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Luke 24

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SUMMARY.--The Women at the Sepulcher. Peter Sees the Empty Tomb. The Lord Appears to the Two Disciples. Jesus Appears in the Midst of the Eleven. The Commission to Preach to All Nations. The Ascension.

Verses 1-12

See notes on Matthew 28:1-10.

Upon the first day of the week. The Lord's day, our Sunday. The women had "beheld the tomb and how his body was laid" on Friday, then "prepared spices and ointments" in accordance with Jewish burial customs, and "rested on the Sabbath day (Saturday) according to the commandment" (Luke 23:56), but early Sunday morning came to the tomb on their mission of love.

They came. Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of Joses (Matthew 28:1), Salome (Mark 16:1), and Joanna (Luke 24:10).

The stone rolled away. See notes on Mark 16:3. They knew nothing of the Roman guard that had been placed there.

Behold, two men. Angels (Matthew 28:5).

Remember how he spake . . . in Galilee. See Matthew 16:21; Matthew 17:22; Mark 8:31; Mark 9:31; John 2:22. These women were of Galilee and had heard, or heard of, these words.

They remembered. They had not before comprehended his words.

Seemed to them as idle tales. To the apostles. They seemed to have not the slightest expectation of a resurrection.

Then arose Peter. John was with him (John 20:1-10). At the tomb John believed.

Verse 13

Two of them were going that very day. This account is given in detail by Luke only. Cleopas was one of the two (Luke 24:18).

Emmaus. Six or eight miles west of Jerusalem.

Verse 15

While they communed. About Jesus and his death.

Jesus . . . drew near. When our thoughts are upon him we are likeliest to enjoy his presence.

Verse 16

Their eyes were holden. This was their explanation of not knowing him. Mark says (Mark 16:12) that he was "in another form."

Verse 18

One of them named Cleopas. This was one of the names of the husband of the mother of James and Joses (John 19:25).

Dost thou alone sojourn in Jerusalem and not know? Cleopas is surprised that any one in Jerusalem should be ignorant of the marvellous events.

Verse 19

What things? Christ asked this, only that they should declare what they believed, had hoped, and their disappointment.

Verse 21

We hoped that it was he which should redeem Israel. They hoped. They did not now hope. Their hopes were buried.

Verse 25

O foolish men. Because "slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken."

Verse 26

Behoved it not the Christ to suffer? See Isaiah, chapter 53, and Daniel 9:26, as well as all the types.

Verses 29-32

Abide with us. For the night.

Took the bread and blessed it. Not as a guest, but as the host.

Their eyes were opened. They recognized him.

Verses 33-35

They rose up the same hour. They could not keep such news until the next day.

Found the eleven. This is probably the meeting recorded in John 20:19-23.

Hath appeared to Simon. See 1 Corinthians 15:5.

Verses 36-43

He himself stood in the midst of them. Though the doors were shut (John 20:19).

See my hands and my feet. Thomas, who was not present, referred afterwards to these tests (John 20:25). His body retained the marks of his suffering.

While they still disbelieved for joy. They felt it was too good to be believed.

He took it, and did eat. As a proof that it was his bodily presence.

Verses 44-49

And he said unto them. Between Luke 24:43-44, Luke passes over an interval of weeks, and many appearances of the Risen Christ, to come at once to the event of his Ascension. The Lord, about to send them forth to preach, "opens their mind that they might understand the Scriptures," and then repeats the Commission, before given in Galilee. He requires that (1) Repentance, (2) Remission of Sins, (3) Shall be Preached in his Name, (4) Unto All Nations, (5) Beginning at Jerusalem. This was literally obeyed on the day of Pentecost.

The promise of my Father. Of the baptism of the Holy Spirit.

Tarry ye. They were not to begin the great work until the endowment from on High came.

Verses 50-53

He led them out . . . over against Bethany. For other accounts of the Ascension, see Mark 16:19-20 and Acts 1:1-9.

Blessed them. The last act of the Savior upon the earth was a blessing.

Returned . . . great joy. Their Lord not only lived, but had ascended to his throne.

Were continually in the temple. Worshiping and teaching. See Acts 2:46. Luke 24:53 is a link between Luke's Gospel and his Acts of the Apostles.

Bibliographical Information
Johnson, Barton W. "Commentary on Luke 24". "People's New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/pnt/luke-24.html. 1891.
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