corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.12.08
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #6083 - עָפָר

Transliteration
‛âphâr
Phonetics
aw-fawr'  
Word Origin
from (06080)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
1664a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) dry earth, dust, powder, ashes, earth, ground, mortar, rubbish

1a) dry or loose earth

1b) debris

1c) mortar

1d) ore

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5529 ‑ Χουζᾶς (khood‑zas');  285 ‑ ἄμμος (am'‑mos);  1093 ‑ γῆ (ghay);  1475 ‑ ἔδαφος (ed'‑af‑os);  2868 ‑ κονιορτός (kon‑ee‑or‑tos');  4081 ‑ πηλός (pay‑los');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (110) NAS (112) HCS (109)
Genesis 7
Exodus 2
Leviticus 4
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 3
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 5
2 Chronicles 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 26
Psalms 13
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 14
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 4
Daniel 1
Amos 1
Micah 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 7
Exodus 2
Leviticus 4
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 3
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 5
2 Chronicles 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 26
Psalms 13
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 14
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 4
Daniel 1
Amos 1
Micah 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 9
Exodus 3
Leviticus 4
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 3
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 6
2 Chronicles 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 26
Psalms 13
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 15
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 4
Daniel 1
Amos 1
Micah 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cmpc 1
n-cms 80
n-cmsc 18
n-cmpc 1
n-cms 81
n-cmsc 18
n-cmpc 1
n-cms 81
n-cmsc 18
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2565) rpo (אהפר AhPR) AC: Cast CO: Powder AB: ?

V) rpo (אהפר AhPR) - Cast: To throw a dust or powder. KJV (1): (vf: Piel) cast - Strongs: H6080 (עָפַר)

Nm) rpo (אהפר AhPR) - Powder: An abundant amount of powdery substance as dust or ash. KJV (110): dust, earth, powder, rubbish, ash, morter, ground - Strongs: H6083 (עָפָר)

gm) rpfo (אהופר AhWPR) - Young: As kicking up dust in play. KJV (5): young - Strongs: H6082 (עֹפֶר)

gf2) trpfo (אהופרת AhWPRT) - Lead: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (9): lead - Strongs: H5777 (עֹפֶרֶת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 עָפָר noun masculine Leviticus 14:42 dry earth, dust; — absolute ׳ע Genesis 2:7 +, construct עֲפַר Genesis 13:16 +; suffix עֲפָרֵךְ Ezekiel 26:12, עֲפָרוֺ Deuteronomy 9:21, etc.; plural construct עַפְרֹת Job 28:6; Proverbs 8:26; —

1 literally:

a. dry, loose earth, thrown (in malice) 2 Samuel 16:13 ("" אֲבָנִים); עַלרֿאֹשׁ׳וַיַעֲלוּ ע Joshua 7:6 (J E; sign of grief), so Ezekiel 27:30; Lamentations 2:10, and (with זָרַק) Job 2:12; loose earth (on surface of ground) 1 Kings 18:38; Amos 2:7; Micah 1:10; Isaiah 34:7,9; Leviticus 17:13 (H) Ezekiel 24:7 (in figurative), Numbers 5:17; Job 14:19; Job 38:38; Job 39:14; Genesis 26:15 (R), made into siege works Habakkuk 1:10; of sand-storm Deuteronomy 28:24 (+ אָבָק); as serpent's food, token of punishment and humiliation, Genesis 3:14 (J) Isaiah 65:25 (compare Micah 7:17 2 e below); ׳זֹחֲלֵי ע Deuteronomy 32:24 (poem; compare 2 e).

b. specifically as material of human body Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19 (J), Ecclesiastes 3:20, compare Job 4:19; Job 8:19; Psalm 103:14, to which it returns (שׁוּב אֶלֿ) Genesis 3:19; Job 10:9; Psalm 104:29; Ecclesiastes 3:20; so (with עַל) Job 34:15; Ecclesiastes 12:7.

c. = surface of ground Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13 (twice in verse); (P; הָאָרַץ׳ע), Job 19:25; Isaiah 25:12; Isaiah 26:5 (both "" אֶרֶץ), surface of (whole) earth Job 41:25, ׳מְחִלוֺת ע Isaiah 2:19 (for hiding), so ׳ע alone Isaiah 2:10, compare ׳חֹרֵי ע Job 30:6; = soil, Job 5:6; Job 14:8.

