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Bible Commentaries

The Gospels Compared

Luke 8

Verses 4-8

Jesus tells the parable of the four soils
Matthew 13:1-9 Mark 4:1-9 Luke 8:4-8
Matthew 13:1 The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side. Mark 4:1 And he began again to teach by the sea side:
Matthew 13:2 And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore. and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land. Luke 8:4 And when much people were gathered together, and were come to him out of every city,
Matthew 13:3 And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Mark 4:2 And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, he spake by a parable:
Behold, a sower went forth to sow; Mark 4:3 Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow: Luke 8:5 A sower went out to sow his seed:
Matthew 13:4 And when he sowed, some [seeds] fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up: Mark 4:4 And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up. and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it.
Matthew 13:5 Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth: Mark 4:5 And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: Luke 8:6 And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up,
Matthew 13:6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; Mark 4:6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched;
and because they had no root, they withered away. and because it had no root, it withered away. it withered away, because it lacked moisture.
Matthew 13:7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them: Mark 4:7 And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. Luke 8:7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it.
Matthew 13:8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold. Mark 4:8 And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred. Luke 8:8 And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold.
Matthew 13:9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. Mark 4:9 And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.

Verses 9-15

Jesus explains the parable of the four soils
Matthew 13:10-23 Mark 4:10-20 Luke 8:9-15
Matthew 13:10 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables? Mark 4:10 And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable. Luke 8:9 And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be?
Matthew 13:11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. Mark 4:11 And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, Luke 8:10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God:
Matthew 13:12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.

Matthew 13:13 Therefore speak I to them in parables: all [these] things are done in parables: but to others in parables;
because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand. Mark 4:12 That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and [their] sins should be forgiven them. that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand.
Matthew 13:14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive: Matthew 13:15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and [their] ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with [their] eyes, and hear with [their] ears, and should understand with [their] heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them. Matthew 13:16 But blessed [are] your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. Matthew 13:17 For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous [men] have desired to see [those things] which ye see, and have not seen [them]; and to hear [those things] which ye hear, and have not heard [them].
Matthew 13:18 Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower. Mark 4:13 And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables? Luke 8:11 Now the parable is this:

Mark 4:14 The sower soweth the word. The seed is the word of God.
Matthew 13:19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth [it] not, then cometh the wicked [one], and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side. Mark 4:15 And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts. Luke 8:12 Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved.
Matthew 13:20 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it; Mark 4:16 And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness; Luke 8:13 They on the rock [are they], which, when they hear, receive the word with joy;
Matthew 13:21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended. Mark 4:17 And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended. and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.
Matthew 13:22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; Mark 4:18 And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word, Luke 8:14 And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth,
and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful. Mark 4:19 And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful. and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of [this] life, and bring no fruit to perfection.
Matthew 13:23 But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth [it]; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. Mark 4:20 And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive [it], and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred. Luke 8:15 But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep [it], and bring forth fruit with patience.

Verses 16-18

Jesus teaches about being the light of the world
Matt 5:14-16 Mark 4:21-22 Luke 8:16-18 Luke 11:33-36
Matthew 5:14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.



Lamp on a stand


Lamp on a stand


Lamp of the body
Matthew 5:15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. Mark 4:21 And he said unto them, Is a candle brought to be put under a bushel, or under a bed? and not to be set on a candlestick? Luke 8:16 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth [it] under a bed; but setteth [it] on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light. Luke 11:33 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth [it] in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.
Matthew 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
Matthew 10:26 Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known. Mark 4:22 For there is nothing hid, which shall not be manifested; neither was any thing kept secret, but that it should come abroad. Luke 8:17 For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither [any thing] hid, that shall not be known and come abroad. Luke 11:34 The light of the body is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also is full of light; but when [thine eye] is evil, thy body also [is] full of darkness.

Mark 4:23 If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.


Mark 4:24 And he said unto them, Take heed what ye hear: with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you: and unto you that have shall more be given. Luke 8:18 Take heed therefore how ye hear: Luke 11:35 Take heed therefore that the light which is in thee be not darkness.
Matthew 13:12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. Mark 4:25 For he that hath, to him shall be given: and he that hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he hath. for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have. Matthew 25:29 For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath.
Luke 11:36 If thy whole body therefore [be] full of light, having no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, as when the bright shining of a candle doth give thee light.

Verses 19-21

Jesus describes his true family
Matthew 12:46-50 Mark 3:31-35 Luke 8:19-21
Matthew 12:46 While he yet talked to the people, behold, [his] mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him. Mark 3:31 There came then his brethren and his mother, and, standing without, sent unto him, calling him. Luke 8:19 Then came to him [his] mother and his brethren, and could not come at him for the press.
Matthew 12:47 Then one said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with thee. Mark 3:32 And the multitude sat about him, and they said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren without seek for thee. Luke 8:20 And it was told him [by certain] which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee.
Matthew 12:48 But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? Mark 3:33 And he answered them, saying, Who is my mother, or my brethren? Luke 8:21 And he answered and said unto them,
Matthew 12:49 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren! Mark 3:34 And he looked round about on them which sat about him, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!
Matthew 12:50 For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother. Mark 3:35 For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother. My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it.

