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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Romans 10

 

 

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Verses 1-21

Election Revealed in Israel's Present Rejection- In Romans 10:1-21 Paul discusses God's role of divine election for Israel in the present.

Righteousness Contrasted - Romans 10:6-21 contrasts the righteousness, which comes by faith, to the righteousness, which comes by the Law ( Romans 10:2-5). Romans 10:6-7 says that God's righteousness, which comes by faith, is not far away from us. In fact, it is within the breath of our lips ( Romans 10:8-11).

Romans 10:1 Brethren, my heart"s desire and prayer to God for Israel Isaiah , that they might be saved.

Romans 10:1Comments- Paul had revealed the burden of his heart in Romans 9:1-2 :

Romans 9:1-2, "I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart."

Romans 10:2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

Romans 10:2Comments- A person can be sincere about serving God, but he can be sincerely wrong. They do not have the knowledge about Jesus Christ.

Illustration- It was asked of me by a parent of one of my old schoolmates from junior high school to visit her son in prison. He was my age and I had gone to school with him in Mowat Junior High School. Song of Solomon , Sunday morning (15 July 1984), I went to the prison ministry where a group of Christians gather to visit jail cells and to witness to the prisoners. I did not know where this young man was and had not seen him in about twelve years, since Jr. High School. I knew that he was on one of six floors of this prison building. So they assign each Christian to different floors (six floors in the building), I was assigned to maximum security. I got in the elevator, not known which floor maximum security was on. I understood them to say the third floor was the one I needed. I got off on the 3rd floor, went to a cell or two. I had lost the person that I was teamed up with, so I found someone to work with. Feeling that I was not in the right place, I came back to the first cell I had glanced into. There, I found the young man named Dallas Self and we talked a while. The Lord led me to this young man out of a large jail building without me asking anyone. Praise the Lord, Hallelujah!!!

When I was leaving this building with my Kenneth Hagin Faith Edition Bible, 196] a zealous young Christian who had been in this ministry group, asked me about my Bible. When I reply, he began to put down the Pentecostal message and declare that he was a Baptist. Some of his friends came over and supported him as he preached a little sermon. I quietly listened. They all left and I parted with them in the parking lot. As they walked away, I was feeling a little beat down. The Lord then quickened to me two verses:

196] Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments Authorized King James Version Red Letter Edition: Kenneth E. Hagin Faith Edition (Camden, New Jersey: Thomas Nelson Inc, 1972).

Romans 10:2, "For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge."

1 Corinthians 14:38, "But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant."

Then I understood their fate of ignorance.

Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God"s righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.

Romans 10:3Comments- They saw the Law and recognized the sin in their lives, but, they would not submit to God and confess their sins to Him.

Romans 1:17, "For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith."

Romans 3:20, "Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin."

Illustrations:

Isaiah 64:6, "But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away."

Matthew 5:20, "For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven."

Luke 18:9-14, the parable of the publican and Pharisee.

Romans 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.

Romans 10:4Comments- The end (conclusion, summation) of the Law (the old covenant) is to lead us to righteousness by faith in Christ ( Romans 5:19). 1 Timothy 1:5 says that the end of the commandment (i.e, the new covenant) is love. Therefore, the goal of the Old Testament was to point us to Christ ( Matthew 5:17, Luke 22:37), and the goal of the New Testament is to walk in the love of Christ ( 1 Timothy 1:5).

Romans 5:19, "For as by one man"s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous."

Matthew 5:17, "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil."

Luke 22:37, "For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end."

1 Timothy 1:5, "Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:"

Romans 10:5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.

Romans 10:5Comments- The righteousness, which comes by the Law, means that if you keep the Law you shall live. This is confirmed in Luke 10:28, "And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live." Yet, no man but Jesus was able to do this.

Romans 3:20, "Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin."

James 2:10, "For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all."

Romans 10:6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that Isaiah , to bring Christ down from above:)

Romans 10:6Scripture Reference- Note:

Deuteronomy 30:11-14, "For this commandment which I command thee this day, it is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off. It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it."

Romans 10:9 — "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus" - Comments - Romans 10:9 teaches us that we must verbalize our prayers to God, beginning with the prayer of salvation. This verse does not say, "that if thou shalt think with thy mind in the Lord Jesus." He must make a confession of faith in Jesus Christ as an expression of our faith in Him.

Illustration- Having worked seven years in the ministry of helps as an altar worker (1990-97), I learned to lead the sinner in a verbal prayer of confession. Sometimes, the person was timid, but if I showed them this verse and lead them in a sinner's prayer, they always followed with a verbal confession, thus confirming their salvation. When I met the person at the altar, I was taught to stand behind him and lay my hand on his shoulder. In doing this, I could feel the vibrations of the person when he prayed audibly with the pastor. If I did not feel the vibrations nor see his lips move, I led him in a prayer of salvation later when we were in the prayer room filling out a decision card.

