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Wednesday, May 22nd, 2024
the Week of Proper 2 / Ordinary 7
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Bible Commentaries
Luke 20

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Verses 1-8

Luk 20:1-8

Commentary On Luke 20:1-8

Galen Doughty

Luke 20:1-8 - Luke says one of the days Jesus is teaching in the temple and preaching the gospel of the Kingdom of God, the chief priests, the Sadducees, the scribes, the Pharisees, and some of the elders from the Sanhedrin, came to him to challenge him. This shows that alliances had formed in the leadership to try and trap Jesus and get rid of him. He was too great a threat to their authority and power and they were unwilling to accept him as Messiah. Only two Pharisees among the Sanhedrin, Joseph and Nicodemus, were his followers and that secretly for fear of the rest.

They come questioning Jesus’ authority to teach, preach and do the miracles he has done. Jesus does not follow any rabbi or rabbinical school. He doesn’t fit any of the ways the leaders recognize that gives someone authority to teach and preach. They don’t accept him as a prophet sent from God either. When they finish their challenge to Jesus, Jesus asks them a question: was John’s baptism from heaven or from men. In other words was John a prophet or were his actions, baptizing people, and his words from him alone.

They go huddle and discuss their answer. They think by questioning Jesus they have put him in a difficult place. Instead Jesus has put them in a difficult place. If they answer from heaven then Jesus will rightly ask why didn’t you believe him and accept him. If they answer from men the people will riot because they believe (and rightly so) that John was a prophet. It is obvious that the religious leaders did not accept John as a prophet, especially the Elijah prophet! That would have led them to see Jesus as the Messiah, something they could not do!

They come back with the safest answer which is ducking the question; we don’t know. Jesus answers, then neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things. Yet he had stated several times he was doing the will of God. He was only saying what his Father had given him to say. Those sayings are especially in John’s gospel. The religious leaders here aren’t paying attention to what Jesus is saying. Their only purpose is to try and trap him. They don’t succeed.

It is remarkable that they went back to a strategy that had not worked in the past three years in Galilee. Did they somehow think it was now going to work in Jerusalem, as if Jesus was going to be intimidated by the temple and the presence of members of the Sanhedrin? Did they believe the country preacher from little Nazareth was going to be overwhelmed by the splendor of the big city? He had been there before and had publicly and openly declared he was the Messiah. I think they were trapped in what recovery groups call insane thinking; doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results each time.

Verses 9-18

Luk 20:9-18

3. PARABLE OF THE HUSBANDMEN

Luke 20:9-18

9 And he began to speak unto the people this parable:— Parallel records of this parable are found in Matthew 21:23-46 and Mark 12:1-12. This parable is similar to the parable in Isaiah 5:1-7. "He began to speak unto the people this parable"; this cannot mean that he spoke only at this time in parable, neither can it mean that he "began" to speak this parable at this time, but finished it later. Luke has all of the essential features of the parable but his record contains fewer of the particulars, especially the description of the vineyard. Luke is the only writer of the parable that mentions the time in which the lord of the vineyard was absent. The details of the parable are simple enough; a man planted a vineyard and rented it to others called husbandmen; the man then went into another country and remained there "for a long time." The vineyard is planted, rented to others, a body of laborers, who are to pay their rental out of the products.

10 And at the season he sent unto the husbandmen a servant,—It was customary then to rent vineyards and collect the rent. "At the season" means the vintage time or the time when the fruit ripened and the harvest gathered. The harvest of the vineyard was converted into wine. The landlord sent his servant to receive his share of the product. Those who had rented the vineyard "beat him" and "sent him away empty." They scourged the servants to intimidate him so that he would not come back; he was sent away without any part of that which belonged to the landlord. Evidently they thought that they would get to keep the rent which should have been given to the owner.