Verses 22-25

Jesus calms the storm
Matthew 8:23-27 Mark 4:35-41 Luke 8:22-25
Matthew 8:23 And when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him. Mark 4:35 And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side. Luke 8:22 Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples: and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth.
Mark 4:36 And when they had sent away the multitude, they took him even as he was in the ship. And there were also with him other little ships.
Matthew 8:24 And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep. Mark 4:37 And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full. Mark 4:38 And he was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: Luke 8:23 But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled [with water], and were in jeopardy.
Matthew 8:25 And his disciples came to [him], and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish. and they awake him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou not that we perish? Luke 8:24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish.

Mark 4:39 And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm.
Matthew 8:26 And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm. Mark 4:40 And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no faith? Luke 8:25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith?
Matthew 8:27 But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him! Mark 4:41 And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him.

Verses 26-39

Jesus sends the demons into a herd of pigs
Matthew 8:28-34 Mark 5:1-20 Luke 8:26-39
Matthew 8:28 And when he was come to the other side into the country of the Gergesenes, Mark 5:1 And they came over unto the other side of the sea, into the country of the Gadarenes. Luke 8:26 And they arrived at the country of the Gadarenes, which is over against Galilee.
there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way. Mark 5:2 And when he was come out of the ship, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit, Luke 8:27 And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes,
Mark 5:3 Who had [his] dwelling among the tombs; and no man could bind him, no, not with chains: neither abode in [any] house, but in the tombs.
Mark 5:4 Because that he had been often bound with fetters and chains, and the chains had been plucked asunder by him, and the fetters broken in pieces: neither could any [man] tame him. Mark 5:5 And always, night and day, he was in the mountains, and in the tombs, crying, and cutting himself with stones. Luke 8:29 (For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven of the devil into the wilderness.)

Mark 5:6 But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped him, Luke 8:28 When he saw Jesus,
Matthew 8:29 And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time? Mark 5:7 And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, [thou] Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not. he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, [thou] Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not.
Mark 5:8 For he said unto him, Come out of the man, [thou] unclean spirit. Luke 8:29 (For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven of the devil into the wilderness.)
Mark 5:9 And he asked him, What [is] thy name? And he answered, saying, My name [is] Legion: for we are many. Luke 8:30 And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said, Legion: because many devils were entered into him.
Mark 5:10 And he besought him much that he would not send them away out of the country. Luke 8:31 And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep.
Matthew 8:30 And there was a good way off from them an herd of many swine feeding. Mark 5:11 Now there was there nigh unto the mountains a great herd of swine feeding. Luke 8:32 And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain:
Matthew 8:31 So the devils besought him, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd of swine. Mark 5:12 And all the devils besought him, saying, Send us into the swine, that we may enter into them. and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them.
Matthew 8:32 And he said unto them, Go. And when they were come out, they went into the herd of swine: and, behold, the whole herd of swine ran violently down a steep place into the sea, and perished in the waters. Mark 5:13 And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. And the unclean spirits went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, (they were about two thousand;) and were choked in the sea. Luke 8:33 Then went the devils out of the man, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake, and were choked.
Matthew 8:33 And they that kept them fled, and went their ways into the city, and told every thing, and what was befallen to the possessed of the devils. Mark 5:14 And they that fed the swine fled, and told [it] in the city, and in the country. Luke 8:34 When they that fed [them] saw what was done, they fled, and went and told [it] in the city and in the country.

And they went out to see what it was that was done. Luke 8:35 Then they went out to see what was done;
Matthew 8:34 And, behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus: Mark 5:15 And they come to Jesus, and see him that was possessed with the devil, and had the legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid. and came to Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid.
and when they saw him, Mark 5:16 And they that saw [it] told them how it befell to him that was possessed with the devil, and [also] concerning the swine. Luke 8:36 They also which saw [it] told them by what means he that was possessed of the devils was healed.
they besought [him] that he would depart out of their coasts. Mark 5:17 And they began to pray him to depart out of their coasts. Luke 8:37 Then the whole multitude of the country of the Gadarenes round about besought him to depart from them; for they were taken with great fear:
End Matthew’s Account







Mark 5:18 And when he was come into the ship, Luke 8:37 and he went up into the ship, and returned back again.
he that had been possessed with the devil prayed him that he might be with him. Luke 8:38 Now the man out of whom the devils were departed besought him that he might be with him:
Mark 5:19 Howbeit Jesus suffered him not, but saith unto him, but Jesus sent him away, saying,
Go home to thy friends, and tell them how great things the Lord hath done for thee, and hath had compassion on thee. Luke 8:39 Return to thine own house, and shew how great things God hath done unto thee.
Mark 5:20 And he departed, and began to publish in Decapolis how great things Jesus had done for him: and all [men] did marvel. And he went his way, and published throughout the whole city how great things Jesus had done unto him.

