מֹאֶמֶת a despiteful tribe, Ezekiel 21:18. Inf. מָאֹס Lamentations 3:45, subst. aversion, contempt.

Niphal, pass. of No. 1, Isai. 54:6 of No. 2; Psalms 15:4, נִמְאָס contemned, to be contemned, rejected (for impiety).


מָאַס i.q. מָסַס to melt, to flow abroad, Chald. מְאַךְ = מָכַךְ, and מְאַס, i.q. מְסַס. Not used in Kal.

Niphal, Psalms 58:8, יִמָּאֲסוֹ בְמוֹ־מַיִס “let them melt away like water,” i.e. perish. Job 7:5, עוֹרִי רָנַע וַיִמָאֵס “my skin heals up and (again) runs with water.”

[Note. In Thes. מָאַס is given as one article; the meaning here assigned to מָאַס No. II. being there taken as primary.]

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List of Word Forms
אֶמְאַ֗ס אֶמְאַ֣ס אֶמְאַ֥ס אֶמְאַ֨ס אמאס הֲמָאֹ֨ס המאס וְאֶמְאָֽסְאךָ֙ וַ֭יִּמְאַס וַֽ֭יִּמְאֲסוּ וַיִּמְאֲס֣וּ וַיִּמְאֲסוּ־ וַיִּמְאַ֥ס וַיִּמְאַ֨ס וַיִּמְאָסְךָ֖ וַיִּמְאָסְךָ֣ וַיִּמְאָסֵ֑ם וַיִּמָּאֵֽס׃ וַתִּמְאָ֑ס וּ֠מָאַסְתִּי ואמאסאך וימאס וימאס׃ וימאסו וימאסו־ וימאסך וימאסם ומאסתי ותמאס יִמְאַס־ יִמְאָ֑ס יִמְאָֽס׃ יִמְאָס֗וּן יִמְאָסֵ֣ם יִמָּאֲס֣וּ ימאס ימאס־ ימאס׃ ימאסו ימאסון ימאסם מְאַסְתִּ֑יהוּ מְאַסְתִּ֔יו מְאַסְתִּ֤ים מְאַסְתִּֽיךָ׃ מְאַסְתֶּ֖ם מְאַסְתֶּ֣ם מְאַסְתֶּ֤ם מְאָסָֽם׃ מָ֣אֲסוּ מָ֭אַסְתִּי מָֽאָסְכֶ֖ם מָא֥וֹס מָאֲס֖וּ מָאֲס֗וּ מָאֲס֣וּ מָאֲסוּ־ מָאֳסָ֞ם מָאַ֖סְתִּי מָאַ֗סְתָּ מָאַ֙סְתָּ֙ מָאַ֙סְתָּה֙ מָאַ֜סְתָּ מָאַ֣ס מָאַ֣סְתָּה מָאַ֤ס מָאַ֥ס מָאַ֥סְתִּי מָאַס֙ מָאָ֔סוּ מָאָ֗סוּ מָאֹ֣ס מָאֹ֥ס מֹאֵ֞ס מֹאֶ֖סֶת מֹאֶ֥סֶת מאוס מאס מאסו מאסו־ מאסכם מאסם מאסם׃ מאסת מאסתה מאסתי מאסתיהו מאסתיו מאסתיך׃ מאסתים מאסתם מוֹאֵ֣ס מואס נִמְאָ֔ס נִמְאָ֗ס נמאס תִ֭מְאַס תִּמְאָ֑ס תִּמְאָ֔סוּ תִּמְאָֽס׃ תִמָּאֵ֖ס תמאס תמאס׃ תמאסו ’em’as ’em·’as emAs hă·mā·’ōs hămā’ōs hamaOs mā’as mā’āsəḵem mā’astā mā’astāh mā’astî mā’ăsū mā’āsū mā’ăsū- mā’ōs mā’osām mā’ōws mā·’ā·sə·ḵem mā·’ă·sū mā·’ā·sū mā·’ă·sū- mā·’as mā·’as·tā mā·’as·tāh mā·’as·tî mā·’o·sām mā·’ō·ws mā·’ōs maAs maaseChem maAsta maAstah Maasti maAsu maos mə’āsām mə’astem mə’astîhū mə’astîḵā mə’astîm mə’astîw mə·’ā·sām mə·’as·tem mə·’as·tî·hū mə·’as·tî·ḵā mə·’as·tîm mə·’as·tîw meaSam measTem measTicha measTihu measTim measTiv mō’ês mō’eseṯ mō·’e·seṯ mō·’ês mō·w·’ês moEs moEset mooSam mōw’ês nim’ās nim·’ās nimAs tim’ās ṯim’as tim’āsū tim·’ā·sū tim·’ās ṯim·’as ṯim·mā·’ês timAs timAsu ṯimmā’ês timmaEs ū·mā·’as·tî ūmā’astî Umaasti vaiyimAs vaiyimaseCha vaiyimaSem vaiyimaSu vaiyimmaEs vattimAs veemaseCha wat·tim·’ās wattim’ās way·yim·’ā·sə·ḵā way·yim·’ā·sêm way·yim·’ă·sū way·yim·’ă·sū- way·yim·’as way·yim·mā·’ês wayyim’as wayyim’āsəḵā wayyim’āsêm wayyim’ăsū wayyim’ăsū- wayyimmā’ês wə’em’āsəḵā wə·’em·’ā·sə·ḵā yim’ās yim’as- yim’āsêm yim’āsūn yim·’ā·sêm yim·’ā·sūn yim·’ās yim·’as- yim·mā·’ă·sū yimas yimaSem yimaSun yimmā’ăsū yimmaaSu
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