11, 12 And he sent yet another servant:—It is not known whether the first servant returned to the master and reported all that had been done; but the landlord sent another servant, and instead of honestly paying over all that was due the owner, they abused him shamefully, and beat him as they had the other servant, and sent him away empty. They treated this servant even worse than they treated the first one; finally a third servant was sent "and him also they wounded, and cast him forth." Matthew records that they "took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another." (Matthew 21:35.)

13 And the lord of the vineyard said,—The owner of the vineyard saw that the wicked men to whom he had rented his vineyard cared nothing for his servants; they had shamefully treated them, beating and killing some of them; so the owner thought that they would surely respect his son. He was an only son, and is described as "my beloved son." If there was left in them any respect for the master, they surely would respect his only son. The owner of the vineyard dearly loved his son and felt that others ought to respect and love him;but he was to be disappointed in this.

14 But when the husbandmen saw him,—When the husbandmen saw the son coming, they reasoned among themselves and said: "This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours." (Mark 12:7.) They thought that by destroying the heir they would then claim the vineyard. These wicked husbandmen reached the climax of their crime by murdering the son. They thought they would own the vineyard instead of being tenants. Jesus thus outlines clearly and emphatically the conduct of these Jews; they were planning to do just as Jesus here describes these tenants of doing.

15, 16 And they cast him forth out of the vineyard,—They killed the son. Their crime grew worse; they began by beating and shamefully treating the servants, but have ended in killing the son and the heir; they began by withholding the rent of the vineyard from its proper owner and ended by an attempt to seize the vineyard; they began by robbing the owner of the vineyard and they ended in an attempt to take the vineyard from him. "What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do unto them?" Jesus answered this question; there could be but one answer to it; he would destroy them and take the vineyard away from them and give it to others who were more worthy. Jesus had asked the question to give point to his parable, and, according to Matthew, those who heard him answered his question. "They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those miserable men, and will let out the vineyard unto other husbandmen, who shall render him the fruits in their seasons." (Matthew 21:41.)

17 But he looked upon them, and said,—Here Jesus quotes Psalms 118:22. They had said that his parable could not be true, or that it was impossible, and Jesus referred them to this scripture, and asked to what then does it refer? Peter quotes the same psalm in 1 Peter 2:4-7. "The stone," a stone, one which the builders had cast aside as not fit to go into the building, was later found to be "the head of the corner." This has been applied to Christ in prophecy and in fulfillment. (Isaiah 28:16; Ephesians 2:20.) It is strange that these leaders could have always referred this scripture to the Messiah, yet did not see that it was fulfilled in the case of Jesus who was rejected by the scribes and priests. (Acts 4:11.) Though the Jews rejected Jesus, yet God has made him the headstone of his spiritual temple, uniting both Jews and Gentiles in himself. (Galatians 3:28.)

18 Every one that falleth on that stone—Jesus added another word of warning to them by still using and applying the figure of a stone. Everyone that shall stumble "on that stone shall be broken to pieces." This signifies that everyone who stumbles at Christ and his gospel, and refuses to accept him, such a one will be "broken" or destroyed. On the other hand, everyone "on whomsoever it shall fall," or shall be found unbelieving when Christ appears, shall be destroyed. The first seems to describe the doom of all those who are offended in Jesus and will not accept him; while the last part of the statement describes a more sudden extermination of those upon whom the awful retributions of justice must fall for their sins against the Son of God. It seems that Jesus has here presented himself in four aspects under the figure of the stone (1) a rejected or disallowed stone; (2) the headstone of the corner; (3) a stumbling stone; (4) the stone of retribution.

Verses 9-19

Luke 20:9-19

Commentary On Luke 20:9-19

Galen Doughty

Luke 20:9-16 - Jesus tells the parable of the vineyard and the tenants to the people gathered at the temple listening to him and listening in on his confrontation with the religious leaders. The parable is pointed at the religious leaders but told to the people. Jesus will show that God is going to remove the leaders and take Israel away from the Sanhedrin. He did in 70 through the Roman invasion.