Verses 40-56

Jesus restores a girl to life and heals a bleeding woman
Matthew 9:18-26 Mark 5:21-43 Luke 8:40-56

Mark 5:21 And when Jesus was passed over again by ship unto the other side, Luke 8:40 And it came to pass, that, when Jesus was returned,
Matthew 9:18 While he spake these things unto them, much people gathered unto him: and he was nigh unto the sea. the people [gladly] received him: for they were all waiting for him.
behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped him, saying, Mark 5:22 And, behold, there cometh one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name; and when he saw him, he fell at his feet, Luke 8:41 And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus' feet,
My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live. Mark 5:23 And besought him greatly, saying, My little daughter lieth at the point of death: [I pray thee], come and lay thy hands on her, that she may be healed; and she shall live. and besought him that he would come into his house:
Matthew 9:19 And Jesus arose, and followed him, and [so did] his disciples. Mark 5:24 And [Jesus] went with him; and much people followed him, and thronged him. Luke 8:42 For he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she lay a dying. But as he went the people thronged him.
Matthew 9:20 And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, Mark 5:25 And a certain woman, which had an issue of blood twelve years, Luke 8:43 And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years,

Mark 5:26 And had suffered many things of many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was nothing bettered, but rather grew worse, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any,
came behind [him], and touched the hem of his garment: Mark 5:27 When she had heard of Jesus, came in the press behind, and touched his garment. Luke 8:44 Came behind [him], and touched the border of his garment:
Matthew 9:21 For she said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole. Mark 5:28 For she said, If I may touch but his clothes, I shall be whole.
Matthew 9:22 But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour.

Mark 5:29 And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she felt in [her] body that she was healed of that plague. and immediately her issue of blood stanched.
Mark 5:30 And Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of him, turned him about in the press, and said, Who touched my clothes? Luke 8:45 And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied,
Mark 5:31 And his disciples said unto him, Thou seest the multitude thronging thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me? Peter and they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press [thee], and sayest thou, Who touched me?
Mark 5:32 And he looked round about to see her that had done this thing. Luke 8:46 And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me: for I perceive that virtue is gone out of me.
Mark 5:33 But the woman fearing and trembling, knowing what was done in her, came and fell down before him, and told him all the truth. Luke 8:47 And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling, and falling down before him, she declared unto him before all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately.
Mark 5:34 And he said unto her, Daughter, thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace, and be whole of thy plague. Luke 8:48 And he said unto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace.
Mark 5:35 While he yet spake, there came from the ruler of the synagogue's [house certain] which said, Thy daughter is dead: why troublest thou the Master any further? Luke 8:49 While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue's [house], saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master.
Mark 5:36 As soon as Jesus heard the word that was spoken, he saith unto the ruler of the synagogue, Be not afraid, only believe. Luke 8:50 But when Jesus heard [it], he answered him, saying, Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole.
Mark 5:37 And he suffered no man to follow him, save Peter, and James, and John the brother of James. Luke 8:51 And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in, save Peter, and James, and John, and the father and the mother of the maiden.
Matthew 9:23 And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels and the people making a noise, Mark 5:38 And he cometh to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeth the tumult, and them that wept and wailed greatly.
Matthew 9:24 He said unto them, Give place: for the maid is not dead, but sleepeth. Mark 5:39 And when he was come in, he saith unto them, Why make ye this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth. Luke 8:52 And all wept, and bewailed her: but he said, Weep not; she is not dead, but sleepeth.
And they laughed him to scorn. Mark 5:40 And they laughed him to scorn. Luke 8:53 And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
Matthew 9:25 But when the people were put forth, he went in, But when he had put them all out, he taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying. Luke 8:54 And he put them all out,
and took her by the hand, Mark 5:41 And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say unto thee, arise. and took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise.
and the maid arose. Mark 5:42 And straightway the damsel arose, and walked; for she was [of the age] of twelve years. Luke 8:55 And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he commanded to give her meat.
Matthew 9:26 And the fame hereof went abroad into all that land. And they were astonished with a great astonishment.

Mark 5:43 And he charged them straitly that no man should know it; and commanded that something should be given her to eat. Luke 8:56 And her parents were astonished: but he charged them that they should tell no man what was done.
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Bibliographical Information
"Commentary on Luke 8". "The Gospels Compared". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tgc/luke-8.html. 2014.