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1:1 called (f-7) 'A called apostle,' i.e. an apostle by (divine) calling. Cf. ver. 7 'called saints,' and see note there.
10:1 delight (i-3) i.e. his good pleasure, the thought that delighted him. The order of the words gives the force of 'own,' or an emphatic ' my .' The connection of the beginning of the phrase with ' for salvation' is not very grammatical; but this abruptness of style is usual with Paul. See Note, ch. 9.3. them (k-17) Some authorities have 'for Israel,' but 'for them' is the more correct reading, and, occupied as the apostle is with his subject, is far more beautiful. 'For salvation' is perhaps a little obscure; but what he says is, what would satisfy his heart was that; and his prayers tended that way, not to their judgment, evil as they were, and rejecters of Christ. But the judgment was not yet revealed.
10:5 law, (a-13) See Leviticus 18:5 .
10:6 thus. (b-7) See Deuteronomy 30:12-14 .
10:8 preach. (c-25) Lit. 'herald,' as vers. 14,15.
10:9 Lord, (d-11) Or '[the] Lord Jesus.'
10:10 believed (e-6) Or 'man believes.' 'Is believed' is literal, and sufficiently intelligible.
10:11 says, (f-4) See Isaiah 28:16 .
10:13 saved. (g-16) See Joel 2:32 .
10:15 written, (h-15) See Isaiah 52:7 .
10:16 says, (i-12) See Isaiah 53:1 . report? (k-18) The Greek word for 'report,' here and twice in ver. 17, includes both what is heard and the hearing.
10:18 world. (l-28) See Psalms 19:4 .
10:19 says, (m-10) See Deuteronomy 32:21 . through (n-17) through (n-24) Epi , 'through,' signifies the occasion or condition under which a thing happens, not the means of, as an instrument. 'through' expresses this more nearly than 'by.' See Note, ch. 5.14, 'in.'
10:20 says, (o-7) See Isaiah 65:1 .
10:21 says, (p-5) See Isaiah 65:2 . opposing. (q-21) Or 'contradicting.' 'Disobeying' or 'not believing' is apeitheo , as chs. 2.8; 11.30,31; 15.31. see Note e, John 3:36 .
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Darby, John. "Commentary on Romans 10". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29