A man planted a vineyard and rented it out to some farmers and then left for a long time. Tenant farming was common with rich land owners in Israel at the time. At harvest time the owner sent a servant to arrange for some of the fruit of the vineyard. He has the right since it is his vineyard. The tenants beat up the servant and send him away empty handed. He does the same thing again and again the tenants beat up his servant and Jesus adds treat him shamefully. He sends a third and they do the same thing. The owner then decides to send his own son whom he loves, believing that the tenants will listen to him and give the owner the fruit he is due.

The whole figure of the vineyard would not have been lost on the people. Isaiah had painted a picture of God’s people as his vineyard in Isaiah 5:1-7 . He said God’s vineyard did not yield a crop but only thorns so God would tear it up and destroy it. Isaiah said the vineyard itself God would judge. Here Jesus says the tenants, those who are to keep the vineyard and care for it God will judge, in other words, the leaders. The servants the tenants beat up are most likely the prophets God sent to warn Israel.

The tenants however know the son has come and together decide to kill the son. They reason that this is the heir and if we kill him the inheritance, namely the vineyard will be ours to keep. Their logic is at once evil and ludicrous! The owner would never grant the vineyard as an inheritance to people who killed his son whom he loves! They are so far gone in their greed and broken relationship with the owner of the vineyard that they can no longer even think straight! The vineyard is not theirs to do with as they please. It is the owner’s and they are his tenants to do as he says with his vineyard! Jesus is telling the Pharisees, Sadducees, Elders of the Sanhedrin and priests that the temple is God’s not theirs. The people are God’s people not theirs. They are not in charge God is and God has sent his son whom he loves to call them, the tenants back to God. If they refuse then God will remove them.

Jesus says this in the conclusion to the story. What will the owner do? He will come, kill the tenants for their rebellion and murder and give the vineyard, his vineyard to others. God will come, remove the priests and leaders from their authority and give the temple and the people of God to others. The others become Jesus’ disciples and even the Gentiles. The temple God allows to be destroyed and all the Sanhedrin are killed or scattered. The Sadducees are destroyed along with the Zealots and the Essenes. God gives the covenant to the Gentiles through Jesus and his church. The Jews did not understand the day of their visitation by God. This parable reinforces Jesus’ statement coming into Jerusalem when he paused at the site of the Dominit Flavit Church and wept over the city.

Luke 20:16-19 - When the people hear that the owner will come and kill the rebellious tenants and give his vineyard to someone else they exclaim may this never be! Do they understand what Jesus is saying and who he is talking about? I think at least some of them do. The Pharisees and chief priests certainly did. Luke says in v.19 that they knew Jesus was talking about them and kept looking for a way to arrest him but were afraid of the people. They look to do the very thing Jesus said the wicked tenants were trying to do. They don’t see the consequences of their actions for themselves or their people. They are only thinking of their own power and how to keep it. They again are doing just like the tenants in the vineyard!

When the people cry out may this never be Jesus replies with a quote from Psalms 118, the Psalm all Israel will read a few nights later as part of the Passover ritual. Jesus quotes the capstone -cornerstone verse from Psalms 118. The parable was told early in Holy Week, probably Monday or Tuesday. Late Friday night all of Israel would sing these same words at the end of the Passover celebration! The Sanhedrin sought to judge Jesus, he however was their judge, Messiah and king! Jesus is the beloved Son of the owner of the vineyard and they kill him!

After Jesus quotes the cornerstone- capstone verse he applies it to his own situation with the Sanhedrin. He says everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces and the one on whom it falls will be crushed. In other words Jesus says anyone who tries to judge him will be judged by God and destroyed. The Sanhedrin will believe that when they put Jesus to death they are destroying him. In reality they are sealing their own fate. Perhaps that is what Gamaliel was saying to the Sanhedrin in Acts 5 when Peter and John challenged them. If God is in this new movement we will not be able to stand against it. We may even find we are opposing God. Eventually, that prophecy would come true. God would use the Romans to judge his rebellious people for rejecting their Messiah just as he had used the Assyrians and Babylonians centuries before to execute his judgments.