d. powder of anything pulverized Deuteronomy 9:21 (twice in verse) (compare דָּ֑ק "" Exodus 32:20), 2 Kings 23:6 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 23:12,15, so in simile 2 Samuel 22:43 = Psalm 18:43, hence = ashes Psalm 18:4; Numbers 19:17.

e. debris, of ruined city 1 Kings 20:10; Ezekiel 26:4,12; Nehemiah 3:34; Nehemiah 4:4; Psalm 102:15. The following are late:

f. earth of the grave: אֶשְׁכַּב׳לֶע Job 7:21, so (with עַל) Job 20:11; Job 21:26, compare Job 17:16; ׳יוֺרְדֵי ע Psalm 22:30, ׳שֹׁכְנֵי ע Isaiah 26:19, ׳יְשֵׁנֵי אַדְמַתעֿ Daniel 12:2; עֲפַרמָֿוֶת Psalm 22:16; ׳ע in figure Psalm 30:10.

g. mortar (i.e. dried mud) for plastering houses Leviticus 14:41,42,45 (P).

h. (iron-) ore Job 28:2; עַפְרֹת זָהָב Job 28:6 gold-dust (but see סַמִּיר).

i. material of earth Isaiah 40:12, compare ראֹשׁ עַפְרֹת תֵּבֵל Proverbs 8:26 the first of the earth particles of the world.

2 figurative:

a. of abundance Genesis 13:16 (twice in verse); Genesis 28:14 (all J) 2 Chronicles 1:9; Job 27:16; Psalm 78:27 ("" חוֺל יַמִּים), compare עֲפַר יַעֲקֹב Numbers 23:10 (JE); with added idea of commonness, worthlessness Zephaniah 1:7; Zechariah 9:3.

b. of worthlessness (alone) Job 22:24.

c. simile of the scattered, dispersed 2 Kings 13:7; ׳כֶּע Isaiah 41:2 (so van d. H. Ginsb; Baer ׳כֵּע; on meaning see Du Che, reading תְּשִׂימֵם for יִתֵּן).

d. of self-abasement Genesis 18:27 (+ אֵפַר), ׳וְנִחַמְתִּי עַלעֿוָאֵפֶר Job 42:6, מִּיהוּ׳יִתֵּן בֶּע Lamentations 3:29.

e. of humiliation (sitting or lying in dust) Isaiah 47:1; compare Isaiah 29:4 (twice in verse), Job 16:15; Job 40:13; Psalm 7:6; Psalm 44:26; Psalm 119:25, simile Job 30:19; licking dust Psalm 72:9; Isaiah 49:23; Micah 7:17, compare Tel Amarna tikalu ipra (of enemies, see Wkl Altor. Forsch. iii. 291; also of serpent 1 a above); of ׳י raising from the dust 1 Samuel 2:8 = Psalm 113:7,1Kings 16:2; of lifting oneself Isaiah 52:2.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָפָר m.

(1)  dust, dry earth (trockene Erde), Genesis 2:7, 26:15 Joshua 7:6; Job 2:12 also used of clay or loam, of which walls are made, Leviticus 14:42, 45 Leviticus 14:45 of a heap of rubbish (Schutt), Habak. 1:10 very rarely of fine dust, such as is blown by the wind, i.q. אָבָק Psalms 18:43. עַל עָפָר