Romans 10:9Comments - Salvation involves both believing and confessing. A person can believe but not confess. For example, in John 12:42 the rulers of the Jews believed in Jesus; but they would not confess for fear, nor would they accept water baptism.

John 12:42, "Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue:"

This prayer of salvation does not involve the sinner confessing all of his sins, for it would be impossible for a sinner to remember and confess all of his sins. So this is not required for salvation. Instead, the sinner simply acknowledges the Lordship of Jesus Christ. Just as the sinner has confessed the lordship of the devil, he now hands control of his life over to Jesus Christ.

Jesus said in John 16:8-11 that the Holy Spirit will convict the sinner of sin, righteousness, and judgment. The Spirit of God will not convict the sinner of all of His past sins; rather, He will convict the sinner of his need to accept the Lordship of Jesus Christ. Thus, Jesus said, "of sin, because they believe not on me."

John 16:8-11, "And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, because they believe not on me; Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged."

Romans 10:10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

Romans 10:9-10Comments - Receiving by Faith- We see within Romans 1 -"9-10 the two-fold aspect of receiving anything from the Lord. The divine principle of receiving involves believing in our heart and confessing with our mouths. This is how we receive our initial salvation through being born again. It is also the way that we receive every need from God as believers. Everything that we will ever receive from the Lord will come by first believing in our hearts and second, by confessing with our mouths. We may easily read Romans 10:10 as, "For with the heart man believes for healing, and with the mouth confession is made resulting in his deliverance from sickness." We may say, "For with the heart man believes for financial needs," or for the salvation of loved ones, or a host of other things that have been provided for us in the atonement. For anything within the atonement is righteousness before God. Thus, God considers such faith righteous before Him.

Romans 4:20 tells us that Abraham was given a promise from God, he was "strong in faith" and he gave "glory to God".

Romans 4:20, "He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;"

Thus, we will see how Abraham received from the Lord with this two-fold aspect of faith in God. As we study the Holy Scriptures, we will see this principle time and again.

Faith is our response to God's grace. God reaches out to man by grace and man responds to this grace by reaching out in faith. We find a similar passage in Ephesians 2:8-10 that explains how God initiated our salvation.

Ephesians 2:8-10, "For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them."

However, each of these passages has a difference emphasis. The passage in Romans places emphasis upon man's role in responding to the preaching of the Gospel and entering into the salvation experience by confessing and believing in Jesus Christ as Lord. This is because the theme of Romans is on taking the Gospel to the Gentiles and their need to respond in obedience. However, Ephesians 2:8-10 clearly places emphasis upon the role of the Father as He effects His divine plan of redemption to a dying world because of His great love.

Romans 10:12Comments - People in both the Old and New Testament are saved by faith in the promises of God. Those under the Old Testament looked forward in faith to the promise of the Messiah. Under the New Testament, we look back at the Cross in faith.

Romans 10:15Comments - The world is in bondage. The feet represent those sent out to spread Gospel. See Matthew 28:18-20.

Romans 10:17Comments - Trusting Christ Jesus requires the process of hearing and considering the Gospel. This is sometimes as a process of time, before true conversion takes place; hence, the importance of proclaiming the Word of Jesus Christ frequently.

Just as faith is planted within our hearts by hearing, so is fear planted within us by what we hear. God"s report always builds faith in His Words. The report of this world is full of fear. Note:

Isaiah 53:1, "Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?"

Romans 10:18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.

Romans 10:18Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament - Romans 10:18 is a quote from Psalm 19:1-4.

Psalm 19:1-4, "The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,"

Comments - Other Scriptures support the statement in Romans 1:18 that God's creation reveals His existence:

Romans 1:20, "For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:"

Romans 2:14, "For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves:"

Why would Paul the apostle follow Romans 10:17 with a quote out of Psalm 19? He says in Romans 10:17 that faith comes by hearing the Word of God. Then when he asks the rhetorical question, "Have they not heard?," he answers by saying that they have heard this message in God's creation. Psalm 19 tells us that the heavens give to us general revelation ( Psalm 19:1-6) and His Word gives to us special revelation ( Psalm 19:7-11). Therefore, they have all heard, either by the preaching of the Gospel, or by observing God's creation. In observing His creation, E. W. Bullinger believe that the stars and their constellations, called the Zodiac, were used from the most ancient times to tell the story of a coming Redeemer. 197] More specifically, the star of Bethlehem announced the Messiah's birth.

197] E. W. Bullinger, The Witness of the Stars (London: E. W. Bullinger, c 1893).

Romans 10:19 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.

Romans 10:20 But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me.

Romans 10:21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Romans 10:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/romans-10.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 14th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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