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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Romans 12

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1

beseech. App-134.

therefore. This refers to Romans 8:39, chaps. 9-11 being a digression.

by. App-104. Romans 12:1.

mercies. Greek. oiktirmos. Only here, 2 Corinthians 1:3. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:1. Colossians 3:12. Hebrews 10:28. Compare Romans 9:15, and Luke 6:36. "Compassion" in the Septuagint of Lamentations 3:22.

God. App-98. t

hat ye = to.

present. Same as "yield", Romans 6:13, Romans 6:19. Compare Luke 2:22.

acceptable = well-pleasing. Greek. euarestos. Here, Romans 12:2; Romans 14:18. 2 Corinthians 5:9. Ephesians 5:10. Philippians 4:18. Colossians 3:20. Titus 2:9. Hebrews 13:21.

unto = to.

reasonable. Greek. logikos. Only here and 1 Peter 2:2.

service. Greek. latreia. App-190.


Verse 2

not. Greek. me. App-105.

conformed. Greek. suschematizo. Only here and 1 Peter 1:14. Compare 1 Corinthians 4:6.

world. Greek. aion. App-129.

transformed. Greek. metamorphoomai. See Matthew 17:2.

renewing. Greek. anakainosis. Only here and Titus 3:5. Compare Hebrews 6:6.

your = the.

that, &c. = to (Greek. eis) your proving.

that = the.

perfect. Greek. teleios App-125.

will. Greek. thelema. App-102.


Verse 3

through. Greek. dia. App-104. Romans 12:1.

grace. Greek. charis App-184.

man = one.

think . . . more highly = think overweeningly. Greek. huperphroneo. Only here.

than = in comparison with (Greek. para. App-104) what.

soberly = unto (Greek. eis) the being sober. Greek. sophroneo. Here, Mark 5:15. Luke 8:35. 2 Corinthians 5:13. Titus 2:6. 1 Peter 4:7.

hath dealt = imparted.

every = each.

faith. Greek. pistis. App-150.


Verse 4

members = the members.

office. See Romans 8:13 (deeds).


Verse 5

Christ. App-98.

every one = severally. Greek. kath" (App-104. x) heis.


Verse 6

Having then = But having.

gifts. Greek. charisma. App-184.

differing. Greek. diaphoros. Only here; Hebrews 1:4; Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:10.

according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

whether. Greek. eite. See App-118.

proportion. Greek. analogia. Only here.

faith = the faith (Romans 12:3).


Verse 7

ministry = ministering. App-190.


Verse 8

exhorteth. App-134.

exhortation. Greek. paraklesis. See Acts 4:36.

giveth. See Romans 1:11.

simplicity. Greek. haplotes. Elsewhere, 2 Corinthians 1:12; 2 Corinthians 8:2; 2 Corinthians 9:11, 2 Corinthians 9:13; 2 Corinthians 11:3. Ephesians 6:5. Colossians 3:22.

ruleth = presideth. Greek. proistemi. Here; 1 Thessalonians 5:12. 1 Timothy 3:4, 1 Timothy 3:5, 1 Timothy 3:12; 1 Timothy 5:17. Titus 3:8, Titus 3:14.

cheerfulness. Greek. hilarotes. Only here. The adjective in 2 Corinthians 9:7.


Verse 9

love. App-135.

without dissimulations = unfeigned. Greek. anupokritos. Occurances: 2 Corinthians 6:6. 1 Timothy 1:5. 2 Timothy 1:5. James 3:17. 1 Peter 1:22.

Abhor = abhorring. Greek. apostugeo. Only here.

that . . . evil = the evil. App-128.

cleave = cleaving. See Luke 15:15.

that . . . good = the good.


Verse 10

kindly affectioned. Greek. philostorgos. Only here. Used of the affectionate regard of members of a family.

brotherly love = love for the brethren. Greek. Philadelphia. Compare 1 Peter 1:22.

in honour . . . another. i.e. in every honourable matter leading one another on.

preferring. Greek. proegeomai. Literally to lead before. Only here.


Verse 11

slothful. Greek. okneros. Only here; Matthew 25:26. Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:1.

business. Greek. spoude, as "diligence" in Romans 12:8.

fervent. See Acts 18:25.

in. Dative case. No preposition.

spirit = the spirit. App-101.

serving. App-190.

Lord. App-98.


Verse 12

hope = the hope. Compare Romans 5:2. Titus 2:13.

patient. Greek. hupomeno. Compare Matthew 10:22. 1 Corinthians 13:7.

instant = steadfastly. See Acts 1:14.

prayer. App-134.


Verse 13

Distributing = Communicating. Greek. koinoneo. Sometimes translated "partake".

saints. See Romans 1:7.

given to = pursuing.

hospitality = kindness to strangers. Greek. philoxenia. Only here and Hebrews 13:2. The adjective in 1 Timothy 3:2. Titus 1:8. 1 Peter 4:9.


Verse 14

which = that.

persecute. The Same Greek. word as for "given to", Romans 12:13.


Verse 15

Rejoice. Compare 1 Corinthians 12:26.


Verse 16

Be . . . mind. i.e. Be in brotherly sympathy with.

mind. Greek. phroneo. See Romans 8:5.

toward. App-104.

high things. Compare Romans 12:3.

condescend = literally be carried away with. Greek. sunapagomai. Only here, Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:13. 2 Peter 3:17.

men . . . estate = the lowly (ones).

Be . . . conceits. Proverbs 3:7.

Be = Become.

wise = prudent. Greek. phronimos. Occurance: Romans 11:25.


Verse 17

no man = no one. Greek. medeis.

evil. App-128.

for. App-104.

Provide = Take thought beforehand. Greek. pronoeo. Only here, 2 Corinthians 8:21. 1 Timothy 5:8. See Proverbs 3:4 (Septuagint)

honest = good or beautiful. Greek. kalos. Occurs 102 times, generally rendered "good". Compare Luke 8:15. 2 Corinthians 8:21; 2 Corinthians 13:7. James 2:7. 1 Peter 2:12.

men. App-123.


Verse 18

as . . . you = literally as is of (App-104.) you.

live peaceably = be at peace. Greek. eireneuo. Only here, Mark 9:50. 2 Corinthians 13:11. 1 Thessalonians 5:13.


Verse 19

Dearly. Omit.

beloved. App-135.

avenge = revenge. See Luke 18:3.

rather. Omit.

unto = to. wrath = the wrath (i.e. of God). See Romans 1:18.

Vengeance. Greek. ekdikesis. See Acts 7:24.

repay = recompense. Greek. antapodidomi. See Deuteronomy 32:35.

Lord. App-98.


Verse 20

if, if. App-118.

feed. Greek. psomizo. Only here and 1 Corinthians 13:3. The noun only in John 13:26, John 13:27.

drink = to drink.

heap. Greek. soreuo. Only here and 2 Timothy 3:6.

on. App-104. Quoted from Proverbs 25:21, Proverbs 25:22.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 12:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/romans-12.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, September 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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