(a) in the earth, in the world, Job 19:25, 39:14 41:25 also upon the ground, Job 22:24; Isaiah 47:1 (b) in the grave, Job 20:11, 21:26 for which there is also said לֶעָפָר Job 7:21. יָרַד עָפָר to go down to the dust, i.e. into the grave, Psalms 22:30, 30:10. שׁוּב אֶל־עָפָר to return to dust, Genesis 3:19; Psalms 104:29. עָפָר וָאֵפֶר dust and ashes, a proverbial phrase to express the lowness and fragility of human nature, Genesis 18:27; Psalms 103:14. It is used of multitude, Numbers 23:10, עֲפַר יַעֲקֹב “the dust of Jacob,” i.e. Jacob, who is as numerous as the dust of earth, compare חֹול. אָכַל עָפָר to eat dust, used of the serpent, Genesis 3:14 compare Isaiah 65:25 but figuratively used, Lamentations 3:29, “to put the mouth in the dust,” i.e. to be silent and wait the aid of God.-Plur. עֲפָרֹות clods of earth. Proverbs 8:26, רֹאשׁ עַפְרֹות תֵּבֵל “the first of the clods of the world.” Job 28:6, עַפְרֹות זָהָב lumps of gold in mines.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
בֶּֽעָפָ֑ר בֶּֽעָפָר֙ בֶּעָפָ֣ר בֶּעָפָ֥ר בֶּעָפָֽר׃ בֶעָפָ֣ר בעפר בעפר׃ הֶ֣עָפָ֔ר הֶֽעָפָ֔ר הֶֽעָפָ֗ר הֶֽעָפָר֙ הֶעָפָ֑ר הֶעָפָ֖ר הֶעָפָ֛ר הֶעָפָֽר׃ העפר העפר׃ וְֽלַעֲפַר־ וְהֶעָפָ֖ר וְעַפְרֹ֖ת וְעָפָ֑ר וְעָפָ֥ר וַֽעֲפָרֵ֔ךְ וַעֲפַ֥ר וַעֲפָרָ֖הּ וַעֲפָרָ֖ם וּ֝בֶעָפָ֗ר וּ֝מֵעָפָ֗ר וּמֵֽעָפָ֖ר וּמֵעָפָ֖ר ובעפר והעפר ולעפר־ ומעפר ועפר ועפרה ועפרך ועפרם ועפרת כְּעָפָ֥ר כֶּֽעָפָ֔ר כֶּֽעָפָ֖ר כֶּֽעָפָר֙ כֶּעָפָ֣ר כֶּעָפָ֥ר כַּעֲפַ֣ר כַּעֲפַ֥ר כַּעֲפַר־ כעפר כעפר־ לְעָפָ֑ר לְעָפָ֖ר לֶעָפָ֖ר לֶעָפָ֣ר לעפר מֵעֲפַ֖ר מֵעָפָ֛ר מֵעָפָ֜ר מֵעָפָ֣ר מעפר עֲפַ֣ר עֲפַ֥ר עֲפַר־ עֲפָר֔וֹ עֲפָרָ֔הּ עֲפָרָ֖הּ עֲפָרָ֖ם עֲפָרָ֥הּ עֲפָרָ֥ם עָ֭פָר עָֽפָר֙ עָפְר֥וֹת עָפָ֑ר עָפָ֖ר עָפָ֗ר עָפָ֛ר עָפָ֣ר עָפָ֥ר עָפָֽר׃ עָפָר֙ עפר עפר־ עפר׃ עפרה עפרו עפרות עפרם ‘ă·p̄ā·rāh ‘ă·p̄ā·rām ‘ă·p̄ā·rōw ‘ă·p̄ar ‘ā·p̄ār ‘ă·p̄ar- ‘ā·p̄ə·rō·wṯ ‘ăp̄ar ‘āp̄ār ‘ăp̄ar- ‘ăp̄ārāh ‘ăp̄ārām ‘ăp̄ārōw ‘āp̄ərōwṯ aFar afaRah afaRam afaRo afeRot Afor be‘āp̄ār ḇe‘āp̄ār be·‘ā·p̄ār ḇe·‘ā·p̄ār beaFar he‘āp̄ār he·‘ā·p̄ār heaFar ka‘ăp̄ar ka‘ăp̄ar- ka·‘ă·p̄ar ka·‘ă·p̄ar- kaaFar ke‘āp̄ār kə‘āp̄ār ke·‘ā·p̄ār kə·‘ā·p̄ār keaFar le‘āp̄ār lə‘āp̄ār le·‘ā·p̄ār lə·‘ā·p̄ār leaFar mê‘ăp̄ar mê‘āp̄ār mê·‘ă·p̄ar mê·‘ā·p̄ār meaFar ū·ḇe·‘ā·p̄ār ū·mê·‘ā·p̄ār ūḇe‘āp̄ār ūmê‘āp̄ār umeaFar uveaFar vaaFar vaafaRah vaafaRam vaafaRech veaFar veafRot veheaFar velaafar wa‘ăp̄ar wa‘ăp̄ārāh wa‘ăp̄ārām wa‘ăp̄ārêḵ wa·‘ă·p̄ā·rāh wa·‘ă·p̄ā·rām wa·‘ă·p̄ā·rêḵ wa·‘ă·p̄ar wə‘āp̄ār wə‘ap̄rōṯ wə·‘ā·p̄ār wə·‘ap̄·rōṯ wə·he·‘ā·p̄ār wə·la·‘ă·p̄ar- wəhe‘āp̄ār wəla‘ăp̄ar-
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 8th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
עֹפֶר
Next Entry
עָפְרָה
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology