Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6887 - צָרַר
1) to bind, be narrow, be in distress, make narrow, cause distress, besiege, be straitened, be bound
1a1) to bind, tie up, shut up
1a2) to be scant, be cramped, be in straits
1b) (Pual) to be bound, be tied up
1c1) to make narrow for, cause distress to, press hard upon
1c2) to suffer distress
2) to show hostility toward, vex
1a1) to show hostility toward, treat with enmity, vex, harass
1a2) vexer, harasser (participle)
Nm ) ry (תסר TsR) - I. Enemy:One who closes in with pressure. II. Strait:A narrow tight place or situation. KJV (105): enemy, adversary, trouble, distress, affliction, foe, narrow, strait, flint, sorrow - Strongs: H6862 (צָר)
V) rya (אתסר ATsR) - I. Belt:To wrap around tightly. [df: rza]II. Store:To store up something in a safe place as if bound up. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) gird, bind, compass, store, treasure - Strongs: H247 (אָזַר), H686 (אָצַר)
gf) refy (תסוהר TsWHR) - Shining: Something that shines bright. Also noon as the brightest part of the day. From the glistening of olive oil. [df: rhz] KJV (26): brightness, noon, noonday, day, midday, window - Strongs: H2096 (זֹהַר), H6672 (צָהֳרַיִם)
V) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Press: [df: rwz] KJV (41): (vf: Paal) besiege, siege, distress, bind, adversary, assault, bag, beset, cast, fashion, fortify, inclose, bind, crush, closed, thrust - Strongs: H2115 (זוּר), H6696 (צוּר)
Nm ) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Flint: A very hard rock that when fractured forms a razor sharp edge. Used for knives, spears or arrowheads. KJV (80): rock, strength, sharp, god, beauty, edge, stone, mighty, strong, stone, flint - Strongs: H6697 (צֻר), H6864 (צֹר)
V) ryi (יתסר YTsR) - Press: To pressed or squeeze out of shape or into a shape as when pressing clay into a shape. KJV (71): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hophal, Pual) distressed, straitened, straits, vex, narrow, form, potter, fashion, maker, frame, make, former, earthen, purpose - Strongs: H3334 (יָצַר), H3335 (יָצַר)
Nm) riy (תסיר TsYR) - I. Pain:A pressing pain. II. Idol:As pressed out of clay. III. Hinge:As pressed. The weight of the door rested on the hinge. IV. Messenger:KJV (14): ambassador, messenger, pain, pang, sorrow, idol, hinge - Strongs: H6735 (צִיר), H6736 (צִיר)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
צָרַר to press, to compress (kindred to the root צוּר), hence
(1) to bind up, to bind together (Arab. صَرَّ), followed by בְּ to wrap up in a cloth or bundle, Exodus 12:34; Job 26:8; Isaiah 8:16; Proverbs 30:4. Metaph. 1 Samuel 25:29, “the life of my lord shall be bound up in the bundle of the living with God,” i.e. shall be under the protection of God. But in another sense, Hosea 13:12, “the iniquity of Ephraim is bound up,” i.e. reserved for him against the day of vengeance; comp. Job 14:17 whence צְרֹר.
(2) to lay hold of, Hosea 4:19.
(3) to shut up, 2 Samuel 20:3.
(4) to oppress, to persecute, to treat in a hostile manner (Arab. ضَرَّ), followed by an acc. Numbers 33:55 Isai. 11:13 followed by a dat. Numbers 25:18. Part. צֹרֵר i.q. צַר an adversary, Psalms 6:8, 7:5 23:5 Isaiah 11:13. Also, to rival, to be jealous of (Arab. ضَمَّ Conj. III). Levit. 18:18.
(5) intrans. to be pressed, straitened, distressed. In this sense is used the monosyllabic pret. צַר (otherwise צָרַר) f. צָרָה Isaiah 49:20. Impers. צַר לִי strait is to me, i.e.
(a) I am in distress, Psalms 31:10, 69:18 Judges 11:7.
(b) I am in anguish, in a strait, 1 Samuel 28:15; 2 Samuel 24:14.
(c) followed by עַל I mourn on account of something, 2 Samuel 1:26. In the same connection is used the fut. וַיֵּצֶר לִי, see יָצַר No. II.
Pual, part. מְצֹרָר bound together, Joshua 9:4.
Hiphil הֵצַר, inf. הָצֵר, fut. יָצַר 1 Kings 8:37, to press upon, Jeremiah 10:18 to besiege, Deuteronomy 28:52; 1 Kings 8:37 to bring into distress, to afflict, to vex, Nehem. 9:27. To the active signification are also rightly referred
(a) 2 Chronicles 28:22, בְּעֵת הַצֵר לוֹ “in the time when they distressed him.” 2 Chronicles 33:12, and
(b) אִשָּׁה מְצֵרָה a parturient woman (pr. pressing upon the fœtus), Jeremiah 48:41, 49:22.
Derivatives, צַר, צָרָה, צְרֹר, מֵצַר [also צֹר, and pr. name צֵר].
the Seventh Week after Easter