Verses 19-26

Luk 20:19-26

4. QUESTION AS TO PAYING TRIBUTE

Luke 20:19-26

19 And the scribes and the chief priests—The scribes and chief priests are more determined to bring the issue to a climax. They have two major tasks: first, to get some charges against Jesus; second, to get the people on their side. They attempt to accomplish these two purposes by forcing Jesus to make some decision against the people. They are maddened into rage at the plain application of the parable that he has just announced. "In that very hour" they would have taken him, for they saw that the parable was leveled against them, but their fear of the people compelled them to defer their actions.

20 And they watched him, and sent forth spies,—Parallel records of this are found in Matthew 22:15-22 and Mark 12:13-17. Matthew tells us that the Pharisees went and "took counsel how they might ensnare him in his talk." (Matthew 22:15.) Mark states that the "Herodians" joined the Pharisees in this attempt to "catch him in talk." (Mark 12 13.) It is probable that the Pharisees took the lead in this. Though the Pharisees and Herodians hated each other, yet they hated Jesus so much more that they could unite in their opposition to him. They "sent forth spies," who hypocritically acted as though they were friends of Jesus; they desired in pretense to have a great regard for the law and to know how to reconcile their duties to it with respect to the Roman government. They sought by the expression of a single word to get something against Jesus that they might involve him in trouble with the Roman authorities.

21, 22 And they asked him, saying, Teacher,—They affirm here what is true, but they do so hypocritically. Nicodemus used about the same speech, but he was sincere. They came to Jesus not as Pharisees, or Herodians, but just as honest searchers for the truth, hoping by their words to hide their character and purpose, and by flattering Jesus to put him off his guard and lead him into a snare that they had set for him. They pretended to believe him to be all that he claimed and to be ready to abide by his decisions, since they would be absolutely true and just, independent of the influence and authority of men. They hypocritically acknowledged his doctrine to be true and righteous; to encourage him, as they thought, to give a decision that would incriminate him before the Roman authorities, that he would render such a decision without respect of persons;they thus attempted to encourage him to give the very decision that they wanted him to give, which they thought would incriminate him before the Roman authorities. Their question was artfully, skillfully, and adroitly framed "Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?" Mark adds: "Shall we give, or shall we not give?" (Mark 12:14.)

23 But he perceived their craftiness,—They thought that they had Jesus in a dilemma; it matters not which horn of it he should take; they thought they would condemn him. If he said that they should pay tribute to Caesar, he would render himself unpopular with the people. This was what the Jews wanted; they wanted to turn the people against him so that it would be easier for them to condemn him. If he said that they should not pay tribute to Caesar, they would condemn him for being in rebellion against the Roman authorities and they were anxious to have the Roman authorities condemn him and put him to death. Jesus perceived their "craftiness." He knew the thoughts and intentions of their hearts. The original for "craftiness" means "any deed done in wickedness." The Greek, so translated, is found only five times in the New Testament; it is the same word that is used in describing Satan’s "subtlety" in tempting Eve. (2 Corinthians 11:3.)

24 Show me a denarius.—This was a Roman silver coin, worth about fifteen to seventeen cents. The Jews had a maxim that "wherever a king’s coin is current, there his sovereignty is acknowledged." This coin was evidence of the Roman dominion over the land, and by using it the Jews acknowledged their subjection to the Roman power. When he received the "denarius" he asked: "Whose image and superscription hath it?" The "image" was probably the likeness of the Roman emperor, Tiberius Caesar the "superscription" was the motto of the coin, the title of the emperor declarative of his sovereignty. The image showed that it was not a Jewish coin, for the Jews put no images on their coins; they did put inscriptions on them.

