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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
1 Chronicles 5



Verse 1

forasmuch. Compare Genesis 35:22; Genesis 49:4.

not to be reckoned, &c. = not to be enrolled in the place of the firstborn.

birthright. See note on Genesis 25:31.

Verse 2

Judah prevailed. Compare Genesis 49:8, referring to intertribal precedence.

came. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis with "is".

chief ruler. Referring to the regal line, and the coming of the Messiah.

Verse 6

carried away. This was the first carrying away, and took place in 654. Compare 1 Chronicles 5:26. The second was by Tiglath-Pileser (= Pul) in the reign of Pekah (649-629). This was the Galilee-Naphtali carrying away (2 Kings 15:29. Isaiah 9:1) referred to in Matthew 4:15. The third was the Samaria deportation in the ninth year of Hoshea and sixth of Hezekiah (611 B. c), and ended the kingdom of Israel (2 Kings 17:3-23; 2 Kings 18:9-12). It was begun by Shalmaneser and ended by Sargon (613-611).

Verse 8

Azaz. Some codices, with four early printed editions, read "Azan", or "Azzan".

Aroer . . . Nebo . . . Baal-meon. All east of Dead Sea. See Numbers 32:34, Numbers 32:38. Deuteronomy 2:36.

Verse 10

Hagarites. Tracing their descent from Hagar through Ishmael. Compare 1 Chronicles 5:19 with 1 Chronicles 1:31, and Psalms 83:6.

Verse 11

children = sons.

Verse 13

Heber. Some codices, with two early printed editions and Septuagint, read "Hehed", mistaking Resh, ("r") for Daleth, ("d").

Verse 16

in Gilead: i.e. in part of it, other parts having been allotted to the halftribes of Reubenites and Manassites (Numbers 32:39-40. Deuteronomy 3:13. Joshua 13:31).

Verse 17

Jotham . . . Jeroboam. Jotham (647-631) and Jeroboam II (728-687). See App-50. Consequently, the statement here refers to consensusses at different times.

Verse 18

valiant men = sons of valour.

men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14. These two and a half tribes, east of Jordan, chose their own portions, but were nearest to the enemy, and were the first to be carried away. Compare Lot, Genesis 13:10, Genesis 13:11, and Genesis 14:11, Genesis 14:12. Better to have our "lot" chosen for us by Jehovah (Genesis 13:14, Genesis 13:15).

Verse 20

helped: i.e. by God (2 Chronicles 26:17. Psalms 28:7). This victory should have shown them that there could have been no captivity had they obeyed God (see note on 1 Chronicles 4:43).

trust. Hebrew. batah. App-69.

Verse 21

men. Hebrew "souls (nephesh) of men (adam)". App-13and App-14.

Verse 22

until the captivity. Compare 2 Kings 15:29; 2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:9-12 : i.e. that of Tiglath-pileser.

Verse 23

half: i.e. the half beyond Jordan.

Verse 24

even. Septuagint and Vulgate omit this word "even".

mighty men. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14.

Verse 25

transgressed = acted faithlessly.

people = peoples.

Verse 26

God of Israel. Note Elohim: not Jehovah, as dealing with Gentiles; but Israel, as not forgetting His covenant-relation though stirring up enemies.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

Pul . . . and . . . Tilgath-pilneser. Two names of one person: Pul, the original and official name in Babylon of this usurper; Tilgath, his official name in Assyria, which he assumed from an earlier king. Compare 2 Kings 15:19.

Halah . . . Gozan. Whither the Israelites west of Jordan were deported by Sargon (2 Kings 15:29, 2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:11).

unto this day. See note on 1 Chronicles 4:43.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 5:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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