25 And he said unto them, Then render unto Caesar the things—They had correctly answered his question about the image and the superscription on the denarius. He then made this reply to them. "Render unto Caesar" means "pay off," or "render a gift," or "render what is due." If they had Caesar’s coin in circulation, they should render unto Caesar that which belonged to him. No one could dispute what he had said everyone should give to the government under which he serves that which is justly due it. Sometimes governments claim of their citizens that which is not right; in such a case as this, the citizen does not owe the government that which is wrong. It is a common principle of honesty to give all their dues and no one can dispute this; so they should give unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s. This principle was expanded in Romans 13:1-7. The Jews even taught that a king ought to have his dues. The second part of the answer was that they should render unto "God the things that are God’s."

26 And they were not able to take hold—They were unable to pervert his language and do damage against him at any time. They were astonished and "marvelled at his answer," but they held their peace. His reply was so unexpected, so apt, so true, and so wise that they were caught in a snare—the one that they had thought to impose upon Jesus. He completely put them to silence; they "held their peace" and "left him, and went away." (Matthew 22:22.)

Verses 20-26

Luk 20:20-26

Commentary On Luke 20:20-26

Galen Doughty

Luke 20:20-26 - Once again the religious leaders, that is the leaders of the Pharisees, Sadducees, chief priests and leading rabbis, return to their strategy of trying to trap Jesus in order to bring some charge against him or have an excuse to arrest him and destroy him. Every time they have tried it they have failed but like the addict they keep doing it over and over and expecting different results each time. Now they do something that is devious and evil in nature and shows how far they have fallen. They would say that lying is wrong and against God’s Law yet now they are willing to lie and deceive if it means catching Jesus and handing him over to Pilate. They can’t get rid of him themselves so maybe they can catch him in a way that allows them to have Pilate arrest him and kill him. They have fallen into the trap of the end justifying the means.

Their spies come to him with flattering words about Jesus teaching what is right and that he doesn’t show partiality. He teaches God’s way and the way of truth. Then they sweetly ask him if it is therefore right to pay taxes to Caesar or not. They are hoping by his answer he will either anger the crowds who follow him by saying pay your taxes or anger Pilate and the Romans by saying don’t pay your taxes and then be arrested for sedition.

They forget with whom they are dealing however. Jesus sees through their duplicity and lies. He asks them to show him denarius, the standard Roman coin of the time. He asks, whose image, NIV portrait, and inscription is on it? They reply Caesar’s. Did they know they had been had when they said Caesar? I don’t think so. I think Jesus’ answer shocks, confuses and astounds them. I think some of them give Jesus grudging respect because of his answer. Yet because of it they hate him all the more! Jesus says give to Caesar what is Caesar’s and to God what is God’s.

What does Jesus mean? The word for portrait or image is the same word used in the Septuagint for the image of God in human beings in Genesis 1:27. It means likeness, image and reflection. Paul uses the same word in Colossians 1:15 to describe Jesus as the image of the Father. I think Jesus is using a play on words here with the religious leaders. They knew their Old Testament and the important words in it. The image of God is a core Hebrew teaching about humanity. We are all made in God’s image. Jesus is saying pay your taxes; give to Caesar that which has the image of Caesar on it, namely the coin. But give to God yourself because you are made in the image of God. Your life and first loyalty belong to God and not to Caesar. God is Lord not Caesar. They knew this but were so hungry to trap Jesus and be rid of him they forgot it. It shows how much they had compromised their faith in order to hold onto their power. They were corrupt. Jesus however recognizes the governing authorities, something Paul and Peter will later reinforce, but he also knows our primary allegiance is not to the state or any human ruler. If we are citizens of the Kingdom of God we owe our allegiance to God alone! Caesar may own the coin but God owns the person! Jesus establishes the principle that Christians are to obey the government and laws of the land, including paying taxes, unless and until it conflicts with obeying God first.

The Pharisees and their allies had thought they had caught Jesus on the horns of a dilemma he would not be able to escape. Jesus, seeing through their plans, answers with a Kingdom principle they cannot deny and that silences all their objections. Their strategy proves a failure again!

Verses 27-40

Luk 20:27-40

Commentary On Luke 20:27-40

Galen Doughty

Luke 20:27-33 - Some Sadducees come to Jesus and try and question him from their perspective. It’s as if they didn’t think the other religious leaders were doing a good enough job or more likely that they would succeed where those allied with the Pharisees had failed. Their arrogance and confidence in their faulty theology were unbelievable! Luke notes they didn’t believe in the resurrection and so come to Jesus with a hypothetical question that they think is a surefire trap for Jesus! They quote Moses’ law of the leverite marriage, the idea of a brother marrying a brother’s childless widow so that the brother’s name can be carried on in the family and he can have an heir. Their hypothetical situation they think is the perfect trap to expose the ridiculous views of the Pharisees but especially of Jesus and his teaching about the life of the age to come! The widow marries all seven brothers who all die before they give her a son. So whose wife will she be in the resurrection? The Sadducees think they have trapped Jesus in their theological game of gotcha!

Luke 20:34-40 - Jesus points out their misunderstanding of the life to come. They think it is just like the world only better. The Sadducees did not accept the prophets or writings as Scripture but only the books of Moses.

Jesus says that marriage belongs to this age and not the age to come. There will no longer be a need to produce the next generation because we will no longer grow old and die. We will live forever like the angels in their eternal life. Jesus does not say we will become angels only that the life we live will be like the angels. He also doesn’t say there will be no relationships in heaven. He says there will no longer be marriage and children and the need to raise them. He implies that our physical bodies will also change. That makes sense when you see his resurrection body. There is physicality to it but it also does not obey all the normal laws of our physical universe. He doesn’t specifically say anything about physical or sexual desires here. Any speculation about what happens to our sex drives from this text is simply that: speculation.

Jesus brilliantly quotes from the Scriptures but only uses Scripture the Sadducees would accept. He quotes from Exodus 3 and the incident with Moses and the burning bush. He says God names himself the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and says he is the God of the living and not the dead for all are alive to him. In other words Jesus implies that the three patriarchs are with God in heaven eternally. They died but their spirits live on which contradicts the Sadducees theology of human life. They thought once you died you were dead and gone. Jesus shows us this is not true. He turns the tables on the Sadducees who had hoped to show how silly his view of the resurrection was. Instead Jesus shows how silly and inadequate the Sadducees’ view of reality and God truly is.

Some Pharisee rabbis are listening nearby and commend Jesus for his answer. They probably welcomed someone putting the Sadducees in their place as the Pharisees had an ongoing conflict with the Sadducees over power in the Sanhedrin. They were jealous of Sadduceean power over the temple precincts and the fact that they were the minority party in the Sanhedrin. Their answer also shows how close at times Jesus’ core theology was to the Pharisees’ view and how different it was to the Sadducees. No wonder the Pharisees were often attracted to Jesus’ teaching and preaching. Yet their twisting of the Law and their pride in their own self-righteousness proved their undoing.

After Jesus’ answer to the Sadducees Luke notes that no one dared ask Jesus any more questions. They kept losing face before the people and getting confounded by Jesus. His wisdom was greater than their wisdom which was based on their considerable scholarship of the Law of Moses. Luke by these incidents shows that someone greater than Moses and greater than Solomon is present with them. Jesus is the prophet like Moses and the Wise Teacher like Solomon and the Jewish leaders cannot stand up to him or defeat him intellectually. This must have frustrated them immensely because they knew Jesus had not gone to any of the great rabbinical schools or studied with any of the great rabbis! He shouldn’t be able to do what he was doing!

Verses 41-47

Luk 20:41-47

Commentary On Luke 20:41-47

Galen Doughty

Luke 20:41-44 - Jesus now asks them a question to which they have no answer or at least Luke does not give us their answer. How is it the Messiah is called the Son of David and yet David himself says in Psalms 110 , Yahweh said to my Lord, sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet. David calls him Lord so how is he David’s son? Jesus is pointing to his own divinity. The Messiah is David’s son that is clear from Scripture. Jesus has already accepted that title from the blind man in Jericho. Yet here Jesus is pointing out that Messiah is more than descended from David in a human way. He is also Lord and God! Jesus is pointing to the mystery of his own person, God and man, the God-man. The religious leaders have no answer. It is possible that Jesus is speaking to their hopes of wanting to control or influence the Messiah when he came. Jesus shows them Messiah is Lord over even David and will not be manipulated.

Luke 20:45-47 - Jesus turns and speaks to his disciples while the entire crowd is listening to his dialogue with the religious leaders and the Sadducees. He warns the disciples to beware of the teachers of the Law, meaning the rabbis. They arrogantly like to be seen in the marketplace and walk around in their flowing robes. They relish the acclaim they have from people and their status. Jesus says they are corrupt and even cheat widows out of their homes and make a show of their lengthy prayers so people will praise them. God is watching them and taking note. Such men will be punished most severely. The religiously proud God will bring low. Jesus has already pointed this out in the parables of the great banquet and the two lost sons. Now he says it again even more directly in their hearing and in the hearing of the crowd! The religious leaders love to make a show before people of their religion but they are far from knowing God!

Questions by E.M. Zerr For Luke Chapter Twenty

1. Where did Jesus now do his teaching?

2. Who came against him one day ?

3. State their question.

4. To what did he refer?

5. In answering, what did Jesus ask him?

6. Did they answer it?

7. Was it humanly possible to answer?

8. How many difficulties were facing them ?

9. Why not answer the question correctly ?

10. What did a certain man plant ?

11. To whom did he let it out?

12. Whom did he send at the season?

13. How was he treated ?

14. Tell how many servants he sent.

15. Which did he treat best?

16. Why did he send liis son?

17. How did they reason on the matter?

18. What did they do?

19. State the question Jesus now asked.

20. And the answer.

21. What scripture did this suggest?

22. Who is the stone?

23. Who were the builders?

24. Which fall will be more disastrous?

25. Who made application of all this teaching?

26. They wished to do what with Jesus?

27. By what means did they next tempt him?

28. If successful what would they do to him?

29. With what flattery did they approach him?

30. What did they then ask him?

31. Who was Caesar?

32. What did Jesus perceive in them?

33. For what did he call?

34. What ownership did they admit for it?

35. What things are God’s?

36. To whom should an owner’s property be delivered ?

37. How did all this affect them?

38. What did the Sadducees deny?

39. State the question they asked.

40. On what theory was it based?

41. What will not take place after the resurrection ?

42. Will the righteous become angels?

43. What can they not do then?

44. How did Moses show that the resurrection was true ?

45. Why was Abraham said to be living?

46. Who endorsed this teaching of Jesus?

47. Who questioned him next? .

48. Tell the question he asked them.

49. Did they answer?

50. Will you answer the question?

51. Of whom did he warn his disciples ?

52. State what these people craved.

53. Whom did they oppress ?

54. How did they seek to hide it ?

55. What shall they receive for this?

Luke Chapter Twenty

By Ralph L. Starling

One day while preaching the gospel in the Temple

The chief Priest said, “Tell me pure and simple,

Who gave you the authority to do these things?”

Jesus said, “Was John’s baptism from heaven or other means?”

They reasoned, any way we answer we’re in a corner

So they quickly told Him, “We won’t be bothered.”

With that, the parable “The wicked husbandmen.”

They understood and sought to lay hand on Him.

They did not dare for they feared the people.

To trick Him, “Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar?”

He said, “Show me a penny, to whom does it belong?

Then pay tribute to Caesar and don’t forget God!”

Some Sadducees asked Him about the resurrection,

About the man who had had seven women.

Which one is his wife in the resurrection?

Jesus replied, “In heaven there are no marriage relations.”

After this his critics asked no questions at all.

Jesus said, “Beware of Scribes wearing robes too long.

They love the chief seats and all the attention.

But for all their piety, they’ll receive damnation.”

Bibliographical Information
"Commentary on Luke 20". "Old & New Testament Restoration Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/onr/luke-20.html.
 
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